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Francisco Varela

Francisco Javier Varela García was a Chilean biologist and neuroscientist who, together with his mentor Humberto Maturana, is best known for introducing the concept of autopoiesis to biology, for co-founding the Mind and Life Institute to promote dialog between science and Buddhism. Varela was born in 1946 in Santiago in Chile, the son of Corina María Elena García Tapia and Raúl Andrés Varela Rodríguez. After completing secondary school at the Liceo Alemán del Verbo Divino in Santiago, like his mentor Humberto Maturana, Varela temporarily studied medicine at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile and graduated with a degree in biology from the University of Chile, he obtained a Ph. D. in biology at Harvard University. His thesis, defended in 1970 and supervised by Torsten Wiesel, was titled Insect Retinas: Information processing in the compound eye. After the 1973 military coup led by Augusto Pinochet and his family spent 7 years in exile in the United States before he returned to Chile to become a professor of biology at the Universidad de Chile.

Varela became familiar, by practice, with Tibetan Buddhism in the 1970s studying, together with Keun-Tshen Goba, with the meditation master Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, founder of Vajradhatu and Shambhala Training, with Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, a Nepalese meditation master of higher tantras. In 1986, he settled in France, where he first taught cognitive science and epistemology at the École Polytechnique, neuroscience at the University of Paris. From 1988 until his death, he led a research group, as Director of Research at the CNRS. In 1987, along with R. Adam Engle, founded the Mind and Life Institute to sponsor a series of dialogues between scientists and the Dalai Lama about the relationship between modern science and Buddhism; the Institute continues today as a major nexus for such dialog as well as promoting and supporting multidisciplinary scientific investigation in mind sciences, contemplative scholarship and practice and related areas in the interface of science with meditation and other contemplative practices Buddhist practices.

Varela died in 2001 in Paris of Hepatitis C after having written an account of his 1998 liver transplant. Varela had four children, including the actress, environmental spokesperson, model Leonor Varela. Varela was trained as a biologist and philosopher through the influence of different teachers, Humberto Maturana and Torsten Wiesel, he wrote and edited a number of books and numerous journal articles in biology, cognitive science and philosophy. He founded, with others, the Integral Institute, a thinktank dedicated to the cross-fertilization of ideas and disciplines. Varela supported embodied philosophy, viewing human cognition and consciousness in terms of the enactive structures in which they arise; these comprise the physical world with which it interacts. Varela's work popularized within the field of neuroscience the concept of neurophenomenology; this concept combined the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl and of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, with "first-person science." Neurophenomenology requires observers to examine their own conscious experience using scientifically verifiable methods.

In the 1996 popular book The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems, physicist Fritjof Capra makes extensive reference to Varela and Maturana's theory of autopoiesis as part of a new, systems-based scientific approach for describing the interrelationships and interdependence of psychological, physical and cultural phenomena. Written for a general audience, The Web of Life helped popularize the work of Varela and Maturana, as well as that of Ilya Prigogine and Gregory Bateson. Varela's 1991 book The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience, co-authored with Evan Thompson and Eleanor Rosch, is considered a classic in the field of cognitive science, offering pioneering phenomenological connections and introducing the Buddhism-informed enactivist and embodied cognition approach. A revised edition of The Embodied Mind was published in 2017, featuring substantive introductions by the surviving authors, as well as a preface by Jon Kabat-Zinn. Varela wrote numerous books and articles: 1979.

Principles of Biological Autonomy. North-Holland. 1980. Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living. Boston: Reidel. 1987. The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding. Boston: Shambhala Press. ISBN 978-0877736424 1988. Connaître:Les Sciences Cognitives, tendences et perspectivess. Editions du Seuil, Paris. 1991. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-72021-2 1992. Towards a Practice of Autonomous Systems: The First European Conference on Artificial Life. MIT Press. 1992. Gentle Bridges: Dialogues Between the Cognitive Sciences and the Buddhist Tradition. Boston: Shambhala Press. 1993. Thinking About Biology: An Introduction to Theoretical Biology. Addison-Wesley, SFI Series on Complexity. 1997. Sleeping and Dying: An Exploration of Consciousness with the Dalai Lama. Boston: Wisdom Books. 1999. Ethical Know-How: Action and Cognition. Stanford University Press. 1999. The View from Within: First-Person Methodologies in the Study of Consciousness.

