Fort Saskatchewan is a city in Alberta, Canada, 25 kilometres northeast of Edmonton, Alberta's capital city, along the North Saskatchewan River. Fort Saskatchewan is part of the Edmonton census metropolitan area and is one of 24 municipalities that constitute the Edmonton Metropolitan Region Board. Fort Saskatchewan's population in the 2016 federal census was 24,149, its population has since increased to 26,942 according to the city's 2019 municipal census. Fort Saskatchewan is bordered by Strathcona County to the south and east, Sturgeon County to the north and west, the City of Edmonton to the southwest. Sturgeon County and Edmonton are across the North Saskatchewan River; the ruins of the fort are 1 km north-east of Lamoureux. The city is most well known for its proximity to petrochemical facilities, including Dow Chemical, Sherritt International and Shell Canada, it is known for its flock of 50 sheep that roam its downtown park throughout the summer months eating the grass. The city mascot is a sheep named Auggie.
In 1875, under the command of Inspector W. D. Jarvis, the North-West Mounted Police established Fort Saskatchewan as a fort on the North Saskatchewan River; the community was incorporated as a village in 1899, a town in 1904, a city in 1985. The Canadian Northern Railway reached Fort Saskatchewan in 1905, placing the town on a transcontinental rail line; the first bridge across the river was built at this time. The rail company paying for it in exchange for free land for its station in Fort Saskatchewan. Prior to the bridge, the only method to cross the river at Fort Saskatchewan was via ferry. In the decade after the railway arrived, the town's population nearly doubled to 993. A new $200,000 provincial jail opened in 1915 at the end of what is now 100th Avenue to replace the 34-cell guard house, used to hold prisoners since the NWMP fort was constructed in 1875. There were various additions to the jail throughout the next 70 years, including the construction of more cell blocks and a stand-alone power plant.
By 1973, the jail housed both male and female offenders. The jail was replaced in 1988 when a new provincial correctional centre was built south of Highway 15 on 101st Street; the jail cell blocks were demolished in 1994. Only one building from the complex, as well as the Warden's House, still stands. Using various historical and archaeological techniques, some of these structural artifacts can be dated as existing more than 100 years. In 1952, Sherritt Gordon Mines started construction on a $25-million nickel refinery in Fort Saskatchewan, which started production in 1954. Following Sherritt Gordon's locating in Fort Saskatchewan, more industries constructed plants in the town. Between 1951 and 1956, the town's population doubled from 1,076 to 2,582. Dow Chemical acquired 700 acres in Fort Saskatchewan in 1959, opening its plant in 1961 and further expanding it in 1967. Within five years of beginning operation at Dow, the population increased to 4,152 in 1966, from 2,972 in 1961. Since Fort Saskatchewan was incorporated as a town in 1904, it has had 29 residents serve as its mayor.
The population of the City of Fort Saskatchewan according to its 2019 municipal census is 26,942, a change of 2.3% from its 2018 municipal census population of 26,328. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Fort Saskatchewan recorded a population of 24,149 living in 9,261 of its 9,939 total private dwellings, a change of 26.8% from its 2011 population of 19,051. With a land area of 48.18 km2, it had a population density of 501.2/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the City of Fort Saskatchewan had a population of 19,051 living in 7,333 of its 8,109 total dwellings, a change of 27.4% from its 2006 population of 14,957. With a land area of 48.12 km2, it had a population density of 395.9/km2 in 2011. Residents work in trades, retail or business/finance. According to the 2006 census, the largest visible minorities in the community were Chinese with 95 residents followed by Filipino with 55 residents. English is the first language of 91.7% of the population. French is the second most common first language.
Fort Saskatchewan's main industries are heavy industry. Fort Saskatchewan is part of Alberta's Industrial Heartland, the largest Canadian industrial area west of Toronto. Companies with operations in the area include Dow Chemical, Sherritt International and Shell Canada; these plants are major employers for residents of the surrounding area. With the city's growth in recent years, the commercial service sector has grown. Multi-national corporations with stores in Fort Saskatchewan include Wal-Mart and The Home Depot, with Canadian Tire and Sobeys acting as some of the other major employers; the Fort Mall is located on a 12-acre parcel on the east side of downtown, containing 170,000 square feet of retail space. In February 2003, a new purchaser promised renovations, but the opening of nearby larger Cornerstone Mall that year only worsened the mall's situation; the planned renovations were never completed, a new owner came in and in 2007 proposed to demolish part of the mall to construct apartments or condominiums.
