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Fourth Air Force

The Fourth Air Force is a numbered air force of the Air Force Reserve Command. It is headquartered at California. 4 AF supervises the training of more than 30,000 Air Force Reservists. If called to active duty, 4 AF's ready reserve units would be assigned to Air Mobility Command, Air Education and Training Command, Pacific Air Forces. One of the four original pre–World War II numbered air forces, 4 AF was activated on 18 December 1940, at March Field, California with a mission of air defense of the Southwestern United States and Lower Midwest regions. During the war, its primary mission became the organization and training of combat units prior to their deployment to the overseas combat air forces. 4 AF is commanded by Major General Randall A. Ogden Fourth Air Force flying units include one unit-equipped air mobility and two unit-equipped airlift wings, five unit-equipped air refueling wings, three associate air mobility wings, two associate airlift wings and one associate air refueling wing.

Headquarters, Fourth Air Force, March ARB, California One of the four original numbered air forces, Fourth Air Force was activated as the Southwest Air District of the GHQ Air Force on 18 December 1940, at March Field, California. It was redesignated Fourth Air Force on 26 March 1941 with a mission for the defense of the Southwest and Lower Midwest regions of the United States. During World War II Fourth Air Force was the primary air defense command for the West Coast; the command flew antisubmarine patrols along coastal areas of the Gulf of Mexico from after Pearl Harbor until October 1942. One of its primary fighter units was the 10th Fighter Wing at California. On 29 September 1942, Rice Municipal Airport located in the Desert Training Center was acquired by the IV Air Support Command, was operational by 26 October 1942. Re-designated Rice AAF it was used to train pilots and crews of aircraft whose mission it was to support ground troops. Beginning in May 1942, the mission of Fourth Air Force became operational training of units and crews, the replacement training of individuals for bombardment and reconnaissance operations.

It received graduates of Army Air Forces Training Command flight schools. The Fourth Air Force became predominantly a fighter RTU organization. Most P-51 Mustang and P-38 Lightning groups were trained by Fourth Air Force due to the proximity of their manufacturing plants in Southern California. By 1944, most of the Operational Training of groups ended, with the command concentrating on RTU training of individual replacements using Army Air Force Base Units as training organizations at the airfields controlled by Fourth Air Force. Air Defense Wings were organized for the major metropolitan areas along the West Coast, using training units attached to the Wings. By 1944 the likelihood of a full-scale air attack along the West Coast since the bombing of Dutch Harbor two years earlier was remote, these air defense wings were reduced to paper units. On 13 December 1944, Second and Fourth Air Force were all were placed under the unified command of the Continental Air Forces. In March 1946, USAAF Chief General Carl Spaatz had undertaken a major re-organization of the postwar USAAF that had included the establishment of Major Commands, who would report directly to HQ United States Army Air Forces.

Continental Air Forces was inactivated, Fourth Air Force was assigned to the postwar Air Defense Command in March 1946 and subsequently to Continental Air Command in December 1948 being concerned with air defense. The command was headquartered at Hamilton AFB, California and assigned the region of the CONUS west of the Rocky Mountains from the Pacific Ocean coast east to the eastern borders of, and, it was responsible for training Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard personnel throughout the region. By 1949 with the establishment of the Western Air Defense Force, the air defense mission of the command was transferred to WADF, leaving Fourth AF free to focus on its reserve training tasks, which it did for the next decade. On 1 September 1960, Air Defense Command inactivated Fourth Air Force, transferring its reserve training mission to the Sixth Air Force Reserve Region. Fourth Air Force was re-activated on 20 January 1966 again at Hamilton AFB, as part of Air Defense Command with the inactivation of its organization of Air Defense Sectors.

