Folsom Street Fair is an annual BDSM and leather subculture street fair, held in September, that caps San Francisco's "Leather Pride Week". The Folsom Street Fair, sometimes referred to as "Folsom", takes place on Folsom Street between 8th and 13th Streets, in San Francisco's South of Market district; the event started in 1984 and is California's third-largest single-day, outdoor spectator event and the world's largest leather event and showcase for BDSM products and culture. It has grown as a non-profit charity, local and national non-profits benefit with all donations at the gates going to charity groups as well as numerous fundraising schemes within the festival including games, beverage booths and spanking for donations to capitalize on the adult-themed exhibitionism. For $10 or more donations visitors get $2 discount for each drink purchased at the fair. Although sadomasochism has been practiced for many centuries, the modern gay leather scene in the United States developed beginning in 1945 when thousands of gay servicemen were given blue discharges from service after World War II and came to the major port cities of the United States to live in gay ghettos.
In 1953, the Marlon Brando film The Wild One appeared, some butch gays began to imitate Brando by wearing black leather jackets, a black leather cap, black leather boots and jeans and, if they could afford it, by riding motorcycles. In the 1950s, the magazine Bizarre familiarized people with sexual fetishism; the first proto-leather bar in San Francisco was the Sailor Boy Tavern, which opened in 1938 near the Embarcadero YMCA and catered to U. S. Navy infantry looking for same-sex sexual encounters. Folsom Street has been the center of San Francisco's men's leather community since the mid-1960s. Before centering in the South of Market neighborhood, leather friendly bars were located in the Embarcadero, the Tenderloin; the first leather bar in SOMA was the Tool Box, a gay leather bar which opened in 1961 at 339 4th St and closed in 1971. It was made famous by the June 1964 Paul Welch Life article entitled "Homosexuality In America," the first time a national publication reported on gay issues.
Life's photographer was referred to the Tool Box by Hal Call, who had long worked to dispel the myth that all homosexual men were effeminate. The article opened with a two-page spread of the mural of life size leathermen in the bar, painted by Chuck Arnett, a patron and employee; the article described San Francisco as "The Gay Capital of America" and inspired many gay leathermen to move there. The first leather bar on Folsom Street was Febe's, on the southwest corner of 11th and Folsom, which opened July 25, 1966; the Stud bar, which opened in 1966 at 1535 Folsom St. was a gay leather bar, originally a Hell's Angels hangout. In 1967 A Taste of Leather, one of the first in-bar leather stores, was established at Febe's by Nick O'Demus; as of late 2009, A Taste of Leather announced. In 1971, the modern bandana code came into use among leather people. Many leather people went to the Embarcadero YMCA. Leather people who worked out at the Embarcadero YMCA took advantage of the opportunity to get together with sailors when they came into town and rented rooms at the adjacent Embarcadero YMCA Hotel.
By the late 1970s Folsom's Miracle Mile had featured nearly 30 different leather bars and merchants, most within walking distance of each other. These establishments included, in the order they were established: 1968 - Off the Levee, The Ramrod. 1971 - The In Between, The Bootcamp. 1972 - The Barracks at 72 Hallam St. off Folsom between 7th and 8th Streets. 1973 - The Red Star Saloon, the End Up, Folsom Prison, The Ambush, Big Town—a gay leather shopping mall on the south side of Folsom between 6th and 7th Streets. 1975 - Hombre, The Catacombs, The Emporium. 1976 - The Trading Post, The Slot, The Hotel. 1977 - The Brig, The Balcony. 1978 - The Arena, The Roundup, The Quarters, Black & Blue, Folsom Street Baths at 1015 Folsom. 1979 - The Stables at 1123 Folsom, The Trench, The Hothouse on the northwest corner of 5th and Harrison, Tailor of San Francisco, Mister S Leathers. 1980 - The Plunge—a gay BDSM bathhouse with a swimming pool on the northwest corner of 11th and Folsom
Nora Hanen is a fictional character from the American soap opera One Life to Live. The role was originated by Hillary B. Smith in September 1992, she remained on the show through the original television finale on January 13, 2012. Smith reprised the role when new regular episodes of OLTL began airing on Hulu, iTunes, FX Canada via The Online Network in April 2013. General Hospital executive producer Frank Valentini announced in January 2017 that Smith would crossover the role of Nora to General Hospital. Smith first appeared on March 6, 2017. In 2019, Smith once again reprised her role as Nora on General Hospital beginning April 1. Nora is portrayed by actress Hillary B. Smith. Nora was introduced as a guest character in 1992, by head writer Michael Malone and executive producer Linda Gottlieb. Prior to her casting in One Life to Live, Smith was an established actress in the genre of daytime drama, she had starred as Kit McCormick on The Doctors in 1982, one year taking over the role of Margo Montgomery Hughes on As the World Turns, a role she played from 1983 to 1989.
