Fluminense FC

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Fluminense fc logo.svg
Full name Fluminense Football Club
Nickname(s) Tricolor
Founded 21 July 1902; 115 years ago (1902-07-21)
Stadium Estádio das Laranjeiras, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
President Pedro Abad
Current coach Abel Braga
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Carioca
Brasileirão, 13th
Cariocão, 3rd
Website Club website

Fluminense Football Club (Brazilian Portuguese: [flumiˈnẽsi ˈfutʃibow ˈklɐb]), known simply as Fluminense or Tricolor, is a Brazilian sports club best known for its football team that plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A,[nb 1] the top tier of Brazilian football and the Campeonato Carioca,[nb 2] the state league of Rio de Janeiro. The club is based in the Laranjeiras neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro. Fluminense plays their home games at the Maracanã Stadium, which currently holds up to 78,838 spectators.

The club was founded on 21 July 1902 by the sons of Carioca aristocrats, being led by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian sportsman, in the bairro of Flamengo, a direct contrast between the aristocratic founders and the modest ground it was founded on. Cox was elected as the club's first president. Fluminense has been state champions on 31 occasions, second only to Flamengo with 33, the team has been national champions four times, most recently in 2012, and won the Copa do Brasil in 2007.

Fluminense is a demonym for people who reside in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Although football was the club's original endeavor, the club is today an umbrella organization for several teams in more than 16 different sport activities. Fluminense's home kit is dark red-and-green vertical striped shirts, with white shorts, accompanied by white socks; this combination has been used since 1920. Under Armour is the kit manufacturer. Fluminense holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably against Flamengo (Fla-Flu), as well as with Botafogo and Vasco da Gama, it has contributed the fifth-most players to Brazil's national football team.[citation needed]


Oscar Cox, founder of Fluminense
The team that won its first Campeonato Carioca, in 1906
Laranjeiras Stadium, the Brazilian national team's first ground
The Fluminense team in 1908, posing with the trophies won

Fluminense Football Club was founded on 21 July 1902 in Rio de Janeiro by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian of English heritage,[1] in the then aristocratic neighborhood of Laranjeiras.[2] Fluminense was formed by sons of the elite who had come into contact with football while studying in Europe.[3]

The first official match was played against now defunct Rio FC, and Fluminense won 8–0,[1] the club's first title came in 1906, when Fluminense won the Campeonato Carioca.[1]

In 1911, disagreement between Fluminense players led to the formation of Flamengo's football team,[1] the so-called Fla-Flu derby is considered one of the biggest in the history of Brazilian football.[4] Three years later, in Fluminense's stadium, the Brazilian national football team debuted, against touring English club Exeter City.[1] It was also there that they won their first title, in 1919.[5]

Preguinho, a Fluminense notable player

By 1924, Fluminense had 4,000 members, a stadium for 25,000 people, and facilities that impressed clubs in Europe.[6]

In an unfortunate event in 1914, Carlos Alberto, a mulatto playing for Fluminense, decided to cover himself in face powder to disguise the color of his skin, this ultimately led to one of the club's nicknames, pó de arroz, which is the Portuguese for 'white powder'.[7][8] Although, like almost all football teams in Brazil at the time, racism was common among Fluminense supporters, Fluminense had a long history of black players even before football became a professional sport.[9] [10] [11]

The following years saw an expansion of the club's hegemony in Rio. Fluminense would remain unsurpassed in terms of state championships until 2009.[12] International acclaim came in 1949 with the awarding of the Olympic Cup, and was further fostered in 1952 with Fluminense's first intercontinental honor, the Copa Rio,[1][13] the club established itself regionally with victory in two Torneio Rio-São Paulo cups in 1957 and 1960.[1] National honors followed in 1970, 1984, 2010 and 2012 with Taça de Prata and Série A cups, respectively.,[1] also taking the Cup in Brazil in 2007.

From the 1950s, with the creation of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, the forerunner of what eventually would become the national championship, Fluminense established itself regionally by winning the tournament title in the years of 1957 and 1960.

From the 1960s, the first national championships began to be played in Brazil. Fluminense's first national title came in 1970; at that time, Brazil had the best players in world football, and all of them played in Brazilian clubs. Although its squad was not counted among the main players of the season in Brazil, Fluminense won the Brazilian championship surpassing the great strengths of the time in Santos, Palmeiras and Cruzeiro.