Its area of responsibility was unchanged from its 1948 region. Subordinate organizations assigned by ADC were 27th Air Divisions. On 16 January 1968 Air Defense Command was re-designated Aerospace Defense Command as part of a restructuring of USAF air defense forces. Fourth Air Force's second period of service was short lived and the command was again inactivated as the result of a major ADCOM reorganization on 31 December 1969 of the First Fourth, Tenth Air Forces and several Air Divisions; this reorganization was the result of the need to eliminate intermediate levels of command in ADCOM driven by budget reductions and a perceived lessening of the need for continental air defense against attacking Soviet aircraft. ADCOM reassigned the units under the inactivated Fourth Air Force were reassigned to the 25th and 26th Air Divisions; the command remained inactive until 8 October 1976, when it was activated as Fourth Air Force at McClellan Air Force Base, CA, assigned to th

William Barret

William Barret was an English divine. He matriculated as a pensioner of Trinity College, Cambridge, on 1 February 1579–80, he proceeded to his M. A. degree in 1588, was soon afterwards elected fellow of Caius College. In a Concio ad Clerum, preached by him for the degree of B. D. at Church of St Mary the Great, Cambridge, on 29 April 1595, he violently attacked the Calvinist tenets popular at Cambridge. While rejecting the doctrine of assurance and of the indefectibility of grace, he handled with unusual freedom the names of Calvin, Peter Martyr, other believers in unconditioned reprobation; this public attack was not allowed to pass unnoticed. The vice-chancellor, Dr. Dupont, conferred with Barret, however, remained contumacious, was next summoned before the heads of colleges. After several conferences, in which Barret acknowledged the justice of the inferences drawn from his sermon, he was ordered to recant, he accordingly read a prescribed form of withdrawal at St. Mary's, on 10 May 1595, but in an "unreverend manner", significant of his unchanged views.

On the 20th, some forty fellows memorialised the vice-chancellor in favour of Barret's punishment. Once more he was summoned before the heads of colleges, threatened with expulsion, but taking advantage of a libellous account of his sermon circulated by the authorities of St. John's, he appealed to Archbishop Whitgift, a course adopted by his accusers; the primate, in reply, censured the hasty proceedings of the heads of colleges, who upon this appealed to Lord Burghley, their chancellor, asking permission to punish Barret. The chancellor at first gave his assent; the heads now saw that they had gone too far, in the month of September wrote to the primate, begging that he would settle the matter by inquiry into Barret's opinions. The accused was therefore summoned to Lambeth Palace, required to answer certain questions sent down from Cambridge. At a second meeting, he was confronted with a deputation headed by Whitaker, at last consented to make another recantation; this seems to have been done after many delays.

In March 1597, the archbishop warned the authorities. Whilst on the continent Barret embraced the Roman Catholic faith, returned to England, where he lived as a layman till his death; the fruit of this controversy is seen in the so-called Lambeth Articles. Barret is by some identified with the publisher, who prefixed a letter to his own edition of Robert Southwell's works, entitled St. Peter's Complainte, Mary Magdal Teares, with other works of the author, R. S. London, 1620 and 1630. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Buckland, Augustus Robert. "Barret, William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 280–281.. Quinqu-Articularis, 1660, part iii. xx, 69 Hickman's Hist. Quinq-Artic. Exarticulata, 1674, page 209 Howell's State Trials, xxii. 712 Strype's Life of Whitgift, 1822, ii. 277 Annals of the Reformation, iv. 320, Cooper's Athenæ Cantab. 1861, ii. 236

ZOS: Zone of Separation

ZOS: Zone of Separation is a Canadian television drama mini-series, co-executive produced by Paul Gross. It is an eight-part Canadian original drama mini-series about the life and death struggle to enforce a U. N.-brokered ceasefire in the fictional, Sarajevo-like town of Jadac. ZOS is a fictional drama that follows Sean Kuzak, a UN military observer along with her co-workers, in a Sarajevo-like setting, it is not Sarajevo and it has only two primary factions and Muslims - though they are not always monolithic in intent. Throughout, the attempts by the U. N. team to maintain the peace are thwarted by both sides, at times the peace-keeping force from the UN. Their own lives are in peril as they are attempting to protect the lives of individuals from each party. In some cases, the peacekeepers have to deal with violence directed at them, requiring them to confront their own personal conflicts throughout the series. ZOS: Zone of Separation aired its first episode on The Movie Network on January 19, 2009 at 10 p.m. ET and on Movie Central at 9 p.m. PT.

Michelle Nolden as Sean Kuzak Colm Meaney as George Titac Lolita Davidovich as Mila Michailov Rick Roberts as Maj. Gavin Hart Enrico Colantoni as Speedo Boy Allan Hawco as Capt. Mick Graham Official website ZOS: Zone of Separation at The Movie Network ZOS: Zone of Separation at IMDb Producer's Website at Whizbang Films