Miami-Dade County, Florida
Miami-Dade County is a county in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Florida. It is the southeasternmost county on the U. S. mainland. According to a 2017 census report, the county had a population of 2,751,796, making it the most populous county in Florida and the seventh-most populous county in the United States, it is Florida's third largest county in terms of land area, with 1,946 square miles. The county seat is the principal city in South Florida. Miami-Dade County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017; the county is home to 34 incorporated many unincorporated areas. The northern and eastern portions of the county are urbanized with many high-rise buildings along the coastline, including South Florida's central business district, Downtown Miami. Southern Miami-Dade County includes the Redland and Homestead areas, which make up the agricultural economy of the region. Agricultural Redland makes up one third of Miami-Dade County's inhabited land area, is sparsely populated, a stark contrast to the densely populated, urban northern portion of the county.
The county includes portions of two national parks. To the west it extends into the Everglades National Park and is populated only by a Miccosukee tribal village. East of the mainland, in Biscayne Bay, is Biscayne National Park and the Biscayne Bay Aquatic Preserves; the earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago. The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks; the inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice agriculture, they buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle. Juan Ponce de León was the first European to visit the area in 1513 by sailing into Biscayne Bay.
His journal records he reached Chequescha, a variant of Tequesta, Miami's first recorded name. It is unknown whether he made contact with the natives. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his men made the first recorded landing when they visited the Tequesta settlement in 1566 while looking for Avilés' missing son, shipwrecked a year earlier. Spanish soldiers led by Father Francisco Villarreal built a Jesuit mission at the mouth of the Miami River a year but it was short-lived. After the Spaniards left, the Tequesta Indians were left to fend themselves from European-introduced diseases like smallpox. By 1711, the Tequesta sent a couple of local chiefs to Havana, Cuba, to ask if they could migrate there; the Cubans sent two ships to help them. The first permanent European settlers arrived in the early 19th century. People came from the Bahamas to South Florida and the Keys to hunt for treasure from the ships that ran aground on the treacherous Great Florida Reef; some accepted Spanish land offers along the Miami River.
At about the same time, the Seminole Indians arrived, along with a group of runaway slaves. The area was affected by the Second Seminole War, during which Major William S. Harney led several raids against the Indians. Most non-Indian residents were soldiers stationed at Fort Dallas, it was the most devastating Indian war in American history, causing a total loss of population in Miami. After the Second Seminole War ended in 1842, William English re-established a plantation started by his uncle on the Miami River, he charted the "Village of Miami" on the south bank of the Miami River and sold several plots of land. In 1844, Miami became the county seat, six years a census reported there were ninety-six residents in the area; the Third Seminole War was not as destructive as the second, but it slowed the settlement of southeast Florida. At the end of the war, a few of the soldiers stayed. Dade County was created on January 1836, under the Territorial Act of the United States; the county was named after Major Francis L. Dade, a soldier killed in 1835 in the Second Seminole War, at what has since been named the Dade Battlefield.
At the time of its creation, Dade County included the land that now contains Palm Beach and Broward counties, together with the Florida Keys from Bahia Honda Key north and the land of present-day Miami-Dade County. The county seat was at Indian Key in the Florida Keys; the Florida Keys from Key Largo to Bahia Honda were returned to Monroe County in 1866. In 1888 the county seat was moved to Juno, near present-day Juno Beach, returning to Miami in 1899. In 1909, Palm Beach County was formed from the northern portion of what was Dade County, in 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create what is now Broward County. There have been no significant boundary changes to the county since 1915; the third-costliest natural disaster to occur in the United States was Hurricane Andrew, which hit Miami in the early morning of Monday, August 24, 1992. It struck the southern part of the county from due east, south of Miami and near Homestead and Cutler Ridge. Damages numbered over US$25 billion in the county alone, recovery has taken years in these areas where the destruction was greatest.