In the 1970s, Fluminense signed up several famous players like Roberto Rivellino, this time, called "maquina tricolor", it won the state championship in the years of 1975 and 1976. In the national championship, Fluminense lost in the semifinal matches to Internacional in 1975 and Corinthians in 1976.

Fluminense again became the Brazilian champion in 1984, this time, they won the state Championship in the years of 1983, 1984 and 1985 with players like Romerito, Ricardo Gomes, Deley, and the "Casal Vinte": Assis and Washington.

At the end of the 1980s, Copa do Brasil was created, inspired by the Cups tournament played in European countries. Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil for the first time in 1992, losing the final match to Internacional de Porto Alegre.

Stained glass windows in Fluminense's headquarters

A disastrous campaign led to the club's relegation from Série A in 1996. A set of off-field political maneuvers (cheats), however, not performed by Fluminense, allowed Fluminense to remain in Brazil's top domestic league,[14] only to be relegated the next year.[15] Completely out of control, the club was relegated from Série B to Série C in 1998;[16] in 1999, Fluminense won the Série C championship and was to be promoted to Série B when it was invited to take part in Copa João Havelange,[17] a championship that replaced the traditional Série A in 2000. In 2001, it was decided that all clubs which took part in Copa João Havelange's so-called Blue Group should be kept in Série A.[18]

In 2002, 2005 and 2012, Fluminense won the Campeonato Carioca again; in 2005 Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil again, having lost the final match to Paulista Futebol Clube.

In 2007, Fluminense won the Copa do Brasil, after beating Figueirense in the final match, and was admitted to the Copa Libertadores again after 23 years,[1][19] the club's campaign led it into the finals and included remarkable matches against Arsenal de Sarandí, São Paulo and Boca Juniors.[20][21][22] Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito in a penalty shootout.[23]

After signing up 27 players and going through 5 different managers in 2009, Fluminense found itself struggling to avoid another relegation from Série A,[24] with less than one-third of the championship left, the mathematical probability of the club's relegation was 98%.[25] At this point, manager Cuca decided to sack some of the more experienced players and gave Fluminense's youngsters a chance.[26] That, along with Fred's recovery from a serious injury and substantial support from the fans, allowed not only a sensational escape from relegation, but also placed Fluminense in the final of the Copa Sudamericana,[27][28] for the second year in a row, the club contested a continental cup. In a repeat of the previous year's Copa Libertadores, Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito.[29]

The Flu players before playing the 2008 Copa Libertadores final match

In 2010, Fluminense won the Brazilian championship for the third time in its history, marking their third national championship after 1970 and 1984, it was also the fourth title for coach Muricy Ramalho in a decade: Ramalho had won the title three times in a row with São Paulo from 2006 to 2008. Darío Conca was named the Brazilian Championship's Player of the Season, while Fred and Washington were decisive players in Fluminense's winning campaign.

On 23 May 2012, Fluminense lost the semifinal qualification match to Boca Juniors from Argentina, for the continental club football cup, Copa Libertadores.[30] Later that year, on 11 November, they won their fourth Brazilian championship after defeating the near-relegated Palmeiras 3–2.[31] Fluminense won the Série A for the fourth time on 11 November 2012.[32]

In December 2013, a tie with Bahia in the last round of the 2013 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A had Fluminense mathematically relegated to Série B. However, irregular lineups by Portuguesa and Fluminense’s main rivals, Flamengo in their matches against Grêmio and Cruzeiro respectively, caused both teams to lose 4 points after a trial in STJD (Brazil's governing football jury). That allowed Fluminense to stay in Série A, with Portuguesa being relegated instead and Flamengo ending the championship as the last non-relegated club, the move was widely criticized by fans and reporters alike, mainly because it marked the second time in 15 years that Fluminense was relegated but did not play in the following year's Série B due to a legal decision.


Fluminense has taken part in 36 of the 38 official Serie A championships organized in Brazil since 1971.[33]

Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1971 16 20 1981 11 44
1972 14 26 1982 5 44
1973 23 40 1983 18 44
1974 24 40 1984 1 41
1975 3 42 1985 22 44
1976 4 54 1986 6 48
1977 26 62 1987 7 16
1978 22 74 1988 3 24
1979 52 94 1989 15 22
1980 11 44 1990 15 20
Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1991 4 20 2001 3 28
1992 14 20 2002 4 26
1993 28 32 2003 19 24
1994 15 24 2004 9 24
1995 4 24 2005 5 22
1996 23 24 2006 15 20
1997 25 26 2007 4 20
1998 Série B 2008 14 20
1999 Série C 2009 16 20
2000 3 25 2010 1 20
Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
2011 3 20
2012 1 20
2013 15 20
2014 6 20
2015 13 20
2016 13 20
2017 14 20


Companies that Fluminense Football Club currently has sponsorship deals with include:


Fans of Fluminense at the Maracanã
Fluminense luminous mosaic arises, by fans in Maracanã.

