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Ford Foundation

The Ford Foundation is an American private foundation with the mission of advancing human welfare. Created in 1936 by Edsel Ford and Henry Ford, it was funded by a US$25,000 gift from Edsel Ford. By 1947, after the death of the two founders, the foundation owned 90% of the non-voting shares of the Ford Motor Company. Between 1955 and 1974, the foundation sold its Ford Motor Company holdings and now plays no role in the automobile company. Ahead of the foundation selling its Ford Motor Company holdings, in 1949 Henry Ford II created the Ford Motor Company Fund, a separate corporate foundation which to this day serves as the philanthropic arm of the Ford Motor Company and is not associated with the foundation; the Ford Foundation makes grants through ten international field offices. For many years, the foundation's financial endowment was the largest private endowment in the world. For fiscal year 2014, it approved US$507.9 million in grants. After its establishment in 1936, Ford Foundation shifted its focus from Michigan philanthropic support to five areas of action.

In the 1950 Report of the Study of the Ford Foundation on Policy and Program, the trustees set forth five "areas of action," according to Richard Magat: economic improvements, education and democracy, human behaviour, world peace. Since the middle of the 20th century, many of the Ford Foundation's programs have focused on increased under-represented or "minority" group representation in education and policy-making. For over eight decades their mission decisively advocates and supports the reduction of poverty and injustice among other values including the maintenance of democratic values, promoting engagement with other nations, sustaining human progress and achievement at home and abroad; the Ford Foundation is one of the primary foundations offering grants that support and maintain diversity in higher education with fellowships for pre-doctoral and post-doctoral scholarship to increase diverse representation among Native Americans, African Americans, Latinos/Latinas and other under-represented Asian and Latino sub-groups throughout the U.

S. academic labor market. The outcomes of scholarship by its grantees from the late 20th century through the 21st century have contributed to substantial data and scholarship including national surveys such as the Nelson Diversity Surveys in STEM; the foundation was established January 15, 1936 in Michigan by Edsel Ford and two other executives "to receive and administer funds for scientific and charitable purposes, all for the public welfare." During its early years, the foundation operated in Michigan under the leadership of Ford family members and their associates and supported the Henry Ford Hospital and the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village, among other organizations. After the deaths of Edsel Ford in 1943 and Henry Ford in 1947, the presidency of the foundation fell to Edsel's eldest son, Henry Ford II, it became clear that the foundation would become the largest philanthropic organisation in the world. The board of trustees commissioned the Gaither Study Committee to chart the foundation's future.

The committee, headed by California attorney H. Rowan Gaither, recommended that the foundation become an international philanthropic organisation dedicated to the advancement of human welfare and "urged the foundation to focus on solving humankind's most pressing problems, whatever they might be, rather than work in any particular field...." The report was endorsed by the foundation's board of trustees, they subsequently voted to move the foundation to New York City in 1953. The Ford Foundation's first international field office opened in 1952 in India; the board of directors decided to diversify the foundation's portfolio and divested itself of its substantial Ford Motor Company stock between 1955 and 1974. This divestiture allowed Ford Motor to become a public company. Henry Ford II resigned from his trustee's role in a surprise move in December 1976. In his resignation letter, he cited his dissatisfaction with the foundation holding on to their old programs, large staff and what he saw as anti-capitalist undertones in the foundation's work.

In February 2019, Henry Ford III was elected to the Foundation's Board of Trustees, becoming the first Ford family member to serve on the board since his grandfather resigned in 1976. For many years, the foundation topped annual lists compiled by the Foundation Center of US foundations with the most assets and the highest annual giving; the foundation has fallen a few places in those lists in recent years with the establishment of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2000. As of May 4, 2013, the foundation was second in terms of assets and tenth in terms of annual grant giving. In 2012, stating that it is not a research library, the foundation transferred its archives from New York City to the Rockefeller Archive Center in Sleepy Hollow, New York. Based on recommendations made by the Gaither Study Committee and embraced by the foundation's board of trustees in 1949, the foundation expanded its grant making to include support for higher education, the arts, economic development, civil rights, the environment, among other areas.