This was the costliest natural disaster in US history until Hurricane Katrina st
U.S. Route 1 in Florida
U. S. Highway 1 in Florida runs 545 miles along the state's east coast– from Key West to its crossing of the St. Marys River into Georgia north of Boulogne –and south of Folkston. US 1 was designated through Florida when the United States Numbered Highway System was established in 1926; the road is maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation. From its national southern terminus in Key West, US 1 carries the Overseas Highway– the Keys main highway –north to the mainland, entering South Florida. From South Florida to Jacksonville, US 1 runs close to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean and the Intracoastal Waterway east of Interstate 95 and west of State Road A1A, running parallel with both roads. North of Jacksonville, US 1 curves inland towards the St. Mary's River as it enters Georgia; as is the case with all Florida roads with national designations, the entirety of US 1 has a hidden FDOT designation: SR 5 from Whitehead Street / Fleming Street in Key West to US 1 Alternate/US 17 in Jacksonville with one exception: SR 805 from Federal Highway in Lantana to Belvedere Road in West Palm Beach.
SR 15 from the I-95 interchange in Jacksonville to the Georgia state line near Boulogne. Among other designations, US 1 is a designated Blue Star Memorial Highway along its entire route through the state. Markers are placed including one in Rockledge and Fort Lauderdale. US 1 begins at the Monroe County courthouse at the intersection of Whitehead and Fleming Streets, Key West, it proceeds south as Whitehead Street, a two-laned street, until the intersection with Truman Avenue, which takes it east through central Key West. Truman Avenue becomes North Roosevelt Boulevard about a mile east, remains so until leaving the island; the road follows the northern shore of this section of Key West after curving southward, it meets State Road A1A head-on at a T-intersection before continuing east. This intersection marks the southern terminus of the Overseas Highway, which US 1 is known by between here and mainland Florida. After crossing to Stock Island and forming the boundary between the eponymous district and incorporated Key West, US 1 proceeds through unincorporated Monroe County on Boca Chica Key, past the Naval Air Station Key West, Rockland Key, where the Overseas Highway drops down to a two-laned road.
It crosses East Rockland Key, Big Coppitt Key, Saddlebunch Keys, Sugarloaf Key, Park Key, Cudjoe Key, Summerland Key, Ramrod Key, Middle Torch Key, Little Torch Key, Big Pine Key, Scout Key, Spanish Harbor Key. The highway expands to four lanes as it crosses the Bahia Honda Bridge reduces to two lanes as it traverses Bahia Honda Key, Ohio Key, Missouri Key, Little Duck Key. After Little Duck Key, US 1 enters Knight's Key, Boot Key, Key Vaca and the town of Marathon via the Seven Mile Bridge, thus leaving the lower Keys. US 1 runs through Marathon as a four-laned road. After Key Vaca, the road becomes two-laned once more and runs through Fat Deer Key, where it forms the northern boundary of the city of Key Colony Beach, it continues wholly in Marathon through Long Point Key, Crawl Key and Grassy Key. The road crosses to Little Conch Key and Conch Key, both part of the Duck Key district. US 1 crosses to and traverses Long Key, unincorporated except for the city of Layton, which the highway passes through.
The road reaches Craig Key, the village of Islamorada including Lower Matecumbe Key, Tea Table Key, Upper Matecumbe Key and Windley Key. US 1 crosses a drawbridge onto Plantation Key, where it expands to four lanes and leaves Islamorada as it crosses to Key Largo; the Overseas Highway enters Tavernier, where it temporarily splits into a pair of one-way roads through the community. Soon the road enters the community of Key Largo, which features another pair of one-way roads. At the northern end of the Key Largo district, about two-thirds of the way along the island, US 1 intersects County Road 905, which offers an alternative route out of the Keys via North Key Largo and the Card Sound Bridge. Signage approaching the intersection directs northbound motorists to take this alternative route if the lights on it are flashing. US 1 swings to the northwest, forms the southern boundary of North Key Largo, becomes a two-laned divided road after the intersection. After crossing the Jewfish Creek Bridge and travelling along Cross Key, US 1 crosses Manatee Creek, along with the Miami-Dade County boundary, reaches the mainland.
