Frank Martin was a Swiss composer, who lived a large part of his life in the Netherlands. Born into a Huguenot family in the Eaux-Vives quarter of Geneva, the youngest of the ten children of a Calvinist pastor named Charles Martin, Frank Martin started to improvise on the piano prior to his formal schooling. At the age of nine he had written a few songs without external musical instruction. At 12, he attended a performance of Johann Sebastian Bach's St. Matthew Passion and was affected by it. Respecting his parents' wishes, he studied mathematics and physics for two years at Geneva University, but at the same time was studying piano and harmony with his first music teacher Joseph Lauber, a Geneva composer and by that time a leading figure of the city's musical scene. In the 1920s, Martin worked with Émile Jaques-Dalcroze from whom he learned much about rhythm and musical theory. Between 1918 and 1926 Martin lived in Zurich and Paris. Compositions of this time show him searching for an authentic musical voice of his own.
In 1926 he established the Chamber Music Society of Geneva which, for the next ten years he conducted, as well as contributing on the clavichord and piano. During this period he was teaching musical theory and improvisation at the Jaques-Dalcroze Institute, chamber music at the Geneva Conservatory. Martin's music was inspired by his Christianity. In this regard, his compositions stemmed from "the individuality rather than universality of his faith... broader than Calvinism". The Petite Symphonie Concertante of 1944–45 made Martin's international reputation, is the best known of his orchestral works, as the early Mass is the best known of his choral compositions, the Jedermann monologues for baritone and piano or orchestra the best known of his works for solo voice. Other Martin pieces include a full-scale symphony, two piano concertos, a harpsichord concerto, a violin concerto, a cello concerto, a concerto for seven wind instruments, a series of six one-movement works he called "ballades" for various solo instruments with piano or orchestra.
Among a dozen major scores for the theater are operatic settings of Shakespeare and Molière, the satirical fairy tale La Nique à Satan. His works on sacred texts and subjects, which include another large-scale theater piece, Le Mystère de la Nativité 1957/1959, are considered to rank among the finest religious compositions of the 20th century. Fellow Swiss musician Ernest Ansermet, a champion of his music from 1918 on, conducted recordings of many of Martin's works, such as the oratorio for soloists, double chorus & orchestra In Terra Pax, with the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande. Martin developed his mature style based on his personal variant of Arnold Schoenberg's twelve tone technique, starting using it around 1932, although he didn't abandon tonality, his preference for lean textures and his habitual rhythmic vehemence make his style different from the one of Schoenberg. Some of Martin's most inspired music comes from his last decade, he worked on Et la vie l'emporta, until ten days before his death.
He died in Naarden, the Netherlands, was buried in Geneva at the Cimetière des Rois. Martin's music is performed in continental Europe, to a much lesser extent, in the United Kingdom. Rythmes for orchestra Fox Trot for small orchestra Guitare for orchestra Symphonie for orchestra Passacaille for large orchestra Symphonie concertante for orchestra Études for string orchestra Ouverture en hommage à Mozart for orchestra Les quatre éléments for orchestra Erasmi monumentum for large orchestra and organ Piano Concerto No. 1 Danse de la peur for two pianos and small orchestra Ballade for alto saxophone or basset horn, string orchestra, piano and percussion Ballade for piano and orchestra Ballade for flute, string orchestra and piano Ballade for trombone or tenor saxophone and small orchestra Petite symphonie concertante for harp, harpsichord and two string orchestras Ballade for violoncello and small orchestra Concerto for seven wind instruments, timpani and string orchestra Violin Concerto Concerto for harpsichord and small orchestra Cello Concerto Piano Concerto No. 2 Trois danses for oboe, string quintet and string orchestra Ballade for viola, wind orchestra, harp and percussion Polyptyque, for violin and two small string orchestras Das Märchen vom Aschenbrödel Pavane couleur du temps for string quintet Piano Quintet Trio sur des mélodies populaires irlandaises Violin Sonata No. 2 Rhapsodie for two violins, two violas and double bass String Trio Sonata da chiesa for viola d'amore and organ Ballade for trombone or tenor saxophone and piano Ballade for flute and piano Ballade for trombone and piano String Quartet Quatre pièces brèves Eight Préludes Fantasia on Flamenco Rhythms Passacaille Agnus Dei pour orgue Les Dithyrambes for soloists and orchestra Mass for Double Chorus Cantate pour le temps de Noël for soloists, female chorus, boys' chorus, string orchestra and organ In terra pax for soloists, two choirs and orchestra Golgotha, oratorio for soloists, chorus and orchestra Songs of Ariel for
Barbara Ellison is an American retired professional wrestler, better known by her ring name, Bette Boucher. Boucher was born in the small town Webster, Massachusetts on July 29, 1943, one of seven children born to parents of French descent. While attending high school, she excelled in track and field; as a young girl, she became an avid fan of professional wrestling. After befriending professional wrestler Pat Patterson, he introduced her to The Fabulous Moolah, who agreed to train her despite misgivings about her small stature. In 1962, Boucher enrolled in The Fabulous Moolah's professional wrestling school in Columbia, South Carolina, training for six months before making her debut, she was given the ring name "Bette" by The Fabulous Moolah to appear more exotic. Her first bout was for Jim Crockett Promotions in North Carolina. After wrestling for two years, Boucher joined the Minneapolis, Minnesota-based American Wrestling Association. In the late-1960s, Boucher's sister Shirley began wrestling under the ring name "Rita Boucher".
