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Foreign relations of Switzerland

The foreign relations of Switzerland are the primary responsibility of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. Some international relations of Switzerland are handled by other departments of the federal administration of Switzerland. Article 54 of the Swiss Constitution of 1999 declares the safeguarding of Switzerland's independence and welfare as the principle objective of Swiss foreign policy. Below this overarching goal, the Constitution specifies these foreign policy objectives: alleviate need and poverty in the world; these objectives reflect the Swiss moral obligation to undertake social and humanitarian activities that contribute to world peace and prosperity. This is manifested by Swiss bilateral and multilateral diplomatic activity, assistance to developing countries, support for the extension of international law humanitarian law. Traditionally, Switzerland has avoided alliances that might entail military, political, or direct economic action. Only in recent years have the Swiss broadened the scope of activities in which they feel able to participate without compromising their neutrality.

Switzerland is not a member of the European Union and joined the United Nations late compared to its European neighbours. Switzerland maintains diplomatic relations with all countries and has served as a neutral intermediary and host to major international treaty conferences; the country has no major dispute in its bilateral relations. Switzerland is home to many international governmental and nongovernmental organisations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross. One of the first international organisations, the Universal Postal Union, is located in Bern. On 10 September 2002, Switzerland became a full member of the United Nations, after a referendum supporting full membership won in a close vote six months earlier; the 2002 vote made Switzerland the first country to join based on a popular vote. Prior to its formal accession to the United Nations, Switzerland had maintained an observer role at the UN's General Assembly and its Economic and Social Council. Prior to full membership it had no right to a seat as one of the elected members of the UN Security Council.

Switzerland has participated within many of the UN's specialised institutions, including the Economic Commission for Europe, United Nations Environment Programme, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, UN Educational and Cultural Organization, UN Conference on Trade and Development, UN Industrial Development Organization, the Universal Postal Union. Switzerland has furnished military observers and medical teams to several UN operations. Switzerland is a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice; the Swiss government on 25 June 2003, eased most of the sanctions against the Republic of Iraq in accord with UN Security Council Resolution 1483. The government lifted the trade embargo, flight restrictions, financial sanctions in place since August 1990; the weapons embargo and the asset freeze, the scope of, extended, remain in force, restrictions on the trade in Iraqi cultural goods were newly imposed. Though not a member at the time, Switzerland had joined UN sanctions against Iraq after the invasion of Kuwait.

Switzerland has joined UN economic sanctions imposed on Libya, Sierra Leone, UNITA, Serbia/Montenegro. On 15 October 2003, the Federal Council ended the import restrictions on raw diamonds from Sierra Leone and lifted sanctions against Libya. Switzerland in October 2000 implemented an ordinance to enforce UN sanctions against the Taliban, which it subsequently amended in April 2001 in accord with tighter UN regulations. On 2 May 2002, the Swiss Government eased the sanctions regime in accord with UNSCR 1388 and 1390, lifting the ban on the sale of acetic acid, Afghan airlines, Afghan diplomatic representations; the weapons embargo, travel restrictions, financial sanctions remain in force. The Swiss Government in November 2001 issued an ordinance declaring illegal the terrorist organisation Al-Qaeda as well as possible successor or supporting organisations. More than 200 individuals or companies linked to international terrorism have been blacklisted to have their assets frozen, thus far, Swiss authorities have blocked about 72 accounts totalling U.

S.$22.6 million. While the Swiss electorate did reject a government proposition to directly deploy Swiss troops as UN peacekeepers in 1994, a total of 23 Swiss personnel including police and military observers have served or are now serving for the United Nations; these dispositions are impartial defined and cover a number of UN projects around the globe. In 1996 Switzerland joined NATO's Partnership for Peace, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, deployed Yellow Berets to support the OSCE in Bosnia. In June 2001, Swiss voters approved new legislation providing for the deployment of armed Swiss troops for international peacekeeping missions under UN or OSCE auspices as well as closer international cooperation in military training. Since 1999, the Swiss army is participating through SWISSCOY in the peace keeping mission of the Kosovo Force based on UN-resolution 1244, with prolonged presence until 2014, after approval by the Swiss federal assembly in Spring 2011. Main duties include the supervision of civilian reconstruction efforts and protection of patrimonial sites, military police and medical assistance.