When she won the role of Nora on the show, producers were impressed with her hard-nosed approach to the character but wanted Smith to become a redhead and show Nora's soft side. Her first front-burner storyline was a six-week trial in which she defended local villain Todd Manning and his fraternity brothers, who were accused of gang-raping college coed Marty Saybrooke; the actress said in an interview with Soap Opera Digest, "When Linda Gottlieb told me would be representing the rapists and would get them off, I was nauseated. To let the rapists get off — I thought, a bad message."Smith persuaded the writers to change the outcome and a mistrial was declared. After her debut, Smith, in the role of Nora, became a centerpiece of the show for her involvement in the multiple-Emmy Award winning rape trial storyline. Smith considered leaving the drama on several occasions; when her contract was set to expire in 2005, Smith's character was put into a six-month coma. However, she signed another four-year contract.
Smith inked a new contract again in 2010. In January 2017, it was revealed that Smith will be reprising her role as Nora on General Hospital, making her the first actress to crossover to another soap since the end of Prospect Park's lawsuit against ABC, she first appeared on March 6, 2017. On November 10, 2017, it was announced that Smith would reprise her portrayal of Nora on General Hospital, beginning from November 13 to 21, 2017; when Nora debuted in 1992, she made a connection with fans for her backstory as the Jewish attorney and ex-wife of previously-established African American Llanview District Attorney, Hank Gannon, mother to his daughter and Llanview University college student, Rachel. She has an older sister, Susannah Hanen, a psychiatrist who helped Victoria Lord integrate her varied personas. Nora's popularity continued to grow as she played a key role in some of the show's most popular storylines on the 1990s, most notably the Marty Saybrooke gang rape trial in 1993; the character is known for her supercouple romance with Bo Buchanan, culminating in their popular 1995 rock'n' roll-themed wedding.
Nora meets Bo in October 1992. Over the next several months, Nora and Bo work side by side trying to track down the killer; the case is closed and the two had become best friends. The couple's first date is at the Serenity Springs spa owned by Max Holden, it is soon followed by a slew of junk food eating and jitterbug dates. Bo and Nora first have sex in April 1993 and say, "I love you" in May 1993. However, Nora's chronic headaches worsen, leading her to believe that she was the one who had caused the accident leading to Sarah's death. Bo soon proposes marriage. During Nora's recovery from a brain tumor, she is terrorized by former client Todd Manning, whom she had betrayed while defending him for Marty's rape, leading to his conviction. Bo and Nora marry on June 1, 1995, at St. James Church, the ceremony officiated by Reverend Andrew Carpenter, a rabbi, Little Richard. After Bo is devastated when his son Drew, a police officer, is killed in the line of duty, Nora hopes to conceive a child to give Bo a reason to live.
