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Fourth Anglo-Dutch War

The Fourth Anglo-Dutch War was a conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Dutch Republic. The war, contemporary with the War of American Independence, broke out over British and Dutch disagreements on the legality and conduct of Dutch trade with Britain's enemies in that war. Although the Dutch Republic did not enter into a formal alliance with the United States and their allies, U. S. ambassador John Adams managed to establish diplomatic relations with the Dutch Republic, making it the second European country to diplomatically recognize the Continental Congress in April 1782. In October 1782, a treaty of amity and commerce was concluded as well. Most of the war consisted of a series of British operations against Dutch colonial economic interests, although British and Dutch naval forces met once off the Dutch coast; the war ended disastrously for the Dutch and exposed the weakness of the political and economic foundations of the republic. Although Great Britain and the Dutch Republic had been allies since the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the Dutch had become much the junior partner in the alliance, had lost their erstwhile dominance of world trade to the British.

During the Second Stadtholderless Period, the Dutch Republic had more or less abdicated its pretences as a major power and this became painfully evident to the rest of Europe during the War of the Austrian Succession. Near the end of that war in 1747, an Orangist revolution restored the stadtholderate with vastly increased powers for the stadtholder. However, this did not lead to a resurgence of the republic as a major power because of what many in the republic saw as the mismanagement of the stadtholderian regency during the minority of stadtholder William V, subsequently during his own reign. Instead, the republic remained stubbornly neutral during the Seven Years' War, which enabled it to neglect both its army and navy; the stadtholderian regime was pro-British, but his opponents for this reason favored France, those opponents were strong enough in the States General of the Netherlands to keep Dutch foreign policy neutral. The British considered the Dutch allies in their attempt to stamp out the rebellion in their North American Thirteen Colonies.

They attempted to "borrow" the mercenary Scotch Brigade of the Dutch States Army for use in the Americas, in a similar manner to the Hessian and Brunswicker contingents they hired and deployed. However, this was opposed by the Dutch sympathizers of the American Revolution, led by baron Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, who managed to convince the States General to refuse the British request. More Dutch merchants those from Amsterdam, became involved in the supply of arms and munitions to the rebels soon after the start of the American Revolutionary War; this trade was conducted via the entrepôt of St. Eustatius, an island colony of the Dutch West India Company in the Caribbean. There, American colonial wares, such as tobacco and indigo, were re-exported to Europe. For their return cargo, the Americans purchased arms and naval stores brought to the island by Dutch and French merchants. To add insult to injury, in 1776, the governor of the island, Johannes de Graeff, was the first to salute the flag of the United States, leading to growing British suspicions of the Dutch.

In 1778, the Dutch refused to be bullied into taking Britain's side in the war against France. The British invoked a number of old treaties to have the republic support them militarily, but as in the Seven Years' War, the Dutch government refused. After the French declared war on Britain, the Amsterdam merchants became involved in the trade in naval stores with France; the French needed those supplies for their naval construction, but were prevented from obtaining those themselves, due to the blockade of the Royal Navy. The Dutch were privileged by a concession obtained after their victory in the Second Anglo-Dutch War, known as the principle of "free ship, free goods", enshrined in the Anglo-Dutch Commercial Treaty of 1668; this early formulation of the principle of Freedom of Navigation exempted all but narrowly defined "contraband" goods, carried in Dutch ships, from confiscation by the British prize courts, in wars in which the Dutch remained neutral. According to the treaty naval stores were not contraband and the Dutch, were free to continue their trade with France in these goods.

Because of the still-important role of the Dutch in the European carrying trade, this opened up a large loophole in the British embargo. The British, unilaterally declared naval stores to be contraband and enforced their embargo by arresting Dutch ships on the high seas; this led to strong protests by the affected Dutch merchants, who demanded institution of convoys escorted by the Dutch navy, to protect them against the Royal Navy and British privateers. According to customary international law, such convoys were exempt from the right of Visit and Search by belligerents; the stadtholder managed to prevent this, but strong diplomatic pressure by France, that selectively applied economic sanctions to Dutch cities supporting the stadtholder in this policy, forced his hand in November 1779. The States General now ordered him

