Frank Heino Damrosch was a German-born American music conductor and educator. In 1905, Damrosch founded the New York Institute of Musical Art, which became the Juilliard School. Damrosch was born on June 22, 1859 in Breslau, the son of Helene von Heimburg, a former opera singer, conductor Leopold Damrosch, he came to the United States with his father, conductor Walter Damrosch, sister, music teacher Clara Mannes, in 1871. His parents were Lutheran, he had studied music in Germany under Dionys Pruckner. He studied in New York under Ferdinand von Inten, he studied in Europe under Moritz Moszkowski. He intended to adopt a business career, to that end went to Denver, but the musical impulse proved too strong, in 1884 he was an organist, conductor of the Denver Chorus Club, supervisor of music in the public schools. For some years he was chorus master at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, he conducted the Mendelssohn Glee Club from 1885 to 1887. In 1892 he organized the People's Singing Classes, he was instrumental in founding the Musical Art Society of New York.
In 1897 he became supervisor of music in the public schools in New York. In 1898 Damrosch succeeded his brother Walter as conductor of the Oratorio Society, which he directed until 1912. During his career, he and his sister Clara Damrosch taught at the Veltin School for Girls in Manhattan. In 1905 he founded and became director of the New York Institute of Musical Art, with the hopes of reproducing the quality of instruction found in European conservatories. In 1926, the Institute of Musical Art merged with the Juilliard Graduate School to form what is today Juilliard School. Damrosch's pupils included William Howland, long-time head of the music department at the University of Michigan, the prodigy pianist Hazel Scott. Damrosch died in New York City on October 22, 1937. Damrosch Park, part of New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, is named in honor of the Damrosch family; this article contains text from a work now in the public domain: "Etude Gallery of Musical Celebrities". Etude Magazine.
August 1910. "Damrosch, Walter Johannes". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1922
Kowloon Hospital is a general care hospital located in Kowloon City District, in Kowloon, Hong Kong. The complex was built on land between Prince Edward Road; the hospital used to be an acute hospital with emergency service. It was converted to a chronic hospital to provide extended supportive care to patients from Queen Elizabeth Hospital; the hospital has specialist services in psychiatry, respiratory medicine and geriatrics. The respiratory medicine unit provides teaching opportunities for medical students from the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong. With 1,281 beds, the hospital was the first to establish a rehabilitation unit in Hong Kong. Official website
Aung La N Sang, nicknamed "Burmese Python" is a Burmese-born American mixed martial artist of ethnic Kachin descent signed to ONE Championship. He is ONE Light Heavyweight Champion, he made his MMA debut in 2005 and would go on to become a major star in his native Myanmar after signing with ONE Championship and winning two titles with the promotion. Aung La was born in Myitkyina, Kachin State, Myanmar to ethnic Kachin parents Nsang Tu Awng, a jewelry trader, his wife Shadan Nang Bu, he is the first son of five siblings. He attended high school at International School Yangon. In 2004, he moved to the United States to study Agriculture Science at Andrews University in Berrien Springs, Michigan, he worked as a migratory beekeeper while keeping up his MMA training. Aung La made his professional debut in 2005, soon built a reputation for his outstanding submission skills, earning himself the nickname of “The Burmese Python". Early in his career, La Nsang fought for King of the Cage and Ring of Combat as well as other, smaller promotions.
However, his career got off with La Nsang losing his first fight. At the age of 27, he became a social media sensation when footage of him knocking out Jason Louck at CFFC 17 went viral in the Kachin State. After the fight, he posed with a Kachin flag, he made his ONE Championship debut in June, 2014 and has headlined multiple shows at the Thuwunna Stadium in Yangon. After signing with ONE Championship in 2014, Aung La N Sang returned to his home country of Myanmar two years at ONE Championship: Union of Warriors, winning his bout to become a national hero. In 2017, he became Myanmar's first world champion in any mainstream sport, beating Vitaly Bigdash to win the ONE Championship Middleweight World Title; that year he met with State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi to discuss the issues in the Kachin State. On March 18, 2016, he fought in Yangon for the first time. On June 30, 2017, he beat Vitaly Bigdash by decision in Yangon to win the ONE Championship Middleweight World Championship.
On February 23, 2018, he stopped Alexandre Machado in Yangon to win the ONE Light Heavyweight World Championship to become only the second fighter, after Martin Nguyen, to win ONE Championship titles in two divisions. On June 29, 2018, Aung La N Sang defended the ONE Middleweight Title for the first time against Ken Hasegawa at ONE Championship: Spirit of a Warrior in Yangon in what is now considered one of the greatest title fights in ONE Championship history, he defeated Hasegawa by TKO in the fifth round to retain the title. On October 26, 2018, he beat Mohammad Karaki by TKO in Yangon to retain the ONE Championship Middleweight Title. On March 31, 2019, he defended his title against Ken Hasegawa for a second time, retaining his ONE Middleweight Title via technical knockout. After his title defense against Hasegawa, La N Sang signed a new ten-bout contract with ONE Championship. La N Sang made his first Light Heavyweight title defense against Brandon Vera at ONE Championship: Century on October 13, 2019.
