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Ford World Headquarters

The Ford World Headquarters known as the Henry Ford II World Center and popularly known as the Glass House, is the administrative headquarters for Ford Motor Company, a 12-story, glass-faced office building designed to accommodate a staff of 3,000. The building is located at 1 American Road at Michigan Avenue in Dearborn, near Ford's historic Rouge plant, Greenfield Village, the Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn's Henry Ford Centennial Library, Fair Lane, Henry Ford's personal estate. In 2008, columnist George Will said the building opened at "the peak of American confidence" and described the headquarters as having a "sleek glass-and-steel minimalism that characterized up-to-date architecture in the 1950s, when America was at the wheel of the world and buildings seemed streamlined for speed". While under design and construction, the building was called the "Central Staff Office Building" and was referred to as the "New Central Office Building" to distinguish it from the company's prior headquarters nearby.

The building was referred to as the "Ford Motor Company Administrative Center" and was formally renamed the Henry Ford II World Center in June 1996. In early 2016, Ford announced a redesign of the headquarters building and its surrounding campus, scheduled to begin in 2021 and projected to connect the Glass House to a series of new and existing buildings, parking decks, soccer fields and an arboretum. Formally announced in 1950, the new Central Staff Office Building was delayed by construction moratoriums in place during the Korean War. Construction broke ground on September 29, 1953 and the building was dedicated on September 26, 1956. In addition to the prominent 12-story office building, the Glass House includes an adjacent three-story structure accommodating an employee cafeteria, dining rooms and parking garage for 1500 cars—the two elements connected by a 400-foot concourse; the headquarters was designed in the International Style by noted architects Gordon Bunshaft and Natalie de Blois, both with the firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

De Blois designed the three-story portion of the complex. Described as a "tall city in a park," the complex was master planned by William L. Pereira and Associates of Los Angeles, requiring multiple entry points to adequately serve the concentrated daily influx of cars. Located on 174 acres belonging to Henry Ford's private estate, the grounds have since 1966 been the site for the Arjay Miller Arboretum, featuring trees and shrubs native to Michigan. Constructed of reinforced concrete with an estimated five acres of tinted, heat-absorbing glass, standing 200 feet tall, the Glass House features central air conditioning, escalators on the first seven floors to augment elevators, movable interior partitions and glass partitions for primary interior corridors. To maximize interior flexibility, structural columns are located outside the exterior curtain wall or within the building's core, providing a clear interior span for office space. In addition to the tinted, heat absorbing glass, the facade's curtain wall was designed with 2 1⁄2-inch-thick, light-weight sandwich panels composed of five layers: an outermost layer of 16-gauge porcelain enameled steel bonded to a 1⁄4-inch expanded aluminum honeycomb, a sheet of 24–gauge galvanized steel, 2-inch of cellular insulation and an interior 18–gauge steel skin.

The building used 6,616 panels in a semi-matte green color and was the largest known use of porcelain enamel composite panels in a single building at the time of its construction, using over 90,000 square feet of the material. The long side of the building's rooftop mechanical penthouse screen walls featured the word "FORD" in tall block lettering–later replaced with the company's trademark Blue Oval logo. In 1999, the company replaced the "Blue Oval" at the penthouse screen wall with the words "Ford Motor Company" in the company's original trademark script, referred to by Ford as the "trustmark". Ford returned the "Blue Oval" again to the penthouse screenwalls in 2003, in time for the company's centennial. Prior to the Glass House, Ford's central staff occupied a headquarters, the 3000 Schaefer Building, constructed in 1928 at the corner of Schaefer Road and what is now Rotunda Drive in Dearborn; the building was subsequently occupied by the Lincoln Mercury division after completion of the Glass House became the Ford Parts Department and was razed in 1997.

The Skidmore Owings & Merrill 1956 headquarters building won the Office of the Year Award from Administrative Management Magazine in 1956 and in 1967 an Award of Excellence from the American Institute of Steel Construction. In 1955, Skidmore Owings & Merrill, architects of the Glass House, commissioned an 18-by-24-foot sculpture, a welded metal screen, by artist Thomas Fulton McClure for its new headquarters, while the building was still under construction—and at the time called the "Central Staff Office Building". For the 1996 rechristening of the building, Ford commissioned a full-size bronze statue of Henry Ford II by artist Richard R. Miller; the sculpture depicts Henry Ford II in an informal standing pose. The figure itself is 5 feet 10 inches tall. On the evening of September 15, 2008, the office lights at Ford World Headquarters were "strategically" illuminated to spell "Happy 100 GM," in honor of its chief rival General Motors' 100th anniversary. In 2009, Ford illuminated the facade of the Glass House in pink for two nights, in support of the Susan G. Komen for the Cure cancer awareness program.

General Motors Technical Center FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center Ford Rotunda Greenfield Village Fair La

List of municipalities of Connecticut by population

This is a list of municipalities in Connecticut in order of population from greatest to least. Connecticut's fundamental form of local government is the New England town; the state is composed of 169 towns. Nineteen of these towns are chartered as cities, in addition to one borough; these nineteen cities and one borough all share the same border with their namesake towns and have a merged city–town government. In addition, there are two cities and eight boroughs which constitute only a section of the towns in which they are situated. Since their populations are included in the census figures of their parent towns, the non-coterminous cities and boroughs, while listed for comparison purposes, are not given a ranking in the population roll; the list includes all current municipalities that are chartered by the Connecticut General Assembly and does not include former cities such as Willimantic. Figures are based on the 2008 U. S. Census Bureau estimates except; the top seven cities are listed according to 2010 census data.

Administrative divisions of Connecticut List of cities in Connecticut List of counties in Connecticut List of towns in Connecticut

Fiji–Solomon Islands relations

Fiji–Solomon Islands relations are diplomatic and other bilateral relations between the Republic of Fiji and Solomon Islands. Diplomatic relations are cordial, although the Solomon Islands government has aligned itself with other countries in the region to urge Fiji interim Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama to restore democracy in Fiji. Fiji and the Solomons are both located in Melanesia, are both members of the Melanesian Spearhead Group, they participate in other regional organisations including the Pacific Islands Forum. In August 2008, it was announced that Solomon Islands intended to open a High Commission in Suva, in December the government of Fiji announced that it had "formally endorsed the establishment of a Resident Diplomatic Mission in Suva by the Government of Solomon Islands". Fiji's High Commission to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Solomon Islands; the earliest relations between the two countries came during the Second World War, when Fiji soldiers under British command fought against the Japanese in the Solomons.

Formal diplomatic relations were established on 28 July 1978, when the Solomon Islands became a sovereign country. Today, Fiji soldiers are once again present in the Solomon Islands, as part of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands. There is a Fiji community in Solomon Islands, notably in the capital city, it includes both Solomon Islands citizens of Fiji descent and Fiji citizen workers and businessmen residing in the Solomons. There are Fiji citizens of Solomon Islands descent in Fiji, descendants of workers who came to work on European-owned plantations in the nineteenth century. Suva "has one of the highest concentrations of Solomon Islanders living overseas". Former Solomon Islands Prime Minister, Derek Sikua, speaks Fijian. Since March 2012, the Solomon Islands High Commissioner to Fiji is former Foreign Affairs Minister Patteson Oti