London: Imprint Academic. 1999. Naturalizing Phenomenology: Contemporary Issue

Waheed Arian

Waheed Arian is a British doctor and radiologist, born in Afghanistan, who founded a telemedicine charity called Arian Teleheal. The charity enables doctors in conflict zones and low resource countries to use their smartphones to receive advice from volunteer specialists in the UK, the US and other countries. Arian has won several international awards for his achievements, speaks as an expert in innovation and global health. Arian was born on 5 August 1983 in Afghanistan, his early childhood was spent during the Soviet-Afghan conflict, his family moving home because of the fighting. His schooling was disrupted as schools were closed; as the fighting intensified, Arian’s parents made the decision to seek safety in Pakistan. His family made a hazardous seven-day mountain crossing, travelling at night to try to avoid Soviet military aircraft. Arian and his father narrowly avoiding being killed during a rocket attack during the crossing. Arian’s family reached safety at a Peshawar refugee camp, but conditions were poor and the family of 10 were living in a single room with no running water or electricity.

Arian contracted tuberculosis and malaria, suffered from malnutrition. Arian was treated by a volunteer doctor at the camp, pivotal in inspiring him to study medicine. Arian’s family returned to Kabul following the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. However, the civil war ensued soon after and when it began to heighten in 1999, with Arian aged 15, his parents sent him to safety in the UK, to stay with a distant family friend. Arian arrived in the UK with US$100 in his pocket, he worked in shops to send money back to his family. Arian began studying at three separate colleges in the evening. With five A Levels, Arian was accepted by the University of Cambridge to study medicine at Trinity Hall, but found himself socially isolated in his two years, his background setting him apart from his fellow students, his main friend was a kitchen porter at the university. Arian subsequently received more support from university and formed links through setting up Afghan and martial arts societies, he graduated from Cambridge in 2006 with a science degree, went on to finish his clinical studies at Imperial College London winning a scholarship to take an elective in surgery at Harvard Medical School, USA, in 2008.

Arian has subsequently supported work by Cambridge University to encourage greater diversity in student applications. Working as a NHS doctor in London and Liverpool, Arian was determined to establish a system by which UK-based medics could help doctors in Afghanistan, he made frequent humanitarian visits to Kabul, from 2010. In 2014, Arian focused on trying to create safe centres for volunteer medics to stay at in Afghanistan. However, while many were keen to help, they were unwilling to risk travelling to the country; the number of volunteer doctors with Arian Teleheal grew to 100, the trust was registered as a charity in England and Wales in 2018. The service began supporting the Independent Doctors’ Association in Syria, supporting 1.3 million people, both locals and the internally displaced Syrian refugees. Arian Teleheal began consultancy support for organisations including the United Nations, the World Health Organisation, NHS England and Health Education England, supporting work with South Sudanese refugees in Uganda as well as supporting work in South Africa and Yemen Arian has won a number of awards for his innovation and humanitarian work, including: UN Stop TB Global Ambassador 2019 Rotary International Peace Award 2018 UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award 2018 UNESCO Global Hero Award 2017.

Arian was the first UK citizen to win this award UN Global Goals Goalkeeper 2017 Inclusion in MIMS Top 5 Philanthropic Doctors 2017 Recognition as telemedicine pioneer by the British Medical Journal 2016 Commendation from the President of Afghanistan in 2016 Highly Commended Rising Star award by the Health Service Journal in 2016Arian was appointed as a NHS England Clinical Entrepreneur in 2017 and subsequently given the mentor and lecturer role on the National Programme in 2018. He was among staff chosen to attend the Prime Minister’s reception to mark the 70th anniversary of the NHS in 2018 Arian has become a regular speaker at national and international conferences and events, discussing innovation and technology through the creation and success of Arian Teleheal, as well as how he overcame the challenges which he has faced in his life. Events include: COGX 2019, Europe’s largest festival of AI and emerging technology, representing the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Global Scholars Symposium at Oxford University 2019 The United Nations General Assembly High Level Meeting on TB 2018 World Extreme Medicine Conference 2018 TEDxRoma 2018 The UN Global Goals in partnership with Gates Foundation Goalkeepers event in 2017, where Arian was featured as a thought leader in conference video UNESCO's Global Hope Coalition event in 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists Conference 2017 The first TEDxNHS in 2016 The Tech4Good event at Google London in 2016 Following his graduation as a medical doctor in 2010, Arian completed Foundation Training from 2010 to 2012 and Core Surgery Training from 2012 to 2014.

