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Fort Le Boeuf

Fort Le Boeuf was a fort established by the French during 1753 on a fork of French Creek, in present-day Waterford, in northwest Pennsylvania. The fort was part of a line that included Fort Presque Isle, Fort Machault, Fort Duquesne; the fort was located about 15 miles from the shores of Lake Erie, on the banks of LeBoeuf Creek, for which the fort was named. The French portaged supplies and trade goods from Lake Erie overland to Fort Le Boeuf. From there they traveled by raft and canoe down French Creek to the rivers Allegheny and Mississippi. Today, the site of the fort is occupied by the Fort LeBoeuf Museum, operated by the Fort LeBoeuf Historical Society. Captain Paul Marin de la Malgue began construction on 11 July 1753; this fort was the second of a series of posts that the French built between spring 1753 and summer 1754 to assert their possession of the Ohio Country. These four posts Fort Presque Isle, Fort LeBoeuf, Fort Machault, Fort Duquesne ran from Lake Erie to the Forks of the Ohio.

The English trading post of John Frazier, at Venango at the junction of French Creek and the Allegheny River was seized and occupied. Leaving a force to garrison the new posts, the French command returned to Canada for the winter. Fort LeBoeuf guarded the southern end of the portage road between Lake Erie and French Creek, which flowed to the Allegheny River and to the River Ohio, it served as a French trading post and garrison until 1759, when the capture of Fort Niagara forced the French to abandon the Ohio Country. Robert Dinwiddie, the governor of Virginia, sent the 21-year-old George Washington to Fort Le Boeuf with seven escorts, in order to deliver a message to the French demanding that they leave the Ohio Country. Dinwiddie's initiative was in response to the French building forts in the Ohio Country. Washington took Christopher Gist along as his guide. Washington and Gist arrived at Fort Le Boeuf on 11 December 1753. Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre, commandant at Fort Le Boeuf, a tough veteran of the west, received Washington politely, but contemptuously rejected his blustering ultimatum.

Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre gave Washington three days hospitality at the fort, gave Washington a letter for him to deliver to Dinwiddie. The letter ordered the Governor of Virginia to deliver his demand to the Major General of New France in the capital, Quebec City. During his stay, Washington noted that the fort had one hundred men, a large number of officers, 50 birch canoes and 70 pine canoes, many unfinished, he described the fort as on a south or west fork of French creek, near the water, surrounded by it. Four houses composed the sides; the bastions were made of piles driven into the ground, standing more than 12 feet high, sharpened at the top. Port holes for cannon and loop-holes for small-arms were cut into the bastions; each bastion mounted one four-pound cannon guarded the gate. Inside the bastions stood a guard-house, doctor's lodging and the commander's private stores. Outside the fort were several log barracks, some covered with bark, others with boards. In addition, there were a smithy and other buildings.

The French and Indian War began on 28 May 1754 with the Battle of Jumonville Glen. Some four years on 25 July 1759, the French surrendered Fort Niagara. During August 1759, the commander of Fort Presque Isle sent an order to Fort Machault and Fort Le Boeuf to abandon their positions. After the French had complied, the British took possession of their sites, it is unclear. If so, the British rebuilt it. During Pontiac's Rebellion, on 18 June 1763, a war party of Native Americans burned Fort Le Boeuf; the survivors escaped to Fort Venango. On 1 August 1794, Major Ebenezer Denny reported to Governor Thomas Mifflin from Le Boeuf, he described a fortification with manned by riflemen. The two rear blockhouses had a six-pound cannon on the second floor, as well as swivel guns over the gates; when Judge Vincent settled in Waterford during 1797, he wrote, "There are no remains of the old French fort excepting the traces on the ground..." "The Journal of Major George Washington, of His Journey to the French Forces on Ohio," George Washington, 1754.

