Gian Franco Corsi Zeffirelli known as Franco Zeffirelli, was an Italian director and producer of operas and television. He was a senator from 1994 until 2001 for the Italian centre-right Forza Italia party; some of his operatic designs and productions have become worldwide classics. He was known for several of the movies he directed the 1968 version of Romeo and Juliet, for which he received an Academy Award nomination, his 1967 version of The Taming of the Shrew with Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton remains the best-known film adaptation of that play as well. His miniseries Jesus of Nazareth won both national and international acclaim and is still shown on Christmas and Easter in many countries. A Grande Ufficiale OMRI of the Italian Republic since 1977, Zeffirelli received an honorary British knighthood in 2004 when he was created a KBE, he was awarded the Premio Colosseo in 2009 by the city of Rome. Zeffirelli was born Gian Franco Corsi Zeffirelli in the outskirts of Florence, Italy, he was born after an affair between Florentine Alaide Garosi, a fashion designer, Ottorino Corsi, a wool and silk dealer from Vinci.
Since both were married, Alaide was unable to use Corsi's for her child. She came up with "Zeffiretti", which are the "little breezes" mentioned in Mozart's opera Idomeneo, of which she was quite fond. However, it became Zeffirelli; when he was six years old, his mother died and he subsequently grew up under the auspices of the English expatriate community and was involved with the so-called Scorpioni, who inspired his semi-autobiographical film Tea with Mussolini. Italian researchers found that Zeffirelli was one of a handful of living people traceably consanguineous with Leonardo da Vinci, he was a descendant of one of da Vinci's siblings. Zeffirelli graduated from the Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze in 1941 and, following his father's advice, entered the University of Florence to study art and architecture. After World War II broke out, he fought as a partisan, before he met up with British soldiers of the 1st Scots Guards and became their interpreter. After the war, he re-entered the University of Florence to continue his studies, but when he saw Laurence Olivier's Henry V in 1945, he directed his attention toward theatre instead.
While working for a scenic painter in Florence, he was introduced to and hired by Luchino Visconti, who made him assistant director for the film La Terra trema, released in 1948. Visconti's methods had a deep impact upon Zeffirelli's work, he worked with directors such as Vittorio De Sica and Roberto Rossellini. In the 1960s, he made his name designing and directing his own plays in London and New York City and soon transferred his ideas to cinema. Zeffirelli's first film as director was a version of The Taming of the Shrew intended for Sophia Loren and Marcello Mastroianni but featuring the Hollywood stars Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton in their stead. Taylor and Burton helped fund production and took a percentage of the profits rather than their normal salaries. While editing The Taming of the Shrew, Zeffirelli's native Florence was devastated by floods. A month he released a short documentary, entitled Florence: Days of Destruction, to raise funds for the disaster appeal. Zeffirelli's major breakthrough came the year after, when he presented two teenagers as Romeo and Juliet.
The movie is still immensely popular and was for many years the standard adaptation of the play shown to students. It made Zeffirelli a household name – no other subsequent work by him had the immediate impact of Romeo and Juliet; the film earned $14.5 million in domestic rentals at the North American box office during 1969. It earned $1.7 million in rentals. Film critic Roger Ebert, for the Chicago Sun-Times, wrote: "I believe Franco Zeffirelli's Romeo and Juliet is the most exciting film of Shakespeare made". After two successful film adaptations of Shakespeare, Zeffirelli went on to religious themes, first with a film about the life of St. Francis of Assisi titled Brother Sun, Sister Moon his extended mini-series Jesus of Nazareth with an all-star cast; the latter was a major success in the ratings and has been shown on television in the years since. He moved on to contemporary themes with a remake of the boxing picture The Champ and the critically panned Endless Love. In the 1980s, he made a series of successful films adapting opera to the screen, with such stars as Plácido Domingo, Teresa Stratas, Juan Pons and Katia Ricciarelli.
