Cottle County, Texas
Cottle County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,505, its county seat is Paducah. The county was founded in 1876 and organized in 1892, it is named for George Washington Cottle. Cottle County was one of 46 prohibition, or dry counties in the state of Texas, it now allows wine sales. The Matador Ranch, based in Motley, once reached into Cottle County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles, of which 901 square miles are land and 1.1 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 62 U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 83 Childress County Hardeman County Foard County King County Motley County Hall County As of the census of 2000, 1,904 people, 820 households, 550 families resided in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. The 1,088 housing units averaged 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.46% White, 9.87% African American, 7.20% from other races, 1.47% from two or more races.
About 18.91% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 820 households, 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.90% were not families. Around 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals, 20.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84. In the county, the population was distributed as 23.90% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 25.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,446, for a family was $33,036. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $16,667 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,212. About 13.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.
Until 2000, Cottle County went Democratic in presidential elections, except for the 1928 election, when sentiment against Al Smith’s devout Catholic faith and opposition to Prohibition allowed Herbert Hoover to carry the county with 52% of the vote. After John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Hubert Humphrey carried the county in 1960, 1964, 1968 Cottle County again voted for the Democratic candidate in the 1972 election, as it was the only county in Texas north of Maverick County to have been won by George McGovern, albeit by a margin of only seven votes. After Jimmy Carter carried it in 1976 and 1980, Walter Mondale won a majority of the county's votes in 1984, Michael Dukakis won the county in 1988 and Bill Clinton carried it in 1992 and 1996. Like the rest of the Bible Belt, due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal positions on social issues, Cottle has trended powerfully Republican and in the last five elections, the Republican nominee has won more than two-thirds of the vote. In 2012, Mitt Romney received 555 votes to Barack Obama’s 180, in 2016, Hillary Clinton won fewer than 100 votes in the county, less than a tenth as many as Jimmy Carter 40 years before.
Paducah Cee Vee Chalk Hackberry Narcisso National Register of Historic Places listings in Cottle County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Cottle County Cottle County government's website Cottle County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Cottle County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Paducah ISD -- Home of the Dragons! Cottle, George Washington The TXGenWeb Project: Cottle County Historical Marker -- Cottle County Courthouse Historical Marker -- Cottle County Historical Marker -- Cottle County Historical Marker -- The Grey and the Blue
Hardeman County, Texas
Hardeman County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,139; the county seat and largest city is Quanah. The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1884, it is named for two brothers, Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman, early Texas politicians and legislators. Hardeman County was one of 46 prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas until November 2006, when voters approved referendums to permit the legal sale of alcoholic beverages for on- and off-premises consumption. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Hardeman County in the Texas House of Representatives. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles, of which 695 square miles is land and 1.8 square miles is water. The Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River joins with Buck Creek in the northwestern corner of the county to form the Red River, which flows east to form the northern border of the county, separating it from Oklahoma.
Hardeman County is the northernmost county in Texas, not part of the Texas Panhandle. U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 6 Harmon County, Oklahoma Jackson County, Oklahoma Wilbarger County Foard County Cottle County Childress County As of the census of 2000, there were 4,724 people, 1,943 households, 1,319 families residing in the county; the population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 2,358 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 85.41% White, 4.83% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 7.09% from other races, 1.61% from two or more races. 14.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,943 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.10% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,312, the median income for a family was $33,325. Males had a median income of $26,683 versus $18,566 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,824. About 14.60% of families and 17.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over. Georgia-Pacific operates a gypsum plant in the small community of Acme, located 6 miles west of Quanah on U. S. Highway 287. Copper Breaks State Park, operated by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, is located in far southern Hardeman County near the Pease River just off State Highway 6, about 12 miles south of Quanah.
The park features a portion of the state Texas longhorn herd. Lake Pauline is located off U. S. Highway 287, 6 miles east of Quanah. Chillicothe Quanah Goodlett Acme Medicine Mound Hardeman County leaned Democratic, however in recent years it has swung to become solidly Republican. Dry counties List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Hardeman County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Hardeman County Bailey Hardeman Hardeman County, Tennessee Texas Cooperative Extension, Hardeman County office Texas School Districts: School Districts in Hardeman County Hardeman County from the Handbook of Texas Online Hardeman County profile from the Texas Association of Counties Historic Hardeman County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Thomas Jones Hardeman at Find a Grave Bailey Hardeman at Find a Grave
Texas State Highway 6
State Highway 6 runs from the Red River, the Texas–Oklahoma boundary, to northwest of Galveston, where it is known as the Old Galveston Highway. In Sugar Land and Missouri City, it is known as Alvin-Sugarland Road and runs perpendicular to I-69/US 59. In the Houston area, it runs north to FM 1960 northwest along US Highway 290 to Hempstead, south to Westheimer Road and Addicks, is known as Addicks Satsuma Road. In the Bryan–College Station area, it is known as the Earl Rudder Freeway. In Hearne, it is known as Market Street. In Calvert, it is known as Main Street. For most of its length, SH 6 is not a limited-access road. In 1997, the Texas Legislature designated SH 6 as the Texas Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway. State Highway 6 was one of the original 25 state highways proposed on June 21, 1917, overlying the King of Trails Highway. From 1919, the routing followed present-day U. S. Highway 75 from Oklahoma to Dallas U. S. Highway 77 to Waco. On August 21, 1923, SH 6 was extended along the eastern Gulf Division branch of State Highway 2 to keep SH 2 from having two separate highways with the same number.
