SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Fortuna, California

Fortuna is a city on the northeast shore of the Eel River, is on U. S. Route 101 in west-central Humboldt County, United States; the population was 11,926 at the 2010 census, up from 10,497 at the 2000 census. The settlement was called "Slide," for Slide Hill, in 1874, named for the slide, a fixture on the northeast side of the Eel River and the southwest portion of Christian Ridge just to the northwest, near the edge of town. In 1875, the name was changed to Springville during the construction of the Springville Mill, a lumber mill for the nearby redwood forests, named so because of the numerous springs in the area; the mill's owners were Alexander Masson, M. N. Weber and G. F. Gushaw. Springville was a company town belonging to the mill, the few people that resided there all worked at the mill. By the late 1870s Springville had grown enough to warrant a post office, but a town called Springville, California existed in the state; the post office was named Slide on May 24, 1876. In 1884 the residents petitioned the state legislature for the name Fortuna, Spanish for "fortune" and Latin for "chance," and by July 3, 1888 the name was changed to Fortuna.

The name was chosen when settlers saw the proximity of the forests, the river and its valley, the Pacific Ocean, as ideal for enjoying a good quality of life, felt "fortunate" to live there. It is believed that a local minister and real estate agent, desiring to sell lots to newcomers, devised the name as a marketing tool. Electricity came to Fortuna in 1883 when W. J. Swortzel and George W. Williams, owners of the Springville Mill Company, built a $4,000 power plant; some of the local sawmills were powered by electricity, by providing power to the mills and Williams saw the opportunity to provide inexpensive electric lighting to the townspeople. The town was incorporated on February 20, 1906, because of the Eel River, became known for its agricultural prowess in vegetable crops and fruits, for the fresh fish from the river. Although agricultural industry was expanding, the lumber industry is what started the town, would continue as the main source of local income for some time to come. Rohnerville, a town founded to service the many gold miners inhabiting the mountains to the north and east, was competing with Fortuna to be the leading township in the area.

The miners would come by ship to Eureka, head up the Eel River to the junction with the Van Duzen River, from whence the miners headed east up the Van Duzen River Valley into Trinity County. Rohnerville was at this junction, looked to prosper from selling supplies to the miners, but when it was decided that the railroad would be routed through neighboring Fortuna, it set both towns' fate. The Eel River and Eureka Railroad was built in 1884 to provide Humboldt Bay shipping access to the lumber mills and farms of the lower Eel River. Atchison and Santa Fe Railway reorganized Fortuna's railroad as the San Francisco and Northwestern Railway in 1903, completed the Northwestern Pacific Railroad to San Francisco in 1914. Fortuna became the rail hub for smaller communities like Alton, Ferndale, Newburg, Port Kenyon and Waddington. Fortuna was the location of one of two secondary mills of the storied Pacific Lumber Company, headquartered ten miles south in Scotia. Since Fortuna's earliest days in the 1800s, its nickname has been "The Friendly City."

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles, all of it land. Fortuna is located 7 miles from the Pacific coast on the bank of the Eel River; the community is affected by coastal weather patterns with the Pacific Ocean to the west. Fortuna is served by U. S. Route 101 providing direct access to San Francisco 253 miles to the south, to Eureka 14 miles to the north; the western terminus of California State Route 36 intersects U. S. Route 101 1 mile just south of the city limits. Fortuna is surrounded by national and county redwood parks, is the gateway to the redwood forests of Northern California. Sequoia sempervirens live to be 2,500 years old; the 33-mile Avenue of the Giants offers views of the area's redwoods, carries visitors through a number of groves. Stops include Founders Grove, the Visitor Center near Weott and several locations that provide trail access; the area sees summers that are not as foggy as Eureka and Arcata to the north, run a few degrees warmer.

