The Ford GT is a mid-engine two-seater sports car manufactured and marketed by American automobile manufacturer Ford for the 2005 model year in conjunction with the company's 2003 centenary. The second generation Ford GT became available for the 2017 model year; the GT recalls Ford's significant GT40, a consecutive four-time winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, including a 1-2-3 finish in 1966. The Ford GT began life as a concept car designed in anticipation of the automaker's centennial year and as part of its drive to showcase and revive its "heritage" names such as Mustang and Thunderbird. At the 2002 North American International Auto Show, Ford unveiled a new GT40 Concept car. Camilo Pardo, the head of Ford's "Living Legends" studio, is credited as the chief designer of the GT and worked under the guidance of J Mays. Carroll Shelby, the original designer of the Shelby GT 500, was brought in by Ford to help develop the GT. While under development, the project was called Petunia; the GT is similar in outward appearance to the original GT40, but is bigger and most 4 in taller than the original's 40 in overall height.
Although the cars are visually related, there is no similarity between the modern GT and the 1960s GT40 that inspired it. After six weeks from the unveiling of the GT40 concept, Ford announced a limited production run of the car. Three pre-production cars were shown to the public in 2003 as part of Ford's centenary celebrations, delivery of the production version called the Ford GT began in the fall of 2004; as the Ford GT was built as part of the company's 100th anniversary celebration, the left headlight cluster was designed to read "100". A British company, Safir Engineering, who built continuation GT40 cars in the 1980s, owned the "GT40" trademark at that time; when production of the continuation cars ended, they sold the excess parts, tooling and trademark to a small Ohio based company called Safir GT40 Spares. This company licensed the use of the "GT40" trademark to Ford for the initial 2002 show car; when Ford decided to put the GT40 concept to production stage, negotiations between the two firms failed as Ford didn't have the resources to pay US$40 million demanded by the owners of the name, thus the production cars are called the GT.
The GT was produced for the 2006 model years. The car began assembly at Mayflower Vehicle Systems in Norwalk and was painted and continued assembly at Saleen Special Vehicles facility in Troy, through contract by Ford; the GT is powered by an engine built at Ford's Romeo Engine Plant in Michigan. Installation of the engine and transmission along with seats and interior finishing was handled in the SVT building at Ford's Wixom, Michigan plant. Of the 4,500 cars planned 100 were to be exported to Europe, starting in late 2005. An additional 200 cars were destined for sale in Canada. Production ended in September 2006 without reaching the planned production target. 550 cars were built in 2004, nearly 1,900 in 2005, just over 1,600 in 2006, for a grand total of 4,038 cars. The final 11 car bodies manufactured by Mayflower Vehicle Systems were disassembled, the frames and body panels were sold as service parts; the Wixom Assembly Plant has stopped production of all models as of May 31, 2007. Sales of the GT continued from cars held in storage and in dealer inventories.
When the Ford GT was first announced, the demand outpaced supply, the cars sold for premium prices. The first private sale of Ford's new mid-engine sports car was completed on August 4, 2004, when former Microsoft executive Jon Shirley took delivery of his Midnight Blue 2005 Ford GT. Shirley earned the right to purchase the first production Ford GT at a charity auction at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Auction after bidding over US$557,000. A few other early cars sold for as much as a US$100,000 premium over the suggested retail price of US$139,995. Optional equipment available included a McIntosh sound system, racing stripes, painted brake calipers, forged alloy wheels adding US$13,500 to the MSRP; the Ford GT features many technologies unique at its time including a superplastic-formed frame, aluminum body panels, roll-bonded floor panels, a friction stir welded center tunnel, covered by a magnesium center console, a "ship-in-a-bottle" gas tank, a capless fuel filler system, one-piece panels, an aluminum engine cover with a one-piece carbon fiber inner panel.