The pregnancy pulls Bo back onto his feet, but he and Nora divorce when Sam's jealous ex-wife Lindsay publicly reveals that Nora's son had been fathered by Sam. Sam dies in 2003 when Lindsay accidentally shoots him, leaving a letter behind that Lindsay delivers, stating that Bo is the biological father of Sam's supposed son, Matthew. Nora soon begins to see District Attorney Daniel Colson. Despite frequent crises with Bo, Nora continues her relationship with Daniel. After their wedding, Nora begins suspecting; as Daniel is to become Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, Daniel is arrested for the murders of Paul Cramer and Jennifer Rappaport. Nora learns of Daniel's homosexual affair with Mark Solomon, Daniel is soon sent to prison. Nora becomes comatose for months. After waking from her coma, Nora
KMOL-LD, virtual and UHF digital channel 17, is a low-powered NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Victoria, United States. Owned by Morgan Murphy Media, it is sister to ABC affiliate KAVU-TV and four other low-power stations: Univision affiliate KUNU-LD, Cozi TV affiliate KQZY-LD, CBS affiliate KXTS-LD, Telemundo affiliate KVTX-LP. Morgan Murphy Media operates Fox affiliate KVCT under a local marketing agreement with owner SagamoreHill Broadcasting. All of the stations share studios on North Navarro Street in Victoria and transmitter facilities on Farm to Market Road 236 west of the city. KMOL-LP has operated since the mid-2000s. Unlike most NBC affiliates, KMOL-LD does not show any form of local newscast; the station's digital signal is multiplexed: Official website Query the FCC's TV station database for KMOL RabbitEars TV Query for KMOL
Jamtara College, Court Road, Jamtara -815351 established in 1961, is a Constituent degree college. It offers undergraduate courses in sciences, it is affiliated to Sido Kanhu Murmu University. The college is recognized under section 2f and 12B of UGC and is getting financial assistance for developing infrastructure facilities; the college was affiliated on 6 January 1967 to Bhagalpur University of undivided Bihar, recognised as a constituent unit on 10 December1980 by the State Government. The Sido Kanhu Murmu University was established on 10 January 1992 by an Act in the Bihar Legislative Assembly; the university was established by amending the Bihar State Universities Act 1976 on 10 January 1992. The amendment changed the jurisdiction of the Bhagalpur University by bifurcating the six districts of Santhal Parganas which now came under the jurisdiction of the new university. After the division of Bihar on 15 November 2000, Jamtara College with its parent University came under administrative jurisdiction of the state of Jharkhand.
The college was established in 1961 having its accommodation in a small room in the subdivision of Jamtara with its district headquarter at Dumka. Source has it that the College was housed on for years in the JBC+2 School, Jamtara; when the college got its affiliation on 1 June 1967 it was shifted to its own building donated by the legal heirs of Hetampur Estate of Burdwan, West Bengal. The college was recognized under section 2f and 12B of UGC Act. With the passage of time, the college added two additional buildings: Science Block Phase-I and Phase-II in order to augment the science faculty and provide better laboratory and lecture theatre; this is expected to be operational soon. A separate Library Building has been approved by Govt. Jharkhand and its construction will be started soon as the related proceeding for it is in advance stage. Besides the main campus, the college has additional land mass of 20 acres with ST Welfare Hostel and proposed B. Ed College building at village, Jamtara, 2 km from the main college campus.
This land was settled in favour of the college in the year by SDO Jamtara. The proposed Examination Hall with an area of 10,000 sq ft. boys and girls common rooms, computer centre and cycle parking shed with financial assistance of RUSA will further enrich existing facility of the college. Jamtara College is under process of accreditation by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council. Official website
Packanack Lake is an unincorporated lake community in Wayne in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The community is located 30 minutes northwest of Manhattan; the median income in Packanack Lake was $100,887, the average income of households with children was $140,869. 95.9 % of Packanack area residents are high school graduates. 77.4% of residents are married. 41.4% of residents had children. The average age of residents was 40.6 years old. Gatherings and social events are held on both East Beach and West Beach which include band concerts, craft shows, bonfires. Packanack's neighborhoods include. Members of the Packanack Lake Community Association known as Packanack Lake Country Club, can use the tennis club and golf club located on Osborne Terrace. Packanack residents can send their grammar school-aged children to the Packanack School, located at 190 Oakwood Drive, residents can send their high school aged children to Wayne Valley High School or the many private schools in and around the township of Wayne.
There are summer camps and activities for the children who live in the lake which include golf lessons, sailing lessons and competitively swimming on the Lake's swim team, The Packanack Pirates. The Packanack Lake Association collects dues from Packanack Lake residents for the purpose of funding the upkeep and use of lake activities. Transportation to business/commercial centers throughout North Jersey is via Route 3, 4, 20, 21, 23, U. S. Route 46, Interstate 80, Interstate 287 and the Garden State Parkway. Train Stations and "Park and Ride's" provide access to New York City. Nearby country clubs include the Preakness Hills Country Club located on Ratzer Road and the North Jersey Country Club located on Hamburg Turnpike. There is a dry cleaner, a post office, a flower and gift boutique, an event planner, a personal fitness center, Gencarelli's Pizza as well as the Lakeside Restaurant Bar which all are located on the lake next to the Packanack Lake Clubhouse; the clubhouse can be used for a variety of things from wedding rehearsals, to birthday parties and block parties.