The 2010 United States Census reported that Fortuna had a population of 11,926. The population density was 2,461.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Fortuna was 9,686 White, 73 African American, 444 Native American, 106 Asian, 9 Pacific Islander, 1,065 from other races, 543 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,032 persons; the census reported that 11,665 people lived in households, 189 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 72 were institutionalized. There were 4,688 households, out of which 1,509 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,135 were heterosexual married couples living together, 579 had a female householder with no husband present, 279 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 363 unmarried heterosexual partnerships, 38 (0

Conus quercinus

Conus quercinus, common names the oak cone or the yellow cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. The size of the shell varies between 140 mm; the shell has a lemon-yellow color, with numerous fine, rather chestnut revolving lines. In old specimens the revolving lines become obsolete; the spire is rather elevated, with a concave outline. The shoulder of the body whorl is obtusely angulated; this species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific including Hawaii, Republic of the Marshall Islands, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean off Aldabra, the Mascarene Basin and Mauritius. Lightfoot, J. 1786. A catalogue of the Portland Museum the property of the Duchess Dowager of Portland: deceased which will be sold by auction, by Mr. Skinner and Co. etc.

London viii, 194 pp. + 44 pp. Gmelin J. F. 1791. Caroli a Linné. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, genera, cum characteribus, synonymis, locis. Lipsiae: Georg. Emanuel. Beer Vermes. Vol. 1 pp. 3021–3910 Bruguière, M. 1792. Encyclopédie Méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers. Paris: Panckoucke Vol. 1 i-xviii, 757 pp. Link, H. F. 1817. Beschreibung der Naturalien Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. Rostock: Alders Erben Vol. 2 99 pp. Sowerby, G. B. 1858. Thesaurus Conchyliorum. Vol. 54 pl. 11, figs. 239-240. Sowerby, G. B. 1887. Thesaurus Conchyliorum. Supplements to the Monograph of Conus and Voluta. Vol. 5 249-279, pls 29-36. Sowerby, G. B. 1914. Descriptions of new mollusca from New Caledonia, Philippines and West Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 8 14: 475-480 Shaw, H. O. N. 1915. Descriptions of colour varieties of Conus quercinus Hwass, Cypraea lamarkii Gray. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 11: 210 Fenaux 1942. Nouvelles espèces du genre Conus.

Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique Monaco 814: 1-4 Demond, J. 1957. Micronesian reef associated gastropods. Pacific Science 11: 275-341, fig. 2, pl. 1. Garrard, T. A. 1966. New species of Mollusca from Eastern Australia with notes on some known species. Journal of Malacological Society of Australia 10: 3-12 Wilson, B. R. & Gillett, K. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. Sydney: Reed Books 168 pp. Salvat, B. & Rives, C. 1975. Coquillages de Polynésie. Tahiti: Papeete les editions du pacifique, pp. 1–391. Cernohorsky, W. O. 1978. Tropical Pacific marine shells. Sydney: Pacific Publications 352 pp. 68 pls. Kay, E. A. 1979. Hawaiian Marine Shells. Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii. Section 4: Mollusca. Honolulu, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publication Vol. 64 653 pp. Drivas, J. & M. Jay. Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice, Collection Les Beautés de la Nature. Delachaux et Niestlé: Neuchâtel. ISBN 2-603-00654-1.

159 pp. Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, WA: Odyssey Publishing Vol. 2 370 pp. Röckel, D. Korn, W. & Kohn, A. J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae. Volume 1: Indo-Pacific Region. Wiesbaden: Hemmen 517 pp. Filmer R. M.. A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp. Tucker J. K.. Recent cone species database. 4 September 2009 Edition. Tucker J. K. & Tenorio M. J. Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp. Petit R. E. George Brettingham Sowerby, I, II & III: their conchological publications and molluscan taxa. Zootaxa 2189: 1–218. Severns M. Shells of the Hawaiian Islands - The Sea Shells. Conchbooks, Hackenheim. 564 pp. Puillandre N. Duda T. F. Meyer C. Olivera B. M. & Bouchet P.. One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23 The Conus Biodiversity website Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Calamiconus quercinus".

Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019

Half Human

Half Human is a 1955 tokusatsu film directed by Ishirō Honda in 1955. The film was re-edited, dubbed and re-titled Half Human when it was released in the United States on Dec. 10, 1958 as the bottom half of a double feature with Monster from Green Hell. The Japanese version is told in flashbacks framed by scenes of a reporter questioning the expedition after they have returned from their harrowing ordeal in the mountains. Five young friends, university students, have come to the Japanese Alps in Nagano during New Year's for a skiing vacation. Among them are Takashi Iijima his girlfriend Machiko Takeno, her elder brother Kiyoshi Takeno and their friends Nakada and Kaji. Rather than the five of them skiing together, Kiyoshi announces that he will follow Kaji to the cabin of a mutual friend named Gen, meet the other three at the inn. Takashi and Nakada arrive at the inn, welcomed by the manager Matsui, who informs them that a blizzard is approaching; the caretaker tries to telephone the remote cabin.

He tries to hide his concern. While Takashi takes over trying to ring the cabin, Machiko stares out the window into the deepening storm, she catches sight of a shadowy figure shambling toward the lodge: a fur-clad young woman named Chika, who lives in a remote village somewhere deep in the mountains. Chika is none too pleased to see so many visitors in the lodge, since the people of her village shun all contact with outsiders. However, the night is so brutal that she has little choice but to join them if she wants to stay warm. There is still no response from the cabin; the lodge telephone starts ringing. Machiko runs to the phone. Through the earpiece comes the sound of screams, followed by a single gunshot. There is a moment of silence. Takashi picks up the receiver, he hears the line goes dead. Chika slips away, unnoticed by the others; the next day, as soon as the weather clears, a rescue party goes off to find Kaji. Gen is found dead on the cabin floor, their injuries suggest. Of the elder Takeno, there is no sign.

Takashi and Nakata find strange tufts of hair around the cabin, as though whatever had left them was absurdly large. But most disturbing of all are the enormous bare footprints leading off into the snow; the search team splits up, with one group bringing the dead men back to the lodge and the other continuing the search for Kiyoshi. By nightfall, there is still no sign of Kiyoshi and the leader of the rescue team informs the others that they will have to return to Tōkyo until the snow thaws. Six months the snow on the mountains have thawed enough for a proper search to be mounted and Machiko return to the Japanese Alps with anthropologist Professor Shigeki Koizumi as leader of the expedition. There is little hope of Kiyoshi having survived, a fact which Machiko seems to have come to terms with. Determining Kiyoshi's fate, though, is incidental to Koizumi's intentions: the main focus of the expedition is to find out if there is a unknown bipedal primate lurking in the area; when the party arrives at an inn, Machiko is distracted by a monkey in a cage.

As she stops to feed it some treats, the shifty little man who seems to own the animal turns to the innkeeper and asks him who the Koizumi expedition might be. The innkeeper explains that this is a famous zoologist from the city who will be spending some time in the area; as soon as the innkeeper's back is turned, the little man sneaks out of the room and goes to find his boss. His boss is an animal broker of less-than-sterling reputation, his job is to capture animals for circuses and he has heard stories of one animal in particular that account for his presence here. When his lackey tells him a university scientist has come with a equipped expedition, Ōba has no trouble guessing what he is looking for. Ōba had thought. But there may be an upside to Koizumi's competition. Ōba and his men can follow the expedition surreptitiously, make use of Koizumi's knowledge of the local wildlife and sneak in ahead of him when they start getting close to their target. Little does; as the expedition gets further into the mountains, a white-bearded old man and his oddly shaped sidekick watch them warily.

Late one night, as the expedition tries to get some sleep after the day's misfortunes, a large shadow falls across Machiko's tent. A face of an ape-like creature appears at the tent window; the creature scream. The Snowman runs off into the forest. Takashi takes a bad fall; as he stumbles back to the campfire that he believes marks the expedition site, he is astonished to find himself surrounded by Ōba and his cronies. Ōba's men casually toss him into a lethally deep ravine. Takashi is found at the bottom of the cliff by none other than Chika, the girl who appeared and disappeared so mysteriously during the snowstorm. Chika brings him back to her village, a place so isolated that it has had little or no contact with the outside world for generations and the population