Ngarlejy Yorongar

Ngarlejy Koji Yorongar le Moinban is a Chadian politician. He is the Executive Federal Coordinator of the Federation, Action for the Republic, a radical opposition party, as well as a Deputy in the National Assembly of Chad and President of the Federation Parliamentary Group. Before entering politics, Yorongar worked in the Chadian civil service, his first employment was in N'Djamena at the Ministry of Finance. At this point Yorongar passed to working out of Chad, first as consultant in Paris to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development as director of the African Bureau of Educational Sciences at Kisangani, lastly as director of the Institut International des Assurances at Yaoundé; the first of his many politically motivated arrests was in March 1994, when he was detained for five days. Yorongar ran in the June 1996 presidential election and received 2.08% of the popular vote in the first round. On July 3, 1996, he was arrested without a warrant beaten, held without charge for longer than permitted.

He was charged with illegally campaigning for Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué, one of the candidates in the second round of the presidential election, engaging in arms trafficking with rebels. These charges were subsequently dismissed, he was released. Yorongar was elected to the National Assembly as a FAR candidate in the first round of the 1997 parliamentary election, he was the only FAR candidate to obtain a seat in the election. In an interview in July 1997, he accused Kamougué, by this time the President of the National Assembly, of taking a bribe of 15 million French francs from Elf, a partner in the Chad-Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project. In the previous month, he accused President Idriss Déby of nepotism in the management of the oil industry. Kamougué charged Yorongar with defamation in August, on May 26, 1998 he was stripped of his parliamentary immunity, he was arrested on June 3. On July 20, after a trial judged unfair by Amnesty International, he was found guilty of defamation and sentenced to three years imprisonment and a fine of 500,000 CFA francs.

He was released after eight months of detention on February 5, 1999. On March 22, 2001 Yorongar, on behalf of 120 Chadians, submitted to the World Bank Inspection Panel a request for inspection of the pipeline project, claiming that people living in the Project area and their environment had or were to suffer harm as a result of failures and omissions in the design and supervision by the International Development Association of the Project; the request claimed that proper consultation with and disclosure of information to the local communities was not taking place. In the presidential election of 2001, in which incumbent Idriss Déby obtained a second mandate, Yorongar came second with 396,864 votes. Yorongar and the other opposition candidates hotly contested the fairness of the election. Yorongar was tortured while in detention, enduring beatings with iron bars on his back; this was confirmed by the Chadian physicians. The following year Yorongar's party participated in the 2002 parliamentary election.

The FAR obtained 10 seats, Yorongar was re-elected to the National Assembly as a FAR candidate from Bebedjia constituency in Logone Oriental Department. Yorongar is the President of the Federation Parliamentary Group. Two years in 2004, the Chadian state was shaken by a serious crisis caused by the determination of the President to obtain a third mandate through a reform of the Constitution; when the following year a constitutional referendum to sanction the National Assembly's vote was looming, Yorongar first attempted to have the amendments proclaimed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The referendum passed according to official results. Yorongar boycotted the May 2006 presidential election, along with most of the opposition, considering it a masquerade intended only to legitimize Dèby's continued rule; the FAR was the only major opposition party to not sign an agreement on August 13, 2007 that provided for improved electoral organization ahead of the next parliamentary election, now planned for 2009.

Yorongar criticized the agreement as inadequate and said that signing it would be a "waste of time". He said that there should instead be a dialogue involving the entire political scene, including rebels, the exiled opposition, civil society, that a credible election could not be conducted while a rebellion was taking place in part of the country. Yorongar was critical of the fact that the independent electoral commission would be subject to the decisions of the Constitutional Council, which he alleged is controlled by Déby, of the management of the electoral census by the government instead of the electoral commission. During a battle between government forces and rebels in N'Djamena, soldiers surrounded Yorongar's house and arrested him on February 3, 2008. On February 9, Yorongar's son Roukoulmian Yorongar said that he was afraid for father's life, recalling the effects of his 2001 torture and saying that his father was in poor health. Roukoulmian said that his father could not have been working with th

Operation Shoter

Operation Shoter Operation Jaba', was a three-day Israeli operation during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War against an area called the "Little Triangle" south of Haifa. It was launched a week after the start of the second truce imposed by United Nations; the operation was carried out by units from the Golani and Alexandroni brigades with supporting troops, under the overall command of Alexandroni's 33rd Battalion. Arab forces consisted of local militia, not part of any regular army; the objective of the operation was to clear the Tel Aviv – Haifa Road, closed by the Arabs to Israeli traffic. The Israelis had been forced to take a dangerous route to the east through Wadi Milk; the Israeli forces attacking on July 24 and throughout July 25 failed to take the villages due to stiff resistance and poor planning. Following heavy artillery shelling and bombing from the air, the Little Triangle's defenses broke and the three villages surrendered on July 26; the operation caused the depopulation of the Little Triangle, which according to a United Nations report consisted of 8,000 people.