During the match, La N Sang connected a spinning elbow that had Vera stumbling and followed it through with punches. La Nsang defeated Vera by technical knockout in the second round and defended the ONE Light Heavyweight title. La N Sang is next expected to defend his middleweight championship against Reinier de Ridder and date to be determined. However, de Ridder was pulled from the bout. Aung La will now face former middleweight champion Vitaly Bigdash for a third time at ONE Infinity 1 on April 10, 2020. In July 2018, Commander-in-Chief Snr-Gen Min Aung Hlaing issued an official statement of congratulations, claiming the ethnic Kachin fighter embodies the indomitable spirit of Myanmar, the pride of the nation. Aung La was invited to the Ministry of Defence and presented with a cash award as a token of appreciation and recognition by representatives of all three branches of the Myanmar armed forces. On February 24, 2018, Commander-in-Chief Snr-Gen Min Aung Hlaing and Tatmadaw officials honored to Aung La N Sang.
On behalf of the Tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief, Yangon Command Commander Maj-Gen Thet Pone presented Aung La Nsang with a Myanmar Ks 10 million cash prize, as well as a certificate of honor sent by the Tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief, at an event held at the Rose Garden Hotel in Yangon. Since becoming a superstar in his native land via his ONE Championship success, Aung La has committed himself to several charity projects, using his reach and fame to try and help the people of Myanmar. In particular, he has given his backing to educational charities such as "Street School Initiative" and Global Citizen, as well as other causes in his native Kachin state. Aung La is a passionate advocate for Myanmar's wildlife and he has been a big supporter of Voices for momos, a campaign against illegal wildlife trade, since its launch in November 2017. On 9 November 2018, Aung La was appointed as ambassador of Fighting Wildlife Crime by World Wide Fund for Nature, Myanmar. ONE Championship ONE Middleweight Championship Three successful title defenses ONE Light Heavyweight Championship One successful title defense World MMA Awards 2018 International Fighter of the Year List of current ONE fighters
Smart antennas are antenna arrays with smart signal processing algorithms used to identify spatial signal signatures such as the direction of arrival of the signal, use them to calculate beamforming vectors which are used to track and locate the antenna beam on the mobile/target. Smart antennas should not be confused with reconfigurable antennas, which have similar capabilities but are single element antennas and not antenna arrays. Smart antenna techniques are used notably in acoustic signal processing and scan radar, radio astronomy and radio telescopes, in cellular systems like W-CDMA, UMTS, LTE. Smart antennas have many functions: DOA estimation, interference nulling, constant modulus preservation.. The smart antenna system estimates the direction of arrival of the signal, using techniques such as MUSIC, estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques algorithms, Matrix Pencil method or one of their derivatives, they involve finding a spatial spectrum of the antenna/sensor array, calculating the DOA from the peaks of this spectrum.
These calculations are computationally intensive. Matrix Pencil is efficient in case of real time systems, under the correlated sources. Beamforming is the method used to create the radiation pattern of the antenna array by adding constructively the phases of the signals in the direction of the targets/mobiles desired, nulling the pattern of the targets/mobiles that are undesired/interfering targets; this can be done with a simple Finite Impulse Response tapped delay line filter. The weights of the FIR filter may be changed adaptively, used to provide optimal beamforming, in the sense that it reduces the Minimum Mean Square Error between the desired and actual beampattern formed. Typical algorithms are the steepest descent, Least Mean Squares algorithms. In digital antenna arrays with multi channels use the digital beamforming by DFT or FFT. Two of the main types of smart antennas include switched beam smart antennas and adaptive array smart antennas. Switched beam systems have several available fixed beam patterns.
A decision is made as to which beam to access, at any given point in time, based upon the requirements of the system. Adaptive arrays allow the antenna to steer the beam to any direction of interest while nulling interfering signals. Beamdirection can be estimated using the so-called direction-of-arrival estimation methods. In 2008, the United States NTIA began a major effort to assist consumers in the purchase of digital television converter boxes. Through this effort, many people have been exposed to the concept of smart antennas for the first time. In the context of consumer electronics, a "smart antenna" is one that conforms to the EIA/CEA-909 Standard Interface. In 2017, the Israeli Aerospace Industries unveiled an adaptive array antenna called ADA, stated that it is operational and shall be fitted onto "major platforms" used by the Israel Defense Forces. Prior to the final transition to ATSC digital television in the United States on June 11, 2009, two smart antenna models were brought to market: RCA ANT2000 – no longer available from retailers DTA-5000 – manufactured by Funai Electric, marketed under the "DX Antenna" brand name, sometimes associated with the Sylvania brand name.
