Fourth Street Live! is a 350,000-square-foot entertainment and retail complex located on 4th Street, between Liberty and Muhammad Ali Boulevard, in Downtown Louisville, Kentucky. It was developed by the Cordish Company. Fourth Street Live! First opened to the public on June 1, 2004, all stores were completed for the grand opening on October 30, 2004. City planners hoped that the district would attract further commercial business development while providing an attractive entertainment venue for the city's hotel and tourist business as well as the local population. Restaurants and entertainment venues in the complex include Gordon Biersch Brewing Company, Hard Rock Cafe, T. G. I. Friday's, The Sports & Social Club, Tavern on 4th street, The Fudgery and the new bourbon raw bar. Fourth Street Live! has a variety of bars and nightclubs including Tavern on Fourth, The Sports & Social Club, Howl at the Moon, PBR Louisville. A mall-style food court is located in the complex with restaurants like Subway, Philly Station.
There are retail stores including Footlocker and T-Mobile. Traffic on 4th Street through the complex is closed for large public gatherings such as music concerts and other events. Fourth Street Live! began as a downtown revitalization project to redesign and modernize the former Louisville Galleria, a similar but unsuccessful project opened in the early 1980s with the same goals of revitalizing downtown. The Galleria, in turn, had been built on the site of the River City Mall, which opened in 1973 with similar goals of revitalizing downtown. Fourth Street itself had long been the main shopping and entertainment destination in Downtown Louisville; the idea of turning Fourth Street into a pedestrian mall dates back to 1943, when mayor Wilson W. Wyatt suggested the idea. Proposals were drafted over the years but funding for the $1.5 million River City Mall project was not secured until 1971. The Mall stretched all the way from Liberty to Broadway, was successful, but over the years vehicular traffic was reintroduced and the mall scaled back.
On February 16, 2007, the Louisville Convention & Visitors Bureau opened its new Visitor Information Center at the North entrance to Fourth Street Live. The new center totals nearly 3,000 square feet, includes two permanent exhibits, where visitors can learn about the stories of two of Kentucky's most famous icons: Kentucky Bourbon and Colonel Harland Sanders, founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken; the center will supply information to outside passersby via a high-tech video wall that will run video on different cultural events and attractions. On May 8, 2017, the Cordish Company announced that it will expand the district with the addition of Spark Louisville, a new collaborative workspace coming in 2018; some events held at Fourth Street Live! in the past have included national acts in concert, such as Kid Rock, 3 Doors Down, O. A. R. Sister Hazel, VHS or Beta, Goo Goo Dolls, Tracy Lawrence, Jason Michael Carroll, Jake Owen, Jason Aldean, Eric Church, Clay Walker, Three Dog Night,! Smack Talk!, Phil Vassar, Buddy Jewell, Emerson Drive, Finger Eleven, The Marshall Tucker Band, Little Texas, Blue October, Shiny Toy Guns, Gavin Degraw, Violent Femmes, Gretchen Wilson, Justin Bieber The Big Band Theory-USA and many others.
The University of Louisville's annual "Run for the L of It" 5K begins and ends at Fourth Street Live. The finish line of the Louisville Ironman Triathlon, which debuted in 2007, is located at Fourth Street Live; the Venue holds annual events celebrating the Kentucky Derby and was the "Cup Village" when Louisville hosted the 2008 Ryder Cup and holds pep rallies and celebrations for the University of Louisville's athletic teams including for the teams that made the 2005 Final Four, 2007 Orange Bowl, the 2007 College World Series. During the Summer, Fourth Street Live hosts Summer Concert Series, a series of concerts featuring top national acts. A Mardi Gras parade, Halloween trick-or-treating, a New Year's Eve celebration are other annual events which are popular at the venue; the venue will be part of the city's annual Holiday extravaganza, Holiday in the City. Louisville Clock at Theatre Square List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area Fourth Street Live! official website The Cordish Company — Company that developed and operates Fourth Street Live
London County Council was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected. It was replaced by the Greater London Council; the LCC was the largest, most ambitious English municipal authority of its day. By the 19th century the City of London Corporation covered only a small fraction of metropolitan London. From 1855 the Metropolitan Board of Works had certain powers across the metropolis, but it was appointed rather than elected. Many powers remained in the hands of traditional bodies such as parishes and the counties of Middlesex and Kent; the creation of the LCC in 1889, as part of the Local Government Act 1888, was forced by a succession of scandals involving the MBW, was prompted by a general desire to create a competent government for the city, capable of strategising and delivering services effectively. While the Conservative government of the day would have preferred not to create a single body covering the whole of London, their electoral pact with Liberal Unionists led them to this policy.