The sisters spent two years as a tag team. Boucher defeated The Fabulous Moolah to win the NWA World Women's Championship on September 17, 1966; the Fabulous Moolah regained the championship from her one month later. As The Fabulous Moolah was billed as having held the championship uninterrupted for decades, title reigns such as this were not always recognized. Boucher retired from professional wrestling in 1970 to start a family. Boucher married in 1970, she and her husband had four children before divorcing in 1992. National Wrestling Alliance NWA World Women's Championship
Atelier Meruru: The Apprentice of Arland is a Japanese role-playing video game developed by Gust Co. Ltd.. It was released for PlayStation 3 on June 2011 in Japan. Atelier Meruru is the thirteenth installment in the Atelier series, it continues the series' emphasis on item creation and synthesis, it is the third game in the Arland series and a direct sequel to Atelier Totori: The Adventurer of Arland. It went out of print after a month due to being mis-rated, only being re-released after CERO applied a B rating days later, it is notably the last title. A PlayStation Vita version titled Atelier Meruru Plus: The Apprentice of Arland was released on March 20, 2013 in Japan. A port of the game titled Atelier Meruru DX for Nintendo Switch and PlayStation 4 was released on September 20, 2018 in Japan, on December 4, 2018 in the West along with an additional Microsoft Windows release worldwide. Meruru is the princess of a little kingdom situated in the far north of the Arland republic. After her father and Gio, the leader of Arland, discussed the merging of the two lands, she met Totori, the now-graduated alchemist.
Dazzled by the power of alchemy, with a desire to help her country prosper, she forced herself on Totori as her first student. Her father disapproves of this decision but agrees following a suggestion from Rufus, he gives Meruru a directive to use her alchemy to improve the kingdom, with several intermediate goals which must be met within specific time periods in order to be allowed to continue her alchemy work. Rorona joins the two, but she has been turned into a child by Astrid after drinking an experimental potion of youth. Merurulince Rede Arls Voiced by: Xanthe HuynhVoiced by: Satomi Akesaka The protagonist of the game, she is the princess of Arls kingdom, though she eschews her royal duties and instead seeks a life of adventure. She has a bubbly personality, acts impulsively, she prefers to be called by her nickname, "Meruru". Rorolina Frixell Voiced by: Mai Kadowaki Totori's teacher and the first protagonist in the Arland trilogy, she remains energetic and knowledgeable about alchemy but takes the form of a child in this game.
She prefers to be called by her nickname, "Rorona". Totooria Helmold Voiced by: Kaori Nazuka Meruru's mentor, Rorona's pupil, she can lack tact at times. She prefers to be called by her nickname, "Totori". Keina Swaya Voiced by: Christine Marie CabanosVoiced by: Kaori Satou Meruru's childhood friend and a maid at the castle, she watches over Meruru, provides her company, is well adapted to the princess's bizarre behavior. Mimi Houllier von Schwarzlang Voiced by: Yuka Iguchi An Arland aristocrat, exceedingly fond of Totori as a friend, she encounters Meruru through being hired by Rufus as her escort. Lias Falken Voiced by: Mitsuhiro Ichiki A childhood friend of Meruru who idolizes his older brother, Rufus. Gino Knab Voiced by: Yuko Sanpei An experienced adventurer involved in the events of the previous game. Sterkenburg Cranach Voiced by: Jūrōta Kosugi A knight, first involved in the events of first Arland game who holds traditional views about knighthood and wants it re-instituted in Arland. Esty Dee Voiced by: Rina Satō Previously a receptionist in the Adventurers' Guild, she is now an experienced adventurer.
Ludwig Giovanni Arland Voiced by: Akio Ōtsuka Previously the king of Arland, he is now a wandering swordsman pursued by Sterk for his abolishment of the republic's knighthood. The game features a turn-based battle system. Battles are based on the idea that the princess, Meruru, is the leader and those accompanying her are considered "escorts." Meruru can use items in battle and depending on the conditions in battle, her escorts can chain attacks and the power of the items can be increased. The escorts have access to a range of special attacks that consume MP and in the game gain access to powerful finishing moves. Totori and Rorona, as alchemists, are able to use items, but cannot make use of the bonuses like Meruru. Opponents drop items that can be used for alchemy synthesis and the defeat of certain opponents are required to advance development in most areas. One month after the game's initial release, shipments were halted due to it having been mis-rated, it was re-released a few days with a B rating from CERO.
Its A rating was revoked and it was given a B rating instead due to some suggestive scenes featured in-game. The game was rated for all ages due to Gust Corporation not providing them with complete content of the game to review. A PlayStation Vita re-release, titled Atelier Meruru Plus: The Alchemist of Arland 3 was announced in January 2013, it features new scenes, costumes and boss enemies, as well as connectivity with the Vita release of Atelier Totori. Consumable items and enemy difficulty will be rebalanced to create a more enjoyable gameplay experience. Unlike Atelier Totori Plus, it features costumes for characters other than the player character, as well as a costume store that can be built over the course of the storyline, it was released in Japan on March 2013, in standard and premium releases. The premium edition comes with a crystal paperweight; the English-language version was shown at E3 2013, was released in North America on October 1, 2013, in Europe and Australia on October 2, 2013