Forlì is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, Northern Italy, is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena. It is the central city of Romagna; the city is situated along the Via Emilia, to the right of the Montone river, is an important agricultural centre. The city hosts some of Italy's artistically significant landmarks; the University Campus of Forlì is specialized in Economics, Political Sciences as well as the Advanced school of Modern Languages for Interpreters and Translators. The climate of the area is humid subtropical with Mediterranean features mitigated by the relative closeness of the city to the sea. Forlì is characterized by hot and sunny summers, with temperatures that can exceed 30 °C and reach 40 °C during the hottest weeks of the year. Winters are moist, with frequent fog; the warm Sirocco wind blows from the south, bringing warmer temperatures for brief periods. The surroundings of Forlì have been inhabited since the Paleolithic: a site, Ca' Belvedere of Monte Poggiolo, has revealed thousands of chipped flints in strata dated 800,000 years before the present era, which indicates a flint-knapping industry producing sharp-edged tools in a pre-Acheulean phase of the Paleolithic.

Forlì was founded after the Roman conquest of the remaining Gallic villages, about the time the Via Aemilia was built. With no clear evidence, the exact date this occurred is still under debate, though some historians believe that the first settlement of the ancient Roman Forum was built in 188 BC by consul Gaius Livius Salinator, who gave it the Latin name Forum Livii, meaning "the place of the gens Livia". Others argue the town may have been founded during the time of Julius Caesar. In 88 BC, the city was destroyed during the civil wars of Gaius Marius and Sulla, but rebuilt by the praetor Livius Clodius. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the city was incorporated into the realms of Odoacer and of the Ostrogothic Kingdom. From the end of the 6th century to 751, Forlì was an outlying part of the Byzantine power in Italy known as the Exarchate of Ravenna. During this time the Germanic Lombards took the city – in 665, 728, 742, it was incorporated with the Papal States in 757, as part of the Donation of Pepin.

By the 9th century the commune had taken control from its bishops, Forlì was established as an independent Italian city-state, alongside the other communes that signalled the first revival of urban life in Italy. Forlì became a republic for the first time in 889. At this time the city was allied with the Ghibelline factions in the medieval struggles between the Guelphs and Ghibellines as a means of preserving its independence – and the city supported all the Holy Roman Emperors in their campaigns in Italy. Local competition was involved in the loyalties: in 1241, during Frederick II's struggles with Pope Gregory IX the people of Forlì offered their support to Frederick II during the capture of the rival city, in gratitude, they were granted an addition to their coat-of-arms -the Hohenstaufen eagle. With the collapse of Hohenstaufen power in 1257, imperial lieutenant Guido I da Montefeltro was forced to take refuge in Forlì, the only remaining Ghibelline stronghold in Italy, he accepted the position of capitano del popolo and led Forlì to notable victories: against the Bolognesi at the Ponte di San Proculo, on 15 June 1275.

In 1282, Forlì's forces were led by Guido da Montefeltro. The astrologer Guido Bonatti was one of his advisors; the following year the city's exhausted Senate was forced to cede to papal power and asked Guido to take his leave. The commune soon submitted to a local condottiere rather than accept a representative of direct papal control, Simone Mestaguerra had himself proclaimed Lord of Forlì, he did not succeed in leaving the new signory peacefully to an heir and Forlì passed to Maghinardo Pagano to Uguccione della Faggiuola, to others, until in 1302 the Ordelaffi came into power. Local factions with papal support ousted the family in 1327–29 and again in 1359–75, at other turns of events the bishops were expelled by the Ordelaffi; until the Renaissance the Ordelaffi strived to maintain the possession of the city and its countryside against Papal attempts to assert back their authority. Civil wars between members of the family occurred, they fought as condottieri for other states to earn themselves money to protect or embellish Forlì.

The most renowned of the Ordelaffi was Pino III, who held the Signiory of Forlì from 1466 to 1480. Pino was a ruthless lord; when he died aged 40, under suspicion of poisoning, the situation of Forlì was weakened as factions of Ordelaffi fought one another, until Pope Sixtus IV claimed the signory for his nephew Girolamo Riario. Riario was married to Caterina S

Geisha Williams

Geisha J. Williams is a Cuban American businesswoman, she was the president and CEO of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company from March 2017 to January 13, 2019. Williams was born Geisha J. Jimenez in Cuba. At the age of five, Geisha migrated to the US with her parents, after her father, a political prisoner, was released from prison, her father went on to own their own grocery store. She has a bachelor's degree in industrial engineering from the University of Miami and an MBA from Nova Southeastern University. After university, Williams worked for Florida Power & Light, starting as a residential energy auditor. Williams joined PG&E in 2007. In March 2017, she became the first Latina CEO of a Fortune 500 company, she is a director at the Edison Electric Institute the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations and the Association of Edison Illuminating Companies, is the board chair for the Center for Energy Workforce Development. In January 2019 Williams left PG&E as the company struggled to deal with legal and financial repercussions associated with a series of devastating California wildfires, which occurred in 2017 and 2018.

Despite losing more than $6 billion, Williams received a pay raise of 8.12% in 2018. PG&E filed for bankruptcy after Williams' departure. Williams is criticized for a $10mm+ pay packaging including $2.6mm in severance pay when she left PG&E as the company prepared to enter bankruptcy. The Los Angeles Times reported that, "Williams’ compensation encompassed numerous perks, including a car and driver, a $51,000 security system for her home, health club and “executive health” services worth $5,453 and financial services subsidized to the tune of $7,980."In April 2019, California Governor Gavin Newsom expressed concern that new PG&E board members would have little knowledge of California, may lack the expertise to safely run a utility. Williams was succeeded by John Simon as interim CEO in May 2019, Bill Johnson became CEO, garnering "more than twice the base salary" of Williams, she is married to Jay Williams, they have two daughters. She sits on the Board of Directors of the Bipartisan Policy Center and the Board of Trustees of the California Academy of Sciences


Shingave is a village in Rahata taluka of Ahmednagar district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is one of the largest village by area in Rahata. Shingave is situated on the bank of Godavari river in the northern region of Ahmednagar District and Rahata taluka. Puntamba, Sade and Wari are the nearby villages to Shingave. Shirdi and Kopargaon are the nearby cities; the population of Shingave village is 4258 as of the 2011 census. Males constitute 2194 whereas females constitute 2064. Literacy rate of village is 67.52%, below national and state average rates. Agriculture is a backbone of a village. Most of the people are farmers who are engaged farming and allied work like Dairy farming, Goat farming. Many youths are employed in near city Shirdi; some people are marginal workers. Following table shows crops cultivated in village. Shingave has one secondary school. Primary schools ZP School ZP School ZP School Secondary school Shringeshwar Madhyamik Vidyalaya Shingave is connected to nearby cities and villages by state highway and other rural roads.

State highway connects Shingave to Kopargaon and Shrirampur, rural roads to Pimpalwadi, Rui and Shirdi. Shingave is served by nearby Shirdi and Kanhegaon railway stations. Shirdi Airport is the nearest airport to village at distance of 25 km. Around Village List of villages in Rahata taluka