It was established as a provisional council on 31 January 1889 and came into its powers on 21 March 1889. Shortly after its creation a Royal Commission on the Amalgamation of the City and County of London considered the means for amalgamation with the City of London. Although this was not achieved, it led to the creation of 28 metropolitan boroughs as lower tier authorities to replace the various local vestries and boards in 1900; the LCC inherited the powers of its predecessor the MBW, but had wider authority over matters such as education, city planning and council housing. It took over the functions of the London School Board in 1903, Dr C W Kimmins was appointed chief inspector of the education department in 1904. From 1899 the Council progressively acquired and operated the tramways in the county, which it electrified from 1903. By 1933, when the LCC Tramways were taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board, it was the largest tram operator in the United Kingdom, with more than 167 miles of route and over 1,700 tramcars.
One of the LCC's most important roles during the late 19th and early 20th century, was in the management of the expanding city and the re-development of its growing slums. In the Victorian era, new housing had been intentionally urban and large-scale tenement buildings dominated. Beginning in the 1930s, the LCC incentivised an increase in more suburban housing styles. A less-dense style of development, focusing on single family homes, was popular among London housing developers because it was believed that this would satisfy the working classes and provide insurance, "against Bolshevism," to quote one parliamentary secretary; the LCC set the standard for new construction at 12 houses per acre of land at a time when some London areas had as many as 80 housing units per acre. The passage of the Housing of the Working Classes Act in 1885 gave the LCC the power to compel the sale of land for housing development, a power, vital to the systematic rehousing that began under the council's early Progressive leadership.
The Totterdown Fields development at Tooting was the first large suburban-style development to be built under LCC authority, in 1903, was followed by developments at Roehampton and Becontree. By 1938, 76,877 units of housing had been built under the auspices of the LCC in the city and its periphery, an astonishing number given the previous pace of development. Many of these new housing developments were genuinely working-class, though the poorest could afford subsidised rents, they relied on an expanding London Underground network that ferried workers en masse to places of employment in central London. These housing developments were broadly successful, they resisted the slummification that blighted so many Victorian tenement developments; the success of these commuter developments constructed by the LCC in the periphery of the city is, "one of the more remarkable achievements in London government, contributed much to the marked improvement of conditions between the wars for the capital's working classes."
The MBW, the LCC undertook between 1857 and 1945 to standardise and clarify street names across London. Many streets in different areas of the city had similar or identical names, the rise of the car as a primary mode of transportation in the city made these names unworkable. In an extreme case, there were over 60 streets called "Cross Street" spread across London when the LCC began its process of systematic renaming; these were given names from an approved list, maintained by the LCC, containing only "suitably English" names. If street names were deemed un-English, they were slated for change. By 1939 the council had the following powers and duties: † Denotes a power administered by the City of London Corporation within the City; the LCC used the Spring Gardens headquarters inherited from the Metropolitan Board of Works. The building had been designed by Frederick Marrable, the MBW's superintending architect, dated from 1860. Opinions on the merits of the building varied: the Survey of London described it as "well balanced" while the architectural correspondent of The Times was less enthusiastic.
He summarised the building as "of the Palladian type of four storeys with two orders, Ionic above and Corinthian below as if its designer had looked rather hastily at the banqueting house of Inigo Jones." The most impressive feature was the curving or elliptical spiral staircase leading to the principal floor
Hugh Mackay was a judge and political figure in New Brunswick. He represented Charlotte in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1793 to 1795, from 1802 to 1809 and from 1817 to 1830. Mackay served in the loyalist forces during the American Revolution, afterwards settling in St. George, New Brunswick, he served as a colonel in the militia there and was senior judge in the Court of Common Pleas for Charlotte County. Mackay died at the age of 97. Military Service: Queen's Rangers, May 21, 1778 He died on January 28, 1848 in the Parish of Saint George in the County of Charlotte and Province of New Brunswick, he was buried at the St. Mark’s Cemetery in St. George, his tombstone epitaph reads:"Sacred to the Memory of Hugh MacKay Esq. Late of Suther Hall St. George. Who Departed this Life 28th January A. D. 1848 in the 97th Year of his Age. He was a Native of Sutherlandshire Scotland. Served during the American Revolutionary War as an Officer in the Queen’s American Rangers Regiment of Foot, and was for many Years Colonel of the Charlotte County Militia.
And was Leading Member in the House of Assembly of the Province for the said County."