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Fountain of Neptune, Bologna

The Fountain of Neptune is a monumental civic fountain located in the eponymous square, Piazza del Nettuno, next to Piazza Maggiore, in Bologna, Italy The fountain is a model example of Mannerist taste of the Italian courtly elite in the mid-sixteenth century. The construction of the fountain was commissioned by the Cardinal Legate Charles Borromeo, to symbolize the fortunate recent election of Borromeo's uncle as Pope Pius IV. To clear space for the fountain, an entire edifice had to be demolished; the design and assembly of the fountain was completed by the Palermitan architect Tommaso Laureti in 1563. The fountain was completed in 1565; the over-life-size bronze figure of the god Neptune was completed and fixed in place around 1567. The statue was an early design by Giambologna, who had submitted a model for the Fountain of Neptune in Florence, but had lost the commission to Baccio Bandinelli. Neptune Fountain has its base on three steps, on which it is situated a tank made of the local boulder and covered by marble of Verona.

In the centre of the tank, there is a base where there are four Nereids who holding their breasts, from which jets of water emerge. The base is decorated with pontifical emblems, ornaments that - connected to four cherubs - hold dolphins (which are allegorical representation of major rivers from the then-known corners of the world: the Ganges, the Nile, the Amazon River, the Danube. In the centre of this base raises the majestic figure of the Neptune sculpted by Giambologna’s; the Neptune stretches his left hand in a lordly gesture, appearing to be aiming to placate the waves. On the four sides of the marble tank there are four inscriptions in Latin provide the background to the fountain's construction: Fori Ornamento; the four main sources of political power for Bologna are inscribed on the base: Pius IIII Pont. Max Petrus Donatus Caesius Gubernator. P. Q. B; the trident of the Neptune's statue inspired and it was used by Maserati brothers as emblem for their first car, the Maserati Tipo 26. The logo was realized in 1920 by one of the brothers, Mario Maserati, at the suggestion of a family friend, Marquis Diego de Sterlich.

This is still today the logo of the Maserati car company The fountain and its sculpture are one of the most iconic symbols of the city and references to them can be found in many symbols and logos. This includes the historical students' fraternity "Excelsa Neptuni Balla", on whose emblem figure two tridents. Several copies of the fountain exist around the world, such as in Laeken commissioned by king Leopold II. A copy of the statue of Neptune can be found at the entrance of the Yamato Museum in Hiroshima, while a cast - made in 1907 - is kept in the Bologna's Archeological Museum. Fountain of Neptune, Florence Neptune Mythology

Saturnalia (horse)

Saturnalia is a Japanese Thoroughbred racehorse. In 2018 he was rated the second-best two-year-old in Japan as he was undefeated in three starts including the Grade 1 Hopeful Stakes on his final appearance of the season. On his three-year-old debut he added another Grade 1 success as he took the Satsuki Sho but was beaten when odds-on favourite for the Tokyo Yushun. In the year he won the Kobe Shimbun Hai and finished second in the Arima Kinen. Saturnalia is a dark bay or brown horse with a white star bred in Japan by Northern Farm. During his racing career he was owned by U Carrot Farm; the colt was sent into training with Katsuhiko Sumii. Saturnalia was from the second crop of foals sired by Lord Kanaloa, an outstanding sprinter-miler, voted Japanese Horse of the Year in 2013. Saturnalia's dam Cesario was a top-class racemare won the Yushun Himba and the American Oaks and went on to produce the Japan Cup winner Epiphaneia and the Asahi Hai Futurity Stakes winner Leontes, she was a fourth-generation descendant of the Epsom Oaks winner Pia.

As a fourth-generation descendant of the Epsom Oaks winner Pia, Cesario was related to other major winners, including Chief Singer and Pleasantly Perfect. Saturnalia began his racing career in a maiden race over 1600 metres at Hanshin Racecourse on 10 June 2018 and won from Deep Diver and seven others. After a break of more than four months, the colt returned for the Listed Hagi Stakes over 1800 metres at Kyoto Racecourse on 27 October and won again, beating Jamil Fuerte and six others; when Sumii was banned from training horses after a drunk driving conviction Saturnalia's conditioning was handled by Kazuya Nakatake.) On 28 December, Saturnalia was stepped up in class to contest the Grade 1 Hopeful Stakes over 2000 metres at Nakayama Racecourse. Ridden by Mirco Demuro, he was made the 0.8/1 favourite ahead of twelve opponents including the Tokyo Sports Hai Nisai Stakes winner Nishino Daisy. After racing in second place behind the front-running Cosmo Calendula, Saturnalia produced a strong run in the straight, took the lead in the closing stages and won by one and a half lengths from Admire Justa, with third place going to Nishino Daisy.