He did clinical radiology registrar training from 2014 to 2019 while working as a senior emergency medicine doctor. Arian continues to work as an emergency medicine doctor in the NHSDuring his postgraduate medical training, Arian has led and contributed to numerous projects in clinical audit and research, which he has presented in medical conferences and published in scie

Sheryl Cruz

Sheryl Rose Anna Marie Sonora Cruz, better known as Sheryl Cruz, is a Filipina actress and singer. She is known for her role as Divina Ferrer in 2007's television drama series Sinasamba Kita, as Valeria on Bakekang and the Philippine remake of Rosalinda. After four years out of ABS-CBN, in 2012, she had a guest appearance on the series Walang Hanggan as young Virginia "Manang Henya" Cruz, portrayed by Ms. Susan Roces. In 2013, while she's still a contract star of ABS-CBN, she became part of Galema: Anak ni Zuma, critically known as Galela Carriedo, she returned to her home network GMA Network in 2014, where she had been working since being given many roles and TV appearances. Cruz started her career at a young age, she won the FAMAS Best Child Actress award for her portrayal in the movie "Mga Basang Sisiw" opposite Janice de Belen, Che Che and the late Julie Vega. She won best child actress for the movie "Roman Rapido" opposite her late uncle the King of Filipino Movies, Fernando Poe Jr.. She was in the movie "Ang Leon at Ang Kuting" with Fernando Poe Jr. and in the movie "Tropang Bulilit" with Niño Muhlach and Lea Salonga.

She was contracted by Regal Films along with Kristina Paner and Manilyn Reynes to form the sensational group "TRIPLETS". Among the three, Manilyn Reynes became the Star of the New Decade and Sheryl Cruz became the Princess of Philippine Cinema. At that time, GMA Network established the youth oriented TV show "That's Entertainment" hosted by German Moreno, where she became part of the Wednesday group, her movie career blossomed as part of Philippine cinema's most memorable love teams, that of herself and Romnick Sarmenta. Sheryl signed a contract with Seiko Films. Sheryl was named during her teen years as "The Princess of the Philippine Movies", she married and moved to the United States. In August 2004, Sheryl decided to return home, starred in her comeback movie, Mano Po 3: My Love, with her godmother the Star for All Seasons, Ms. Vilma Santos-Recto, governor of Batangas, but her biggest break was starring in two seasons of Now and Forever, "Tinig" and "Ganti", which garnered high ratings despite its being on an afternoon timeslot.

She appeared on Bakekang, in which her antagonist character, became a household name. In 2007–2008, she transferred to ABS-CBN after her blooming career on GMA when she was offered to play Miss Minchin, the main antagonist of Princess Sarah, as Xandra in Komiks Presents: Varga, a special participation role in Lobo, starred by Angel Locsin, she decided to transfer back to GMA Network and decided to stay at her home network to do Luna Mystica, opposite a former talent of ABS-CBN, Heart Evangelista. In the mid-plot of the Sine Novela offering, Tinik Sa Dibdib, she was cast as an additional character in the series, rumored that she was the replacement of Ara Mina. In the series, she was the lead antagonist, the love triangle between Lando and Lorna After her role on Tinik sa Dibdib, Cruz was chosen by GMA Network to appear in Langit sa Piling Mo as a guest star, she starred in the first season of the GMA reality comedy series Ang Yaman ni Lola and Grazilda. In 2011, Cruz joined the cast of Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak.

In 2012, she returned again to ABS-CBN as Cruz appeared in a special participation role in the last episodes of the hit phenomenal teleserye Walang Hanggan, playing the role of a younger Manang Henya in flashbacks. She, along with her cousin Sunshine Cruz, is a part of the 2013 hit afternoon action-horror-drama series Galema: Anak ni Zuma, starring Andi Eigenmann. On December 7, 2013, Cruz won the P1,000,000 in The Singing Bee with four consecutive answers, she returned to her home network, GMA Network once again in 2014. She had been working there since, she has been given many roles and TV appearances. Her latest role is in the afternoon drama series Buena Familia, she portrays Josephine Carter, alongside Bobby Andrews, who portrays Arthur Buena, her love interest and Angelu de Leon as Bettina Agravante-Buena, whom she sees as her competition for Arthur's love. Her parents were both Sampaguita Pictures stars -- Rosemarie Sonora, her ethnicity is French-Chinese on her maternal side, Tagalog on her paternal side, Spanish-Filipino on both her maternal and paternal sides.