Brakes are four-piston aluminum Brembo calipers with cross-drilled and vented rotors at all four corners. When the rear canopy is opened, the rear suspension components and engine are visible; the 5.4 L longitudinal rear mounted Modular V8 engine is an all-aluminum alloy engine with an Eaton 2300 Lysholm screw-type supercharger. It features a forged rotating assembly housed in an aluminum block designed for the car. A dry sump oiling system is employed; the DOHC 4 valves per cylinder heads are a revision of the 2000 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra R cylinder heads. The camshafts have unique specifications, with more lift and duration than those found in the Shelby GT500. Power output is 500 lb ⋅ ft of torque at 4,500 rpm. A Ricardo 6-speed manual transmission is fitted featuring a helical limited-slip differential. Car and Driver tested the GT in January 2004 and recorded a 0-60 mph acceleration time of 3.3 seconds. Performance: Top speed: 205 mph 1⁄4 mile: 11.8 seconds 0–62 mp
This is the list of music recordings produced by a Japanese singer-songwriter Miyuki Nakajima. She has released 36 studio albums, 40 singles, 2 live albums, 11 live videos, multiple compilations up to November 2009. Chart positions listed here are provided by the Oricon Weekly Singles and Albums Charts, started in 1968 and 1970, respectively; the Japanese albums chart had been separated into LPs, cassette tapes, compact discs charts until they were unified in January 1987. For the albums released before 1987, the position on the LP chart are prioritized in principle, except for the materials not issued on vinyl. 中島みゆき THE BEST Singles 中島みゆき PRESENTS BEST SELECTION 16 Best Selection 2 Singles 2 大吟醸 大銀幕 Singles 2000 元気ですか 十二単〜Singles 4〜 "縁会 2012～3 -LIVE SELECTION-" 2014
Conus vautieri, common name Vautier's cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. Conus vautieri was named as a subspecies of Conus pulicarius Hwass in Bruguière, 1792, but has been recognized as a valid species, alternative representation in the genus Puncticulis; the size of the shell varies between 75 mm. The spire is tuberculate; the sides of the body whorl are nearly direct. The color of the shell is white, with chestnut spots, overlaid here and there by lighter chestnut clouds; this species occurs in the Pacific Ocean off the New Caledonia. Kiener L. C. 1844-1850. Spécies général et iconographie des coquilles vivantes. Vol. 2. Famille des Enroulées. Genre Cone, pp. 1-379, pl. 1-111. Paris, Rousseau & J. B. Baillière Puillandre, N.. F.. M.. "One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails".
Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1–23. Doi:10.1093/mollus/eyu055. PMC 4541476. PMID 26300576. To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection To World Register of Marine Species Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Puncticulis pulicarius vautieri". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019
The Whores' Petition was a satirical letter addressed from brothel owners and prostitutes affected by the Bawdy House Riots of 1668, to Lady Castlemaine, lover of King Charles II of England. It requested that she come to the aid of her "sisters" and pay for the rebuilding of their property and livelihoods. Addressed from madams such as Damaris Page and Elizabeth Cresswell, it sought to mock the perceived extravagance and licentiousness of Castlemaine and the royal court. Starting on Shrove Tuesday 1668, widespread violence swept London in a period that would become known as the'Bawdy House Riots'. Apprentice boys and men burnt and smashed up brothels, including those owned by madams such as Damaris Page and Elizabeth Cresswell. Many thousand London apprentices could neither afford their prostitutes nor, due to their own working contracts marry; some of the brothels were supported by the patronage of King Charles II were representative of Charles's continental Catholic-style court, awash with unaffordable debauchery.
Following the riot, a satirical petition began to circulate, addressed from Page and Cresswell and other London madams. Written to Lady Castlemaine, the King's lover, notorious for her own wild promiscuity, the brothel owners requested that the aristocrat act on the behalf of her'sisters' and repay the madams for the rebuilding of their brothels, funded by the national tax coffers, they address Castlemaine as a prostitute herself, a great practitioner of "venereal pleasures", list the sites of the brothels where her fellows struggle. It is addressed as: The Poor Whores' Petition to the most splendid, illustrious and eminent Lady of Pleasure the Countess of Castlemayne &c: The humble petition of the undone company of poore distressed whores, bawds and panders... Signed by us, Madam Cresswell and Damaris Page, in the behalf of our sisters and fellow sufferers in Dog and Bitch Yard, Lukenor’s Lane, Saffron Hill, Chiswell Street, Rosemary Lane, Nightingale Lane, Ratcliffe Highway, Well Close, East Smithfield etc.