In 1926, US 75 and US 77 were overlaid on northern SH 6 from Waco northward through the Dallas area to Denison, US 75 was overlaid on the section from Houston to Galveston. In 1935, US 290 was overlaid on the section from Hempstead to Houston. While the routes were marked concurrently, the concurrent SH 6 kept its numbering until September 26, 1939, when SH 6 was truncated to the Gulf Division routing ending at Waco, it was rerouted south from Hempstead to Galveston, replacing SH 242 and SH 38. On September 26, 1945, the roadway was extended northwest to Breckenridge over SH 67, continuing northwest to near Throckmorton along SH 157, decommissioned; that same day, the section in southeast Texas between Hempstead and Sugar Land was cancelled, as it was redundant with the new Farm to Market Road 359. On August 20, 1952, the route was truncated on the north side; this section was transferred to U. S. Highway 183. On September 26, 1967, SH 6 was rerouted to bypass Bremond, with the old route through Bremond transferred to SH 14 and FM 46.
On November 1, 1968, the section between Hempstead and Sugar Land was re-established, as it was routed along U. S. Highway 290 until it reached Farm to Market Road 1960 replacing FM 1960 southward to where the southern branch of SH 6 intersected to what is now Interstate 69/U. S. Highway 59 in Sugar Land; that portion of FM 1960 from 290 to Highway 90 at Addicks was built in the 1950s, replacing and rerouting some of what was known as Jackrabbit Road. In the early 1970s, the northern section underwent a massive rerouting due to realignments of numerous U. S. and state routes. On August 4, 1971, the section from Breckenridge south to Eastland was redesignated as State Highway 69. SH 6 was instead rerouted west along U. S. Highway 80 to Cisco replaced U. S. Highway 380 northwest to near Old Glory; the route was again extended on July 31, 1975, replacing State Highway 283 between Old Glory and Stamford northward to the Texas/Oklahoma border, completing the current routing of SH 6. The old route of SH 6 was transferred to new SH 283.
On October 27, 1989, a section from US 90A to McKeever Road was added. A spur, SH 6A was designated on August 1928 from SH 6 to Texas City. On March 19, 1930, this route was renumbered as State Highway 146. In June 2016, a section of the highway in Eastland County between Cisco and Albany was destroyed due to major flooding. SH 6 has three business routes. Business State Highway 6-N is a business loop; the road was bypassed on November 30, 1978 by SH 6 and designated Loop 23. The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-N on June 21, 1990; the number was used for Spur 23 on September 25, 1939 as a renumbering of SH 5 Spur, running from US 82 to Annona. On May 19, 1942, this was cancelled and transferred to FM 44. Business State Highway 6-R is a business loop that runs through College Station; the route runs on Texas Avenue in both cities. The route, created in 1972 when SH 6 was routed further north and east, is 12.5 miles long. The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-R on June 21, 1990, it serves as the eastern boundary of Texas A&M University.
Business State Highway 6-S is a business loop. The route was created in 1972 when SH 6 was rerouted further east around town; the road was redesignated as Business SH 6-S on June 21, 1990. SH 6 begins at an intersection with Interstate 45 and SH 3 in Bayou Vista, proceeds to the northwest, paralleling the ATSF railroad tracks; the highway makes a straight line through Galveston and Fort Bend Counties, passing through the city of Alvin. As the highway traverses through Sugar Land, it makes a turn to the north after passing intersections with Interstate 69/US Route 59 and Alternate US Route 90; the highway continues north into western Harris County, reaching the Westpark Tollway and Interstate 10. It intersects US Route 290 in CyFair, joining it as they travel to the northwest, thus finishing a large routing around the southern and western portions of Houston; the route continues northwest with US 290 as a limited-access highway. At Hockley, the highway veers to the right, forking from an old alignment of the highway, bypassing the cities of Waller and Hempstead to the north.
