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Ford Transit

The Ford Transit is a range of light commercial vehicles produced by Ford since 1965. Sold as a cargo van, the Transit is built as a passenger van, cutaway van chassis, as a pickup truck. Over 8,000,000 Transit vans have been sold, making it the third best-selling van of all time and have been produced across four basic platform generations, with various "facelift" versions of each; the first product of the merged Ford of Europe, the Transit was marketed through Western Europe and Australia. The Transit has been the best-selling light commercial vehicle in Europe for forty years, in some countries the term "Transit" has passed into common usage as a generic trademark applying to any light commercial van in the Transit's size bracket. While designed for the European market, the Ford Transit is now produced in Asia, North America, Europe for worldwide buyers. Upon production in North America, the Transit won second place in Motor Trend's 2015'Truck of the Year' award, behind the newly introduced mid-size Chevrolet Colorado pickup and ahead of the new Ford F-150.

As of 2016, the Transit is the best-selling van of any type in the United States, minivan sales included. The Transit drives Ford's 57 percent share of the full-size van market in the USA. Predecessor of the German and British-built Transit, the first production Ford to wear the "Transit" badge was a van built in Ford's Köln plant in Germany, it was introduced in 1953 as FK 1000 with a 1.2-litre inline-four engine from the contemporary Taunus. In 1955 the engine capacity was enlarged to 1.5 litres. From 1961, this vehicle was called the Ford Taunus Transit. Production of this model ceased in 1965. On May 9, 1945, the day after the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht in the Second World War, production at the German Ford-Werke AG in Cologne resumed. Due the fact that the production of civilian cars in the occupied zone was reserved for the British, Ford-Werke AG limited itself to the production of trucks; those trucks based on the modified war models V 3000 S, B 3000 S und V 3000 A as they were produced before and during the 2nd World War in the Ford production facilities in the Third Reich.

Those trucks were now called "Rhein" and "Ruhr". At that time neither Ford of Britain nor Ford Werke AG were 100% subsidiaries of Ford Motor Company in Detroit and before the Second World War each company had its own more or less protected market; until Germany declared war on the US in December 1941 half of the shares of the Ford-Werke AG were in German hands, as well as its production sites were managed by the Reich Commissioner for the Treatment of Hostile Property - Johannes Krohn. Just as Ford had to comply with the type restrictions of the Schell-Plan, which were introduced in March 1939 in anticipation of the war. After the war, several economical boundaries were abolished and local markets did not exist anymore in the same way that they existed before. With this, Ford of Britain and Ford-Werke AG became more competitive on the whole European Continent than local market subsidiaries of their parent company in Detroit. In 1951 Ford Werke AG launched the FK commercial vehicle series, FK standing for Ford Köln, with different-sized vehicles.

The FK series was successor of "Ruhr" trucks. In 1953, the FK series were rounded off with the light delivery van FK1000/FK1250, in competition to the Volkswagen Type 2 VW Bus, the DKW Type F89L Schnellaster or the Vidal & Sohn Tempo Matador; as usual in the Anglo-Saxon countries in those days, Ford's marketing experts attached more importance to the model/series designation than to the "Ford" label as a brand. Rumors that Ford banned the German Ford-Werke AG from using the Ford logo and instead introduced the Taunus brand are untenable. Most British Ford products had no Ford emblem; the commercial vehicles produced at Ford-Werke AG were marketed with the FK logo, while the passenger cars produced from 1948 onwards were offered under the name Taunus referring to the re-produced pre-war model Ford Taunus G93A. Due to continental European habits, the original series and model designations "FK" and Taunus mutated into real brands, each with its own emblem and different models, comparable with Daimler Benz Mercedes models or General Motors Opel models.