He returned to Shakespeare with Hamlet. His 1996 adaptation of the Charlotte Brontë novel Jane Eyre was a critical success. Zeffirelli cast unknown actors in major roles. Leonard Whiting, Graham Faulkner and Martin Hewitt all left the film business; the female leads in those films have attained far greater success in the industry. Zeffirelli was a major director of opera productions from the 1950s on in Italy and elsewhere in Europe as well as the United States, he began his career in the theatre as assistant to Luchino Visconti. He tried his hand at scenography, his first work as a director was buffo operas by Gioachino Rossini. He became a friend of Maria Callas and they worked together on a La traviata in Dallas, Texas, in 1958. Of particular note is his 1964 Royal O
The Doncaster Mile Stakes is a Listed flat horse race in Great Britain open to horses aged four years or older. It is run at Doncaster Racecourse over a distance of 1 mile, it is scheduled to take place each year in late March or early April, it is held on the opening day of the British flat racing turf season, at the same race meeting as the Lincoln Handicap. Horse racing in Great Britain List of British flat horse races Paris-Turf: "1982". "1983". "1984". "1985". "1986". "1987". Racing Post 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 2018, 2019
Maryland Route 65 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Maryland. Known for most of its length as Sharpsburg Pike, the state highway runs 11.75 miles from MD 34 in Sharpsburg north to the southern end of Hagerstown, where the highway continues north as Potomac Street toward the downtown area. MD 65 connects central and southern Washington County and serves as the primary access point to Antietam National Battlefield; the state highway, laid out as a turnpike, was constructed in its modern form in the mid-1920s. MD 65 was rebuilt in the early 1950s and relocated through Antietam National Battlefield by the early 1980s. MD 65 begins at an intersection with MD 34 in the town of Sharpsburg. Church Street continues south toward Burnside's Bridge across Antietam Creek. MD 65 leaves Sharpsburg and heads north as two-lane Sharpsburg Pike through Antietam National Battlefield, where the highway curves to the northwest and back north while the old alignment of MD 65, Dunker Church Road, continues straight to serve as the main entrance to the battlefield park.
MD 65 continues north through farmland and scattered residences, passing west of the Washington County Agricultural Education Center, reaches the village of Fairplay, where the state highway intersects MD 63. North of the intersection of MD 68 in Lappans, the state highway passes Maryland Correctional Institution - Hagerstown. MD 65 passes between residential subdivisions in the community of St. James before reaching a partial cloverleaf interchange with Interstate 70. A park and ride lot is located at the southeast quadrant of the interchange; the state highway temporarily expands to a four-lane divided highway through the interchange, south of which the state highway intersects Colonel Henry K. Douglas Drive, unsigned MD 65A. North of I-70, MD 65 passes Hagerstown Premium Outlets; the state highway enters the city of Hagerstown just north of Oak Ridge Drive. MD 65 passes South Hagerstown High School before reaching its northern terminus at an arbitrary point adjacent to the high school's baseball field.
The roadway continues north as Potomac Street, passing Rose Hill Cemetery, the Houses At 16-22 East Lee Street, the Elliot-Bester House on its way toward downtown Hagerstown. MD 65 is a part of the National Highway System as a principal arterial from MD 63 at Fairplay north to its northern terminus in Hagerstown; the predecessor highway of MD 65 was Sharpsburg Turnpike. The first section of modern MD 65 was paved from Hagerstown to a point between Lappans and Fairplay around 1923; the remainder of the highway was completed south to Sharpsburg in 1926. MD 65 was extended south along Church Street and Burnside Bridge Road to Burnside's Bridge between 1930 and 1933. By 1961, MD 65's southern terminus was rolled back to MD 34. MD 65 was rebuilt and widened from Sharpsburg to Hagerstown in 1952 and 1953. MD 65's interchange with I-70 opened in 1968 when I-70 was completed from I-81 east to US 40; the interchange had two straight ramps on the north side of the interchange and two loop ramps on the south side.
MD 65 was placed on a new alignment through Antietam National Battlefield by 1981. The entire route is in Washington County. MD 65A is the designation for Colonel Henry K. Douglas Drive, a 0.35-mile spur west from MD 65 just south of I-70. The state highway provides access to the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration's Hagerstown center, a park and ride lot serving MTA Maryland commuter buses, the Maryland State Highway Administration's Hagerstown shop, the Hagerstown barracks of the Maryland State Police. MD 65A is named for Henry Kyd Douglas, a staff officer to Stonewall Jackson in the Army of Northern Virginia who wrote the memoir I Rode With Stonewall; the highway was built concurrent with the construction of the new MVA service center in 1988 to provide a new connection between the police barracks and SHA shop and MD 65. The old access road was subsumed by the construction of a new ramp from eastbound I-70 to southbound MD 65 around 1995; the access road received the MD 65A designation in 2002.