At Hempstead, it splits from US 290 and turns northward into Grimes County, where it bypasses the city of Navasota, while Business SH 6 passes through town. The highway turns northwest again, crossing into Brazos County; the highway starts
Wilbarger County, Texas
Wilbarger County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,535; the county seat is Vernon. The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1881. Wilbarger is named for two early settlers. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 978 square miles, of which 971 square miles is land and 7.0 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 183 U. S. Highway 283 U. S. Highway 287 Tillman County, Oklahoma Wichita County Baylor County Foard County Hardeman County Jackson County, Oklahoma As of the census of 2000, there were 14,676 people, 5,537 households, 3,748 families residing in the county; the population density was 15 people per square mile. There were 6,371 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 78.17% White, 8.86% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.73% from other races, 1.91% from two or more races. 20.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,537 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families. In 2000, there were 136 unmarried partner households: 129 heterosexual, 3 same-sex male, 2 same-sex female. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,500, the median income for a family was $38,685. Males had a median income of $26,001 versus $19,620 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $16,520. About 9.00% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over. Vernon Harrold Hoot and Holler Crossing Odell Oklaunion Clyde Gates, wide receiver for the New York Jets Jack English Hightower, Texas, native. S. Representative Roy Orbison, singer/songwriter born in Wilbarger County Daryl Richardson, running back for the St. Louis Rams Bernard Scott, running back for the Cincinnati Bengals Jack Teagarden and trombonist John Clay Wolfe, American radio personality who began his career in Wilbarger County on KSEY List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Wilbarger County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Wilbarger County Vernon Daily Record - Wilbarger County News Wilbarger County, Texas Official Website Wilbarger County from the Handbook of Texas Online Josiah Wilbarger's entry in the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
Wilbarger County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
U.S. Route 70
U. S. Route 70 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 2,385 miles from eastern North Carolina to east-central Arizona; as can be derived from its number, it is a major east–west highway of the Southern and Southwestern United States. It ran from coast to coast, with the current Eastern terminus near the Atlantic Ocean in North Carolina, the former Western terminus near the Pacific Ocean in California. Before the completion of the Interstate system, U. S. Highway 70 was sometimes referred to as the "Broadway of America", due to its status as one of the main east–west thoroughfares in the nation, it was promoted as the "Treasure Trail" by the U. S. Highway 70 Association as of 1951. U. S. 70 begins in Globe at a junction with U. S. Route 60, concurrent with State Route 77. SR 77 splits off east of town. U. S. 70 enters the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation and runs southeast for 17 miles to Peridot, where it crosses Indian Route 9. It has no other highway junctions until Safford, where it begins a ten-mile overlap with U.
S. 191. U. S. 70 runs an additional 37 mi. before crossing into New Mexico east of Franklin. After entering the state of New Mexico, U. S. 70 heads southeast. Five miles after crossing the state line, it serves as the southern terminus for New Mexico State Road 92. U. S. 70 does not have another highway junction for 21 mi, where it meets State Roads 464 and 90 three miles north of Lordsburg. At Lordsburg, U. S. 70 joins with Interstate 10 eastbound, splitting off in Las Cruces, becoming Picacho Avenue in Las Cruces. When Picacho Avenue meets Main Street, US 70 follows. U. S. 70 crosses Interstate 25, has been upgraded at this point to a controlled access highway until entering the foothills of the Organ Mountains. As a divided highway, U. S. 70 crosses the Organ Mountains via San Augustin Pass, descends to the valley floor of the Tularosa Basin, next crosses the White Sands Missile Range. Overhead missile tests can close the highway for a few hours; the road passes the entrance to the White Sands National Monument, shortly after that passes the southern end of Holloman Air Force Base.
It turns northbound, picks up a concurrency with U. S. 54 upon entering Alamogordo. On the north end of Alamogordo, US54/US70 intersects the beginning of U. S. Route 82 near La Luz; the concurrency with US 54 lasts until Tularosa, the highway remains divided until US 70 and US 54 diverge. After splitting off to the northeast, U. S. 70 enters the Lincoln National Forest. The road runs across the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation and near the resort town of Ruidoso. In Hondo, it begins another concurrency, this time with U. S. 380. U. S. 70 bypasses Roswell to the northwest, together with U. S. 285. U. S. 70 heads off to the northeast, running through Portales and Clovis before entering Texas at Texico. From mile 170.6 to mile 197.25 on US 70 the speed limit is posted at 75 mph across White Sands Missile Range. Just longer than a standard marathon. US 70 is the only non-interstate in New Mexico to receive a speed limit of 75 miles per hour. U. S. 70 enters Texas joins with U. S. 60 and U. S. 84. U. S. 60 splits off to the northeast in Farwell, just over the state line.