The FK emblem consists of two overlapping ovals with the "F" from the well-known Ford emblem in the first and a "K" in the same font in the second oval. The Taunus emblem first depicted the Cologne Cathedral. In 1961, Ford discontinued the entire truck production in Germany and took the FK brand off the market due to serious defects and therefore decreasing demand; the van FK1000/FK1250, not affected by these defects due to its different construction-design, continued to sell well and was now offered under the successful Taunus brand with the model name Transit in addition to the cars Taunus 12M/15M and the Taunus 17M. A comparable program to Volkswagen, that offered its vehicles VW Beetle, VW 1500 and VW Bus the same way on the continental European market; the “new” Transit Taunus van was now labelled with the Transit model name in big chrome letters and a big "Taunus” emblem as well as a small Taunus lettering, mounted on the back of the v

1949 Minnesota Golden Gophers football team

The 1949 Minnesota Golden Gophers football team represented the University of Minnesota in the 1949 Big Nine Conference football season. In their 15th year under head coach Bernie Bierman, the Golden Gophers compiled a 7–2 record and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 231 to 80. Tackle Leo Nomellini was named an All-American by Walter Camp Football Foundation, Associated Press, Look Magazine, the American Football Coaches Association. Center Clayton Tonnemaker was named an All-American by Walter Camp Football Foundation, AP, Collier's/Grantland Rice, Look Magazine, Football Writers Association of America and the AFCA. Nomellini and end Bud Grant were named All-Big Ten first team. Guard John Lundin was named All-Big Ten second team. Bud Grant and John Lundin, were awarded the Team MVP Awards. Total attendance for the season was 305,200, which averaged to 61,040; the season high for attendance was against Wisconsin. Dick Anonsen, QB Jim Malosky, QB Billy Bye, L HB Dick Gregory, L HB George Hudak, L HB Ralph McAlister, R HB Dale Warner, R HB Dick Moy, R HB Frank Kuzma, FB Ken Beiersdorf, FB Bud Grant, E Gordy Soltau, E Clayt Tonnemaker, C Jerry Ekberg, T Leo Nomellini, T/G Gene Fritz, G Johnny Lundin, G Cal StollRussell James Reed, G


Habr is a Russian collaborative blog about IT, Computer science and anything related to the Internet, owned by TechMedia. Habrahabr was founded in June 2006; the English section of Habr was launched in 2019. Habrahabr is compared to other technology sites, such as Engadget or Hacker News. "Тематические Медиа" developed group of websites. In 2007, Habrahabr received two nominations at the ROTOR: Discovery of the Year and Online Community of the Year; the website's author, Denis Kryuchkov, was nominated as Producer of the Year. In 2009, the website was again nominated as Online Community of the Year. Thematic system and corporate blogs; each team blog consists of two sections: the first broadcast topics approved users, the second - habratopiki that users did not like. Corporate blogs Habrahabr have companies such as Google, Yandex, ABBYY, Microsoft, REG. RU and others. Blogs were renamed Hub. Since the autumn of 2010 a service questions and answers, similar to Google services FAQ. In this section, any user can ask questions about the IT-topics and receive answers from other members of the project.

In 2013, the year became an independent site Section provides statistics on the registered users and includes user rating, built on the basis of their habrasily. In the present karmagraf - a graph showing the cumulative change indicators karma users. Rating companies, one way or another connected with the sphere of high technologies. Basis rating - the assessment by users of a particular company; the section devoted to industry job boards. All resumes and vacancies divided by sector. Position can accommodate only a user with a non-negative karma. Summary Users with negative karma will not appear in the list summary. Sandbox is designed for posts from read-only users. Posts get there from users who have not yet received access to commenting and creating posts without pre-moderation. After hitting the post in the sandbox it is to see someone from "zahabrennyh," and if he is interested in the post, it will be added to the main section; the karma is a value assigned to each user. It can be changed by other users.