After the race Demuro said "I feel great. I knew, he showed his strength though squeezing his way through the narrow opening. I am looking forward to his three-year-old season". In the official ratings for Japanese two-year-olds Saturnalia was rated the second best juvenile of the year, one pond behind the Asahi Hai Futurity Stakes winner Admire Mars. In January 2019 Saturnalia finished second to the Admire Mars in the polling for the Best Two-Year-Old Colt at the JRA Awards for 2018 receiving 123 votes against his rivals 153. Saturnalia moved back to the stable of Katsuhiko Sumii for the 2019 season. For his first run of the season the colt contested the Grade 1 Satsuki Sho, the first leg of the Japanese Triple Crown over 2000 metres at Nakayama on 14 April. In the run-up to the race his assistant trainer Yasuyuki Tsujino said "Things have been fine with him, his breathing’s good, he’s run well in training with control and power... He’s come along well, I don’t think he’s been extended." Ridden for the first time by Christophe Lemaire he was made the 0.7/1 favourite ahead of Admire Mars in an eighteen-runner field which included Velox, Danon Kingly and Meisho Tengen.

After racing in mid-division in the early stages, Saturnalia moved forward on the final turn and made a strong challenge in the straight taking the lead from Velox 200 metres from the finish. Velox rallied, while Danon Kingly produced a strong run up the inside rail but Saturnalia prevailed by a head and a nose. After the race Lemaire said "I rode him for the first time in the race but I had confidence in him, he drifted towards the inside when we took command before the crowd. His condition was not 100% as it was his first start this year but he should be in top condition going into the Japanese Derby."On 26 May Saturnalia started the 0.6/1 favourite against seventeen opponents for the Tokyo Yushun over 2400 metres and was ridden by Damian Lane. After racing in eleventh place for most of the way he made rapid progress in the straight but never looked to catch the leaders and came home fourth behind Roger Barows, Danon Kingly and Velox, beaten three and a quarter lengths by the winner. After an absence of four months Saturnalia returned in the Kobe Shinbun Hai over 2400 metres at Hanshin on 22 September and started the odds-on favourite in an eight-runner field.

Lemaire settled the colt in second place behind the frot-running Sifflement before taking the lead in the straight. Saturnalia drew away in the closing tagess to win by three lengths from Velox with a further length and a quarter back to World Premiere in third place. Lemaire commented "He showed his strength today, he needed a horse in front of him and he relaxed in the back straight. His start was no good in the Derby but it was good today. Looking forward to the future, I'm sure he's a super horse". On 27 October Saturnalia faced older for the first time in the autumn edition of the Tenno Sho over 2000 metres at Tokyo and started the 2.4/1 second favourite in a sixteen-runner field. He raced in third place for most of the way before fading in the straight and coming home sixth behind Almond Eye. For his final run of the year Saturnalia was matched against older horses again in the Arima Kinen over 2500 metres at Nakayama on 22 December, he raced towards the rear of the field before staying on in the straight to take second place behind the five-year-old mare Lys Gracieux.

In January 2020, at the JRA Awards for 2019, Saturnalia was voted Best

West Region, Ireland

The West Region is a NUTS Level III statistical region of the Republic of Ireland. It consists of the territory of Galway City, the regional capital, as well as the counties of Galway and Roscommon; the West region spans 13,801 km² and has a population of 453,109. Prior to 2014, the region was governed by the West Regional Assembly. Statutory instrument No. 573/2014 abolished that assembly. Since that date, the association between Regional Assemblies and NUTS regions has ceased; the NUTS regions are used for statistical reporting to Eurostat, while the Regional Assemblies are responsible for planning at a local government level. The region is located on the western seaboard of Ireland with the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the River Shannon delimiting the region to the east; the West Region is rural, with only 30% of its population living in urban areas. It is noted for its continuance of Irish traditions, such as the Irish language in the region's Gaeltacht areas; the West Region was administered by the West Regional Authority, which consisted of 28 elected representatives including the region's representative on the European Union Committee of the Regions.

These representatives met once a month and were nominated from the four administrative councils of the region: Galway City Council Galway County Council Mayo County Council Roscommon County CouncilThe Regional Authorities were dissolved in 2014 and were replaced by Regional Assemblies. According to the 2006 census, the region had a population of 380,057, which constitutes 9.7% of the national population. Its population density was 27 persons per km²; the population of the regional capital, Galway City, was 72,414. According to Eurostat figures for 2012, the region has GDP of €13.802 bn and a GDP per capita of €31,500. Tourism in the region is bolstered by its geography, with it attracting tourists from across Ireland and elsewhere, with inland rivers, lakes and plains, along with off shore islands, a large number of beaches, its rugged coastline amongst natural attractions. There is an international airport in the region – Ireland West Airport Knock, served by flights to the United Kingdom, continental Europe.

Mainline rail services operate from both Mayo to Dublin. The M6 motorway, connecting Galway to Dublin, was completed in 2009; the M17 motorway from Shannon to the M6 opened in 2010 and its short continuation north to Tuam opened in 2017. The Western Railway Corridor re-opened in 2010 as far as Athenry, a junction with the Dublin-Galway line. A list of the largest urban areas in the West Region. County capitals are shown in bold