Franklin Edmundo Rijkaard is a Dutch former footballer and former manager who played as a midfielder or defender. Rijkaard has played for Ajax, Real Zaragoza and Milan and represented the Netherlands national team side 73 times, scoring 10 goals. In his managerial career, he has been at the helm of the Netherlands national team, Sparta Rotterdam, Barcelona and the Saudi Arabia national team. Regarded as one of the best defensive midfielders in footballing history and as one of the best players of his generation, in 2010 Rijkaard was described by British broadsheet The Daily Telegraph as having been "a stylish player of faultless pedigree". Rijkaard was born in Amsterdam, his mother Neel is Dutch and his father Herman is a Surinamese footballer who arrived in the Netherlands along with the father of Ruud Gullit. Rijkaard was just 17 when Ajax coach Leo Beenhakker gave him his senior squad debut on 23 August 1980, he made an immediate impact, scoring the third goal in a 4–2 away victory over Go Ahead Eagles, the first league match in the 1980–81 season.
He would play another 23 games for Ajax in his first season. In 1981–82, he won his first league championship with Ajax and went on to defend the title the following season. Rijkaard stayed at Ajax for seven-and-a-half seasons. During this period, he won the Dutch Cup three times. In the 1986–87 season, he won the Cup Winners' Cup with Ajax over Lokomotiv Leipzig, winning 1–0. In September 1987, what would have been Rijkaard's third season under Dutchman Johan Cruyff as head coach, Rijkaard stormed off the training field and vowed never to play under him again, he was subsequently signed by Sporting CP, but he signed too late to be eligible to play in any competition. He was loaned out to Real Zaragoza, but upon completing his first season at Zaragoza was signed by A. C. Milan. Rijkaard played for five seasons at Milan, it was coach Arrigo Sacchi who saw Rijkaard as playing a pivotal role at Milan and transformed the central defender into a world class holding midfielder, where the Dutchman's aggressive and firm style would go on to influence the likes of Patrick Vieira to replicate in future years.
Playing alongside fellow country-men Marco van Basten and Ruud Gullit, Rijkaard won the European Cup twice and the domestic Serie A championship twice. In the 1990 European Cup Final, he scored the only goal to win the cup for Milan. After five seasons in Italy, Rijkaard returned to Ajax in 1993. With Louis van Gaal at the helm and Danny Blind formed the experienced defensive core of the Ajax team that won the first two of three consecutive Dutch championships. Ajax were the unbeaten champions of the Netherlands in the 1994–95 season, carried that success into Europe. In his final game, Rijkaard won the Champions League with a 1–0 victory over Milan in the 1995 final at the Ernst-Happel-Stadion in Vienna, he was named in Pelé's list of the 125 World's Greatest Footballers. On the international stage, Rijkaard made his debut for the Netherlands in 1981, he was part of the Dutch side that won UEFA Euro 1988 with a 2–0 win in the final over the Soviet Union, playing at centre-back alongside Ronald Koeman.
He scored 10 goals. Rijkaard played for the Netherlands during the 1990 and 1994 FIFA World Cups and at Euro 1992. At Euro 1992, Rijkaard scored a late equalizer for the Netherlands in a 2–2 draw with Denmark at the semi-final stage but the Dutch went out on penalties, he made his final appearance for the Netherlands in the 3–2 defeat against eventual winners Brazil in the quarter-finals of the 1994 World Cup. Rijkaard was the cause of an incident with Rudi Völler when West Germany played the Netherlands in the 1990 World Cup. Rijkaard was booked for a tackle on Völler and, as Rijkaard took up position for the free kick, he spat in Völler's hair. Völler was booked as well. From the resulting free kick, Völler handled the ball and went to the ground to avoid a collision with Dutch keeper Hans van Breukelen, while others, notably Rijkaard and van Breukelen, saw Voller's handball and his resulting action as a dive in hopes for a penalty. Van Breukelen was angry at this but Rijkaard annoyed by Völler's previous antics, again confronted the West German by twisting his ear and stamping on his foot.