For the first 14 miles in Miami-Dade County, US 1 is a divided two-lane road bordering the Everglades National Park on the west. It is named South Dixie Highway from the county line to Miami, its first major intersection is with the north end of Card Sound Road south of Florida City. To the south, signage directs southbound travelers approaching this intersection to take Card Sound Road if the lights on it are flashing, rather than taking US 1 south to Key Largo. Just north of the Card Sound Road intersection, US 1 meets the southern end of Krome Avenue, enters Florida City. Here, US 1 intersects State Road 9336. From here northbound, the South Dixie Highway is paralleled by the South Miami-Dade Busway along the former Florida East Coast
The Midtown Interchange, located in the Civic Center and Overtown neighborhoods of Miami, Florida, USA, is the convergence of three major motorways: I-95, I-395, the Dolphin Expressway. Since its opening in 1968, eight lanes have been added to I-95 and an undersea tunnel below Biscayne Bay has been added from the end of I-395 near Bicentennial Park; the tunnel serves as a direct freeway connection to the Port of Miami, expected to alleviate freight traffic in Downtown Miami. It was the largest stack interchange in Miami until 2016, when it was surpassed by the Dolphin-Palmetto Interchange. Transportation in South Florida Dolphin–Palmetto Interchange Golden Glades Interchange
Greater Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami is an urban city center, based around the Central Business District of Miami, United States. In addition to the central business district, the area consists of the Brickell Financial District, Historic District, Government Center, Arts & Entertainment District and Park West; the neighborhood is divided by the Miami River and is bordered by Midtown to the north, Biscayne Bay to the east, Civic Center and Overtown to the west, Coconut Grove to the south. Brickell Avenue and Biscayne Boulevard are the main north-south roads, Flagler Street is the main east-west road; the neighborhood is defined by the Miami Downtown Development Authority as the 3.8-square-mile -area east of Interstate 95 between the Rickenbacker Causeway to the south and Julia Tuttle Causeway to the north. Locally known as Downtown, the area is a cultural and commercial center of South Florida, tracing its present-day history back to the 19th century. In recent years, Downtown Miami has grown and physically expanded to become the fastest-growing area in Miami, with rapid increase in population and the greatest concentration of high-rises in the region.
Greater Downtown is home to many major museums, education centers, company headquarters, government offices, theaters and many of the oldest buildings in the city. Downtown Miami is the historic heart of Miami, along with Coconut Grove, is the oldest settled area of Miami, with early pioneer settlement dating to the early 19th century. Urban development began in the 1890s with the construction of the Florida East Coast Railway by Standard Oil industrialist Henry Flagler down to Miami at the insistence of Julia Tuttle. Flagler, along with developers such as William Brickell and George E. Merrick helped bring developer interest to the city with the construction of hotels, resorts and the extension of Flagler's rail line. Flagler Street, originating in Downtown, is a major east-west road in Miami named after the tycoon; as of 2009, there are 71,000 year-round residents in Greater Downtown, with close to 200,000 populating the Downtown area during the daytime, making Downtown Miami one of the most populous downtowns in the U.
S. after New York City and Chicago. With recent mass construction of high-rise residential buildings and office towers, Downtown has experienced large growth, with new shops, bars and restaurants opening up, attracting many new residents. Along with Brickell, Downtown has grown from 40,000 residents in 2000, to over 70,000 in 2009, making it one of the fastest-growing areas in Florida, it was estimated in February 2010, that about 550 new residents move to the Downtown area every month. As of 2009, over 190,000 office employees work in Brickell. Downtown is served by the Miami Metrorail at Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre, Government Center, Brickell stations, accessible from Broward and Palm Beach counties via Tri-Rail transfer station; the Metro connects to the Downtown Metromover, which encompasses 22 stations on the clockwise Inner loop and counterclockwise Brickell and Omni branch loops. Government Center station is Downtown's main station and allows for transfers to all Metromover loops, Metrorail trains, Metrobus lines at the Stephen P. Clark Government Center.