Switzerland represented Cuba in the United States betwee

Charles Brooking

Charles Brooking was an English painter of marine scenes. It is probable that Brooking’s father was a Charles Brooking, recorded as employed by Greenwich Hospital between 1729 and 1736 as a painter and decorator. Charles Brooking senior had earlier been active in Ireland. On 27 November 1732 "Master Charles Brooking" was recorded as an apprentice, one of two taken on by Brooking senior on that date. An anecdote related by the marine artist Dominic Serres about Brooking is that he worked for a picture dealer in Leicester Square, who exploited him until his “discovery” by Taylor White, the Treasurer of the Foundling Hospital in London. Brooking became much more known in 1754, when as a result of his “discovery” he was commissioned by the Foundling Hospital to paint what is now titled A Flagship Before the Wind Under Easy Sail, following which he was elected a Governor and Guardian of the institution; this painting is a huge sea piece intended to "match" another painting, whereabouts unknown, said to be of a “Fleet in the Downs”, by Peter Monamy.

It is claimed. It has been suggested that Francis Swaine was another pupil, but the age difference between the two painters was a mere two years, there is no visual evidence that Swaine followed Brooking’s manner. Brooking is said to have died of consumption on 25 March 1759 leaving his family destitute. Brooking's earliest known works are two pictures, one depicting a moonlit harbour scene and the other a burning ship, which he signed and inscribed with his age, 17, thus datable to 1740. Since he was described as a "celebrated painter of sea-pieces" in 1752, when he worked for John Ellis, he had evidently been producing work for at least 12 years before that date; the mention by Ellis occurs in his Natural History of the Corallines, published in London in 1755. Ellis employed Brooking as a botanical draughtsman. An example of earlier work by Brooking is his painting of an engagement between Commodore Walker and a fleet of French ships which occurred on 23 May 1745, engraved and published by Boydell in 1753.

This painting is now in the Greenwich Maritime Museum. Except for paintings such as this, which record specific historical events, Brooking’s early works are not easy to date more other than stylistically and by theme, have not yet been examined for their chronological development, his first two pictures show some influence of Peter Monamy, but he was displaying strong signs of a distinctive personal manner. He soon drew away from the native traditions of the marine genre, which included formal ship portraiture, although there are at least two works signed by him, one now in the Maritime Museum at Greenwich, which portray a ship in this convention. There is a group of paintings and prints, signed or inscribed "Monamy" and datable to the years circa 1745-1750, but whose style is more consistent with Brooking’s; some of the identical prints occur with attributions by different print dealers to both painters in separate issues. Brooking’s accuracy and exceptionally careful attention to detail manifest his intimate knowledge of maritime practice and naval architecture, as well as his remarkably close observation of the ocean conditions of wave and wind.

Contemporary accounts suggest that he had been “much at sea” and he owned a small yacht. In his early years he was evidently employed in some maritime capacity in a pilot boat at Gravesend; some of his presumed works plainly show the influence of Willem van de Velde the Younger. The National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London holds 23 of his oil paintings, a complete set of 28 engravings after his works, 4 drawings bequeathed by the U. S. President, J. F. Kennedy. A plaque to Brooking was unveiled by the Lord Mayor of the City of London at Tokenhouse Yard in October, 2008. John Ellis. A Natural History of the Corallines. Edward Edwards. Anecdotes of Painters. Colin Sorensen. Charles Brooking 1723 -1759. Benedict Nicolson; the Treasures of the Foundling Hospital. David Joel & James Taylor. Charles Brooking and the 18th Century Marine Painters. ISBN 978-1-85149-277-0 David Joel; the Call of the Sea: Peter Monamy, Charles Brooking and the early British marine painters. ISBN 978-0-9559729-1-1 48 paintings by or after Charles Brooking at the Art UK site Charles Brooking online The call of the sea Brooking at the National Maritime Museum Brooking at the Tate A Royal Yacht Firing a Salute Shipping in a Calm

Mitchell Mohawks

The Mitchell Mohawks are a junior'C' ice hockey team based in Mitchell, Manitoba. A senior team with the same name competed in the Carillon Senior Hockey League until 2013; the junior team, established in 1988, competes in the Hanover Tache Junior Hockey League. The team has won two league championships. After going on hiatus for two seasons the team returned to league play for the 2014–15 season, but returned to inactive for the 2019-2020 season. 1992–93 2003–04 Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, OTL = Overtime Losses, SOL = Shootout Losses, Pts = Points The Senior Mohawks were co-founders of the CSHL in 2003. The team became the first champion to represent the league at the Allan Cup by winning the first two CSHL championships. After five seasons, the club went on hiatus for three seasons from 2008 to 2011, but returned for the 2011-12 and 2012-13 seasons; the team again went on hiatus in 2013. The Senior Mohawks were members of the Hanover-Tache Hockey League. 2003-04 2004-05 Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, OTL = Overtime Losses, SOL = Shootout Losses, Pts = Points List of ice hockey teams in Manitoba Mitchell Mohawks Hanover Tache Junior Hockey League Carillon Senior Hockey League