In 1951, the foundation made its first grant to support the development of the public broadcasting system known as National Educational Television, which went on the air in 1952. These grants continued, in 1969 the foundation gave US$1 million to the Children's Television Workshop to help create and launch Sesame Street; the Corporation for Public Broadcasting replaced NET with the Public Broad

Fruit Without Love

Fruit Without Love is a 1956 West German romantic drama film directed by Ulrich Erfurth and starring Gertrud Kückelmann, Bernhard Wicki and Claus Holm. It was made at the Spandau Studios in Berlin; the film's sets were designed by Rolf Zehetbauer. Gertrud Kückelmann as Barbara Kling Bernhard Wicki as Dr. Kolb Claus Holm as Georg Kling Paul Dahlke as Prof. Schillinger Erika von Thellmann as Frau Gordenberg, Barbaras Mutter Irina Garden as Anke Siegmar Schneider Alexa von Porembsky as Anna Kurt Weitkamp as Mano, Dr. Kolbs Assistant Liesl Tirsch as Donna Pilar Hilde Volk as Edith Keppler Ruth Nimbach Alfred Cogho as Dr. Renner, Dr. Kolbs Assistant Stanislav as Frederico Lou Seitz Walter Werner Bock, Hans-Michael & Bergfelder, Tim; the Concise CineGraph. Encyclopedia of German Cinema. Berghahn Books, 2009. Fruit Without Love on IMDb

Botanischer Garten Rombergpark

The Botanischer Garten Rombergpark, or informally Rombergpark, is an extensive municipal arboretum and botanical garden located at Am Rombergpark 49b, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With its total area of 65 hectares the Rombergpark is one of the largest botanical gardens in the world, it is open daily. The garden was established in 1822 as the Romberg family's English landscape park. In 1927-1929 it was acquired by the city and under city planning director Richard Nose enhanced by a small herb garden; the park and castle were badly damaged in World War II, but starting in 1950 director Gerd Krüssmann rebuilt it as an arboretum, adding some 4500 species to the park. In 1958 the park's greenhouses were built, in 1985 a garden of medicinal plants was added. Today the garden contains a historic English landscape park with monuments. In 1945, shortly before the end of World War II, officers of the Gestapo murdered 300 people in the Rombergpark and the nearby forest Bittermark; the victims were forced labourers and prisoners of war from several European countries, as well as imprisoned opponents of the National Socialist government.

These events are commemorated today at the Mahnmal Bittermark. List of botanical gardens in Germany Media related to Rombergpark at Wikimedia Commons Botanischer Garten Rombergpark Stadt Dortmund: Botanischer Garten Rombergpark Freunde und Förderer des Botanischen Gartens Rombergpark

Gloucester County Courthouse Square Historic District

Gloucester County Courthouse Square Historic District is a national historic district located at Gloucester Courthouse, Gloucester County, Virginia. The district encompasses 17 contributing buildings including the Gloucester County government buildings and those structures bordering the square, housing private businesses and residences; the courthouse was built about 1766, is a one-story, "T"-shaped brick structure with a hipped roof. Other notable buildings include the Botetourt Hotel, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Gloucester County Courthouse, U. S. Route 17, Gloucester County, VA: 1 photo at Historic American Buildings Survey Botetourt Inn & Barn, Main Street, Gloucester County, VA: 5 photos at Historic American Buildings Survey

Garth Gibson

Garth Alan Gibson is a Computer Scientist from Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Gibson has been appointed as the first President and Chief Executive Officer of the Vector Institute, effective January 2, 2018. Gibson's principal contribution to computing was developing the RAID taxonomy of redundant data storage systems, along with David A. Patterson and Randy Katz. Born in Aurora, Ontario, he holds a Ph. D. and an MSc in Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley and a B. Math in Computer Science from the University of Waterloo, he was involved in informed prefetch computing and network-attached secure disks, a precursor to the SCSI Object storage device command set. Gibson was the initial director of the Parallel Data Laboratory at Carnegie Mellon University, founder and chief technology officer for Panasas, a computer data storage hardware and software company. In 2005 he became the 11th awardee of the J. W. Graham Medal, named in honor of Wes Graham an early influential professor of Computer Science at the University of Waterloo, annually awarded to an alumnus of the University's Faculty of Mathematics.