Highest attendances – Maracanã[35][edit]

  • 1. Fluminense 0–0 Flamengo, 1963 194,603 ¹
  • 2. Fluminense 3–2 Flamengo, 1969 171,599
  • 3. Fluminense 1–0 Botafogo, 1971 160,000
  • 4. Fluminense 0–0 Flamengo, 1976 155,116
  • 5. Fluminense 1–0 Flamengo, 1984 153,520
  • 6. Fluminense 1–1 Corinthians, 1976 146,043

¹: 177,656 paying, a record for persons present at Maracanã stadium.

Highest average attendance at public competition for Fluminense[edit]

  • Largest average attendance in the Copa Libertadores (RJ): 52,801 (49,011 paying, 2008)
  • Largest average attendance in the Copa Sudamericana (RJ): 29,357 (27,318 paying, 2009)
  • Largest average attendance in international tournaments (RJ): 48,797 (37,541 paying, Copa Rio, 1952)
  • Largest average attendance in national championships (RJ): 43,541 paying (1976)
  • Largest average attendance in the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (RJ): 40,408 paying (1970)
  • Largest average attendance in the Brazil Cup (RJ): 27,123 paying (2007)
  • Largest average attendance in the Rio-São Paulo Tournament (RJ): 33,018 paying (1960)
  • Largest average attendance in the state championship: 47,814 paying (1969, all stages)
  • Largest average attendance in the state championship in the Maracana Stadium: 93,560 paying (1969, 10 matches)


The supporters of Fluminense Football Club are usually related to the upper classes of Rio de Janeiro.[36] However, the popularity of the club reaches beyond the city limits. Recent polls have estimated the number of supporters to be between 1.3% and 3.7% of the Brazilian population.[37] Considering a population of 185 million people,[38] that would account for numbers between 2.73 and 6.84 million.

The best attendance ever observed in a match of Fluminense was registered on 15 December 1963 in a rally against Flamengo, on that day, an impressive number of 194,000 people showed up at Maracanã stadium.[39] This occasion remains as the stadium's record for a match between clubs.[40]

Notable supporters of Fluminense include composers Cartola and Chico Buarque,[41][42] FIFA president of honor João Havelange,[4] musician Ivan Lins,[43] poet and actor Mário Lago,[44] journalist and songwriter Nelson Motta,[45] dramatist, journalist and writer Nelson Rodrigues,[45] 1970 FIFA World Cup winner Gérson, Paris Saint-Germain central defender Thiago Silva, former Minister of Culture and international artist Gilberto Gil,[46] Silvio Santos, the owner of SBT, the second largest Brazilian television network,[47] and the Academy Award nominee Fernanda Montenegro.[48]


Some of the trophies won by Fluminense, exhibited at the club: (left): Campeonato Brasileiro Série A and Copa Rio amongst others; (right) the Copa do Brasil won in 2007





  • Campeonato Carioca: (31) 1906, 1907¹, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1924, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1951, 1959, 1964, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2012

Fluminense main derbies[edit]

According to the fluzao.info site, the average paying public at the principal classics of Fluminense played in the Estádio do Maracanã is 60,107 against Flamengo, 43,735 against Vasco, 34,359 against Botafogo, 25,127 against America and 22,527 against Bangu. These statistics could be about 20% higher, given the issues of the distribution of gratuities at Maracanã.[50]

Corinthians vs Fluminense, the great Fluminense interstate derby

Considering the interstate clashes, the derby against Corinthians is perhaps the most representative among the various confrontations with big Brazilian clubs played by Fluminense, given the fact that these clubs often intersect at decisive moments in their seasons, either at the Rio Cup, at direct contests in several Rio-São Paulo Tournaments since 1940, or at the qualifying rounds of the Championship or Cup of Brazil,[51][52] in the great struggle of the 2010 Série A when the two clubs contending for the title from the early stages of the championship with Corinthians being beaten for the Championship by Fluminense in the final round, as was the case in 2011, when Corinthians were crowned champions and the Tricolor, considered the best team during the second round of the league, were placed third after the final match day.