Given her great experience in whoring, Lady Castlemaine would, they argued, be able to sympathise with prostitutes across the city. "Should your Eminency but once fall into these Rough hands", they wrote, "you may expect no more Favour than they have shewn unto us poor Inferiour Whores". Some historians, such as Linnane, infer an active role of the addressers Page and Cresswell in the writing of the document. Others such as Mowry and Turner suggest it is an organ of political ventriloquism on behalf of anonymous, radical dissenters; the agenda of the Petition may be interpreted in varied ways. It may taken as an anti-royalist work, lampooning Charles's court as "the great bawdy house at Whitehall", in Pepys's words. Charles was suspected of being a practising Catholic; the work may be seen to mock this continental, Popish affiliation: In return for patronage, the writers offer to venerate Lady Castlemaine as their sister prostitutes in Rome and Venice venerated the Pope. However, as historian James Grantham Turner underlines, there may have been no political agenda to the letter, as Castlemaine was the target of court wits and city satire for her lascivious reputation.
The petition was a brazen act of transgressive, public satire and diarist Samuel Pepys noted that Castlemaine was "horribly vexed" by it. He writes "the times are loose and come to a great disregard of the King or Court." The letter itself was so finely tuned to the political dynamics of the day that though the printer was arrested, the court censor writes that "I can fasten nothing on The Poor Whore's Petition that a jury will take notice of." The Petition caused a flurry of broadside satires and ballads on the subject through the following year. The historian James Turner terms this event as an example of a new carnivalisation of sexuality in Restoration England, where genuine political attack, street commentary and bawdy theatre came together. Many anonymous, satirical broadside responses to the Petition circulated in the London coffee houses, they included four pamphlets entitled The Gracious answer of the most illustrious lady of pleasure, the Countess of Castlem---- to the poor-whores petition.
Turner comments: "These broadsides were indeed printed and enjoyed by the radical underground. They represented further political ventriloquism on behalf of lady Castlemaine. Turner describes the transgressive satires as "mingling the political protest against absolutism and corruption with the misogynistic hatred of'female' secrecy and influence. Castlemaine becomes a figure of extravagance and carnivalesque theatricality, an embodiment of the kind of libertines and radicals in early modern London. Callow, John. "Madam Cresswell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press online. Linnane, Fergus. London: The Wicked City: A Thousand Years of Prostitution and Vice. Robson. ISBN 9781861059901. Turner, James Grantham. Libertines and Radicals in Early Modern London: Sexuality and Literary Culture, 1630–1685. Cambr
Paul Kenneth Matheson is a New Zealand politician. He was mayor of Nelson from 1998 to 2007, has subsequently been a Nelson city councillor since 2010, he is the deputy mayor of Nelson. Born in Huntly in 1947, the son of an accountant, Matheson was raised in Auckland from about the age of five, he first became involved in politics through membership of the New Zealand Young Nationals in the late 1960s, served as that organisation's president from 1972 to 1973. He stood as the National candidate for the Sydenham electorate at the 1975 general election, but was defeated by the incumbent, John Kirk. Matheson was elected to the Nelson City Council in 1989. At the next local-body election in 1992 he did not stand for council, but instead ran for the mayoralty and was defeated by Philip Woollaston. Matheson was returned as a city councillor in 1995 and was elected mayor of Nelson in 1998, this time defeating Woollaston, he stood down at the 2007 election. He served as the national chair of the Mayors Taskforce for Jobs youth scheme.
In the 2008 New Year Honours, Matheson was appointed a Companion of the Queen's Service Order for services to local-body affairs and the community. In 2010, Matheson returned to local-body politics and was elected once again as a Nelson city councillor, he was, unsuccessful in his bid for a seat on the Nelson Marlborough District Health Board. He was appointed deputy mayor of Nelson. Matheson was the campaign manager for Nelson MP Nick Smith at the 2011 general election. Matheson's wife, died of cancer just six weeks before he took office as mayor, since that time he has been a fundraiser for the Nelson Cancer Society's Daffodil Day appeal, he has three adult children
Kiek in de Kök is an artillery tower in Tallinn, built in 1475. It gained the name Kiek in de Kök from the ability of tower occupants to see into kitchens of nearby houses; the tower has walls 4 m thick. Cannon balls dating back to 1577 are still embedded in its outer walls. Throughout its working life, the tower was extensively remodeled. Work in the 16th and 17th centuries saw the two lowest floors become hidden by earth works and the upper floors receive new gun openings and the uppermost floor a new outer wall and ceiling. By 1760, the tower had become obsolete. At this time it became a repository for archives and some floors were converted to apartments. Twentieth-century restoration work saw the tower and surrounding area returned to a more historical look; the tower now serves as photographic gallery. Media related to Kiek in de Kök at Wikimedia Commons Tallinn tower