United Nations observers toured the destroyed villages after the attack and found no evidence of a massacre as claimed by Arab sources, although they concluded that the assault on the Little Triangle was unjustified. The Arab villages of Mount Carmel served as staging points for attacks on Jewish traffic in the three roads surrounding them on the Tel Aviv – Haifa Road, during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine; the road and its surrounding area was the site of frequent skirmishes between Arab and Jewish forces. After the Haganah captured Haifa in April 1948, momentum shifted in its favor, it was able to capture all of the villages outlooking the road: the Druze villages allied themselves with the Haganah, Balad ash-Sheikh, Umm az-Zinat and Tantura were captured in April–May, 1948. Tira was taken on July 16. By the second truce of the war, only three villages remained, located about 20 km south of Haifa—Ayn Ghazal and Jaba', dubbed "The Little Triangle"; these villages had refused to let in the Arab Liberation Army during the civil war, but did not ally themselves with the Jewish forces.

During the ten days between the first and second truce, this triangle enjoyed calm, as the Alexandroni Brigade, responsible for the area, was participating in operations Danny and Betek. Sniper fire from village militiamen closed this road, but by the beginning of the truce they were cut off from other Arab forces; the village residents set up roadblocks and mines, dug trenches and foxholes along the road. The commander of the triangle was in contact with the Iraqi Army nearby, there was an Israeli fear that the Iraqis would attempt to connect with his forces; the coastal road was the main traffic artery between the northern parts of Israel. The Israel Defense Forces made attempts to capture the villages blocking the road on June 18 and July 8, but failed to overtake them, in part due to the villages' superior strategic position; this put the Arab forces on high alert, increased their morale. The July 8 assault was conducted as a retaliation for a particular Arab attack on the Tel Aviv – Haifa road.

The forces reported that: During the attack, the enemy showed quick orientation, good command, an aggressive spirit and a proneness to attack. An obvious trait was the abundance of automatic weaponry – Bren machine guns, Hotchkiss machine guns and 52 mm mortars. On July 14, 1948 in a cabinet meeting, Finance Minister Eliezer Kaplan commented that the Little Triangle was putting lives in danger, asked what was being done about this. Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion replied that: A ceasefire will be declared; these villages are in our pocket. We will be able to act against them after the ceasefire, it will be a police operation. If residents of a state fire – they are arrested, they are not considered an enemy, because the territory is ours and they are residents of the state. Following the success at Tira on July 16 a follow-up was tried in Jaba' and Ayn-Ghazal, it was estimated. Three companies of the Guard Corps and Israel Navy were allocated, as well as a number of cannons and armored vehicles. At 10:30, the artillery and INS Wedgwood began firing at the villages, at 14:30, the infantry forces moved on the villages.

Two positions were captured by one of the companies. Another company retreated; the navy suffered 2 7 wounded, with more casualties among the other units. On July 18 two Israeli motorists were killed and the IDF informed the villagers that they must surrender or be evacuated; the second truce of the war came to effect on that day and the IDF was prevented from conducting a military operation there. Thus, the justification for such operation was that the territory in question was part of the Jewish state according to the 1947 Partition Plan and therefore a police operation was permitted there, hence the name, "Policeman"; the plan was to besiege the triangle with armored units and artillery, while the actual capture would be made by military police, the Alexandroni and Carmeli brigades. A military police force was added to the plan to give it the appearance of a policing action; the operational planners assumed that the Arab force consisted of le

Kazuharu Sonoda

Kazuharu Sonoda known under the ring names Haru Sonoda and Magic Dragon, was a Japanese professional wrestler. He was a former NWA Western States Tag Team Champion, NWA/WWC North American Tag Team Champion with Mitsu Ishikawa and the WCCW All Asia Tag Team Championship with the Great Kabuki in 1982. Sonada trained with the All Japan Pro Wrestling dojo for his wrestling debut, but made his in ring debut as a referee in late 1974 when one of the regular AJPW referees was sick and needed a replacement. On January 15, 1975 he made his professional wrestling debut, working under his real name early on in his career. In 1979 Sonada and Mitsu Ishikawa traveled to North America to further their training and experience different styles of wrestling; the two worked for the Puerto Rico based World Wrestling Council in 1979, winning the WWC North American Tag Team Championship in a tournament. The duo held the championship for 35 days, before losing the championship to WWC regulars Ciclón Negro and Huracán Castillo.