It is a form of community-driven moderation. The starting point of karma for new users is 0.00, although since Habrahabr had become an invitation-only resource, newly invited users get a first “plus” from the inviter. A user who has a karma of at least 5 is able to contribute to someone’s else karma value, increasing or decreasing its value by 1; the contribution can be changed later. The number of karma changes per day is limited with one's own karma value. Reasons for changing Karma vary. Most “pluses” are received for good posts, useful or humorous comments and other actions in good standing. "Minuses" may be result of spam or other bad actions. Some users tend to change Karma in holywar purposes. To publish posts, one must have a positive karma value; this way, poor writers and the like are squeezed out by the community. With a positive karma value, you are allowed to use some HTML in your comments. For users with a negative karma, comments are text-only, their rate is limited to one per 5 minutes.

When the karma value is above 5, you can alter the karma of other users. Upon reaching 50 points of Karma, the user is granted one invite to invite others; this happens only once, with breaking the barrier. If Karma drops below 50 and rises above 50 again, no new invitations are given. You get one invite for every 100 rating points, that one of your posts got; the rating is a value assigned to each user. Rating depends on Karma and negative votes of other users for posts and comments. However, the exact formula is unknown. Voting for topics and comments helps. Using this tool users can determine the importance of a subject, thus making a new topic appear on the main page or "unhabr" it

Johnny Hayes

John Joseph "Johnny" Hayes was an American athlete, a member of the Irish American Athletic Club, winner of the marathon race at the 1908 Summer Olympics. Hayes' Olympic victory contributed to the early growth of long-distance running and marathoning in the United States, he was the first man to win a marathon at the now official standard distance of 26 miles 385 yards when Olympic officials lengthened the distance to put the finish line in front of the Royal Box. Born in New York City to a family of Irish emigrants, Johnny Hayes is best known for winning the controversial marathon race at the London Olympics. Hayes is one of only three male American athletes. In 1905 he had joined Bloomingdale Brothers as an assistant to the manager of the sporting goods department. At night he trained on a cinder track on the roof of the Bloomingdales building in New York, he was promoted to manager of the department after returning from his Olympic victory. Hayes started his athletics career with a fifth-place finish at the 1906 Boston Marathon, running for the St. Bartholemew Athletic Club in a time of 2:55:38.

He improved on that the following year by finishing third in Boston with a time of 2:30:38 and winning the inaugural Yonkers Marathon. In 1908 he finished second, 21 seconds behind Thomas Morrissey in the Boston Marathon with a time of 2:26:04 and thus qualified for the Olympic Games held in London that same year; the British Olympic Association wanted to start the race in front of Windsor Castle and finish in front of the royal reviewing stand at the White City Stadium. As a result, the distance was 195 m, it took until 1921 for the IAAF to codify that distance as the official length of the marathon. Prior to this, races were about 25 miles. At the race itself, Dorando Pietri from Italy was the first to enter the stadium, but Pietri had depleted himself to open a more than 10 minute lead over the field, was suffering extreme fatigue and dehydration. When he entered the stadium, he took the wrong path and when umpires redirected him, he fell down for the first time, he got up in front of 75,000 spectators.

Pietri fell four more times, each time the umpires helped him up. He managed to finish the race first, with a time of 2h 54min 46s. During all these stumbles, the direct aid from the officials, Hayes had now entered the stadium, finishing the race second, with a time of 2h 55min 18s. Pietri was disqualified. Despite the official result, Pietri achieved much more fame than Hayes, when Queen Alexandra awarded him a special silver cup. All of the Olympic officials were British, the Pietri incident joined a list of other controversial calls in the 1908 Olympics, prompting the International Olympic Committee to start appointing judges from a wide variety of countries instead of only the host country. After the dramatic Olympic battle between Pietri and Hayes, public interest was such that a match race was organized by professional promoters in November, 1908 at Madison Square Garden; the race was won by Pietri by 75 yards. A second match race was held on March 15, 1909 and again Pietri won. Both Pietri and Hayes turned professional after the Olympics, achieved great fame.

