Eternal Flame (Belgrade)

The Eternal Flame is a memorial in the Park of Friendship in the Serbian capital of Belgrade, dedicated to the military and civilian casualties resulting from the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999. The memorial was unveiled on 12 June 2000, to commemorate the first anniversary of the end of the bombing, it was vandalized following the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević and was in a state of ruin for several years. The monument was conceived by Mirjana Marković, the leader of the Yugoslav Left and wife of Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević, it was planned to have a height of 78 meters, to symbolize the 78 days of the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. It was completed in only 10 days and was unveiled by Serbian president Milan Milutinović on 12 June 2000; the ceremony was attended by Federal Defence Minister Dragoljub Ojdanić, chairman of the Directorate for the Reconstruction of the Country Milutin Mrkonjić and many other high-ranking Yugoslav officials. During the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević in October 2000, the monument was vandalized and the gas flow was stopped.

Notably, an early intervention was the replacement of the word "vatra" with "vutra" – the word for marijuana in the šatrovački street slang. In the following years, the obelisk was defaced with graffiti and the letters of the inscription were progressively stolen until only two commas were left in 2006; this has been studied by the Russian-Swedish artist Alexander Vaindorf as an example of the mechanisms of the reconstruction of history. Thanks to an initiative by the Generals and Admirals Club of Serbia, the monument was cleaned in 2009; the Street and Square Names Commission stated that the monument was never restored because it was erected contrary to usual procedure, was not protected by the Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments. The plateau surrounding the monument was renovated in 2019. In March 2019, the Party of Modern Serbia started an initiative to rededicate the monument as a Monument to the Victims of the 1987–2000 Regime; the memorial is located in the Ušće neighborhood of Belgrade, Serbia.

The place was occupied by a statue of Thutmose III, a gift from the government of Egypt. The monument consists of a 27 metres tall concrete obelisk, topped with a 5-meter tall bronze fire sculpture from which an eternal flame protrudes; the gas for the eternal flame is supplied by the company Energogas. As of March 2019, it has been inoperative since the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević during which the piping was damaged, it was decorated with 4 searchlights mounted on the base of the obelisk, which were stolen and have not been replaced as of March 2019. The 5.5-meter wide eastern wall of the obelisk's base was decorated with a short text by Mirjana Marković. The letters of the text have all been stolen, have not been replaced as of March 2019; the northern and southern walls are decorated with marble blocks containing quotes from the poems Jugoslavija and Domovini by Branko Miljković. Park of Friendship, New Belgrade Mirjana Marković Media related to Eternal flame at Wikimedia Commons

St. Nicholas Chapel (Sand Point, Alaska)

St. Nicholas Chapel is a historic Russian Orthodox chapel in Sand Point, Alaska. Now it is under Diocese of Alaska of the Orthodox Church in AmericaIt was built in 1936. According to a 1979 evaluation of the church for possible historic registry listing, it is "a building of strong religious statement and expressive." The evaluation notes that its entrance vestibule is within a "commanding" square tower at its west end, which "rises to a truncated pyramidal roof above its second level, supports a handsome open-work octagonal bell tower". As of 1979, it was in deteriorated condition and services were no longer conducted in the building, but the building was "kept neat" and secure from vandalism. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. National Register of Historic Places listings in Aleutians East Borough, Alaska Historic American Buildings Survey No. AK-75, "St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, Sand Point, Aleutians East Borough, AK", 8 photos, 1 color transparency, 3 data pages, 2 photo caption pages