Bad Girl (Danity Kane song)

"Bad Girl" is a song recorded by American girl group Danity Kane. This song was penned by Mary Brown, Jim Beanz, Devin "DLP" Parker and Missy Elliott. Produced by Danja and featuring guest vocals by Elliott, it is not only the second and final single from the band's second studio album, Welcome to the Dollhouse, it is the last release from the group before their early 2009 breakup, the last with now-former members D. Woods and Aundrea Fimbres. Released on July 1, 2008 by Bad Boy/Atlantic, it did not do as well and the group's preceding single "Damaged", only peaking at 85 on the Pop 100; the recording process of "Bad Girl" was featured on the second season of the MTV reality television show, Making the Band 4. They received the track only after revealing their dissatisfaction with the direction of their album to Diddy. After recording three songs, the group feared that the songs revealed a trend that indicated Diddy's and the record label's concept for their new album; these opinions were first voiced during a studio session with Jim Beanz, Aundrea Fimbres stating they wanted a "pop-international ".

Next, Aubrey O'Day represented the band's opinions in a conversation with their A&R, Conrad Dimanche. "Conrad, please just understand when I say this... was more about learning and growing. And now, we found ourselves. So this album, to us, has to feel like we found ourselves, we don't feel that yet." He tried to explain to her that the team's goal was "to have an incredible album", the same as Danity Kane's, but O'Day rebutted. She continued, stating the songs so far recorded consisted of "these'I Want You Back','I Miss You','I Need You'," but clarified herself, adding, "I'm not saying there can't be those moments where we're vulnerable." She concluded, "We are strong women... and we need to be able to sing that."Dissatisfaction continued to be expressed as the girls received prospective tracks, with Dawn Richard commenting, "They just don't match us!" The group's unhappy comments reached a new level during a visit with their label-mates, Day26, in the studio. While listening to their tracks "Are We in This Together" and "I'm the Reason", O'Day made the startling comment, "It's catchy.

You know? It's like... It's got energy. All of our tracks, I wanna slit my fucking throat... I am so happy that people love you enough to give you good tracks."After the numerous complaints, Diddy arranged a meeting with the band at Circle House Recording Studios. Getting over her initial nerves, O'Day relayed the same message to Diddy. D. Woods helped convey this message, adding that they wanted to "understand vision" and that they "had a different idea" and thought " did too", going in a more uptempo direction. Diddy defended his stances on the issue, stating, "If I feel something I at least want to hear your texture on it. That's the play. Go run the play!" O'Day countered, continuing that the process of making the album was "personal" and that he would best understand this, him being a recording artist in his own right. She followed that the group understood that they would not love everything that they did and it would be a "compromise", but none of them have finished a track, wanting to perform it forever as part of their career.

Diddy apologized for the lack of communication and started taking Danity Kane's opinion into account while creating the album. Days they received the uptempo track that would become "Bad Girl"; the music video for "Bad Girl" was shot late June to early July 2008 in Los Angeles and premiered on the MTV programming block FNMTV Premieres on July 25. It was choreographed by Gil Duldulao; the video includes cameos by featured rapper Missy Elliott, Qwanell Mosley, Talan Torriero of the hit MTV reality series Laguna Beach: The Real Orange County. It reached the top position of the Billboard Hot Videoclip Tracks chart in 2008; the concept of the video is a graphic novel and stays true to the famous lyric in the song, "When the red light comes on, I transform," as each group member transforms into an alter ego of theirs after a flash of red light. In the first verse and the first chorus, Aubrey O'Day portrays a con trying to claim her innocence during interrogation with a detective. After a flash of red light, "The Sweet Aubrey" transforms.

Now wearing a tight leather catsuit, she throws him on the table, straddles him, handcuffs him to her chair. She leans in for a kiss before making her escape. D. Woods portrays a peep show performer enchanting her suitor. After a flash of red light, "The Luscious D. Woods", now in all leather, drags him into the peep show window; the impact knocks leaving her to take all of his money. During the second verse through the rap break, Dawn Richard portrays a damsel in distress strapped to an upright gurney in "Dr. Q's Secret Laboratory". Dr. Q examines and bites her while taking observations of her in a lustful manner. Time is about to run out for "The Lovely Dawn", she changes wardrobe, breaks free, grabs the doctor and slams him on the gurney, returning his lusty looks. Aundrea Fimbres portrays a hostage imprisoned in a dark basement, chained up and planning her escape, her muscular captor looks over her with a metal pipe in his hands. After a flash of red light, "The Ravishing Aundrea" breaks free of the chains and knocks out her kidnapper.

