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A foal is an equine up to one year old. More specific terms are colt for a male foal and filly for a female foal, are used until the horse is three or four; when the foal is nursing from its great, it may be called a "suckling". After it has been weaned from its dam, it may be called a "weanling"; when a mare is pregnant, she is said to be "in foal". When the mare gives birth, she is "foaling", the impending birth is stated as "to foal". A newborn horse is "foaled". After a horse is one year old, it is no longer a foal, is a "yearling". There are no special age-related terms for young horses older than yearlings; when young horses reach breeding maturity, the terms change: a filly over three is called a mare, a colt over three is called a stallion. A castrated male horse is called a gelding regardless of age. Horses that mature at a small stature are called ponies and confused with foals. However, body proportions are different. An adult pony can be ridden and put to work, but a foal, regardless of stature, is too young to be ridden or used as a working animal.

Foals, whether they grow up to be horse or pony-sized, can be distinguished from adult horses by their long legs and small, slim bodies. Their heads and eyes exhibit juvenile characteristics. Although ponies exhibit some neoteny with the wide foreheads and small stature, their body proportions are similar to that of an adult horse. Pony foals are proportionally smaller than adults, but like horse foals, they are slimmer and have proportionally longer legs than their adult parents. Foals are born after a gestation period of 11 months. Birth takes place consistent with the status of a horse as a prey animal, more at night than during the day. Labor lasting over twenty-four hours may be a sign of medical complications. Unlike most predators which are altricial, horses are precocial, meaning they come into the world mature and mobile. Healthy foals can keep up with the rest of the herd only a few hours after birth. If a foal has not eaten within twelve hours, it may require assistance. Healthy foals grow and can put on up to three pounds or over a kilo a day.

A sound diet improves growth and leads to a healthier adult animal, although genetics plays a part. In the first weeks of life the foal gets everything. Like a human infant, it receives nourishment and antibodies from the colostrum in milk, produced within the first few hours or days following parturition; the mare needs additional water to help her produce milk for the foal and may benefit from supplementary nutrition. A foal may start to eat solids from ten days of age, after eight to ten weeks it will need more nutrition than the mare's milk can supply, it is important when adding solid food to the foal's diet to not feed the foal excessively or feed an improperly balanced diet. This can trigger one of several possible growth disorders that can cause lifelong soundness problems. On the other hand, insufficient nutrition to mare or foal can cause stunted growth and other health problems for the foal as it gets older, it is typical for foals under human management to be weaned between four and six months of age, though under natural conditions, they may nurse for longer until the following year when the mare foals again.

Some foals can nurse for up to three years in domesticity because the mare is less to conceive another foetus. A foal, weaned but is less than one year old is called a weanling. Mare's milk is not a significant source of nutrients for the foal after about four months, though it does no harm to a healthy mare for a foal to nurse longer and may be of some psychological benefit to the foal. A mare, both nursing and pregnant will have increased nutritional demands made upon her in the last months of pregnancy, therefore most domesticated foals are weaned sometime in the autumn in the Northern Hemisphere if the mare is to be bred again the next season. Weanlings are not capable of reproduction. Puberty occurs in most horses during their yearling year. Therefore, some young horses are capable of reproduction prior to full physical maturity, though it is not common. Two-year-olds sometimes are deliberately bred, though doing so with fillies, puts undesirable stress on their still-growing bodies; as a general rule, breeding young horses prior to the age of three is considered undesirable.

In spite of rapid growth, a foal is too young to be driven. However, foals receive basic horse training in the form of being taught to accept being led by humans, called halter-breaking, they may learn to accept horse grooming, hoof trimming by a farrier, having hair trimmed with electric clippers, to become familiar with things it will have to do throughout life, such as loading into a horse trailer or wearing a horse blanket. Horses in general have excellent memories, so a foal must not be taught anything as a young horse that would be undesirable for it to do as a full-grown animal. There is tremendous debate over the proper age to begin training a foal; some advocate beginning to accustom a foal to human handling from the moment of birth, using a process termed imprinting or "imprint training". Others feel that imprint training of a foal interferes with the mare and foal bond and prefer to wait until the foal is a few days old, but do begin training within the first week to month of life.