The clubhouse overlooks Packanack Lake with its wooden deck extension. Packanack Lake has its own golf course, tennis club, elementary school and firehouse. Athletic fields are offered for community sports such as tennis, baseball and flag football; the lake itself is considered a productive luxury for residents in the area, as fishing and boating are offered to members of the Packanack community. The Packanack community began long ago when Native Americans farmed and hunted in the area. One tribe, the Pacquanacs, are still remembered in the name Packanack, said to mean appropriately "land made clear for cultivation". In 1780, it was farming country and marshlands not far from the Continental Army encampment of French and American soldiers. Close by were the headquarters of General George Washington at the Dey Mansion and Major-General Marquis de Lafayette at the Van Saun House, they still can be seen today. The Packanack area sits on two ridges running in a north-south direction separated by a valley of marshland that in 1928 would be cleared of trees and brush.
That was when Joseph T. Castles, who had purchased 26 farms covering 700 acres of these ridges and valley in 1925, began laying the groundwork for the development of a community; the lake itself is man-made. Roads were built and sewer mains were laid and a sewage disposal system constructed; the real estate firm of Packanack Lake, Inc. was formed and work began on the clubhouse as well as 17 log cabins and small Cape Cod homes. The clubhouse, renovated in 2005, is located on the west beach along with a post office, restaurant/pub, a deli. People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise associated with Packanack Lake include: Kim Alexis, resides on the east side of Packanack Lake on Lake Drive East. Tom Cruise, resided on the east side of Packanack Lake on Lois Court. Ron Duguay, resides on the east side of Packanack Lake on Lake Drive East. Donna Kane, resided on the east side of Packanack Lake on Elmwood Terrace. Floyd Vivino, resides on the east side of Packanack Lake on Overlook Ave. Township of Wayne Wayne schools
The Q10 temperature coefficient is a measure of the rate of change of a biological or chemical system as a consequence of increasing the temperature by 10 °C. There are many examples where the Q10 is used, one being the calculation of the nerve conduction velocity and another being calculating the contraction velocity of muscle fibres, it can be applied to chemical reactions and many other systems. The Q10 is calculated as: Q 10 = 10 ∘ C / where R is the rate T is the temperature in Celsius degrees or kelvin. Rewriting this equation, the assumption behind Q10 is that the reaction rate R depends exponentially on temperature: R 2 = R 1 Q 10 / 10 ∘ C Q10 is a unitless quantity, as it is the factor by which a rate changes, is a useful way to express the temperature dependence of a process. For most biological systems, the Q10 value is ~ 2 to 3; the temperature of a muscle has a significant effect on the velocity and power of the muscle contraction, with performance declining with decreasing temperatures and increasing with rising temperatures.
The Q10 coefficient represents the degree of temperature dependence a muscle exhibits as measured by contraction rates. A Q10 of 1.0 indicates thermal independence of a muscle whereas an increasing Q10 value indicates increasing thermal dependence. Values less than 1.0 indicate a negative or inverse thermal dependence, i.e. a decrease in muscle performance as temperature increases. Q10 values for biological processes vary with temperature. Decreasing muscle temperature results in a substantial decline of muscle performance such that a 10 degree Celsius temperature decrease results in at least a 50% decline in muscle performance. Persons who have fallen into icy water may lose the ability to swim or grasp safety lines due to this effect, although other effects such as atrial fibrillation are a more immediate cause of drowning deaths. At some minimum temperature biological systems do not function at all, but performance increases with rising temperature to a maximum performance level and thermal independence.
With continued increase in temperature, performance decreases up to a maximum temperature at which all biological function again ceases. Within vertebrates, different skeletal muscle activity has correspondingly different thermal dependencies; the rate of muscle twitch contractions and relaxations are thermally dependent, whereas maximum contraction, e.g. tetanic contraction, is thermally independent. Muscles of some ectothermic species. E.g. sharks, show less thermal dependence at lower temperatures than endothermic species Arrhenius equation Arrhenius plot Isotonic Isometric exercise Skeletal striated muscle Tetanic contraction 7. Nathanailides, C.. Are changes in enzyme activities of fish muscle during cold acclimation significant?. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 53, 2333-2336. Http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/f96-184#. Wy-tu7hZrwchttps://doi.org/10.1139/f96-184 Temperature Coefficient Calculator