After the stay in Puerto Rico the team moved on to Texas, working for an extended time for NWA Western States out of Houston, Texas. The Sonada and Ishikawa won the NWA Western States Tag Team Championship in 1980 and later lost them to the team of Larry Lane and Ted Heath; when the Western States territory closed the team of Sonada and Ishikawa split up, with Sonana moving on to the Georgia Championship Wrestling where he worked as "Professor" Sonada. In 1981 he returned to Texas, working for Fritz Von Erich's World Class Championship Wrestling as the masked wrestling character "Magic Dragon". In WCCW he teamed up with the Great Kabuki on a regular basis. At the Fritz Von Erich Retirement Show Magic Dragon and Great Kabuki defeated David and Kevin Von Erich to win a championship billed as the "All Asian Tag Team Championship", not the AJPW version of the title, but a title promoter Fritz Von Erich had created for the occasion as a means to make the storyline between the two teams more prestigious.

On August 15, 1982, in one of the featured bouts on the August Wrestling Star Wars show the Von Erich brothers regained the championships, which were summarily forgotten once the storyline between the two teams ended. During that period of time Sonada would at times portray the Great Kabuki character, playing the part when the original Kabuki was double booked for appearance. Mimicking Kabuki's mannerisms, with his face pained and hair covering his face it was never noticed that it was not the original Kabuki playing the part. Sonana, still working as "Magic Dragon" returned to AJPW in 1984. In September Magic Dragon teamed up with "Ultra Seven" to compete in the first AJPW Junior Tag League; the duo lost to every other team in the tournament. On June 5, 1985 Magic Dragon was unmasked after he lost a match to Kuniaki Kobayashi, allowing him to work as "Haru Sonada" after the mask loss. Sonoda married Mayumi Sonoda in early November, 1987 and set off on their honeymoon on November 28, 1987 to South Africa.

South Africa was chosen as the location as Tiger Jeet Singh was promoting a show in the country and Giant Baba offered to fly Sonoda to compete on the show and have his honeymoon on the same trip. Sonada and his wife were passengers on the South African Airways Flight 295 that crashed near the island of Mauritius after a fire on board the plane. At the time of his death, Sonoda was training Kenta Kobashi, who debuted nearly three months after his death. Giant Baba has said he regretted sending Sonoda to South Africa for the rest of his life, visibily cried in the ring during his memorial show, his niece, Yukari Ishikura, was a professional wrestler. She wrestled for Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling. In 2007 and 2008 Pro Wrestling NOAH held the "Mauritus Cup" tournament in honor of Sonoda. In November 2016, Atsushi Onita and Masanobu Fuchi dedicated their All Asia Tag Team Championship win to Sonoda, whom they trained together in the AJPW Dojo in the 1970s. Tokyo Sports Effort Award Service Prize Western States Sports NWA Western States Tag Team Championship - with Mitsu Ishikawa World Class Championship Wrestling WCCW All Asia Tag Team Championship - with the Great Kabuki World Wrestling Council WWC North American Tag Team Championship - with Mitsu Ishikawa List of premature professional wrestling deaths

Madi people

The Mà'dí people live in Pageri County in South Sudan, the districts of Adjumani and Moyo in Uganda. From south to north, the area runs from Nimule, at the South Sudan-Uganda border, to Nyolo River where the Ma’di mingle with the Acholi, the Bari, the Lolubo. From the east to west, it runs from Parajok/Magwi to Uganda across the River Nile; the speakers are known as Madi. In standard orthography, this is Ma'di; the speakers refer to their language as madi ti meaning Ma'di mouth. Among themselves, Ma'di refer to each other as belonging to a suru, which may further be broken down to pa, "the descendants of," which in some cases overlap with suru. While a Madi can only marry someone from outside their clan, they must marry within the group that shares the Madi language. Many neighboring speakers of Moru–Madi languages go by the name of Madi. According to one popular folk tale, the name Madi came as an answer to a question by a white man to a Madi man; when the first white person in the area asked the question'who are you?', the bemused response was madi, i.e. a person.