"The Frontier Forts of Western Pennsylvania," Albert, George Dallas, C. M. Busch, state printer, Harrisburg, 1896. Sketch of the site on pg. 556a shows Fort Le Boeuf at the intersection of High Street. Caption reads, "Fort Le Boeuf built by the French in 1753 Burned in 1763." Description of fort by Washington, pg. 572. Descriptions of the fort, pgs. 566 - 581. Stotz, Charles Morse. Outposts Of The War For Empire: The French And English In Western Pennsylvania: Their Armies, Their Forts, Their People 1749-1764. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-4262-3

World Curling Championships

The World Curling Championships are the annual world championships for curling, organized by the World Curling Federation and contested by national championship teams. There are men's, women's and mixed doubles championships, as well as junior and senior championships for each gender. There is a world championship for wheelchair curling; the men's championship started in 1959, while the women's started in 1979. The mixed doubles championship was started in 2008. Since 2005, the men's and women's championships have been held in different venues, with Canada hosting one of the two championships every year: the men's championship in odd years, the women's championship in years. Canada has dominated both the men's and women's championships since their inception, although Switzerland, Denmark, Scotland, the United States and China have all won at least one championship; the World Curling Championships began in 1959 as the Scotch Cup. The Scotch Cup was created by Toronto public relations executive and former sports journalist Stanley D. Houston on behalf of the Scotch Whisky Association, a client of Houston's agency Public Relations Services Limited, looking to generate increased North American exposure for its products.

The first three Cups were contested between men's teams from Canada. The United States joined the Scotch Cup in 1961, Sweden joined the next year. Canada won the first six world titles, of which the legendary rink skipped by Ernie Richardson earned four; the United States was the first country to break Canada's streak, winning their first world title in 1965. By 1967, Switzerland and Germany were added to the Scotch Cup, Scotland won their first title, while Canada finished without a medal for the first time; the tournament was renamed the Air Canada Silver Broom the year after that, Canada strung together five consecutive world titles starting in that year. In 1973, the competing field was expanded to ten teams, Italy and Denmark were introduced to the world stage. Sweden and Norway won their first titles in the following years, Canada continued to win medals of all colours. In 1979, the first edition of the women's World Curling Championships was held; the championships were held separately from the men's championships for the first ten years.

During this time, Canada, Sweden and Germany won world titles. Bronze medals were not awarded until 1985 for the women's tournament and 1986 for the men's tournament. Between 1989 and 1994, the bronze medal was shared by the semifinals losers. Beginning in 1989, the men's and women's championships were held together. Norway won their first world women's title. In 1995, Ford Canada and the World Curling Federation reached an agreement to make Ford the sponsor of the World Curling Championships. Japan, the first nation from Asia to compete in the worlds, made their debut in 1990 at the women's championship, in 2000 at the men's championship. South Korea and China followed suit in the 2000s. Scotland won their first women's title in 2002, the United States won their first women's title the next year. In 2005, the men's and women's championships were separated, an agreement was made between the World Curling Federation and the Canadian Curling Association that Canada would host one of the tournaments annually each year, all of which are title sponsored by Ford of Canada.

Canada began a streak of top two finishes in the men's tournament, China won their first world title in the women's tournament in 2009. In 2008, a world championship for mixed doubles curling was created. Switzerland won the first world mixed doubles title, proceeded to win four of the first five titles. Russia and Hungary won their first world curling titles in the mixed doubles championship, New Zealand, France and the Czech Republic won their first world curling medals. In 2015, a world championship for mixed curling was created, replacing the European Mixed Curling Championship and supplanting the European Mixed and Canadian Mixed curling championships as the highest level of mixed curling in the world. In 2019, the World Qualification Event was introduced, to qualify the final two teams in the men's and women's championships. A mixed doubles qualification event will be added in the 2019–20 curling season, qualifying the final four teams of the twenty-team mixed doubles championship; the World Curling Championships have been known by a number of different names over the years.

