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Forward scatter

In physics, telecommunications, astronomy, forward scatter is the deflection—by diffraction, nonhomogeneous refraction, or nonspecular reflection by particulate matter of dimensions that are large with respect to the wavelength in question but small with respect to the beam diameter—of a portion of an incident electromagnetic wave, in such a manner that the energy so deflected propagates in a direction, within 90° of the direction of propagation of the incident wave. The scattering process may be sensitive to polarization. Forward scatter differs from backscatter. Forward scattering can make a back-lit comet appear brighter because the dust and ice crystals are reflecting and enhancing the apparent brightness of the comet by scattering that light towards the observer. Comets studied forward-scattering in visible-thermal photometry include C/1927 X1, C/1975 V1, C/1980 Y1. Comets studied forward-scattering in SOHO non-thermal C3 coronograph photometry include 96P/Machholz and C/2004 F4; the brightness of the great comets C/2006 P1 and Comet Skjellerup–Maristany near perihelion were enhanced by forward scattering.

This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C". Cassini's Views of Saturn's Rings Light Scattering Demonstration

Magdalena WoliƄska-Riedi

Magdalena Wolińska-Riedi is a Polish-Vatican journalist and television presenter. She started working as a travel presenter after graduating from the University of Warsaw before becoming the Telewizja Polska Italian correspondent. Wolińska-Riedi has a degree in Italian studies from the University of Warsaw and a degree in church history from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, she studied at the Diplomatic Academy in Warsaw. Wolińska-Riedi started her career working as a television presenter for Polsat presenting travel programmes. In 2014, she replaced Urszula Rzepczak as the Italian correspondent for the Polish television network Telewizja Polska, she was invited to take up the role as the Telewizja Polska executives had seen her host a documentary about Polish people in the Vatican City. In 2016, Wolińska-Riedi was invited by the President of Poland Andrzej Duda to present a gift on behalf of Poland to Pope Francis as the only representative of Poland located in the Vatican City; this gesture was controversial and considered a breach of diplomatic protocol for Wolińska-Riedi to make the presentation as state gifts are supposed to be given by the head of state or high-ranking member of the government.

In addition to working as a journalist, Wolińska-Riedi works as a Polish translator for Italian and Latin. Through these translation work, she has been associated with the Holy See's Sacred Roman Rota and the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura in a legal capacity. Wolińska-Riedi is married to a member of the Pontifical Swiss Guard and was married by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who would become Pope Benedict XVI, she has lived and worked in Vatican City since 2003. She holds Vatican City citizenship through her marriage to her husband, thus making her one of 30 women to hold Vatican citizenship in the world, she has two daughters, both of whom were baptized by Pope Benedict

Conus ebraeus

Conus ebraeus, common name the black-and-white cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Conus ebraeus has recognisable small, squat shell, with a rounded, short spire; the shell is white, with a pattern of blackish squares, sometimes rose-tinted, with three or four revolving bands composed of irregular longitudinal dark chocolate or nearly black markings. The aperture is white with clouded bands corresponding with the exterior markings; the surface is more or less striate throughout, but striae are more prominent towards the dark stained base. The width of the shell of type specimen is 19 mm; the height of the shell of type specimen is 28 mm. The height of the shell varies from 25 mm to 62 mm. Conus ebraeus is one of the most distributed members of its genus and occurs in shallow water, tropical regions throughout the Indo-West and eastern Pacific, from the Red Sea to the shores of the Americas; the type locality is India.

Localities include: Aldabra Chagos Guam Hawaii Houtman Abrolhos Kenya Madagascar Mascarene Basin Mozambique Okinawa Papua New Guinea Red Sea Tanzania West Coast of South Africa Conus ebraeus lives near rocky shores, lower eulittoral under boulders. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. While the focal prey of Conus ebraeus are eunicid polychaetes at most locations in the Indo-West Pacific, at Hawaii and the Seychelles this species predominantly preys on nereid polychaetes; these results suggest. Prey of Conus ebraeus include Perinereis helleri, Palola sp. Eunice cariboea and Lysidice collaris. Linnaeus, C.. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, genera, cum characteribus, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. Ii, 824 pp This article incorporates CC-BY-2.5 text from the reference and CC-BY-SA-3.0 text from the reference and public domain text from the reference.

Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Virroconus ebraeus". Retrieved 15 January 2019

Josipa Rimac

Josipa Rimac is a Croatian politician who served as a mayor of Knin in three terms from 2005 to 2015. She is a member of the main centre-right Croatian Democratic Union, she was elected mayor in June 2005 at the age of 25. Rimac was born in Lukar and spent her first four years of schooling in Knin, until the Croatian war of independence broke out in the 1990s, she went to school in Rijeka and Split and returned to Knin in October 1995, when the fighting stopped. Rimac studied at the school of economics where she learned the English language, she spent a lot of time volunteering for the local Red Cross in Knin, in 2000 was named director of the Red Cross in the city of Knin, the youngest director in the country. In 2005, Rimac was promoted to director of the Red Cross in Šibenik-Knin County, she has been involved with politics since school, became a member of the HDZ. On June 10, 2005, she was elected mayor of Knin. In September 2015 Rimac submitted her resignation to the position of mayor of Knin so she could "participate in the HDZ election campaign for the 2015 parliamentary elections."

On September 25, 2015, Croatian Parliament unanimously and without debate took away Rimac's parliamentary immunity thereby allowing the State Attorney's Office to continue the investigation against her for suspected illegally acquiring apartment and damaging the state budget for more than 500,000 kunas while she served as a Mayor. Rimac is married with Katja. Josipa Rimac

Warren Cowan

Warren Cowan was a prominent American film industry publicist. From 1950 to 1992, he was a co-founder and named partner in Rogers & Cowan, the world's largest publicity firm. At the time of his death, he was described as "one of Hollywood’s most powerful and innovative publicists", known for his creative use of independent publicity, he was born to a Jewish family in the son of songwriter Rubey Cowan and Grace Cowan. He had one older brother, a songwriter, he attended a school for boys on the educational fast track. While attending the University of California, Los Angeles, Cowan majored in journalism and represented actress Linda Darnell. Cowan served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II for three years. In 1946, Cowan joined the firm established by Henry C. Rogers. In 1950, he became a partner in the firm, which changed its name to Rogers & Cowan, he was named president in 1964. Rogers & Cowan became one of the largest entertainment public relations firm in the world handling not only entertainers but high-tech manufacturers, publishers, movie studios and trade unions.

Whenever he was asked to name his favorite client, Cowan's constant answer was always "the next one."In 1950, Cowan staged the first celebrity charity-fundraiser, a golf tournament on behalf of motion picture director Frank Borzage. Rogers was the first agent to solicit public support for his client's nomination for an Academy Award, starting with Joan Crawford's performance in 1945's Mildred Pierce. In 1997, Cowan introduced Italian actor Roberto Benigni to his famous American peers, all of them Cowan clients and Academy voters, on behalf of Miramax. Benigni and his picture, Life Is Beautiful, won three Oscars that year. In 1988, Rogers & Cowan company was sold to Shandwick Plc. an English conglomerate. "It was the right move to make in some respects, but I found that I was doing too much, administrative and too little, creative," Cowan said. Cowan remained as chairman until 1992. In 1994,after a two-year non-competitive period, he launched a new company, Warren Cowan & Associates. Cowan had five marriages, four of which ended including two to actress Barbara Rush.

He had two daughters with his first wife, Hollywood columnist Ronnie Cowan: Daughters - Bonnie Fleming and Linda Cowan. He had one child with Fox News Channel reporter Claudia Cowan, his third wife was French actress Josette Banzet. His fourth marriage was to Barbara Rush, his fifth marriage was to Barbara Gilbert-Cowan. She is the mother of actors Melissa Gilbert, Sara Gilbert, Jonathan Gilbert, he had eight grandchildren. He died on May 2008 of cancer at his home in Los Angeles, he is buried at Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery. The Times - Obituary Warren Cowan at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television

Marine Drive Tunnel

The Marine Drive Tunnel is a proposed tunnel which will connect Marine Drive in Kollupitiya to the Colombo International Financial City. The Cabinet of Sri Lanka has approved the signing of the MOU in January 2018; the tunnel would begin at the northern-end of Marine Drive, before connecting to the CIFC after passing under Galle Face Green. Preliminary assessments are currently underway to further extend the road connection to the Colombo Harbour and the New Kelani Bridge, where the existing E03 expressway begins, before terminating at the Bandaranaike International Airport; the extension may be built as an elevated highway. The construction of the tunnel will further expand the Galle Face Green towards the ocean. Expressways of Sri Lanka "Port City company offers to extend Marine Drive in US $150mn project". Sri Lanka. 9 October 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2018. "FT. LK - WEDMESDAY, 24 JANUARY 2018 Sri Lanka signs two MOUs with China for building complex in Port City, underground Marine Drive". 24 January 2018.

Retrieved 18 February 2018