Warren Aspinall

Warren Aspinall is an English former footballer who played as a midfielder or forward in the Football League, most notably for Portsmouth and Carlisle United. He began his career with hometown club Wigan Athletic, earning a good reputation as a goalscorer from a young age and securing a move to First Division club Everton, being loaned back to Wigan until the end of the season, he joined Aston Villa for a club record fee of £315,000, helping the club back to the top tier of English football, before signing for Portsmouth for another club record fee. He made over 150 appearances in all competitions for Pompey, before moving to Bournemouth after a loan spell at the club and Swansea City, he played for Carlisle, aiding the club's promotion cause and helping them win the Football League Trophy. He played for Brentford, Colchester United and Brighton & Hove Albion, he retired from playing through an ankle injury in 2000. After his retirement from the game, his alcoholism and gambling addiction brought him to the brink of suicide after losing £1 million that he had earned during his career.

Following his recovery after checking into the Sporting Chance clinic, Aspinall became an advocate for the Samaritans, fronting their "Men on the Ropes" campaign and has talked about his alcohol and gambling problems to aid other males in similar situations. Born in Wigan, Aspinall began his career as a 13-year-old apprentice with hometown club Wigan Athletic, he signed a professional contract at the age of 17 and made his debut in March 1985 in an away game against Leyton Orient. He made 33 league appearances and scored ten goals for Wigan, before being sold to Everton in 1986 for £150,000, he was loaned back to Wigan, scoring a further 12 goals in 18 league appearances. With Wigan's season completed, Aspinall returned to Everton, where he came on as a substitute for Gary Lineker in a 3–1 victory. After making only ten substitute appearances in all competitions for the Toffees, Aspinall transferred to Aston Villa for a club record fee of £300,000, but could not help stop the club being relegated from the First Division.

Manager Billy McNeill, who signed Aspinall, was sacked and replaced by Graham Taylor, as Villa bounced back to the First Division, with Aspinall finishing as joint-top scorer. However, a poor disciplinary record prompted a warning from Taylor that this must improve or he would be sold. An incident away to St Mirren in a pre-season friendly involved Aspinall stamping on an opponents foot led to him being sold to Portsmouth for a club-record fee of £315,000 in August 1988, he scored 14 goals for Aston Villa. In five years at Fratton Park, Aspinall made over 150 appearances in all competitions, scoring 28 goals, under Jim Smith helped the club reach the 1992 FA Cup semi-final, going out on penalties before Aspinall could take his kick; the team narrowly missed out on promotion to the Premier League, but missed out by two goals. After loan spells at Bournemouth and Swansea City, playing six games for each club and scoring only once for Bournemouth, he was sold to Bournemouth for £20,000 in December 1993.

With limited chances at Bournemouth, scoring eight goals in 28 league games, Aspinall signed for Carlisle United on a free transfer. Making 132 appearances and scoring 16 goals, he helped the club to promotion and won the Football League Trophy. In 1997, he joined Brentford for £50,000, citing wanting to move back to the south of England as his reasons for leaving Carlisle, he was loaned out to Colchester United after scoring just five league goals in 43 appearances for the Bees. He signed permanently for Colchester in March 1999, was made captain of the team in the summer of 1999. However, he was loaned to Brighton in September 1999, with the move being made permanent in November of the same year, it was with Brighton that Aspinall was forced to retire from playing early through injury, after suffering from a long-term ankle problem. Aspinall had contracted MRSA following an operation on his ankle that went wrong, spending 27 days in hospital as a result. After leaving the game, Aspinall picked up a gambling addiction.

His gambling cost him around £ 1 million. On the verge of suicide, after narrowly avoiding death by train, saved only by last minute thoughts of his family, he checked himself into the Sporting Chance clinic, he has fronted "Men on the Ropes", that aims to reduce male suicides. In 2009 Aspinall was working in a Sainsbury's distribution centre in Basingstoke and scouting for League Two side Port Vale under manager Micky Adams. By 2015 he was working for radio station BBC Sussex as a summariser for Brighton & Hove Albion matches. Wigan Athletic1985 Football League Trophy winnerAston Villa1987–88 Football League Second Division runner-up Carlisle United1994–95 Football League Third Division winner 1997 Football League Trophy winner 1996–97 PFA Team of the Year Third Division All honours referenced by: Warren Aspinall at Soccerbase Warren Aspinall at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database