She is the niece of the Queen of Filipino Movies. Cruz and her husband Norman Bustos were married in 1996 but filed for divorce in March 2008, they have a daughter named Ashley Nicole. Sheryl Cruz on filed her candidacy for councilor of Manila but lost in the May 13, 2019 National elections. Sheryl Walang Ganyanan Row 4 Movie Soundtrack There's No Place Like Home Sa Puso ay Ikaw pa Rin Profile on iGMA.tv Sheryl Cruz on IMDb

High priest (Latter Day Saints)

In most denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement, a high priest is an office of the priesthood within the Melchizedek priesthood. High priests are more experienced leaders within the priesthood; the term derives in part from the Epistle to the Hebrews, which describes Jesus as "a high priest after the order of Melchizedek". Movement founder Joseph Smith ordained the first high priests on June 3, 1831. High priests are organized into quorums; the first president of a high priests quorum of the church was Smith's younger brother, Don Carlos Smith. In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, high priests are responsible for the spiritual welfare of the members and the administration of local church units called wards and stakes. Melchizedek priesthood holders in the church are ordained high priests when they become a member of a stake presidency, stake high council, or bishopric, "or when otherwise determined by the stake president". Ordinations are approved by the member's bishop and stake president and the common consent of the general priesthood membership in the stake.

A man must hold the Melchizedek priesthood and hold the priesthood office of elder before he may become a high priest. Ordination is done by another high priest by the laying on of hands. Like other priesthood offices in the LDS Church, high priests are organized into quorums; the high priests quorum is organized at the stake level, with the president of the quorum being the stake president. Prior to the church's April 2018 General Conference, the stake president would organize a high priest "group" in each ward; each group was provided with a group leader, who selected two assistants and a secretary to assist him. However, following changes announced in general conference, the high priest group were to disband at the ward level; the high priest quorum on the stake level henceforth would consist of high priests serving in the stake presidency, as a high councilor, in a bishopric, or as a functioning patriarch. High priests not serving in those callings would join their ward's elders quorum. In a district, there is no high priests quorum.

Men holding the office of high priest join the elders quorum of the branch. There are a number of positions in the LDS Church. Among these are the stake president and his counselors, members of a stake high council, mission president, member of a temple presidency. A bishop must be a high priest. Bishop's counselors are high priests, but there are some exceptions. Any high priest may become a member of the First Presidency, but in recent practice most members of the First Presidency have been apostles. Since 1995, individuals ordained to the office of seventy are ordained first to the office of high priest. Priesthood Aaronic priesthood High Priest, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan, 1992. A Study of the History of the Office of High Priest, John D. Masters Thesis Brigham Young University, 2006

Lake Pohenegamook

Lake Pohenegamook is a Canadian lake located in Temiscouata Regional County Municipality, in administrative region of Bas-Saint-Laurent, in southeastern Quebec north of the International Boundary with Maine at Aroostook County. It is the source of the Saint Francis River. Oriented north-south, the lake is nestled in a valley in the Notre Dame Mountains, part of the Appalachian Range. Route 289 runs along the southern and western shores through the municipality of Pohénégamook - an amalgamation of several villages; the National Transcontinental Railway constructed its mainline from Winnipeg, Manitoba to Moncton, New Brunswick along the western and southern shores in 1912 - today this line forms the mainline of CN Rail between Halifax, Nova Scotia and Montreal, Quebec. The community of Estcourt Station, Maine is located south of the CN railway line at the lake's southern shore; the place name "Lake Pohenegamook" was formalized on December 5, 1968, at the Commission de toponymie du Québec. Media related to Category: Pohenegamook Lake at Wikimedia CommonsTémiscouata Regional County Municipality Pohénégamook, Quebec, a municipality Boucanée River, a stream Saint Francis River, a stream Estcourt, Quebec, a village Estcourt Station, Maine