Foreclosure proceedings began in 2008, the mall was listed for judicial sale. The initial asking price was $8 million, a $4 million bid from the city in the fall of 2009 was rejected. In February 2010, the mall was relisted for sale at $5 million, a $4.35 million offer accepted by the court in April. The centrepiece of Fort Saskatchewan's recreation and culture is the Dow Centennial Centre, a multi-use facility that includes an ice arena, fieldhouse, indoor track a
Susan Lark is a medical doctor. She obtained her education from Northwestern Medical School, has served as one of the clinical faculty members at Stanford University. At Stanford, Lark taught In the department of community medicine; as of now Lark works in the field of women's preventive medicine. Lark is the director of the Menopause Self Help Center located in Los Altos, California, she is well known for her innovative approaches to menopause and hormone management as well as her views on holistic women’s health. Her holistic approaches focus on hormone balance to assist in the prevention of different physical and emotional health conditions, she believes that maintaining a alkaline body pH while lead to optimal health in the prevention of diseases such as, osteoporosis. Dr. Susan Lark has innovated and developed different types of nutritional supplements and all natural products in the field of women’s health and hormonal balance, her products were invented to allow women to achieve hormone balance without having to utilize conventional hormone replacement therapies.
According to Healthy Directions, “she is a distinguished clinician and author of 13 best-selling books on women’s health, including Chemistry of Success and the cookbook Eat Papayas Naked, as well as a series of self-help books on women’s health topics like hot flashes, PMS, chronic fatigue. Her most recent book is Hormone Revolution, written with Kimberly S. Day, she has been featured in many publications, including Real Simple, Reader’s Digest, Better Homes & Gardens, New Woman, Family Circle, The New York Times, The San Francisco Chronicle
The Karni Crossing was a cargo terminal on the Israel-Gaza Strip barrier located in the north-eastern end of the Gaza Strip and was opened in 1994 to allow Palestinian merchants to export and import goods. This was done as a'back-to-back' transfer, meaning that Palestinian products meant for export was removed from a Palestinian truck and placed in an Israeli truck, or vice versa for incoming goods; the Karni Crossing was used by the residents of Netzarim since the Karni road was the only route to that isolated Israeli settlement on which Jewish travel was allowed after the 1994 implementation of the Oslo Accords. The Karni Crossing is managed by the Israel Airports Authority, unlike the Erez Crossing, managed by the Israel Defense Forces; when Hamas took over the Gaza Strip in June 2007, Israel closed the terminal. The crossing has been affected by the Israeli Blockade of the Gaza Strip. At the end of March 2011 Israel permanently shut the Karni Crossing. According to the management, the crossing is named after Joseph Karni, an Israeli who had set up a modern packing warehouse in the Gaza Strip near the present-day cargo terminal shortly after Israel captured the strip in 1967.
The Palestinians call it Al-Montar, after the nearby Ali Montar hill. The Karni Crossing was opened in 1994 after the signing of the Oslo Accords to allow Palestinian merchants to export and import goods; the Karni Crossing has been attacked several times by Palestinian militants since the beginning of the Second Intifada in 2000, in either mortar attacks or frontal infantry assaults, forcing temporary shut-downs for repairs and enhancement of security procedures. Both Palestinians and Israelis have been killed in these attacks; as a crossing between Israel and the Gaza Strip, the Karni Crossing has been used for hostile activities by armed forces from the Palestinian side. Militant Palestinian factions have used the Karni Crossing to smuggle suicide bombers and explosive belts into Israel; the deadliest suicide attack to come via Karni was the Port of Ashdod bombing in 2004. In 2006, the Israeli authorities closed the crossing for over 100 days due to terror alerts and rocket fire. Between September 2006 and June 2007, the crossing was open daily except for several brief closures due to Palestinian labour strikes.
