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Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments. The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the control and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices, animal foods & feed and veterinary products; the FDA was empowered by the United States Congress to enforce the Federal Food and Cosmetic Act, which serves as the primary focus for the Agency. These include regulating lasers, cellular phones and control of disease on products ranging from certain household pets to sperm donation for assisted reproduction; the FDA is led by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Commissioner reports to the Secretary of Human Services.

Stephen M. Hahn, MD is the acting commissioner, as of December 2019; the FDA has its headquarters in Maryland. The agency has 223 field offices and 13 laboratories located throughout the 50 states, the United States Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico. In 2008, the FDA began to post employees to foreign countries, including China, Costa Rica, Chile and the United Kingdom. In recent years, the agency began undertaking a large-scale effort to consolidate its 25 operations in the Washington metropolitan area, moving from its main headquarters in Rockville and several fragmented office buildings to the former site of the Naval Ordnance Laboratory in the White Oak area of Silver Spring, Maryland; the site was renamed from the White Oak Naval Surface Warfare Center to the Federal Research Center at White Oak. The first building, the Life Sciences Laboratory, was dedicated and opened with 104 employees on the campus in December 2003. Only one original building from the naval facility was kept. All other buildings are new construction.

The project is slated to be completed by 2021, assuming future Congressional funding While most of the Centers are located in the Washington, D. C. area as part of the Headquarters divisions, two offices – the Office of Regulatory Affairs and the Office of Criminal Investigations – are field offices with a workforce spread across the country. The Office of Regulatory Affairs is considered the "eyes and ears" of the agency, conducting the vast majority of the FDA's work in the field. Consumer Safety Officers, more called Investigators, are the individuals who inspect production and warehousing facilities, investigate complaints, illnesses, or outbreaks, review documentation in the case of medical devices, biological products, other items where it may be difficult to conduct a physical examination or take a physical sample of the product; the Office of Regulatory Affairs is divided into five regions, which are further divided into 20 districts. Districts are based on the geographic divisions of the federal court system.

Each district comprises a main district office and a number of Resident Posts, which are FDA remote offices that serve a particular geographic area. ORA includes the Agency's network of regulatory laboratories, which analyze any physical samples taken. Though samples are food-related, some laboratories are equipped to analyze drugs and radiation-emitting devices; the Office of Criminal Investigations was established in 1991 to investigate criminal cases. Unlike ORA Investigators, OCI Special Agents are armed, don't focus on technical aspects of the regulated industries. OCI agents pursue and develop cases where individuals and companies have committed criminal actions, such as fraudulent claims, or knowingly and willfully shipping known adulterated goods in interstate commerce. In many cases, OCI pursues cases involving Title 18 violations, in addition to prohibited acts as defined in Chapter III of the FD&C Act. OCI Special Agents come from other criminal investigations backgrounds, work with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Assistant Attorney General, Interpol.

OCI receives cases from a variety of sources—including ORA, local agencies, the FBI—and works with ORA Investigators to help develop the technical and science-based aspects of a case. OCI is a smaller branch; the FDA works with other federal agencies, including the Department of Agriculture, Drug Enforcement Administration and Border Protection, Consumer Product Safety Commission. Local and state government agencies work with the FDA to provide regulatory inspections and enforcement action; the FDA regulates more than US$2.4 trillion worth of consumer goods, about 25% of consumer expenditures in the United States. This includes $466 billion in food sales, $275 billion in drugs, $60 billion in cosmetics and $18 billion in vitamin supplements. Much of these expenditures are for goods imported into the United States; the FDA's federal budget request for fiscal year 2012 totaled $4.36 billion, while the proposed 2014 budget is $4.7 billion. About $2 billion of this budget is generated by user fees.

Pharmaceutical firms pay the majority of these fees. The FDA's federal budget request for fiscal year 2008 totale

2008–09 UEFA Cup first round

The first round of the 2008–09 UEFA Cup began on 16 September 2008, which narrowed clubs down to 40 teams in preparation for the group stage. Hertha BSC won 2–0 on aggregate. Schalke 04 won 5–2 on aggregate. Olympiacos won 7–0 on aggregate. CSKA Moscow won 3–1 on aggregate. Rosenborg won 5–3 on aggregate. Stuttgart won 4–3 on aggregate. Rennes 2–2 Twente on aggregate. Twente won on away goals. Ajax won 6–1 on aggregate. Tottenham Hotspur won 3–2 on aggregate. Copenhagen won 3–2 on aggregate. MŠK Žilina won 2–1 on aggregate. Borussia Dortmund 2–2 Udinese on aggregate. Udinese won 4–3 on penalties. Braga won 6–0 on aggregate. Feyenoord 2–2 Kalmar on aggregate. Feyenoord won on away goals. Hamburg won 2–0 on aggregate. Saint-Étienne won 4–2 on aggregate. Milan won 4–1 on aggregate. Partizan won 3–1 on aggregate. Aston Villa won 4–2 on aggregate. Lech Poznań won 5–4 on aggregate. Heerenveen won 6–3 on aggregate. Brann 2–2 Deportivo La Coruña on aggregate. Deportivo La Coruña won 3–2 on penalties. Slavia Prague 1–1 Vaslui on aggregate.

Slavia Prague won on away goals. Spartak Moscow won 2–1 on aggregate. Metalist Kharkiv won 4–2 on aggregate. Portsmouth won 4–2 on aggregate. Paris Saint-Germain won 2–1 on aggregate. Sevilla won 4–0 on aggregate. Wolfsburg won 2–1 on aggregate. Sampdoria won 7–1 on aggregate. Valencia won 3–1 on aggregate. Dinamo Zagreb 3–3 Sparta Prague on aggregate. Dinamo Zagreb won on away goals. Manchester City won 4–2 on aggregate. Club Brugge won 4–2 on aggregate. Nancy won 3–0 on aggregate. Standard Liège won 4–3 on aggregate. Benfica won 4–3 on aggregate. Galatasaray won 6–4 on aggregate. NEC won 1–0 on aggregate. Racing Santander won 2–0 on aggregate. Qualifying Rounds Information

Ben Gotting

Ben Gotting is a former rugby union player, who represented London Scottish, London Wasps and Worcester Warriors. He has represented England Students and English Universities, his usual position is Hooker. He went to school at Court Moor School, Peterhouse Boys' School in Zimbabwe and Farnborough Sixth Form College, attended Brunel University. In 2002 Gotting was selected to represent England in the SANZAR U21 World Cup in South Africa, he was de-selected. After a successful final year at Brunel where he was part of the winning BUSA team, he was signed to the London Wasps on a full-time professional contract in 2003, his Honours at Wasps include Heineken Cup Winner. Wasps won a hat-trick of Guinness Premiership titles in 2003, 2004 and 2005 but Gotting only featured in one of these finals; however in this final he turned in a notable performance for Wasps. His line outs and all round play helped Wasps gain control en route to a memorable victory. Gotting signed for Worcester Warriors from London Wasps in 2006 after agreeing a two-year deal with the club.

He married Laura Gotting in May 2008 and they have two children