Downtown Miami is centered on the Central business district, best known by local Miamians as "Downtown". Although distinct neighborhoods with different characters, the following neighborhoods are labeled under the umbrella term of "Downtown Miami": The Central business district, better known by locals as just "Downtown", is the historic center of Miami, what is traditionally called "Downtown". Downtown is bound by NE 6th St to the north, Biscayne Bay to the east, the Miami River to the west and south. Within this area, is where the majority of Miami's historic buildings are, the main shopping street, Flagler Street, libraries, offices and colleges, as well as the vast majority of local, county and federal government offices and courthouses. Miami Historic District and Government Center are located within the CBD. Downtown is directly served by the Miami Metrorail at: Government Center Station, by 13 Metromover stations on the Downtown and Omni Loops. Brickell is south of the Miami River, is a mixed upper-class residential neighborhood as well as Miami's major financial district along Brickell Avenue.
The Shops at Mary Brickell Village and Simpson Park are located within Brickell. Brickell is directly served by the Miami Metrorail at: Brickell Station, by five Metromover stations on the Brickell Loop; the Arts & Entertainment District is an urban neighborhood with numerous hotels, high-rise residential buildings. The neighborhood's former name Omni comes from the Omni International Mall on Biscayne Boulevard; the district borders Biscayne Bay the east, NE 2nd Ave to the west, NE 21st St to the north and I-395 to the south. Pace Park, Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the Miami Herald headquarters are located within the district; the Arts & Entertainment District is served by the Miami Metrorail at: Government Center Station, by two Metromover stations on the Omni Loop. Park West is the neighborhood just west of Museum Park, east of NW 1st Ave, south of I-195, north of NE 6th St. Park West was known for its nightclubs, in recent years has been the talk of much revitalization and project proposals for the revitalization of the area.
By the end of 2015 most of the nightclu
Miami International Airport
Miami International Airport known as MIA and as Wilcox Field, is the primary airport serving the Miami area, with over 1,000 daily flights to 167 domestic and International destinations. The airport is in an unincorporated area in Miami-Dade County, Florida, 8 miles northwest of Downtown Miami, in metropolitan Miami, between the cities of Miami, Doral, Miami Springs, the village of Virginia Gardens, the unincorporated Fontainebleau neighborhood, it is South Florida's main airport for long-haul international flights and a hub for the Southeastern United States, with passenger and cargo flights to cities throughout the Americas, Europe and Western Asia, as well as cargo flights to East Asia. It is the largest gateway between the United States and south to Latin America, is one of the largest airline hubs in the United States, owing to its proximity to tourist attractions, local economic growth, large local Latin American and European populations, strategic location to handle connecting traffic between North America, Latin America, Europe.
In 2018, 45,044,312 passengers traveled through the airport, making the airport the 13th busiest airport in the USA and the 40th busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic. MIA is the 3rd busiest airport in the US in terms of international passenger traffic; the airport handled more international cargo than any other airport in the United States. MIA is the busiest airport in the State of Florida in terms of total aircraft operations and total cargo traffic and the second-busiest in terms of total passenger traffic; the airport is American Airlines' primary gateway to Latin America along with a domestic hub for its regional affiliate American Eagle in the U. S. A, it serves as a focus city for Avianca, Frontier Airlines, LATAM, both for passengers and cargo operations. In the past, it has been a hub for Braniff International Airways, Eastern Air Lines, Air Florida, the original National Airlines, the original Pan American World Airways, United Airlines, Iberia Airlines and Fine Air.