Men 1959–1967: Scotch Cup 1968–1985: Air Canada Silver Broom 1986–1988: IOC President's Cup 1989–1990: WCF Championships 1991–1992: Safeway World Curling Championship 1993–1994: WCF Championships 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championship 2005–2017: Ford World Men's Curling Championship 2006–2018: World Men's Curling Championship 2019: Pioneer Hi-Bred World Men's Curling Championship 2020: LGT World Men's Curling ChampionshipWomen 1979–1981: Royal Bank of Scotland World Curling Championships 1982: World Curling Championships 1983: Pioneer Life World Curling Championships 1984: World Curling Championships 1985: H&M World Curling Championships 1986–1990: World Curling Championships 1991–1992: Safeway World Curling Championships 1993–1994: World Curling Championships 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championships 2005–2017: World Women's Curling Championship 2006–2018: Ford World Women's Curling Championship 2019: LGT World Women's Curling Championship The first two world championships, held as competitions between Scotland and Canada, were held as five-game series between the two nations.

Upon the addition of the United States in 1961, the format was changed to a double round robin preliminary round with a three-team knockout round at the conclu

Isopogon linearis

Isopogon linearis is a small shrub in the family Proteaceae, endemic to the southwest of Western Australia. Isopogon linearis is a small shrub with branchlets covered in straight hairs; the hairy, flat leaves are alternate, 25–90 mm long, 2–7 mm wide. They are the same width for their entire length, have smooth edges; the pink inflorescence is not sticky. The hairy perianth 20–24 mm long; the pistil is 20–25 mm long and the hairy pollen presenter is not spindle-shaped and is 3–4.5 mm long. The cone has deciduous scales, is 23–25 mm long; the plant flowers in August, September or October. The species was first formally described by botanist Carl Meissner in Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany in 1855. In 1891, German botanist Otto Kuntze published Revisio generum plantarum, his response to what he perceived as a lack of method in existing nomenclatural practice; because Isopogon was based on Isopogon anemonifolius, that species had been placed by Richard Salisbury in the segregate genus Atylus in 1807, Kuntze revived the latter genus on the grounds of priority, made the new combination Atylus linearis for this species.

However, Kuntze's revisionary program was not accepted by the majority of botanists. The genus Isopogon was nomenclaturally conserved over Atylus by the International Botanical Congress of 1905; the accepted description for Isopogon linearis is that of Foreman in Flora of Australia. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium – Occurrence data for Isopogon linearis Google images: Isopogon linearis

Old California

"Old California" is a 28-page Disney comics story written and lettered by Carl Barks. The story stars Donald Duck and his nephews Huey and Louie, it was first published in Four Color #328 with a cover by Carl Buettner, a four-page Grandma Duck story drawn and lettered by Bob Moore, several one-page gag stories by Moore. Donald Duck and his nephews Huey and Louie are on a holiday in California, heading to Los Angeles, they discuss California's history as they travel. Donald Duck opines; as he speaks passionately on this topic, Donald Duck is momentarily distracted from his driving. The car crashes in a rock besides the road; when Donald Duck and his three nephews regain consciousness, they find they are visitors of a local tribe of Native Americans. The tribe kindly offer to help the foursome recover; the exhausted Ducks are offered a drink, they fall sleep. When they wake again, they find themselves in Alta California, 1848, they manage to befriend a local Spanish-speaking family of Californios, owners of a cattle ranch, together with the ranch workers.

As visitors, Donald Duck and his nephews observe the family's life and moreover, they attempt to help with the family problems. They visit San Francisco and acquire land cheaply, but soon are swindled out of them by American settlers. Afterwards, the Ducks become involved in the Gold Rush and as goldminers partner with a friend from the ranch; the Ducks do the digging, their partner's fists and guns make sure that nobody swindles them out of their gold. After their friend departs the Ducks start to experience an odd fading of their environment, it seems to them. It is at this point that the Duck family regain consciousness to discover the truth, they were in a coma in a hospital bed for weeks. The drink they had accepted had kept them sleeping for this long; the Ducks all have the same memory of their apparent experiences in time travel. Despite this, the Ducks believe themselves recovered, take possession of their car and continue on their way as if nothing had happened. However, the Ducks do make a stop first at an abandoned old house where they had stayed as visitors in 1848.