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Furano Ski Resort

Furano Ski Resort known as Furano Ski Area, is a resort in Furano, Japan and operated by Prince Hotels. One of the leading ski areas in Hokkaido, the resort became famous for its long-standing relationship with the FIS Alpine Ski World Cup. In more recent years, it has held the mid-February Snowboarding World Cup, sponsored by Dydo Drinco. A view from the top of the slopes offers a panoramic view of the Furano Valley and the Tokachi Peak Mountain Range. There has been a sudden influx of interest from winter sports enthusiasts abroad from Australia, the number of tourists has increased dramatically; the resorts operates from around the end of November to the beginning of May. Accommodation is in three main areas. At the base of the Furano Zone, at the base of the Kitanomine Zone or in downtown Furano. There is a lot of accommodation around the base of the Kitanomine Zone within a short walk of the lifts. Accommodation includes hotels, western-style self-contained condominiums and backpackers. In the Furano Zone the only accommodation next to the lifts is the ski-in ski-out New Furano Prince Hotel.

The public bus service called Lavender runs from New Furano Prince Hotel via the Kitanomine resort area and into downtown Furano. In addition to this there is a night Resort Shuttle Bus from New Furano Prince Hotel to downtown Furano via Kitanomine. Asahikawa Airport This is the closest Airport to Furano. From Asahikawa Airport you can take a public bus service called Lavender; this therefore can not be paid in advance. Alternatively Hokkaido Resort Liner operate a reserved seat service. New Chitose Airport From New Chitose Airport Hokkaido Resort Liner operate a bus service several times a day directly to Furano; this bus only operates in winter. Those coming from Asahikawa may take the Furano Line directly to Furano Station; those coming from the New Chitose Airport and Takikawa areas can go by way of the JR Nemuro Main Line. There is a low-transit time Direct Limited Express Train that runs seasonally from Sapporo. A bus route operated by Furano Bus Systems known as the Lavender Express runs between Asahikawa Station, Asahikawa Airport, Furano Station.

The transit time from Asahikawa Station to the ski area is around one and a half hours. From the airport it takes seventy minutes, from those coming up from the town below, it is ten minutes from the train station. There are direct routes running from various hotels inside the cities of Asahikawa and Sapporo, however these only run during the winter months; the Northliner, an intercity bus operating between Furano and Obihiro, stops at kyokai byoin, the large hospital in the heart of the city. A bus from Shimukappu runs, however it avoids the ski resort area altogether, only going as far as Furano Station. National Highway 237, running near the Asahikawa Airport, connects Asahikawa and Furano, reducing travel times and commuting stress. From New Chitose Airport and the Greater Sapporo Area, Hokkaido Prefectural Roads serve the needs of the busy traveller. Furano Ski Resort is divided into the Furano Zone and the Kitanomine Zone; the 24 courses are serviced by a series of gondolas. Media related to Furano Ski Area at Wikimedia Commons Furano Reviews

Jan Wężyk

Jan Wężyk, of Wąż Coat of Arms, was a Polish noble and Roman Catholic bishop and Primate of Poland. Jan Wężyk was born in Wola Wężykowa, Poland in 1575. In 1619, he was selected by the King of Poland as Bishop of Przemyśl and confirmed by Pope Paul V on 17 Feb 1620. In 1620, he was consecrated bishop by Wawrzyniec Gembicki, Archbishop of Gniezno. On 13 May 1624, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Poznań and installed on 1 Jul 1624. In 1626, he was selected by the King of Poland as Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland and confirmed by Pope Urban VIII on 22 Mar 1627, he served as interrex after the death of king Sigismund III Vasa in 1632, before the royal election of Władysław IV Waza. As the interrerx he supported improving the procedures of the royal elections, he was a political ally of Polish queen consort Constance of Austria, took part in reform of church law in Poland. He authored Synodus provincialis Gnesnensis A. D. 1628 die 22 mai celebrata, Synodus provincialis Gnesensis, Constitutiones Synodorum Metropolitanae Ecclesiae Gnesnensis Provincialium.