Hayes was a trainer for the US 1912 Olympic team. He taught physical education and was a food broker. Johnny Hayes died in New Jersey; the Shore Athletic Club of New Jersey holds the Johnny Hayes collection as lifetime trustees. Included in the collection are numerous trophies as well as the 1908 Olympic gold medal for the marathon; this represents the first Olympic gold medal to be won at the modern marathon distance of 26 miles, 385 yards. Johnny Hayes was a guest on the television show "I've Got A Secret" as one of five former Olympic champions which aired October 13, 1954. In 2002, three statues honoring Olympic champions with links to Nenagh, Matt McGrath, Johnny Hayes and Bob Tisdall, were unveiled in front of the Nenagh Courthouse. Dorando Pietri Specific GeneralBoston Athletic Association. 2008 Boston Marathon Media Guide. Boston: Boston Athletic Association / John Hancock. Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. Retrieved 2009-01-04. Cook, Theodore Andrea; the Fourth Olympiad London 1908 Official Report.

London: British Olympic Association. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-12-29. De Wael, Herman. "Athletics 1908". Herman's Full Olympians. Greenberg, Stan. Olympic Games: The Records. London: Guinness Books. ISBN 0-85112-896-3; the Story of the Marathon Running Past profile Irish America Archives – NYU Winged Fist Organization

Sinali Latu

Sinali Latu is a retired Tongan-Japanese rugby union player. He played in Japan for Sanyo and played for the Japan national rugby union team. Now he coaches the Daito Bunka University rugby team. Viliami Sinali Latu played for Tonga's national side while attending Tonga College at the age of 19, he moved to play in Japan with a Tonga College school mate, Uatesoni Namoa. Latu played for Japan at three World Cups, in 1987, 1991 and in 1995. Latu's younger brother, Tevita Latu, played sevens for Tonga while studying in Tonga College in 2000 and is playing in New Zealand; the youngest of the Latu brothers, has captained the Tongan sevens team and played rugby in New Zealand, together with his older brothers Penieli and Langakali, in the United States. Penieli played for Tonga in the 1995 World Cup; the Latu brothers all studied at Tonga College. They all played for South Canterbury's Celtic Rugby Club. Sinali Latu at ESPNscrum

Nuriddin Davronov

Nuriddin Nuriddinov Davronov is a Tajik footballer who plays as a midfielder for Indonesian club Borneo and the Tajikistan national team. Davronov was born in Dushanbe to his mother Shirinmoh Niholova. Davronov played for the B team of FC Lokomotiv Moscow in 2008. After playing one season with Energetik Dushanbe in 2008, he joined FC Istiklol where he played the following 4 seasons having won a number of domestic titles. During the winter break of the season 2012–13 he joined Serbian club FK Sloboda Užice, he made his debut for the Sloboda on March 2, 2013, in a 1–0 win against BSK Borča. In August 2016, Davronov went on trial with Bulgarian side FC Dunav Ruse, going on to sign a one-year contract with the club on 16 August 2016. On 7 February 2017, Davronov returned to Istiklol on loan, until 31 July 2017. In December 2017, Davronov signed for Indonesian Liga 1 side Madura United on a one-year contract. After suffering a season-ending knee injury, Davronov's contract with Madura United was terminated by mutual consent in August 2018.

On 22 August 2019, Davronov was announced as a new signing for Oman Club. Davronov appeared at the 2007 FIFA U-17 World Cup held in South Korea, he has been playing for the senior side since 2008. He played with Tajikistan in the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup where they finished as runners-up by losing against India in the final; as of match played 30 June 2019 Statistics accurate as of match played 9 November 2019 As of match played 10 October 2017 IstiqlolTajik League: 2010, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2017 Tajik Cup: 2009, 2010, 2011, 2014 Tajik Super Cup: 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016 AFC President's Cup: 2012 TajikistanAFC Challenge Cup: runner-up 2008 Nuriddin Davronov at Nuriddin Davronov at Srbijafudbal