Argentine referee Juan Carlos Loustau was tired of both Völler and Rijkaard's hostile antics towards each other in such a short period of time, fearing a fight between the two, sent off both Rijkaard and Völler. As he jogged back to the entrance tunnel, Rijkaard again spat in Völler's hair as they left the pitch; the German press nicknamed him "Llama" for his spitting. Rijkaard would apologise for his behaviour to Völler, who accepted. Regarded as one of the greatest players in his position, Rijkaard was a quick, strong and tenacious defensive midfielder, praised by pundits throughout his career for his physical and athletic attributes, his work rate, his acute tactical intelligence and decision-making, as well as his outstanding consistency and ability to read the game. Due to his aggression and versatility, he was capable of playing as a central or box-to-box midfielder, in a defensive role in the centre. Although Rijkaard was known as strong tackler, he was elegant for a player of his size, possessed good technique, passing ability, link-up play, vision, wh
Once Like a Spark is the second album by Northern Irish rock group Jetplane Landing. The Violence - 3:08 Brave Gravity - 3:11 I Opt Out - 3:17 Effect A Change - 4:38 Calculate The Risk - 3:08 Do It... Now! - 3:43 Conventional Thought - 4:09 Tethered By All That We Know - 3:52 The Strength Of Our Conviction - 2:57 Writing The Ways Down - 3:31 There Is No Real Courage Unless There Is No Real Danger - 3:28 Andrew Ferris – vocals, guitar Raife Burchell – drums Cahir O'Doherty – guitar, vocals Jamie Burchell – bass guitar, vocals Sean Doherty – production, mixing Jonathan Gent – sleeve art Kelly Burchell – sleeve design, layout In the children's television series Peppa Pig, a short burst of "Effect a Change" is played in the episode The New Car
In the canon law of the Catholic Church, a person is a subject of certain legal rights and obligations. Persons may be distinguished between juridic persons. Juridic persons may be distinguished as collegial or non-collegial, public or private juridic persons; the Holy See and the Catholic Church as such are not juridic persons, since juridic persons are created by ecclesiastical law. Rather, they are moral persons by divine law. By baptism a natural person is constituted a person in the same. All the validly baptized, called Christifideles, have the status of physical persons under Catholic canon law; the age of reason is the age at which children attain the use of reason and begin to have moral responsibility. On completion of the seventh year a minor is presumed to have the use of reason, but intellectual disability can prevent some individuals from attaining the use of reason; the term "use of reason" appears in the Code of Canon Law 17 times, but "age of reason" does not appear. However, the term "age of reason" is used in canon law commentaries such as the New Commentary on the Code of Canon Law published by Paulist Press in 2002.
Children who do not have the use of reason and the mentally disabled are sometimes called "innocents" because of their inability to commit sins: if their actions are objectively sinful, they sometimes lack capacity for subjective guilt. In the Eastern Catholic Churches, the Eucharist and Confirmation are given after baptism to infants who do not yet have the use of reason. In Latin Rite Catholicism, Confirmation is conferred, except in danger of death, only on persons who have the use of reason. In danger of death, the Eucharist may be administered to children who lack the use of reason, if the child can distinguish the sacrament from ordinary food and receive it reverently; this is true for those who have severe intellectual disabilities such that they are not assumed to gain the use of reason. The age of majority in the Catholic Church is 18 following the consensus of Civil law, until Advent 1983, the Age of Majority was 21 in the Latin Church, based on the age of majority according to Roman Law.
In simple terms, a juridic person is an artificial construct under canon law that allows a group of persons or things to function and be treated under canon law as a single unit. The 1917 Code of Canon Law referred to all juridic persons as "moral persons", while the 1983 Code of Canon Law uses the term "moral person" to designate the Apostolic See and the Catholic Church itself. A more thorough definition is given by Kennedy: "A juridic person... is an artificial person, distinct from all natural persons or material goods, constituted by competent ecclesiastical authority for an apostolic purpose, with a capacity for continuous existence and with canonical rights and duties like those of a natural person... conferred upon it by law or by the authority which constitutes it and to which it is accountable under canon law."The doctrine of juridic personality is thought to have its origins in canon law. It has been attributed to Pope Innocent IV, who seems at least to have helped spread the idea of persona ficta as it is called in Latin.
In the early church, the doctrine of persona ficta allowed monasteries to have a legal existence, apart from the monks, simplifying the difficulty in balancing the need for such groups to have infrastructure though the monks took vows of personal poverty. Another effect of this was that as a fictional person, a monastery could not be held guilty of delict due to not having a soul, helping to protect the organization from non-contractual obligations to surrounding communities; this moved such liability to individuals acting within the organization while protecting the structure itself, since individuals were considered to have a soul and therefore capable of being guilty of negligence and excommunicated. Canonical age in Roman Catholic canon law is an age one must reach, counting from birth, when one becomes capable of incurring certain obligations, enjoying special privileges, embracing special states of life, holding office or dignity, or receiving the sacraments; each of these human acts requires a development of mind, body, or spirit appropriate to its free and voluntary acceptance and an adequate knowledge of, capacity for, the duties and obligations attached.
The ages prescribed by canon law differ, as do the privileges and dignities to which they apply. Baptism: the sacrament can be validly administered regardless of age. Confirmation: the canonical age is seven, the age of reason. Holy Communion: the canonical age is seven, the age of reason. Children in danger of death, capable of committing and confessing to mortal sin, of distinguishing heavenly from ordinary food, when desirous of receiving Holy Communion, must not be denied it, although they may not have achieved the minimum age prescribed. Confession: the canonical age is seven, the age of reason. From this age, Catholics are bound by the law of annual confession. Anointing of the Sick: the sacrament is to be administered to a Catholic of seven years or older. Holy Orders: the sacrament can be received at the earliest at 23 years, 25 years or 35 years, according to canon 1031 CIC. Dispensations can be granted by the Apostolic See. Marriage: the marriageable age is 16 years for males and 14 years for females.
The same minimum age is required for a non-sacramental marriage. Dis
Kreuzlingen is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen in the canton of Thurgau in north-eastern Switzerland. It is the seat of the district and is the second largest city of the canton, after Frauenfeld, with a population of about 22,000. Together with the adjoining city of Konstanz just across the border in Germany, Kreuzlingen is part of the largest conurbation on Lake Constance with a population of 120,000; the name of the municipality stems from the Augustinian monastery Crucelin Kreuzlingen Abbey. It was founded in 1125 by the Bishop of Constance Ulrich I. In the Swabian War and the 30 Years' War after the siege of Constance by Swedish troops, the Augustinian monastery was burned down by the people of Constance, who blamed the monks for having supported the enemy. In 1650, the monastery was rebuilt in its present location. With secularization in 1848, the buildings became a teachers' school; the chapel became a Catholic church The area was settled during the Bronze Age. Celtic and Roman coins and artifacts testify of continued settlement.
Kurzrickenbach is first mentioned as Rihinbah in 830, Egelshofen as Eigolteshoven in 1125, Emmishofen as Eminshoven in 1159. The territory of the municipality, except for the Augustinian monastery, belonged to the Bishop of Constance; when the Eidgenossen conquered Thurgau in 1460 and further with the Reformation, the ties to the neighboring city loosened. Until the beginning of the 19th century, the present center of Kreuzlingen was still agricultural; the first steamboats began to operate on Lake Constance in 1824. The first train line to Romanshorn was finished in 1871, the second to Etzwilen in 1875; this brought industry to the region. In 1874, the municipality of Egelshofen was renamed Kreuzlingen and became the capital of the district, instead of Gottlieben, it reached its present size with the incorporation of Kurzrickenbach in 1927 and Emmishofen in 1928. However, until World War I, Kreuzlingen was a kind of suburb of Constance. Most of its industry was in the hands of German firms; the war made Kreuzlingen more independent.
In 1947 Kreuzlingen passed the mark of 10,000 residents, thus becoming according to Swiss statistical convention a town. The Sanatorium of Bellevue, which occupied part of the old monastery, played an important role in the history of Kreuzlingen. In 1842, Ignaz Vanotti from Constance bought a large tract of land and built a residential and commercial building in 1843 to house the emigrant press of Bellevue, located in Römerburg. In 1857, Ludwig Binswanger, a psychiatrist from Münsterlingen acquired the property and opened a private sanatorium; the clinic was modern and remained in the control of the Binswanger family for nearly 120 years. Important psychiatric advances under the founder's grandson called Ludwig Binswanger in the development of existential psychotherapy, were made at the sanatorium. However, few of its buildings remain. Kreuzlingen has an area, as of 2009, of 11.49 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.13 km2 or 27.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 3.24 km2 or 28.2% is forested.
Of the rest of the land, 4.87 km2 or 42.4% is settled, 0.11 km2 or 1.0% is either rivers or lakes and 0.13 km2 or 1.1% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 22.3% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 5.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.7%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 5.3% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 8.4%. Out of the forested land, 26.8% of the total land area is forested and 1.4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 25.1% is used for growing crops, while 2.2% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in lakes. Of the unproductive areas, 1.1% is unproductive vegetation and. The municipality is located in the Kreuzlingen district on the border with the German city of Konstanz, it is located on Lake Constance where it narrows to form the Untersee, bordering with Konstanz in Germany.