Current squad[edit]

As of 1 March 2018[53]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Marcos Felipe
2 Brazil DF Gilberto (on loan from Fiorentina)
3 Brazil DF Gum (captain)
4 Brazil DF Renato Chaves
5 Brazil MF Airton
6 Brazil MF Ayrton
8 Brazil MF Douglas
10 Ecuador MF Junior Sornoza
12 Brazil DF Marlon (on loan from Criciúma)
13 Brazil DF Frazan
16 Brazil MF Jadson
17 Brazil FW Robinho
21 Brazil MF Caio
22 Brazil GK Júlio César
23 Brazil MF Marlon Freitas
No. Position Player
25 Brazil MF Richard
26 Brazil MF Mateus Norton
27 Uruguay GK Guillermo de Amores (on loan from Boston River)
28 Brazil FW Mateus Alessandro
30 Brazil FW Marquinhos Calazans
31 Brazil FW Pablo Dyego
32 Brazil FW Pedro
33 Brazil DF Léo (on loan from Flamengo)
35 Brazil FW Marcos Júnior
36 Brazil MF Luquinhas
38 Brazil MF Dudu
39 Brazil GK Rodolfo (on loan from Atlético Paranaense)
40 Brazil DF Reginaldo
41 Brazil DF Roger Ibañez

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Alan Fialho (on loan at Volta Redonda until 9 April 2018)
Brazil DF Derlan (on loan at Paysandu until 31 December 2018)
Brazil DF Giovanni (on loan at América Mineiro until 31 December 2018)
Brazil DF Igor Julião (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín until 30 June 2018)
Brazil DF Léo (on loan at Bahia until 31 December 2018)
Brazil DF Mascarenhas (on loan at Botafogo-SP until 9 April 2018)
Brazil DF Nogueira (on loan at Figueirense until 31 December 2018)
Brazil MF Danielzinho (on loan at Botafogo-SP until 9 April 2018)
Brazil MF Dudu (on loan at Saudi Arabia Ohod Club until 31 May 2018)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Edson (on loan at Bahia until 31 December 2018)
Brazil MF Felipe Amorim (on loan at Figueirense until 31 December 2018)
29 Brazil MF Luiz Fernando (on loan at United States Minnesota United until 31 December 2018)
Ecuador MF Jefferson Orejuela (on loan at LDU Quito until 31 December 2018)
Brazil MF Willian (on loan at Botafogo-SP until 9 April 2018)
77 Brazil FW Lucas Fernandes (on loan at Paraná until 31 December 2018)
Brazil FW Peu (on loan at Paysandu until 31 December 2018)
Brazil FW Wellington Silva (on loan at Internacional until 31 December 2018)

First-team staff[edit]

As of April 2017.
Position Name Nationality
Head coach Abel Braga  Brazilian
Assistant coach Matheus Costa  Brazilian
Fitness coaches Flávio Vignoli  Brazilian
Jefferson Souza  Brazilian

Head coaches[edit]


Players with most appearances[edit]

Name Matches
1st Brazil Castilho 699
2nd Brazil Pinheiro 603
3rd Brazil Telê Santana 556
4th Brazil Altair 549
5th Brazil Escurinho 490
6th Brazil Rubens Galaxe 462
7th Brazil Denílson 433
8th Brazil Assis (Defender) 424
9th Brazil Waldo 403
10th Brazil Marcão (Midfielder) 397

Top goalscorers[edit]

Name Goals Years
1st Brazil Waldo 319 1954–61
2nd Brazil Orlando Pingo de Ouro 188 1945–55
3rd Brazil Fred 172 2009–16
4th Brazil Hércules 165 1935–42
5th Brazil Telê Santana 164 1950–61
6th England Welfare 163 1913–23
7th Russia Russo 149 1933–44
8th Brazil Preguinho 128 1925–39
9th Brazil Washington 124 1983–89
10th Brazil Magno Alves 121 1998–2002 / 2015-

Coaches with most appearances[edit]

Name Matches
1st Brazil Zezé Moreira 467
2nd Uruguay Ondino Viera 300
3rd Brazil Abel Braga 202
4th Brazil Renato Gaúcho 178
5th Brazil Tim 166
6th Brazil Nelsinho Rosa 156
7th Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira 146
8th Brazil Sylvio Pirillo 138
9th Brazil Luís Vinhaes 137
10th Brazil Paulo Emílio 126


  1. ^ Also known by its nickname Brasileirão.
  2. ^ Also known by its nickname Cariocão.


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External links[edit]