He served as Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland until his death on 27 May 1638. While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of: and the principal co-consecrator of: Maciej Łubieński, Bishop of Chełm. entry

Tso Wong Man-yin

Marianne Tso Wong Man-yin BBS FRSC is a Hong Kong chemist. Graduated from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, she obtained her master's degree at the University of Miami and doctoral degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, she continued her post-doctoral study at the Stanford University Medical Center. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and worked as the director of the Radioisotope Unit at the University of Hong Kong, she was the member of the Provisional Legislative Council, member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference National Committee and the executive committee member of the pro-Beijing political party Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong. Her husband, Tso Wung-Wai, is a well-known chemist and politician


Dragomir is a Slavic masculine name found in Serbia, Croatia, North Macedonia, Bulgaria and Ukraine as well as Romania. It is composed of the Slavic words drag and mir, both common in Slavic dithematic names, it can be translated as To. He who cares about peace. However, the ending mir, found in many Slavic names, has developed from the Old Slavic term *meru which meant'large, greatly', thus the original Old Slavic meaning of the name would be He, dear or He, precious. The female form of the name is Dragomira, Dragomirka and is very popular. Dragomir Bojanić, Serbian actor, nicknamed Gidra Dragomir Brajković, Serbian writer, editor of Radio Belgrade, poet Dragomir Čumić, Serbian actor Dragomir Dujmov, Serbian poet and short story writer from Hungary Dragomir of Duklja, ruler of Travunia and Zachlumia Dragomir Hurmuzescu, Romanian physicist Dragimir Hvalimirović, Župan of Travunia Dragomir Jovanović, Serbian politician Dragomir Markov, retired swimmer from Bulgaria Dragomir Mihajlović, Serbian rock guitarist Dragomir Milošević, Serbian commander and war criminal Dragomir Nikolić, Serbian football manager Dragan Okuka, Serbian football manager and a former player Dragomir R. Radev, University of Michigan computer science professor Dragomir Stankovic, Serbian football referee Dragomir Tošić, Yugoslavian football defender Dragomir Vukobratović, Serbian footballer Alexandru Dragomir, Romanian philosopher Anastase Dragomir, Romanian inventor Dimitrie Dragomir, Bessarabian politician Dumitru Dragomir, president of the Romanian Professional Football League since 1996 Ioan Dragomir, Romanian bishop of the Greek-Catholic Church Ionuț Dragomir, Romanian football player Mihu Dragomir, Romanian poet Ruxandra Dragomir, Romanian retired female tennis player Dragomir, village in Berzunți Commune, Bacău County, Romania Drago Dragomiris Dragomirna Dragomirov Dragomirovo

World Trade Center station (MBTA)

World Trade Center is an underground bus rapid transit station on the MBTA's Silver Line, located south of Congress Street on the South Boston Waterfront. The station is situated between the World Trade Center and the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center. Like all Silver Line stations, World Trade Center station is accessible. World Trade Center station was designed by G Architects, its mezzanine level is intended to resemble an underwater environment with a blue-lit wavy ceiling and sand-colored stone tiles with mica flecks. Lenticular art designed by Marybeth Mungovan and Jason Asselin is installed on the lobby level of the station; the station has entrances from two different street levels: ground-level Congress Street and the elevated World Trade Center Avenue. Because of the configuration of Massachusetts Turnpike exit ramps, inbound SL1 and SL3 buses stop at the station twice: once on Congress Street again at the underground platforms after entering the tunnel at Silver Line Way. World Trade Center station opened along with the rest of the South Boston Piers Transitway from South Station to Silver Line Way on December 17, 2004.

Through service on the SL2 and SL3 routes serving the Design Center and City Point areas began on December 31, 2004, followed by SL1 service on June 1, 2005. Inbound SL1 buses stop on Congress Street outside the station before entering the Waterfront Tunnel at Silver Line Way. SL3 service was discontinued on March 20, 2009. In early April 2018, construction on a nearby building caused spalling on a concrete column at World Trade Center, closing the station for a day. SL3 service at the station began on April 21, 2018. Media related to World Trade Center station at Wikimedia Commons MBTA - World Trade Center