Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England. The town lies on the southern edge of the North Downs at a valley between two cliffs, it was an important shipping port for most of the 19th and 20th centuries. There has been a settlement in this location since the Mesolithic era. A nunnery was founded by Eanswith, granddaughter of Æthelberht of Kent in the 7th century, still commemorated as part of the town's culture. During the 13th century it subsequently developed into a seaport and the harbour developed during the early 19th century to provide defence against a French invasion, expanded further after the arrival of the railway in 1843; the harbour's use has diminished since the opening of the nearby Channel Tunnel and stopping of local ferry services, but still remains in active use. The area of Folkestone has been occupied since at least the Mesolithic era. In 2010, worked flints were discovered below the remains of the Folkestone Roman Villa; the East Cliff area was excavated in 1924 and most from 2010 to 2011 and has produced artefacts from the Mesolithic period through to the Roman era.
On the East Cliff, an extensive Iron Age oppidum existed, which produced quern-stones on an industrial scale. Those querns, or stones, which were used for grinding cereals into flour, were traded for continental exports such as pottery and wine. A modest Roman style villa was constructed over the Iron Age settlement sometime during the 1st century AD, followed by a more luxurious one in about 200 AD; the villa was abandoned sometime during the 4th century for unknown reasons. In 597 AD, led by Augustine of Canterbury, arrived at Ebbsfleet on the Isle of Thanet, on a mission from Pope Gregory to re-Christianise Britain, he was greeted by the Anglo Saxon pagan King of Kent and his Christian Queen, Bertha. Augustine was granted land in Canterbury, where he built his church and outside the walls founded the monastery of St Peter & St Paul, now known as St Augustine's. Ethelbert was succeeded as Anglo-Saxon king of Kent by his son Eadbald, whose daughter Eanswythe refused all offers of marriage. In 630, Eanswythe founded a nunnery on the site of her father's castle near Folkestone by the present parish church of St Mary & St Eanswythe.
Eanswythe died around 640 and was made a saint. Her remains were moved into the chancel of the current church on 12 September 1138, which has since been commemorated as the Feast of St Eanswythe, they became the focus of prayer and pilgrimage such that Eanswythe was adopted as the town's patron. The community grew and developed into a monastery until it was dissolved by Henry VIII, St Eanswythe's remains disappeared, they were rediscovered in June 1885 when workmen, carrying out alterations to the high altar, found a battered lead casket immured in a niche in the north wall of the chancel. Examination by archaeologists at the time and again in 1981 confirmed that the casket was of Anglo-Saxon origin and the few bone fragments were those of a woman in her early thirties; the relics are still housed in the church, close to where they were discovered, in the north wall of the chancel flanked by a pair of small brass candlesticks. St Eanswythe is celebrated on 12 September each year, the date on which her relics were moved to the present chancel.
She appears on the town's seal with William Harvey, the Folkestone-born 17th-century physician who discovered the circulation of the blood. A Norman knight held a Barony of Folkestone, which led to its entry as a part of the Cinque Ports in the thirteenth century and with that the privilege of being a wealthy trading port. At the start of the Tudor period it had become a town in its own right. Wars with France meant that defences had to be built here and soon plans for a Folkestone Harbour began. At the beginning of the 1800s a harbour was developed, but it was the coming of the railways in 1843 that would have the bigger impact. Dover Hill, the highest point in Folkestone, was a sighting point for the Anglo-French Survey, which measured the precise distance between the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the Paris Observatory; the hill provided a sight-line to the east along the line of the Folkestone Turnpike to Dover Castle, one of the two principal cross-channel observation points, the other being Fairlight Down in Sussex.
Until the 19th century Folkestone remained a small fishing community with a seafront, continually battered by storms and encroaching shingle that made it hard to land boats. In 1807 an Act of Parliament was passed to build a pier and harbour, built by Thomas Telford in 1809. By 1820 a harbour area of 14 acres had been enclosed. Folkestone's trade and population grew but development was still hampered by sand and silt from the Pent Stream; the Folkestone Harbour Company invested in removing the silt but with little success. In 1842 the company became bankrupt and the Government put the derelict harbour up for sale, it was bought by the South Eastern Railway Company, building the London to Dover railway line. George Turnbull was responsible in 1844 for building the Horn pier. Dredging the harbour, the construction of a rail route down to it, began immediately, the town soon became the SER's principal packet station for the Continental traffic to Boulogne. Folkestone Harbour Company commissioned Foster and Partners to produce a masterplan for Folkestone, published in April 2006.