Maryland Roads portal MDRoads: MD 65
Kaloyan known as Kalojan, Johannitsa or Ioannitsa was emperor of Bulgaria from 1196 to 1207. He was a younger brother of Theodor and Asen who led the anti-Byzantine uprising of the Bulgarians and Vlachs in 1185; the uprising ended with the restoration of the independence of Bulgaria. He spent years as a hostage in Constantinople in the late 1180s. Theodor made him his co-ruler after Asen was murdered in 1196. A year Theodor-Peter was assassinated, Kaloyan became the sole ruler of Bulgaria. To obtain an imperial crown from the Holy See, Kaloyan entered into correspondence with Pope Innocent III, offering to acknowledge papal primacy, his expansionist policy brought him into conflict with the Byzantine Empire and Hungary. Emeric, King of Hungary allowed the papal legate who delivered a royal crown to Kaloyan to enter Bulgaria only at the Pope's demand; the legate crowned Kaloyan "King of the Bulgarians and Vlachs" on 8 November 1204, but Kaloyan continued to regard his realm as an empire. Kaloyan took advantage of the disintegration of the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Constantinople to the crusaders in 1204.
He captured fortresses in Macedonia and Thrace and supported the local population's riots against the crusaders. He defeated Baldwin I, Latin emperor of Constantinople, in the Battle of Adrianople on 14 April 1205. Baldwin was captured, he launched new campaigns against the crusaders and captured or destroyed dozens of their fortresses. He was thereafter known as Kaloyan the Romanslayer, because his troops murdered or captured thousands of Romans, he died under mysterious circumstances during the siege of Thessalonica in 1207. Kaloyan was the younger brother of Theodor and Asen, noted as the instigators of the uprising of the Bulgarians and Vlachs against the Byzantine Empire in 1185. Theodor was crowned emperor and adopted the name Peter in 1185. Asen became Peter's co-ruler before 1190, they secured the independence of their realm with the assistance of Cuman warriors from the Pontic steppes. Kaloyan, still a teenager in 1188, must have been born around 1170, according to historian Alexandru Madgearu.
He was baptised Ivan, but he was called Johannitsa because Ivan was the baptismal name of his elder brother Asen. Kaloyan derived from the Greek expression for John the Handsome, his Greek enemies called him Skyloioannes, which gave rise to references to Tsar Skaloyan or Scaluian in frescos in the Dragalevtsi Monastery and the Sucevița Monastery. After the Byzantines captured Asen's wife, Kaloyan was sent as a hostage to Constantinople in exchange for her in the spring of 1188; the date of his release is not known. He was back in his homeland when a boyar, murdered Asen in Tarnovo in 1196. Ivanko attempted to obtain the throne with Byzantine support, but Theodor-Peter forced him to flee to the Byzantine Empire; the Byzantine historian Niketas Choniates mentioned that Theodor-Peter designated Kaloyan "to assist him in his labors and share in his rule" at an unspecified time. Kaloyan became the sole ruler of Bulgaria after Theodor-Peter was murdered in 1197. Shortly afterwards he attacked the Byzantine province of Thrace and launched frequent raids against it during the following months.
Around this time, he sent a letter to Pope Innocent III, urging him to dispatch an envoy to Bulgaria. He wanted to persuade the pope to acknowledge his rule in Bulgaria. Innocent eagerly entered into correspondence with Kaloyan because the reunification of the Christian denominations under his authority was one of his principal objectives; the Byzantine Emperor Alexios III Angelos made Ivanko the commander of Philippopolis. Ivanko seized two fortresses in the Rhodopi Mountains from Kaloyan, but by 1198 he had made an alliance with him. Cumans and Vlachs from the lands to the north of the river Danube broke into the Byzantine Empire in the spring and autumn of 1199. Choniates, who recorded these events, did not mention that Kaloyan cooperated with the invaders, so it is that they crossed Bulgaria without his authorization. Kaloyan captured Braničevo, Velbuzhd and Prizren from the Byzantines, most in that year, according to historian Alexandru Madgearu. Innocent III's envoy arrived in Bulgaria in late December 1199, bringing a letter from the Pope to Kaloyan.
Innocent stated that he was informed that Kaloyan's forefathers had come "from the City of Rome". Kaloyan's answer, written in Old Church Slavonic, has not been preserved, but its content can be reconstructed based on his correspondence with the Holy See. Kaloyan styled himself "Emperor of the Bulgarians and Vlachs", asserted that he was the legitimate successor of the rulers of the First Bulgarian Empire, he demanded an imperial crown from the Pope and expressed his wish to put the Bulgarian Orthodox Church under the pope's jurisdiction. The Byzantines captured Ivanko and occupied his lands in 1200. Kaloyan and his Cuman allies launched a new campaign against Byzantine territories in March 1201, he destroyed captured Varna. He supported the rebellion of Dobromir Chrysos and Manuel Kamytzes against Alexios III, but they were both defeated. Roman Mstislavich, prince of Halych and Volhynia, invaded the Cumans' territories, forcing them to return to their homeland in 1201. After the Cuman's retreat, Kaloyan concluded a peace treaty with Alexios III and withdrew his troops from Thrace in late 1201 or in 1202.