This was taken to be the name of the people. Another Ma'di narrative tries to account for the names of some of the Moru–Ma'di group members; when the progenitors of the Ma'di were pushed southwards, on reaching a strategic location they declared, Muro-Amadri, i.e. "Let's form a settle here". And so they formed a cluster to defend themselves; this group came to be known as the Moru. A group broke off in search of greener pastures in a more or less famished state, until they found an edible tree called lugba. After they ate some of the fruits, they took some with them; when the time came to refill their stomachs again, a woman who lost her harvest was heard enquiring about the lugba ri'the desert dates'. This group came to be known as logbara but the Ma'di still call them lugban; the final group on reaching fertile grounds resolved and declared ma di'here I am'. And these came to be known as the Ma'di. Ma’di oral history claims Nigeria as the cradle of Ma’di people – their place of origin. According to the one told oral narrative, the Ma’di people left Nigeria, moved southward until they reached Amadi, a town in southwest Sudan, where they settled.

The word Amadi in Ma’di language means here we are. It means, at our place. From this storyline by the Ma’di and Moru were still one ethnic group. From Amadi, Ma’di people traveled eastward reaching River Nile. There they separated into two clusters – Moru and Ma’di; the Moru cluster went back – westward. It is believed the two clusters separated because of a squabble over a piece of groundnut. A Ma' di man found some groundnut, his Moru brother hence moved away from him. However today Ma’di oral history cannot specify the period during which Ma’di migrated from Nigeria to Sudan. Moreover, it cannot bridge the missing historical link between the present-day Ma’di people and their assumed accentors – the Nigerians. None-Madi scholars who have written on Ma’di have different opinions about the origin of Ma’di. Though it has remained unclear where the Ma’di people came from, most they arrived to southern Sudan region, around 1400-1700 A. D; this period coincided with the migration of the Nilotic people from north to south.

From one Ma’di oral history narrative, after the Ma’di and Moru parted, some Ma’di groups settled near Mount Rajaf, near the Nile. Others settled in Nyarabanga, south of Rajaf. In those places, they intermingled with Bari people. In Rajaf, the Ma’di people lived for years; as their number grew, they dispersed into sub-groups, many of them left Rajaf. Over the years many moved southward on different routes. Along the way, several groups evolved and acquired different names: Arapi, Logili, Okei, Patibi, etc. According to one storyline, the Ma’di people found the Bari had settled in Rajaf and Nyarabanga. Adherents to this storyline believe that the Bari have settled in Gondokoro and Nyarabanga, around 1600 A. D; that the Ma'di had found the Bari had settled in Rajaf and Nyarabanga. Another known narrative among Madi claims that some Ma’di groups came from Bari; that the Mugi descends from the Bari of Nyarabanga. That the Okei, Ngaya and Pandikeri descend from Bari. However, some none-Madi writers have different point of view.

For example, according to the Belgian writer, Armand Hutereau, the Bari-Logo thinks are or Lugbara who descended from the Lowa or the Kibali until they encountered the Dai. They were probably dispersed by the Medje-Mangbele under Abonga, followed by the Azande under Wando and Bokoio, it is believed that from Rajaf, a group journeyed southeast and settled at Aru, few kilometers, southeast of Rajaf. That group founded the Olubo ethnic group. One of the founders was chief Luala. From Aru, an Olubo group crossed River Yii and settled in Moli. On, the Ngaya, Pandikeri came to Moli, they were followed by the Kiloloro groups, which narrators believe are of Kuku origin. The Paselo and Kamia groups crossed the Nile and settled near Mount Ayo, by the riverbank. From Moli, the Mugi, Pandikeri, etc. moved southeast – to Opari. The Logopi group from Bari-Logo, across the Nile came to Opari. Collectively the groups, which settled in Opari, called themselves Bor