When Hamas took over the Gaza Strip in June 2007, Israel closed the terminal. The previous operators, who were affiliated with Fatah, had fled to the West Bank. Hamas has offered to bring Fatah back to Karni or hire a Turkish company to operate the Palestinian side, but Israel has refused to deal with Hamas, the de facto authority in the Gaza Strip. In June 2007, the UNWRA coordinator commended the IDF on moving humanitarian shipments to the secondary Kerem Shalom and Sufa crossings, hoped that Karni could be reopened as part of a longer-term solution. At the end of March 2011, Israel permanently shut the Karni Crossing. Karni border crossing attack "Karni Terminal info". Israel Airports Authority. "Israel, the West Bank and Gaza. Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U. S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2010-09-24. Steve Erlanger. "Isolation of Gaza Chokes Off Trade". The New York Times. Matthew Krieger. "FICC calls on Olmert, Barak to reopen Karni crossing to Gaza".
The Jerusalem Post. Greg Myre. "Gaza Crossings: Choked Passages to Frustration". The New York Times. Coordinates: 31°28′29″N 34°28′25″E
The Gatton Murders known as the Gatton Tragedy, the Gatton Mystery and the Murphy Murders, is the name given to an unsolved triple homicide that occurred 1.5 miles from the town of Gatton, Australia. Michael Murphy, aged 29, his younger sisters, Norah, 27, Theresa'Ellen', 18, were killed between 10pm and 4am on 26–27 December 1898, while returning home from a proposed dance, cancelled. Michael had been shot and bludgeoned, Norah strangled and bludgeoned, Theresa'Ellen' bludgeoned twice; the Murphy family owned a farm at Blackfellow's Creek, some 8 miles from Gatton and 61 miles west of Queensland's capital, Brisbane. The 1901 census listed the population as 449 people. In the late 19th century the town was a major stopover point on the road from Brisbane to the Darling Downs, with two major bridges and a railway line, the town was a expanding service centre for the district. Michael and Daniel Murphy had both left home, Michael working on a government experimental farm near Westbrook, while Daniel was a Brisbane police constable.
Michael had returned home for the Christmas holidays and on 26 December, 1898, had taken his sister Theresa'Ellen' to the Mount Sylvia Races in nearby Caffey. At 8pm, Michael and his sisters Norah and Theresa'Ellen', left home to attend a dance due to be held at the Gatton Hall. Arriving at 9pm, they found that the dance had been cancelled and began the return journey home, but failed to arrive. Early the following morning, Mrs. Murphy asked her son-in-law William M'Neill to go to Gatton to find out why they had not returned. Michael had borrowed M'Neill's sulky for the outing and while on the Tent-Hill road to Gatton, M'Neill recognised his sulky's distinctive tracks turning off the road through a sliprail. M'Neill followed the tracks along a rough winding trail through wattle scrub for around.75 miles before finding his missing relatives. M'Neill found the victims in a field 1.2 miles from Gatton. Michael and Theresa'Ellen' were lying back-to-back, within 2 feet of each other. Norah lay on a neatly spread rug, 28 feet to the east.
Both women had their hands tied behind their backs with handkerchiefs. Forming a triangle, the sulky faced south, 36 feet from Norah; the horse still lay between the shafts. Their legs were arranged with the feet pointing west; this signature behaviour has never been repeated in Australian crime and, like the Gatton Murders themselves, remains a mystery. Inexplicably, M'Neill contacted Acting-Sergeant William Arrell, in charge of the Gatton police station, who arranged for police from Brisbane to attend; this led to further delays, with the investigating officers not arriving until 48 hours after the discovery of the bodies. The bodies were moved to the Gilbert's hotel and at 4pm Dr. Von Lossberg, the Government Medical Officer at Ipswich arrived and between 4-5pm began an autopsy. Michael had been struck with a blunt instrument on the right side of the head. Theresa'Ellen' had her skull fractured by two blows to the left side of her head; the wounds and position of the bodies when found indicated that Michael and Theresa'Ellen' were sitting upright and back-to-back when struck.
Norah had been struck on the left side of her head, pulverising her skull to the extent that her brain was protruding. In addition, Norah had tight enough to have caused death, it is alleged that both women had been "outraged". In the absence of semen, based on the evidence of Sergeant Arrell that he found a pool of blood, which turned the soil to mud and stuck to the underside of the rug on which Nora's body was found, it appears that both women had been raped with the brass-mounted handle of a whip. An extensive police search for the whip met with negative results. M'Neill testified that, although Michael's hands were not tied when he first saw the body, it appeared that his hands had been tied behind his back at some point, with one holding an open purse. However, all other witnesses stated that Michael's hands were not tied, but that a breeching strap lay nearby, that an empty purse was lying a short distance from the body; when his body was removed from the site at about 1.30pm, Michael was now found to have the breeching strap between his untied hands, with the empty purse held in one.