For the World War II and United States Air Force Reserve use of the airport, see Miami Army AirfieldThe first airport on the site of MIA opened in the 1920s and was known as Miami City Airport. Pan American World Airways opened an expanded facility adjacent to City Airport, Pan American Field, in 1928. Pan American Field was built on 116 acres of land on 36th Street and was the only mainland airport in the eastern United States that had port of entry facilities, its runways were located around the threshold of today's Runway 26R. Eastern Airlines began to serve Pan American Field in 1931, followed by National Airlines in 1936. National used a terminal on the opposite side of LeJeune Road from the airport, would stop traffic on the road in order to taxi aircraft to and from its terminal. Miami Army Airfield opened in 1943 during the Second World War to the south of Pan American Field: the runways of the two were separated by railroad tracks, but the two airfields were listed in some directories as a single facility.
Following World War II in 1945, the City of Miami established a Port Authority and raised bond revenue to purchase Pan American Field, since renamed 36th Street Airport, from Pan Am. It merged with the former Miami Army Airfield, purchased from the United States Army Air Force south of the railroad in 1949 and expanded further in 1951 when the railroad line itself was moved south to make more room; the old terminal on 36th Street was closed in 1959. United States Air Force Reserve troop carrier and rescue squadrons operated from the airport from 1949 through 1959, when the last unit relocated to nearby Homestead Air Force Base. Nonstop flights to Chicago and Newark Liberty International Airport in northeast New Jersey started in late 1946, but nonstops didn't reach west beyond St. Louis and New Orleans until January 1962. Nonstop transatlantic flights to Europe began in 1970. In the late 1970s and early 1980s Air Florida had a hub at MIA, with a nonstop flight to London, England which it acquired from National upon the latter's merger with Pan Am.
Air Florida ceased operations in 1982 after the crash of Air Florida Flight 90. British Airways flew a Concorde SST triserial between Miami and London via Washington, D. C. from 1984 to 1991. After former Apollo 8 astronaut Frank Borman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern's headquarters from Rockefeller Center in New York City to Building 16 in the northeast corner of MIA, Eastern's maintenance base. Eastern remained one of the largest employers in the Miami metropolitan area until ongoing labor union unrest, coupled with the airline's acquisition by union antagonist Frank Lorenzo in 1986 forced the airline into bankruptcy in 1989. In the midst of Eastern's turmoil American Airlines CEO Bob Crandall sought a new hub in order to utilize new aircraft which AA had on order. AA studies indicated that Delta Air Lines would provide strong competition on most routes from Eastern's hub at Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, but that MIA had many key routes only served by Eastern.
American announced that it would establish a base at MIA in August 1988. Lorenzo considered selling Eastern's profitable Latin American routes to AA as part of a Chapter 11 reorganization of Eastern in early 1989, but backed out in a last-ditch effort to rebuild the MIA hub; the effort proved futile, American purchased the routes (including the route authority between Miami and L
A toll road known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee is assessed for passage. It is a form of road pricing implemented to help recoup the cost of road construction and maintenance. Toll roads have existed in some form since antiquity, with tolls levied on passing travellers on foot, wagon, or horseback; the amount of the toll varies by vehicle type, weight, or number of axles, with freight trucks charged higher rates than cars. Tolls are collected at toll booths, toll houses, stations, bars, or gates; some toll collection points are unmanned and the user deposits money in a machine which opens the gate once the correct toll has been paid. To cut costs and minimise time delay many tolls are collected by some form of automatic or electronic toll collection equipment which communicates electronically with a toll payer's transponder; some electronic toll roads maintain a system of toll booths so people without transponders can still pay the toll, but many newer roads now use automatic number plate recognition to charge drivers who use the road without a transponder, some older toll roads are being upgraded with such systems.