U. S. 70/84 angle southeast to Muleshoe, where the two routes split. U. S. 70 heads due east, meeting U. S. 385 at Springlake, having an interchange with Interstate 27 in Plainview. U. S. 70 arcs toward the south to begin a concurrency with US 62 in Floydada. The two routes head east to Paducah, where US 62 splits off to the north to join with U. S. 83. U. S. 70 proceeds to Vernon, where it overlaps U. S. 287 and U. S. 183. Near Oklaunion, U. S. 70/183 split off to the north to cross the Red River into Oklahoma. The route through Texas was cosigned with Texas State Highway 28 before 1939. SH 28 was designated in 1919 as a route from Muleshoe to Olney with a spur, SH 28A, from SH 28 at Crowell east to the Oklahoma border. In 1922, the route split in Benjamin, going east to Olney. In 1926, The portion from Crowell to Sagerton became SH 51, while the portion from Benjamin to Olney became SH 24. SH 28 was instead rerouted over SH 28A to end at the Oklahoma border. By 1939, the route was cancelled due to US 70.
U. S. 183 splits away from U. S. 70 three miles north of the state line, in the town of Davidson. It has an interchange with I-44, serving as the southern terminus of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike, one mile west of the town of Randlett. U. S. 70 passes south of Waurika. U. S. 70 becomes a four-lane divided highway near Wilson and runs through Lone Grove before entering the city of Ardmore, where it heads south on Interstate 35, bypassing the central business district. US-70 serves as the southern terminus of U. S. 177 in Madill. U. S.70 heads to Durant, where it has an interchange with the U. S. 69/75 freeway. East of Soper, U. S.70 joins with U. S.271. The two routes approach Hugo, where they serve as the southern terminus of the Indian Nation Turnpike. U. S. 271 splits off at this interchange, continuing the freeway southbound from the turnpike. U. S. 70 heads through downtown Hugo. It bypasses Idabel to the north, it meets U. S. 259 and State Highway 3 northeast of town and overlaps them into Broken Bow, forming a wrong-way concurrency with SH-3.
U. S. 70 splits off to the east in Broken Bow before leaving the state. U. S. 70 enters Arkansas eight miles west of De Queen, cros
Texas House of Representatives
The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members; as of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick, having been elected in 1968; the House meets at the State Capitol in Austin. The Speaker of the House is highest-ranking member of the House; the Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills. Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders; the unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.
†Representative was first elected in a special election. Eligio De La Garza, II, first Mexican-American to represent his region in the US House and the second Mexican-American from Texas to be elected to Congress. Ray Barnhart, Federal Highway Administrator Anita Lee Blair, first blind woman elected to a state legislature Jack Brooks, U. S. House of Representatives Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas Frank Kell Cahoon, Midland County oilman and representative from 1965 to 1969. S. Representative Tom DeLay, U. S. Representative and House Majority Leader John Nance Garner, U. S. Representative, Speaker of the House, Vice President of the United States O. H. "Ike" Harris, Dallas County representative from 1963–1965. Kay Bailey Hutchison, U. S. Senator Ray Hutchison, husband of Kay Bailey Hutchison Samuel Ealy Johnson, Jr. father of President Lyndon B. Johnson Dan Kubiak, representative from Rockdale known for his support of public education Mickey Leland, U. S. House of Representatives, died in a plane crash.
Charles Henry Nimitz Born in Bremen. In 1852, built the Nimitz Hotel in Fredericksburg, which now houses the National Museum of the Pacific War. Grandfather of United States Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz. Elected to the Texas Legislature 1890. Rick Perry, longest serving Governor of Texas, current U. S. Secretary of Energy. Colonel Alfred P. C. Petsch Lawyer, civic leader, philanthropist. Veteran of both World War I and World War II. Sam Rayburn, U. S. Representative and longest served Speaker of the House Coke R. Stevenson, Governor of Texas Sarah Weddington, attorney for "Jane Roe" for the 1973 Roe v. Wade case in the U. S. Supreme Court Ferdinand C. Weinert, coauthored bill to establish the Pasteur Institute of Texas, authored resolution for humane treatment of state convicts, coauthored the indeterminate sentence and parole law. Served as Texas Secretary of State Charles Wilson, U. S. House of Representatives, subject of the book and film Charlie Wilson's War The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties.
As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, sign all bills, joint resolutions, concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, directing committees to make interim studies; the Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation and distributes membership information to current house members, forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs.
The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents; when there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is responsible for noticing House members via email. Agriculture and Livestock AppropriationsSubcommittee on Articles I, IV & V Subcommittee on Article II Subcommittee on Article III Subcommittee on Articles VI, VII & VIII Subcommittee on Budget Transparency & Reform Business & Industry Calendars Corrections County Affairs Criminal Jurisprudenc
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol