Football Association of Ireland

The Football Association of Ireland is the governing body for association football in the Republic of Ireland. The FAI has an Executive Committee of five members under the President, who receive expenses, as well as a paid administrative staff led by the general secretary Joe Murphy. There is a General Council of delegates who vote at the AGM; as well as the senior clubs, the General Council includes delegates from a variety of affiliated organisations: Provincial FAs for Leinster, Munster and Ulster. Separate education associations for primary schools, secondary schools and other third-level institutes Junior league football Women's FAI Referees Defence Forces SFAIRecent changes have been made to the organisational structure following the publication of the "Genesis II" report of 2005; this includes the reorganisation of the national football league system in line with the recommendations. The League of Ireland predated the FAI by three months; the FAI Cup was established along the lines of the FA Cup and Scottish Cup competitions.

A second cup competition was formed in 1974 called the League of Ireland Cup. The FAI Junior Cup and FAI Intermediate Cup are for non-League of Ireland teams; the Setanta Cup was inaugurated in 2005 as cross-border competition between FAI clubs from the League of Ireland and IFA clubs from the Irish League. There is an Under 19 League of Ireland; the President of Ireland's Cup, a game between the previous season's League of Ireland and FAI Cup winners, was inaugurated in 2014. The FAI organises schools competitions, international teams, including the senior team, underage teams, the Olympic team; the FAI was formed in Dublin in September 1921 by the Free State League, founded the previous June, the Leinster FA, which had withdrawn from the IFA in June. This was the climax of a series of disputes about the alleged Belfast bias of the IFA; the IFA had been founded in 1880 in Belfast as the governing body for football for the whole of Ireland, a single part of the United Kingdom. The Leinster FA was an affiliate founded in 1892 to foster the game in Leinster, outside its Ulster heartland.

In 1920, all but two clubs in the Irish League were based in Ulster, most of, to become Northern Ireland the following year. While this reflected the balance of footballing strength within Ireland, southern clubs felt the IFA was doing little to promote the game outside the professional clubs in its heartland. Elsewhere association football was under pressure from the Gaelic Athletic Association, which banned members from playing or watching association football as being a "foreign" game; the First World War increased the gulf as the Irish League was suspended and replaced by regional leagues, foreshadowing the ultimate split. The Belfast members were unionist, while the Dublin members were nationalist. Tensions were exacerbated by the Irish War of Independence of 1919–21, which disrupted contact between northern and southern clubs and prevented resumption of the Irish League; the security situation prompted the IFA to order the April 1921 Irish Cup semi-final replay between Glenavon and Shelbourne to be replayed in Belfast, rather than Dublin as convention dictated.

This proved the final straw. Both bodies claimed to represent the entire island; the split between Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland did not produce a split in the governing bodies of other sports, such as the Irish Rugby Football Union. The Munster Football Association dominated by British Army regiments, had fallen into abeyance on the outbreak of the First World War, was re-established in 1922 with the help of the FAI, to which it affiliated; the Falls League, based in the Falls Road of nationalist West Belfast, affiliated to the FAI, from there Alton United won the FAI Cup in 1923. However, when the FAI applied to join FIFA in 1923, it was admitted as the FAIFS based on a 26-county jurisdiction. Attempts at reconciliation followed: at a 1923 meeting, the IFA rejected an FAIFS proposal for it to be an autonomous subsidiary of the FAIFS. A 1924 meeting in Liverpool, brokered by the English FA reached agreement on a federated solution, but the IFA insisted on providing the chairman of the International team selection committee.

A 1932 meeting agreed on sharing this role, but foundered when the FAIFS demanded one of the IFA's two places on the International Football Association Board. Further efforts to reach agreement were made through a series of conferences between the IFA and FAI from 1973 to 1980 during the height of the Northern Ireland Troubles; the IFA did not feel obliged to refrain from selecting Free State players for its international team. The name Football Association of Ireland was readopted by the FAIFS in 1936, in anticipation of the change of the state's name in the pending Constitution of Ireland, the FAI began to select players from Northern Ireland based on the Constitution's claim to sovereignty there. A number of players played for both the FAI "Ireland" and the IFA "Ireland". Shortly after the IFA rejoined FIFA in 1946, the FAI stopped selecting Norther


Fermentek Ltd. is a biotechnological company in the Atarot industrial zone of Jerusalem, Israel. It specializes in the research and manufacture of biologically active, natural products isolated from microorganisms as well as from other natural sources such as plants and algae; the main microorganisms used are nonpathogenic actinomycetes and Streptomycetes. The fungi used are: Penicillium, Aspergillus and the like. None of these is a human pathogen. Fermentek does not sell to individuals. Most of its products are marketed through major international distributors specializing in chemicals, under their own brand names. Fermentek has specific impact on the biochemical market in the field of mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by molds in human food and farm animal feeds, thus being economically important factors. Fermentek manufactures an extensive line of pure mycotoxins used as standards in food analysis. In some cases, such as Aflatoxin M2, Fermentek supplies the entire world's requirements.

In 2009 Fermentek announced a product family of standardized calibrant solutions of main mycotoxins. These are marketed under the brand name FermaSol. In 2010 it obtained ISO 13485 accreditation in connection with the production of starting materials for experimental drug production, with manufacturing of reference standards of food contaminants. None of Fermentek's products have been invented by it. Fermentek's aim is to make known compounds affordable to the scientific community. Fermentek was founded by Dr Yosef Behrend in 1994, it moved in 2004 to its new building, quadrupling its working space and enlarging its manufacturing capacities. Fermentek operates fermentors from 10 to 15000 liters, filter presses and centrifuges of matching capacity. According to the company policy as declared at its official website, Fermentek uses only the "Classical" biotechnology approach; this means that only genetically unmodified natural microbial strains are employed, no attempt is made to achieve mutants, neither random nor targeted.

Mycotoxins: Aflatoxin, Fumonisins, Patulin, Penicillic acid, Tentoxin, Citrinin, T2 toxin, HT2 toxin, Moniliformin, Deacetoxyscirpenol, Citreoviridin, Nivalenol, Tenuazonic acid, Alternariol methyl ether Immunomodulators: Tacrolimus, Ascomycin, Myriocin Ionophores: Valinomycin, Ionomycin Special antibiotics and molecular biology reagents. Anisomycin, Wortmannin, K252a, Staurosporine, K252C, Alamethicin, Leptomycin, A23187, Oligomycin, Trichostatin A, Aphidicolin Experimental drugs and drug precursors: Parthenolide, Rapamycin, Thapsigargin, Thiostrepton, Mithramycin, Wortmannin, K252a, Geldanamycin and its derivates: 17-DMAG, 17-AAG Fungal isolates Streptomyces isolates Official website BIOJERUSALEM, an initiative of the Jerusalem Development Authority MatiMOP, MATIMOP - the Israeli Industry Center for R&D Israeli Ministry of Industry, Chemical Authority Bio-Israel about Fermentek

Gui (vessel)

A gui is a type of bowl-shaped ancient Chinese ritual bronze vessel used to hold offerings of food mainly grain, for ancestral tombs. As with other shapes, the ritual bronzes followed early pottery versions for domestic use, were recalled in art in both metal and sometimes stone; the shape changed somewhat over the centuries but constant characteristics are a circular form, with a rounded, profile or shape from the side, standing on a narrower rim or foot. There are two, or sometimes four and there may be a cover or a square base; the Kang Hou Gui, an 11th-century BC example in the British Museum was chosen as object 23 in the A History of the World in 100 Objects. The British Museum bowl inscription on the inside of the bowl tells that King Wu's brother, Kang Hou, the Duke of Kang and Mei Situ were given territory in Wei; the inscription relates a rebellion by remnants of the Shang, its defeat by the Zhou, which helps us to date it. Because historians know when this unsuccessful rebellion against the Zhou dynasty took place the bowl can be dated accurately.

"gui." Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2012. 06 Feb. 2012. Rawson, Jessica, et al. "China, §VI: Bronzes." In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Sing, Yu. Ringing Thunder- Tomb Treasures from Ancient China. San Diego: San Diego Museum of Art. ISBN 0-937108-24-3. Fong, Wen; the great bronze age of China: an exhibition from the People's Republic of China. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870992260. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Media related to Gui at Wikimedia Commons The development of the Gui, illustrated by examples in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art: 12th century B. C. Shang dynasty 12th–11th century B. C. Shang dynasty late 11th–early 10th century B. C. Western Zhou early 9th century B. C. Western Zhou