Criticisms of toll roads include the time taken to stop and pay the toll, the cost of the toll booth operators—up to about one-third of revenue in some cases. Automated toll-paying systems help minimise both of these. Others object to paying "twice" for the same road: with tolls. In addition to toll roads, toll bridges and toll tunnels are used by public authorities to generate funds to repay the cost of building the structures; some tolls are set aside to pay for future maintenance or enhancement of infrastructure, or are applied as a general fund by local governments, not being earmarked for transport facilities. This is sometimes prohibited by central government legislation. Road congestion pricing schemes have been implemented in a limited number of urban areas as a transportation demand management tool to try to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution. Toll roads have existed for at least the last 2,700 years, as tolls had to be paid by travellers using the Susa–Babylon highway under the regime of Ashurbanipal, who reigned in the 7th century BC.
Aristotle and Pliny refer to other parts of Asia. In India, before the 4th century BC, the Arthashastra notes the use of tolls. Germanic tribes charged tolls to travellers across mountain passes. A 14th-century example is Castle Loevestein in the Netherlands, built at a strategic point where two rivers meet. River tolls were charged on boats sailing along the river; the Øresund in Scandinavia was once subject to a toll to the Danish Monarch, who derived a sizable portion of his revenue from it. Many modern European roads were constructed as toll roads in order to recoup the costs of construction, maintenance and as a source of tax money, paid by someone other than the local residents. In 14th-century England, some of the most used roads were repaired with money raised from tolls by pavage grants. Widespread toll roads sometimes restricted traffic so much, by their high tolls, that they interfered with trade and cheap transportation needed to alleviate local famines or shortages. Tolls were used in the Holy Roman Empire in the 15th centuries.
Industrialisation in Europe needed major improvements to the transport infrastructure which included many new or improved roads, financed from tolls. The A5 road in Britain was built to provide a robust transport link between Britain and Ireland and had a toll house every few miles. In the 20th century, road tolls were introduced in Europe to finance the construction of motorway networks and specific transport infrastructure such as bridges and tunnels. Italy was the first European country to charge motorway tolls, on a 50 kilometres motorway section near Milan in 1924, it was followed by Greece, which made users pay for the network of motorways around and between its cities in 1927. In the 1950s and 1960s, France and Portugal started to build motorways with the aid of concessions, allowing rapid development of this infrastructure without massive state debts. Since road tolls have been introduced in the majority of the EU member states. In the United States, prior to the introduction of the Interstate Highway System and the large federal grants supplied to states to build it, many states constructed their first controlled-access highways by floating bonds backed by toll revenues.
Starting with the Pennsylvania Turnpike in 1940, followed by similar roads in New Jersey, New York and others, numerous states throughout the 1950s established major toll roads. With the establishment of the Interstate Highway System in the late 1950s, toll road construction in the U. S. slowed down as the federal government now provided the bulk of funding to construct new freeways, regulations required that such Interstate highways be free from tolls. Many older toll roads were added to the Interstate System under a grandfather clause that allowed tolls to continue to be collected on toll roads that predated the system; some of these such as the Connecticut Turnpike and the Richmond–Petersburg Turnpike removed their tolls when the initial bonds were paid off. Many states, have maintained the tolling of these roads as a consistent source of revenue; as the
Florida State Road 826
State Road 826 is a bypass route around the greater Miami area, traveling 30 miles in a northeasterly arc from U. S. Route 1 in Pinecrest to its terminus at State Road A1A in Sunny Isles Beach. Between its southern terminus and the Golden Glades Interchange, State Road 826 is known as the Palmetto Expressway, a traveled freeway with portions of the road carrying in excess of 250,000 vehicles a day. Unlike many of the other expressways in Miami-Dade County, the Palmetto Expressway is untolled. East of the interchange, State Road 826 is a surface road connecting North Miami and North Miami Beach to Sunny Isles Beach over the Intracoastal Waterway. State Road 826 begins at an interchange with US 1 in Pinecrest, just south of the Dadeland Mall, heads north as the Palmetto Expressway into Kendall; the first interchange, less than a mile north of US 1, is with Kendall Drive, which provides access to the mall. SR 826 continues north, crossing under the Snapper Creek Expressway without an interchange before meeting Sunset Drive at a diamond interchange.