The plans described the rebuilding of the harbour as a marina, a "Green Wave" along the sea front linking countryside west and east of the town, new housing, shops, a performance area and small university campus. The plans took in land, the Rotunda Amusement Park. Progre
The Ederington House, known locally as the "E" House for the decorations on its fences, is a historic house at 326 South Main Street in Warren, Arkansas. It was built in 1926-27 for a local shopowner, it was designed by H. Ray Burks, an architect of some local reputation whose other designs include the Blankinship Motor Company Building and the Drew County Courthouse; this house is one of a few attributed to Burks, is set on imposing grounds in central Warren. The house is built of red brick, with stucco gable ends and cast stone trim details; the property is lined on two sides by a concrete fencing with iron gates. The posts flanking the driveway and lining the fence are topped by large bronze "E"s; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bradley County, Arkansas
Brazilian Day is an annual festival which takes place in New York City and other cities around the world. It is held near the beginning of September to celebrate Brazil's independence day celebrated today in the Federative Republic of Brazil on September 7th, 1822 - proclaimed by prince regent - heir to the Portuguese throne Dom Pedro I, from the previous United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, establishing the new Empire of Brazil in South America. Brazilian Day is always on Sunday before the American Labor Day holiday weekend. Brazilian Day is part of the official calendar of New York City; the event first ran in 1984, was on West 46th Street between 5th Avenue and Avenue of the Americas, which received the name "Little Brazil". From 2009 on, Brazilian Day has taken place in the United States, Japan, United Kingdom and Angola. Over time, Brazilian Day in New York has grown larger and has moved to nearby broader 6th Avenue, between 42nd and 46th Streets, becoming one of the biggest and most famous Brazilian attractions outside of Brazil itself.
The event takes up over 25 blocks. At the festival, a big crowd attends to see the spectacles and visit the stands in which are sold Brazilian food and products. Baterias de Samba play in the people dance. "Rede Globo" television has been broadcasting the NYC Brazilian Day in the last few years, making the festival well known in Brazil. Brazilian Day NYC was created in 1984, by the founder of the Brazilian American Cultural Center, João De Matos; the first event was more of a block party centered on West 46th street between 5th Ave and Avenue of the Americas. Today, this same area is known as Little Brazil, Manhattan because Mayor Rudy Giuliani had this area so proclaimed. In 1984 the festival only showcased arts and crafts from Brazil, as well as Brazilian cuisine, but today it introduces New Yorkers and other visitors to the culture of Brazil. Brazilian Day has become a mega event, with over one million people from across the US, Brazil and other countries across the globe celebrating. For the music attractions, which feature some of the most famous bands and singers from Brazil, people line up the night before to make sure they will get a good view of the huge stage set in the middle of 6th Avenue.
Keeping with tradition, there are various stands with arts and crafts from typical foods. Brazilian Day has brought many acclaimed Brazilian artists, such as Blitz, Kid Abelha, Jorge Ben Jor, Carlinhos Brown, Claudia Leitte, Jota Quest, Alcione Nazareth, Ivete Sangalo, Elba Ramalho, Marcelo D2, Sandy e Júnior, Daniela Mercury, Lulu Santos, Zeca Pagodinho, Banda Calypso and many other artists. Brazilian Day has brought new successful artists of Brazilian music, such as Luan Santana, Gusttavo Lima, Jorge & Mateus. Official Website The Last Samba of Summer http://braziliandayphiladelphia.com/
Thomas Kirk was an Irish sculptor. He was born in Cork, he studied at the Dublin Society's School where he won prizes in 1797 and 1800. He worked for Henry Darley, a skillful builder and stone-cutter from Meath, based in Abbey Street, Dublin. Kirk was acclaimed for his fine relief work on monuments. Much of his work can be seen in the Royal College of Surgeons, the Royal Dublin Society and in the library of Trinity College, Dublin, he worked on committees in the Royal Dublin Society and he was a member of the Royal Hibernian Academy. He executed numerous church memorials throughout the country, his favourite relief was one of the Good Samaritan, well suited for memorials to either doctors or clergymen. One of his earliest commissions, which appeared in 1809, was the statue of Nelson for Nelson's Pillar in O'Connell Street, Dublin; this monument was destroyed by an explosion on March 8, 1966. Another of Kirk’s commissions was the statue, in Limerick, of Thomas Spring Rice, a former MP and Chancellor of the Exchequer.