Known to have had 15 shillings in the purse the night before, it was speculated that someone may have untied Michael to access the purse: "Either Gilbert, one of the party, or M'Neill took the purse." This has never been explained. The original post mortems were conducted by the Government Medical Officer Dr. Von Lossberg, with Sergeant Arrell supervising. From interviews with people who had seen the bodies, Chief Inspector Stuart determined that Michael may have been shot in the head, but this was not found by Dr. Von Lossberg, despite claims that he had been asked to look for a bullet. Stuart ordered that all three bodies be exhumed and it was found that the original post mortems were no more than superficial examinations. Although decomposition was advanced, it was now found that Michael had indeed been shot in the right side of his head subsequently struck on the same spot with a blunt instrument, so that the wound obscured the bullet hole; the bullet was recovered from the skull. Mr. Wiggins, J.
P. testified that he had ordered the burials without an order for burial because he believed the post mortems had been completed and assumed that Von Lossberg had not carried any orders with him. Wiggins assumed. Sub-Inspector Galbraith te
J. R. R. Tolkien, a scholar of Old English, Middle English, Old Norse, used alliterative verse extensively in both translations and his own poetry. Most of his alliterative verse is in modern English, in a variety of styles, but he composed Old English alliterative verses; the Lay of the Children of Húrin, an unfinished poetic version of the story of Túrin, going as far as Túrin's sojourn in Nargothrond. It exists in two versions, both incomplete. Short parts of the Lay were remodelled into self-standing alliterative poems, Winter Comes to Nargothrond and an untitled poem on the waters of Sirion. All are published in The Lays of Beleriand; the Flight of the Noldoli, an unfinished poem describing Fëanor's speech urging the Noldor to return to Middle-earth, another unfinished poem describing the aftermath of the Fall of Gondolin. Both are published in The Lays of Beleriand; the Nameless Land, a poem in the meter of Pearl, first published 1927. Three versions are published in The Lost Other Writings.
Numerous short verses in The Lord of the Rings: At Théoden's Death, Burial Song of Théoden, Call-to-Arms of the Rohirrim, Éomer's Song, Lament for Théoden, The Long List of the Ents, Malbeth the Seer's Words, Song of the Mounds of Mundburg, Théoden's Battle Cry. Most of these are attributed to the Rohirrim, a nation in The Lord of the Rings whose language and nomenclature are portrayed as Old English, though all of these verses are in Modern English. A verse version of the oath of Fëanor and his sons, incorporated into the text of the Annals of Aman for the year 1495, published in Morgoth's Ring, it differs from the comparable verses in The Flight of the Noldoli. A poem about the Istari published in Unfinished Tales. Völsungakviða en nýja and Guðrúnarkviða en nýja; these two Modern English narrative poems of the 1930s, in the Old Norse fornyrðislag stanza, are based on the Völsungasaga and Atlakviða, retelling the Norse legend of Sigurd and the fall of the Niflungs. These poems are published together under the title The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrun, edited by Christopher Tolkien.
King Sheave, a poem describing the arrival of Sheave, a postulated Germanic culture hero, in 154 lines. It was an incomplete portion of a longer projected poem written in the late 1930s, but was treated as a complete poem for its insertion into Tolkien's unfinished novel The Notion Club Papers, published in Sauron Defeated. Nearly identical versions appear in Sauron Defeated, it was loosely integrated into Tolkien's writings on Númenor, but contains no material specific to Tolkien's mythos. The Fall of Arthur, an unfinished poem on the betrayal of Mordred and Arthur's last battles, 954 lines, published 2013; the Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm's Son, 354 lines, an alliterative verse drama describing the aftermath of the Battle of Maldon, first published in 1953. Bagme Bloma, an 18-line poem in Gothic in a trochaic metre, with irregular end-rhymes and irregular alliteration in each line. Published in Songs for the Philologists. Enigmata Saxonica Nuper Inventa Duo, two riddles written in Old English, describing an egg and a candle respectively.