It leaves Kendall, continuing into Glenvar Heights with an interchange with Southwest 56th Street/Miller Drive, which provides access to the University of Miami. About half a mile the Don Shula Expressway merges with the Palmetto Expressway at its northern terminus, with a southbound exit and a northbound entrance point. Between this interchange and the next, SR 826 forms the border between Glenvar Heights and Olympia Heights. After an exit with Southwest 24th Street/Coral Way, the expressway meets the Tamiami Trail, providing access to Florida International University; this interchange marks the Tamiami Trail's entrance into incorporated Miami, the boundary of which lies on the eastern side of the expressway. North of the Tamiami Trail interchange, the Palmetto Expressway forms the eastern boundary of Fontainebleau as it continues north to an exit with Flagler Street, the east–west baseline for Miami-Dade County roads; the freeway has an interchange with the Dolphin Expressway just south of Doral, creating access to Miami International Airport.
This interchange is being improved due to the current configuration causing severe congestion. Now forming Doral's eastern boundary, SR 826 continues north to Northwest 25th Street, which connects to the western end of the airport, followed by an exit with Doral Boulevard that links to the Doral Golf Resort & Spa, an exit with Northwest 58th Street. After a brief crossing through unincorporated Miami-Dade County, the expressway reaches an interchange with the Hialeah Expressway in Medley adjacent to the Palmetto Metrorail station, followed by a diagonal interchange with US 27 at the southern end of Hialeah Gardens and Hialeah, it enters Hialeah proper just after an interchange with Northwest 103rd Street, which allows access to the Westland Mall. An exit with Northwest 122nd Street follows. At the boundary between Hialeah and Miami Lakes, SR 826 reaches an interchange with the national southern terminus of Interstate 75 and the western termini of the Gratigny Parkway and SR 916; the Palmetto Expressway goes into Miami Lakes, interchanges with Northwest 154 Street turns through 90 degrees to the east at a point known as "The Big Curve".
The road proceeds straight east, forming the boundary between Miami Lakes and Country Club, soon interchanging with Northwest 67th Avenue. At the next exit, Red Road, the expressway forms the boundary between an unincorporated section of Miami-Dade County and Miami Gardens, with the expressway entering the city proper at the next exit, Northwest 47th Avenue; the expressway passes to the north of Florida Memorial University before the Northwest 37th Avenue exit, where it creates the northern border of St. Thomas University's campus. Still in Miami Gardens, SR 826 has exits with Northwest 27th Avenue, Northwest 17th Avenue and Northwest 12th Avenue before reaching the Golden Glades Interchange. SR 826 takes a convoluted path through the Golden Glades Interchange, it first meets the connector ramps between Florida's Turnpike and Interstate 95, allowing access from northbound SR 826 to I-95 southbound as well as US 441/SR 9 southbound, from the Turnpike southbound and I-95 northbound to southbound SR 826.
After turning to the northeast, SR 826 moves off its mainline at the next exit onto the mainline of the Turnpike which passes over it. Traffic moving from eastbound SR 826 to the northbound Turnpike must pass through an unsignalised intersection here. Headed back southeast, SR 826 first crosses over the former Seaboard Coast Line railroad, begins to form the northern boundary of Golden Glades passes under the I-95's express lanes, meeting the onramp between I-95 southbound and the Turnpike northbound, the onramp between southbound US 441 and eastbound SR 826, it passes over Interstate 95 proper, which lies between the southbound and northbound carriageways of US 441, as it swings back to the northeast and to the east once more. Here it meets its last three ramps, one which allows access from US 441 and I-95 northbound to eastbound SR 826, another from westbound SR 826 to US 441 and I-95 southbound, from westbound SR 826 to northbound US 441. SR 826 resumes its east–west orientation once more at a signalised intersection with Northwest 2nd Avenue, marking the end of SR 826's expressway.
State Road 826 heads east from the Golden Glades Interchange as Northwest 167th S