They admit that they don't know if it was all a dream or if they experienced the events they recall from 1848, but they choose to keep the memory of Old California. List of Disney comics by Carl Barks Old California at INDUCKS Donald Duck in Old California! in Carl Barks guidebook

Demob (TV series)

Demob was a short-lived British comedy-drama television series, which screened for one six-episode series in 1993. The series was set in the late 1940s and early 1950s, starred Martin Clunes and Griff Rhys Jones as two ex-army friends who decide to try to form an entertainment act, with the aim of getting work on BBC radio; the series starred Samantha Janus, Amanda Redman and Les Dawson, Dawson posthumously. The series follows the ups and downs of two World War II veterans who decide to form a comedy duo after returning home to England, they experience various professional problems as they strive for success. Ian Deasey: A cheerful ex-soldier who struggles to adjust to his dull pre-war life and decides to become a comedy team with his army pal, Dick Dobson. Ian is known for singing humorous songs. Dick Dobson: An irresponsible ex-soldier who always gets into scrapes and has to be rescued by Ian, he is an excellent piano player and forms one half of Deasey. Janet Deasey: Ian's beautiful wife who grows dissatisfied with her husband's desire to become a comedian and begins an affair to stave off boredom.

Hedda Kennedy: A beautiful dancer, searching for her American husband, believed to be missing in action. She works in various establishments of Rudy Lorimer's as a dancer, she becomes a film actress. She lives next door to their London rooms. Moreton Stanley: A corpulent short-tempered comic who makes improper advances to Hedda. Rudy Lorimer: A disreputable businessman who continually ensnares Dick in his shady business ventures. Lorimer is an alias. Alan Deasey: Ian and Janet's only child, he is a perceptive, sensitive boy vulnerable to teasing; when his father returns from the war he hardly recognises him. Annabel: Janet's best friend, Annabel is engaged to be married to Dr. Pollock. Edith: Janet's mother who dispenses advice freely. Dr. Jeremy Pollock: Annabel's fiancé who develops an interest in Janet, he has a fondness for Sullivan musicals. Oliver Lee: Hedda's American GI friend who assists her in her search for her missing husband. Oliver plays the saxophone at a London jazz club. Frank Parsons: Ian's boss at the council.

Ottie Pond: The producer of "Radio Playtime", a BBC Radio children's programme. Keith Koster: The notoriously difficult ventriloquist star of "Radio Playtime", Koster seems to believe that his dummy is sentient. Claudette: Dick's wife who he marries only to help her gain entry into the UK. From France, she is a prostitute who works for Rudy Lorimer. Moira Stanley: Moreton Stanley's wife who serves as his manager. Mrs. O'Callagan: The duo's Liverpool landlady who takes a shine to Dick much to his horror. Demob was first released on DVD by BFS Entertainment on 10 September 2002, it was re-released by Acorn Media on Region 1 and Region 4 DVD on 26 April 2011. Demob on IMDb Demob at Demob at British Comedy Guide

Teasin' You

Teasin' You is an album by American blues guitarist and singer Snooks Eaglin, recorded in 1991 and released on the Black Top label. In his review for AllMusic, Bill Dahl states "Eaglin's churchy, commanding vocals and blistering guitar work are nothing short of mind-boggling throughout the entire disc." "Baby Please Come Home" - 3:36 "Soul Train" - 4:04 "When It Rains It Pours" - 3:03 "Teasin' You" - 3:28 "Dizzy, Miss Lizzy" - 3:14 "Black Night" - 3:26 "Sleep Walk" - 3:23 "Travelin' Mood" - 3:23 "Jesus Will Fix It" - 3:34 "Don't Take It So Hard" - 3:52 "Heavy Juice" - 2:56 "Lilly Mae" - 3:06 "My Love Is Strong" - 2:39 "Red Beans" - 3:54 Snooks Eaglin - vocals, guitar George Porter, Jr. - bass, 2nd vocal on 4 Sammy Berfect - organ, piano Herman V. Ernest III - drums, percussion Grady Gaines - tenor sax Mark "Kaz" Kazanoff - tenor sax, baritone sax Keith Winking - trumpet