Human Defense Corps

The Human Defense Corps are a comic book military organization published by DC Comics. They first appeared in Human Defense Corps #1, were created by writer Ty Templeton and artist Clément Sauvé. Human Defense Corps was a six-issue limited series published by DC Comics in 2003, written by Ty Templeton and drawn by Clément Sauvé; the series did not sell well, the concept was allowed to disappear until Superman and Justice League of America writer James Robinson began to feature the Corps in Superman vol. 3, starting with a passing mention of the events in the limited series in The Coming of Atlas and followed by the gradual introduction of Project 7734 from Superman: New Krypton Special, Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen Special #1, Action Comics #871 by Geoff Johns, building through the more recent issues of Superman and Action Comics and the associated Superman titles Supergirl and Jimmy Olsen Special #2. DC Comics extended the Corps presence in the DC Universe in a 10-page Human Defense Corps feature in Adventure Comics #8, directly linking it with the other stories featured in the title as part of the lead up to DC Comics' major War of the Supermen event for summer 2010.

In the DC Comics universe, the Human Defense Corps is a branch of the military established by President of the United States Lex Luthor to reduce government dependency on superhumans when a major alien crisis breaks out, act as back-up to Earth's superheroes, counter any alien threat to Earth. Membership of the Corps is open to'Decorated veterans of alien campaigns only'; the Corps has bases all in space. The sea-base included scientific facilities run by Doctor Zaius, a sentient gorilla from Gorilla City, which experiments on captured extraterrestrials and demons, although its location has been moved off-Earth, their first mission comes when the 1st Special Armoured Division are sent on a reconnaissance trip to the former Soviet satellite Bulgravia to support Government troops who had encountered shape-shifting aliens with high firepower weaponry and assumed to be Durlans. They are attacked in the Forest of Galantz by vampiric aliens invisible to special tech weapons but not ordinary eyesight, all but Sgt.

Montgomery Kelly of the forward platoons, sixty-six men, are killed in the skirmish, some by blanket bombing of the area with'holy napalm', a cross between holy water and fire-retardant gel which destroys the vampires. Sgt. Kelly and Colonel Reno Rosetti, who designed the weapon and ordered the attack on the drop site, are decorated as a result; some time afterwards the Corps are involved in a'centaur attack in Turkey', of which nothing is known, are pursuing a drawn-out war against a mole-like race of underground people called the A'Corti in London, England. Two years after dreams of the Galatz Forest incident affect a number of soldiers who were not there, a seance held by HDC Head Chaplain Charlie Graham ascertains that the members of the Corps who were assumed killed in the incident are in Hell but not dead and the "vampires" they fought were demons. Interrogating Calcabrina, a captive demon from the incident, they discover a Bulgravian mage had made a deal for his village to be spared the ravages of civil war in exchange for 66 souls and the Human Defense Corps team had stumbled in and taken their place.

The demon clan took them alive to feed on their energy -, more powerful than the energy of the dead - as part of a plan to extend their power in Hell. Guided by Calcabrina, the Third Special Armoured Division invade Hell to recover the 66 Corps members. Sgt. Kelly is supposed killed by the demon he killed two years before in Galatz Forest - but discovers he has demon blood in him as a result of the incident and cannot die and is now blood related to the demon clan, he claims the staff of the demon clan's leader Lord Scarmiglione in battle, takes his place and the Corps rescue the 66 men. The five men who are killed in the sortie now have demon links and unspecified powers and Sgt. Kelly and the five form a diplomatic link between Earth. Seven years General Sam Lane, Lois Lane's father -, assumed dead but, obsessed by alien invasion and'the Kryptonian threat', has been working covertly on a programme for the U. S Government called Project 7734 - has taken external command of Squad K of the Human Defense Corps under Colonel Hazard as part of the Project and moved the main base of Project 7734 to the home planet of another dimension.

The Corps now has a new motto and insignia'Ad Infernos et Retrorsum' and suit technology and weaponry designed to deal with Kryptonians. Squad K has nominally been'created to neutralise and disarm specific Kryptonian threats', but this has been allocated to Major Krull, the villain Reactron, working directly for General Lane on Lane's own agenda - the destruction of all Kryptonians, including Superman. Reactron kills Colonel Hazard for opposing him in this; the whereabouts of most of the original Corps team is unknown, although Sgt. Kelly is learning spell-casting with his team within Project 7734. Most of the current membership of Human Defense Corps is unknown as of January 2010, with the exception of Sgt. Kelly; the following have been mentioned as members of the Corps at some time: Colonel Skynner. Colonel Hazard of K Squad - killed by Reactron for opposing his lethal actions, he was the grandson of World Wa