Meanwhile, Missy Elliott is seen beside a machine rapping the 2nd verse the same place where Dawn and Aundrea escapes. In the bridge


Abdi is a male name. It is a given name with many origins in many countries including Arabic. Among others, one version has Arabic as origin. While Arabic speakers use Abdu rather than Abdi, both are nicknames for Abdul, it originates from the Arabic word عبد ال ʿabd al- / ʿabd el- / ʿabd ul-. The name translates as "servant of God" in reference to religious submission to Allah; as such, it is used by Muslims around the world in conjunction with one of the names of God in Islam, but sometimes on its own. Abdi is the name of three men in the Hebrew Bible. In Hebrew, Abdi means "my servant", but may be an abbreviation for "servant of "Yahweh". In 1 Chronicles 6:44 Abdi is a Levite of the family of Merari. In 2 Chronicles 29:12 Abdi is a Levite in the time of King Hezekiah of Judah; this may be the same man as in 1 Chronicles 6:44. In Ezra 10:26 Abdi is the son of Elam, one of a long list of men who had married foreign wives, who sent them away together with their children. Abdi-Ashirta, Canaanite ruler of Amurru Abdi-Heba, Canaanite chieftain of Jerusalem Abdi-Milkutti, Sidonian king Abdi-Riša, Phoenician ruler of Enišasi Abdi Behravanfar, Iranian singer-songwriter Abdi Bile, Somali athlete, World Champion Abdi Faras, Somali basketball player Abdi İpekçi, Turkish journalist Abdi Kassim, Zanzibari footballer Abdi Pasha, various Ottoman people Abdi Toptani, Albanian politician Mohamed Abdi Mohamed, Somali anthropologist and politician Abbas Abdi, Iranian politician Abdi Sheik Abdi, Somali author Abed Abdi, Palestinian artist Akbar Abdi, Iranian actor and comedian Almen Abdi, Swiss footballer Bahador Abdi, Iranian footballer Barkhad Abdi, Somali American actor and director Dekha Ibrahim Abdi, Somali social activist Jumadi Abdi, Indonesian footballer Kamyar Abdi, Iranian archaeologist Mohammad Abdi, Iranian writer Ugbad Abdi, American fashion model Youcef Abdi, Australian runner Yusuf Hassan Abdi, Somali politician and diplomat Abdu, a nickname for the compound name or a given name.

In this case it's not a name given to a Muslim Abdul for further explanation Abidi, a surname which refers to the descendants of Zayn al-Abidin Obadiah Abdy

T-Shirt (Thomas Rhett song)

"T-Shirt" is a song recorded by American country music singer Thomas Rhett. It was released on February 16, 2016 via Valory Music Group as the third single from his second studio album, Tangled Up; the song was written by Ashley Gorley, Luke Laird, Shane McAnally. "T-Shirt" peaked at number one on the Billboard Country Airplay chart, giving Rhett his sixth consecutive number-one hit on that chart. It charted at numbers 3 and 41 on both the Hot Country Songs and Hot 100 charts respectively; the song was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, denoting sales of one million units in the United States. It had chart success in Canada, giving Rhett his third number-one hit on the Country chart and reaching number 53 on the Canadian Hot 100. Before the release of Tangled Up in 2015, Rhett had been performing the song live as early as November 2013. On September 4, 2015, the track and a video of the song made available for sales and as "instant grat" downloads for those who made a pre-release order of the album on iTunes.

Website Taste of Country reviewed the song favorably, saying that "With "T-Shirt," Thomas Rhett again proves that nobody sings young love better than he does. Every single love song he’s released from his first two albums recalls a honeymooner’s excitement; the lascivious tension is palpable." The song first entered on the Hot Country Songs at number 39 when the track was made available for download on September 4, 2015, three weeks before the release of the album, selling 8,000 copies in its first week. It debuted on the Country Airplay chart at number 53 for chart dated February 13, 2016 when it was released as a single, entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 92 on chart date of March 19, 2016; the song peaked at number one on the Country Airplay chart, number 3 on Hot Country Songs the same week. The song has sold 529,000 copies in the US as of August 2016. An Instant Grat Video for the song premiered in September 2015; the video, directed by Blake Judd, reached number one on the CMT Hot 20 Countdown on July 30, 2016