It is halfway between Schaffhausen and Rorschach on a southward-dipping west-east axis. It consists of the former villages of Bernrain, Egelshofen and Kurzrickenbach. Kreuzlingen has a population of 22,004 As of 2008, 48.1% of the population are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 2.2%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Albanian being third; as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 50.8 % female. The population was made up of 4,409 Swiss men, 4,715 non-Swiss men. There were 5,208 Swiss women, 4,194 non-Swiss women. In 2008 there were 73 live births to Swiss citizens and 95 births to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there were 137 deaths of Swiss citizens and 29 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 64 while the foreign population increased by 66. There was 1 Swiss man, 2 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland to another country, 299 non-Swiss men who emigrated from Switzerland to another country and 263 non-Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland to another country.
The total Swiss population change in 2008 was a decrease of 168 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 442 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.5%. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Kreuzlingen is.
Keep on Masturbating: Non-Stop Pleasure aka Serial Masturbation: Disorder is a 1994 Japanese Pink film directed by Toshiya Ueno. It was chosen as Best Film of the year at the 1994 Pink Grand Prix ceremony. A man with a troubled past including incest with a younger sister and the murder of a woman travels to an isolated countryside town in Nagano. There a local who mistakes him for a famous television actor shows him the town's sites, including a strip bar in which the performers remove Heian era costumes; the film's narrative is in an allegorical and disjointed manner with references to Buddhist concepts. The title bears no relation to the story, there are no masturbation scenes in the film. Loosely based on Kenji Nakagami's short story Aragami. Takeshi Itō Hitomi Aikawa Hotaru Hazuki Shirō Shimomoto Kazuhiro Sano Besides winning the Best Film of the year at the Pink Grand Prix covering the year 1994, awards for Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actor, Best New Actress, 2nd Place went to the film.
Anglophone Pink film scholar Jasper Sharp calls the film one of director Ueno's most accomplished. He notes that by winning the Pink Grand Prix with this film, Ueno served as an advance guard for the "new wave" shichifukujin group of pink film directors who came to prominence after the shitennō. In their Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films, the Weissers call the film "an energetic, anxious-to-please pinku eiga", which "manage to generate some of the most powerful, authentic sex scenes since the golden age of Nikkatsu." The film was released on DVD in Japan on April 26, 2002 as Water God and Crimson Lotus aka The Dragon God and Shurenge. Renzoku onanie: midareppanashi on IMDb "RENZOKU ONANIE: MIDAREPPANASHI". Complete Index to World Film. Retrieved 2009-05-29. Sharp, Jasper. Behind the Pink Curtain: The Complete History of Japanese Sex Cinema. Guildford: FAB Press. Pp. 291, 311, 317, 364. ISBN 978-1-903254-54-7. Weisser, Thomas. Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films. Miami: Vital Books: Asian Cult Cinema Publications.
P. 375. ISBN 1-889288-52-7. 竜神と朱蓮華. Allcinema.net. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 竜神と朱蓮華. Www.dmm.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-29. "連続ONANIE 乱れっぱなし". Japanese Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-05-29. ＮＩＰＰＯＮ ＥＲＯＴＩＣＳ. P. G. Web Site. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-29
John Elicius Benedict Bernard Placid Quirk Carrington Dwyer, better known as E. B. Dwyer, was an Australian cricketer who played first-class cricket in England for Sussex County Cricket Club. Dwyer was born in a suburb of Sydney, Australia, his great-grandfather was Michael Dwyer, from Wicklow in Ireland, a leader of the Irish Rebellion of 1798. He fought a guerrilla campaign until he surrendered in December 1803, was transported to Australia in 1805. Dwyer played cricket in Australia for Redfern Wednesday Cricket Club and for Redfern Cricket Club, he was tall, played as a right-arm fast-medium bowler, using his height and a high right-arm bowling action to produce lift and turn. Plum Warner encouraged him to play in England, where he arrived in early 1904. CB Fry persuaded him to play for Sussex. After playing a few matches for Sussex in 1904 and 1905, he became a regular member of the team from 1906, playing in 61 first-class matches for Sussex between 1904 and 1909, taking 179 wickets at a bowling average of 27.94.
He took 9 wickets for 35 runs against Derbyshire at Hove in 1906. He was less successful as a batsman, he made two half-centuries, but his first-class batting average was only 11.87. He made his best score, 63, against Surrey at Brighton in 1906, he was dropped from the Sussex team after 1909. He died in Crewe. A. R. R. A. P. W. R. R. K. B. Amunugama Media related to E. B. Dwyer at Wikimedia Commons "Stump The Bearded Wonder No 26". BBC News. 3 May 2002. Retrieved 7 August 2008. BBC Sport, 3 May 2002 A man with seven initials, battling brothers, Cricinfo, 1 May 2006 E. B. Dwyer at ESPNcricinfo Profile from CricketArchive