According to Kaloyan's letter to the Pope, Alexios III was willing to send an imperial crown to him and to acknowledge the autocapha
Luca Damiano is an Italian film director. Born in Rome, Lo Cascio started his career as the assistant director of Fernando Di Leo in all the films he directed between 1967 and 1974. In 1974 he made his directorial debut with the parody film Piedino il questurino starring Franco Franchi. After having directed a number of comedies and the supernatural thriller Un urlo dalle tenebre, in 1976 Lo Cascio withdrew from directing to focus on his distribution company "Patrizia Cinematografica" he founded together with Diego Spadaro. In 1984, he adopted his stage name Luca Damiano and directed and produced numerous pornographic films. 2000 FICEB Ninfa Award winner - Lifetime Achievement Award 2001 FICEB Ninfa Award winner - Special Jury Award Piedino il questurino Un urlo dalle tenebre Ah sì? E io lo dico a Zzzzorro! Sesso allo specchio Erotic Adventures of Red Riding Hood La Signora dell'Oriente Express Il Marchese de Sade - Oltre ogni perversione Ladri gentiluomini - Donne, gioielli... E culi belli The Erotic Adventures of Marco Polo The Erotic Adventures of Aladdin X Hamlet: For the Love of Ophelia Snow White & 7 Dwarfs War Games Napoleon Orient Express The Princess, the Bodyguard and the Stripper C'era una volta il... bordello Rock Erotic Picture Show Don Juan Paolina Borghese ninfomane imperiale Snow White...
Axel Anders Theodor Hägerström was a Swedish philosopher. Born in Vireda, Jönköping County, Sweden, he was the son of a Church of Sweden pastor; as student at Uppsala University, he gave up theology for a career in philosophy. Teaching there from 1893 until his retirement in 1933, he attacked the dominant philosophical idealism of the followers of Christopher Jacob Boström, he is best known as a founder of the positivistic Uppsala school of philosophy—the Swedish counterpart of the Anglo-American Analytical Philosophy as well as of the Logical Positivism of the Vienna Circle—and as the founder of the Scandinavian legal realism movement. Some of his work was published by the Muirhead Library of Philosophy, he was Inspektor of the Östgöta nation from 1925 to his retirement in 1933. The jurisprudential camp of legal realism, broadly speaking, consists of those scholars who reject the concept of natural law and who believe that legal concepts and values should be based on experience and experimentation and are thus, ‘real’.
Hägerström is considered to be the founding father of the Scandinavian school of legal realism. His disciples Karl Olivecrona, Alf Ross and Anders Vilhelm Lundstedt all take a similar basic view to Hägerström in their opinions on the language of Western law. Due to their verdict on natural law, they reject the concept of human rights. Hägerström, influenced by the Neo-Kantianism of the Marburg school, rejected metaphysics in their entirety, his motto was: "Praeterea censeo metaphysicam esse delendam", paraphrasing Cato's famous "delenda Carthago". His opinion was that words such as ‘right’ and ‘duty’ were meaningless as they could not be scientifically verified or proven, they may have influence or be able to direct a person who obtains such a right or duty but if they could not stand up to a factual test, they were mere fantasies. Hägerström regarded all value judgements as mere emotional expressions using the form of judgements without being judgments in the proper sense of the word; this position caused Hägerström's critics to characterize his philosophy as "value nihilism" - a label, invented by journalists and endorsed by some of Hägerström's less orthodox followers, namely Ingemar Hedenius.
Hägerström attacked various words and legal concepts in his writings so as to prove they could not stand up to scientific application. Aristoteles etiska grundtankar och deras teoretiska förutsättningar, Akamemiska boktrykeriet, E. Berling, 1893'Axel Hägerström', Filosofiskt lexikon, ed Alfred Ahlberg, Natur & Kultur, Third edition, 1951 Philosophy and Religion, English translation by Robert T. Sandin Inquiries into the Nature of Law and Morals, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, ed. Karl Olivecrona, transl. C. D. Broad