The unfortunately-named Channel Master 3000A and CM3000HD SMARTenna series are otherwise-conventional amplified omnidirectional antennas, not steerable smart antennas. ADA - An adaptive antenna produced by MLM factory of the Israel Aerospace Industries Smart antenna systems are a defining characteristic of MIMO systems, such as the IEEE 802.11n standard. Conventionally, a smart antenna is a unit of a wireless communication system and performs spatial signal processing with multiple antennas. Multiple antennas can be used at either the receiver; the technology has been extended to use the multiple antennas at both the transmitter and receiver. As extended Smart Antenna technology, MIMO supports spatial information processing, in the sense that conventional research on Smart Antennas has focused on how to provide a digital beamforming advantage by the use of spatial signal processing in wireless channels. Spatial information processing includes spatial information coding such as Spatial multiplexing and Diversity Coding, as well as beamforming.
Antenna Array processing History of smart antennas Phased array CEA-909 WiMAX Diversity combining Active antenna Reconfigurable antenna Smart Antenna Research Group at Stanford Virginia Tech and Portable & Radio research groupBooks: Gross, Frank. "Smart Antennas for Wireless Communications: With MATLAB". Professional Engineering. P. 288. ISBN 978-0071447898. Sun, Chen. "Handbook on Advancements in Smart Antenna Technologies for Wireless Networks". Premier Reference Source. IGI Global. P. 584. ISBN 978-1599049885
Troy is a town in Sauk County, United States. The population was 773 at the 2000 census; the unincorporated communities of Black Hawk and Witwen are located in the town. The town was named after Troy, the native home of an early settler. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 54.3 square miles, of which, 53.1 square miles of it is land and 1.1 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 773 people, 277 households, 219 families residing in the town; the population density was 14.5 people per square mile. There were 300 housing units at an average density of 5.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.84% White, 0.52% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population. There were 277 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.9% were non-families.
17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.17. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $39,432, the median income for a family was $43,750. Males had a median income of $28,438 versus $23,984 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,735. About 5.9% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over. Leroy Litscher and politician, was born in the town
The Arc of Life is a film of an interview of world religion scholar Professor Huston Smith by Ken Dychtwald, a gerontologist and psychologist. The topics covered range from an overview of how societies from early human history to today deal with the problem of aging, to how the various religions of the world view the purpose of life, what they teach about what happens after death. Author and scholar Professor Huston Smith was an expert on the world's religion and was over 90 years old at the time of the interview, his first book, The World's Religions, has sold over two million copies and is still used as a text book in college courses. Ken Dychtwald is a gerontologist, author and professional speaker on the subject of aging, he has written 15 books, with an emphasis on the implications of the baby boomer generation approaching retirement age. Smith preempts the start of the interview by giving a summary of what he sees as the three inescapable problems that have faced humans from the earliest development of civilization: how to earn a living, how to get along with our fellow humans, how to get along with our selves.
He compares how the three enduring civilizations: East Asia, South Asia and the West, have dealt with these problems in distinctive ways. In Smith's view, the West has focused on nature, developed science - but this puts the emphasis on the material world, including the body, which ages and deteriorates, he points out that the West has been successful in providing livelihood, but tries to hide the fact of aging by using lovely metaphors of old age and such things as face lifts. The Western culture is youth oriented, in Smith's opinion, fails to properly deal with the problems of aging. China, where Smith was born and raised, is considered the world's sociologists, created a society where the elderly are not only respected more as they grow older, but through extended family structures, are assisted by younger generations as one grows old. Smith characterizes India as the world's psychologists - focusing on an individual's growth throughout their life in four stages: youth, family life, retirement - where a person seeks solitude to realize what life is all about, the final stage of renunciation, where a person comes out of retirement to put into practice what they've learned.
After that overview, Dychtwald goes through a series of questions about what the various religions of the world say about aging and afterlife, as well as questioning Smith about his personal view of these topics. At 90+ years of age, Smith feels content with the "Arc" of his life, when asked if he wanted to be young again, he answers with humor and emphasizes, "No! There's no reason to have three deserts" after dinner, he quotes from the bible, "Whatsoever condition I find myself, therein to be content". Harry R. Moody, Ph. D. Director of Academic Affairs, AARP said of the film, "The Arc of Life DVD is a magnificent contribution to understanding of Huston Smith and his work." Official website Ken Dychtwald official website Huston Smith official website The Arc of Life on IMDb