He is interred in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Dublin. His sons, Joseph Robinson Kirk and William Boyston Kirk, daughter Eliza Kirk and grandson Thomas Stewart Kirk were sculptors, his eldest daughter Mary Anne was accomplished musician. After his death his works were exhibited at the 1852 Irish Industrial Exhibition, the 1852 annual exhibition of the Royal Hibernian Academy and the 1872 Dublin Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures. Jane Vernon in St. Mary's church, Carlow. Kirk's relief shows the young of Carlow mourning her. To the left are the tools of Jane Vernon's accomplishments: a harp, an easel and a sculptor's chisel. Nathaniel Sneyd had two memorials, one in Cavan and a life-size neo-classical recumbent effigy in the crypt of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin. Kirk represents Sneyd lying dead with a female figure weeping over him. Rev. Joseph Storey in Cavan. Rev. George Hill at Comber, County Down. Several memorials in St. Ann's Church, Dublin. John Chambers, in St. George's church, Dublin. Thomas Abbott in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin.
Sir John Andrew Stevenson. In 1843, a marble cenotaph sculpted by Kirk was erected in the Musicians Corner at Christ Church Cathedral, his monument has a single choirboy. There were two choir boys, but the sculptor found such difficulty in extracting payment for his work that he removed the second one. Dr. Spray, in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. Thomas Ball, in St. Patrick's Cathedral. Rev. Thomas Clarke and others in the Pro-Cathedral, Dublin. Thomas Kirk at Find a Grave
Erythronium multiscapideum is a California species of flowering plant in the lily family, known by the common name Sierra fawn lily. It is endemic to California, where it grows in the foothills of the southern Cascade Range and the Sierra Nevada, its primary range extends from Shasta County to Amador County with additional populations in Mariposa County. Erythronium multiscapideum produces a bulb two to five centimeters long, sometimes with associated bulblets, it has two oval-shaped leaves up to 15 centimeters long which are green and mottled with brown or white. Stalks about 10 to 20 centimeters tall hold one to four flowers each; the flower has white tepals with bright yellow bases. The stamens and stigma are white or cream. Jepson Manual Treatment - Erythronium multiscapoideum United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile: Erythronium multiscapoideum Erythronium multiscapoideum - Calphotos Photo gallery
Odostomia dicella is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies. The small shell measures 3 mm, it is elongate-ovate, somewhat translucent, bluish-white. The nuclear whorls are small obliquely immersed in the first of the succeeding turns; the five post-nuclear whorls are well rounded. They are marked by four spiral cords between the sutures, the three posterior of which are nodulose on the early whorls; the fourth, or suprasutural one being smooth. On the last whorl the nodules are obsolete. Of these cords, the one at the summit is the second below it the strongest; the spaces between the spiral keels are about half as wide as the keels and rather shallow. In addition to the spiral sculpture the whorls are marked by slender axial riblets, which render the three posterior keels on the early whorls nodulose at their intersections. Of these riblets, about 18 occur upon 22 upon the third whorl. On the fourth, the penultimate, the grooves between the keels are crossed by slender axial threads.
The sutures are constricted. The periphery of the body whorl is marked by a deep sulcus; the base of the shell is well rounded. It is marked by five spiral cords which grow successively weaker between the periphery and the umbilical area; the grooves between the sutural cords are equal, crossed by numerous, axial threads, which cause the spaces between the threads and cords to appear as minute pits. The aperture is somewhat effuse anteriorly; the posterior angle is acute. The outer lip is thin, showing the external sculpture within; the inner lip is moderately long, somewhat curved, reflected over and adnate to the base. It is provided with a slender fold at its insertion; the parietal wall is covered with a thin callus. This species occurs in the Pacific Ocean off California. To World Register of Marine Species