The first is written in normal alliterative metre, while the second includes internal rhyme in each line. First published in a poetry collection called A Northern Venture. An unfinished Old English poem based on the Atlakviða, published in The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrun. Four lines in Old English describing the repulse of the dragon Glómund by the Elf-king Fingon, appearing in The Shaping of Middle-earth. Five lines in Old English attributed to the mariner Ælfwine, the fictional translator of various Elvish works; these appear in the story of The Lost Road, attached to a poem called The Song of Ælfwine, as part of a preamble to the text called Quenta Silmarillion, all published in The Lost Road and Other Writings. Seven lines in Old English that are part of an Anglo-Saxon episode written for the story of The Lost Road. 36–38 and 44–46 of The Seafarer. A revision of the same, together with a Modern English translation in 7 verse lines, appears in The Notion Club Papers. Six Old English lines translating the first four lines of King Sheave, appearing in The Notion Club Papers.
Four lines of Old English heroic verse, celebrating King Edward the Elder's victory over a Viking army at Archenfield. They appear in The Notion Club Papers. A verse translation of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight in 2532 lines, of which 2027 are alliterative. A verse translation of Pearl in 1212 lines of rhymed verse. Both were published posthumously in 1975. A verse translation of some nine lines from the Old English Battle of Brunanburh, forming part of an essay on "Anglo-Saxon verse" and published together with The Fall of Arthur. Remaining unpublished is an incomplete verse translation of Beowulf of about 600 lines. Shippey, Tom; the Road to Middle-Earth. London: Grafton
Karaage meaning "Tang fry" is a Japanese cooking technique in which various foods—most chicken, but other meat and fish—are deep fried in oil. The process involves coating small pieces of the meat or fish with flour, or potato or corn starch, frying in a light oil; the foods are marinated prior to coating. The process differs from the preparation of tempura, not marinated and uses a batter for coating. Karaage is served alone or with rice and shredded cabbage, it has become popular to eat Karaage wrapped with green perilla leaves and lettuce leaves. Karaage is cited to have been popularized in the 1920s by the Toyoken restaurant in Beppu, Japan; the method was popularized because of the food shortages in Japan after World War 2 for chicken. Chicken was a popular meal, but using the Karaage method made it easier to cook, provided a different way to eat chicken; the roots of the style of cooking can be found in Chinese cooking, it is similar to how they fry tofu for vegetarian dishes. The method of frying, has been around since tempura in the Edo period of Japan.
They use a similar process to the Karaage style of Japanese cooking. Since the 1920s, the dish has spread throughout all of Japan. Karaage is in reference to fried chicken, as the fried chicken has become the most widespread version of the cooking style. Karaage—the chicken version—is available in convenience stores such as Lawson, Family Mart, 7/11 as a fast food item, it is readily available in food stands all throughout Japan. Karaage is widely available in festivals and food stalls throughout Japan. One such festival is the Oita annual Karaage Festival, where over 60 different shops participate to provide unique versions of the Japanese delicacy. Karaage has made several TV appearances; the most notable appearance has been in the anime/manga series Shokugeki no Souma, a show about a young aspiring chef who sticks to his roots in fast food. Another notable mention was Anthony Bourdain. Bourdain sang praises for the Japanese fried dish in an interview, saying that he always stopped by Lawsons to pick up karaage when he visited Japan.
Since Karaage has spread throughout Japan, there have been many regional. Here are the most notable ones: Zangi- Hokkaido prefecture's version of karaage, made with a marinade and served with a spicy dipping sauce. Tebasaki- Nagoya’s version of karaage, made with bone in chicken wings, sprinkled with sesame seeds and basted with a special sauce. Toriten- Oita prefecture’s version of karaage, coated in wheat flour and used as a topping for udon noodles. Chicken nanban- Miyazaki prefecture’s version of karaage, dipped in sweet vinegar and topped with tartar sauce. Gurukun no kara-age- Okinawa prefecture’s version of karaage. Gurukun is Okinawa’s official and most popular fish called a “banana fish”, it is a fish fried whole and served with lemon. Dakgangjeong- Korea's take on fried chicken similar to Karaage, but made with milk and a sort of sweet/spicy sauce consisting of soy sauce, rice wine, red chili pepper paste and seasonings. List of cooking techniques List of deep fried foods TempuraFood portal Japan Karaage Association Karaage JP Photos and further info about karaage Chicken Karaage recipe