A Christmas Horror Story

A Christmas Horror Story is an 2015 anthology horror film directed by Grant Harvey, Steven Hoban, Brett Sullivan. It premiered on July 20, 2015 at the Fantasia International Film Festival and had a limited theatrical release on October 2, 2015, along with a VOD release; the film is a series of interwoven stories tied together by a framework story featuring William Shatner as a radio DJ. Dangerous Dan is an alcoholic radio DJ stuck pulling a long shift at the Bailey Downs radio station during Christmas. During his broadcast, he keeps receiving notices of a disturbance at the local mall, telling his listeners to stay away. Dan keeps playing his music while a series of four stories are witnessed: Dylan and Molly Simon have decided to break into their school, which used to be a convent, to investigate the murders of two students, one of whom was Dan's grandson, that occurred in the school's basement the year before, their friend, was supposed to go, but she instead has to go with her parents out of town.

The three of them end up getting locked in the basement. Molly tries to seduce Dylan; when he refuses her, Molly kills him. Molly seduces Ben and after the act is finished, the ghost leaves Molly's body. Upon waking, Molly reveals that the ghost was a pregnant teenager named Grace who died when the school was a convent after the nuns gave her a gruesome abortion; the ghost is only interested in having someone give birth to her child and if they refuse, they are murdered – explaining last year's deaths. Despite having gotten Molly pregnant, the ghost sees Ben holding a weapon, viewed as a threat, the ghost kills him; the ghost unlocks the door and allows Molly to leave. Scott Peters is a police officer who worked the murder case of the two students the year before, but had to take a leave from the force due to the trauma of it. On Christmas Eve, much to his wife's reluctance, Scott convinces his family to go into woods owned by "Big Earl" to chop down a Christmas tree for their house. During the trek, Scott's son Will wanders off and gets lost.

He and his wife Kim are overjoyed to find him. This joy is short lived after Will begins to act strangely, culminating in Big Earl contacting the family to warn them that Will is a changeling. After the changeling kills Scott, Kim brings the changeling to Big Earl, who states that he's unable to help her find her son because it is up to the changelings; this ends with Kim shooting Big Earl, containing the changelings in the grove. Free, the changeling returns to his home and frees Will. Caprice and her younger brother Duncan are traveling with their parents Taylor and Diane to visit their elderly Aunt Edda. During their visit, Edda tells them about the mythological creature Krampus, which frightens Caprice – after Duncan purposely destroys a Krampus figurine in an attempt to irritate Edda's caretaker, Gerhardt, their parents decide to take the children home at Edda's insistence, but on the way they get into a car accident, forcing them to walk. Aware that they were being hunted by Krampus because they acted badly, the family members take refuge in a church where they attempt to confess their sins in belief that Krampus will leave them if they do so.

However, they are picked off one by one. Caprice manages to flee to Aunt Edda's house, she is successful in killing Krampus. It's revealed that he transformed into Krampus due to his anger over the family's actions and that Edda was aware that this would happen. Furious, Caprice's anger causes her to transform into Krampus, she attacks Edda. While preparing for a busy Christmas, Santa Claus discovers that all of his elves and his wife have turned into zombies after one of the infected elves dies following a fit of rage, he manages to kill them all, but is forced to fight against Krampus. However, right when he's about to kill Krampus it's revealed that "Santa" is a Mall Santa named Norman who had a psychotic break while working overtime that caused him to see regular mall goers as zombies during the Christmas Food Drive; the police arrive and manage to gun him down just as he goes to kill "Krampus", revealed to be the mall's manager, Mr. Taylor; this is the disturbance at the mall. Directors for this film were Steven Hoban, who created the original idea, Grant Harvey (and Brett Sullivan, all of whom worked on the Ginger Snaps trilogy.

The sound track was created by Alex Khaskin, consisted of spooky adaptations of traditional Christmas music. The film includes gory special effects. Jake Dee from Arrow in the Head rated the film a 5/10, calling its overlapping segments "uneven", stating that only the final two segments managed to be memorable. Brett Gallman from Oh, the Horror! offered similar criticism, stating that the film would have been better if its segments had played separately. Not all reviews of the film, however were negative. Brad Miska from Bloody Disgusting gave the film a positive review, writing, "While A Christmas Horror Story doesn’t have the qualities of a big theatrical release, like Trick ‘r Treat, it’s glossy enough to bring joy to those however they end up seeing it." Jay Seaver from eFilmCritic gave the film 4/5 stars, calling it "a solidly-entertaining piece of