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Frank Zappa

Frank Vincent Zappa was an American multi-instrumentalist musician and bandleader. His work is characterized by nonconformity, free-form improvisation, sound experiments, musical virtuosity, satire of American culture. In a career spanning more than 30 years, Zappa composed rock, jazz, jazz fusion and musique concrète works, produced all of the 60-plus albums that he released with his band the Mothers of Invention and as a solo artist. Zappa directed feature-length films and music videos, designed album covers, he is considered one of the stylistically diverse rock musicians of his era. As a self-taught composer and performer, Zappa's diverse musical influences led him to create music, sometimes difficult to categorize. While in his teens, he acquired a taste for 20th-century classical modernism, African-American rhythm and blues, doo-wop music, he began writing classical music in high school, while at the same time playing drums in rhythm and blues bands switching to electric guitar. His 1966 debut album with the Mothers of Invention, Freak Out!, combined songs in conventional rock and roll format with collective improvisations and studio-generated sound collages.

He continued this eclectic and experimental approach, irrespective of whether the fundamental format was rock, jazz or classical. Zappa's output is unified by a conceptual continuity he termed "Project/Object", with numerous musical phrases and characters reappearing across his albums, his lyrics reflected his iconoclastic views of established social and political processes and movements humorously so, he has been described as the "godfather" of comedy rock. He was a strident critic of mainstream education and organized religion, a forthright and passionate advocate for freedom of speech, self-education, political participation and the abolition of censorship. Unlike many other rock musicians of his generation, he disapproved of drugs, but supported their decriminalization and regulation. During Zappa's lifetime, he was a productive and prolific artist with a controversial critical standing, he had some commercial success in Europe, worked as an independent artist for most of his career. He remains a major influence on composers.

His honors include his 1995 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the 1997 Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2000, he was ranked number 36 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him at number 71 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time", in 2011 at number 22 on its list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Zappa was born on December 1940, in Baltimore, Maryland, his mother, was of Italian and French ancestry. Frank, the eldest of four children, was raised in an Italian-American household where Italian was spoken by his grandparents; the family moved because his father, a chemist and mathematician, worked in the defense industry. After a time in Florida in the 1940s, the family returned to Maryland, where Zappa's father worked at the Edgewood Arsenal chemical warfare facility of the Aberdeen Proving Ground run by the U. S. Army. Due to their home's proximity to the arsenal, which stored mustard gas, gas masks were kept in the home in case of an accident.

This living arrangement had a profound effect on Zappa, references to germs, germ warfare and the defense industry occur throughout his work. Zappa was sick as a child, suffering from asthma and sinus problems. A doctor treated his sinusitis by inserting a pellet of radium into each of Zappa's nostrils. At the time, little was known about the potential dangers of small amounts of therapeutic radiation, although it has since been claimed that nasal radium treatment has causal connections to cancer, no studies have provided significant enough evidence to confirm this. Nasal imagery and references appear in his music and lyrics, as well as in the collage album covers created by his long-time collaborator Cal Schenkel. Zappa believed his childhood diseases might have been due to exposure to mustard gas, released by the nearby chemical warfare facility, his health worsened when he lived in Baltimore. In 1952, his family relocated for reasons of health to Monterey, where his father taught metallurgy at the Naval Postgraduate School.

They soon moved to Claremont, to El Cajon, before settling in San Diego. Zappa joined his first band at Mission Bay High School in San Diego as the drummer. At about the same time, his parents bought a phonograph, which allowed him to develop his interest in music, to begin building his record collection. According to The Rough Guide to Rock, "as a teenager Zappa was enthralled by black R&B, doo-wop, the modernism of Igor Stravinsky and Anton Webern, the dissonant sound experiments of Edgard Varese."R&B singles were early purchases for Zappa, starting a large collection he kept for the rest of his life. He was interested in sounds for their own sake the sounds of drums and other percussion instruments. By age 12, he began learning the basics of orchestral percussion. Zappa's deep interest in modern classical music began when he read a LOOK magazine article about the Sam Goody record store chain that lau

Dot-matrix display

A dot-matrix display is an electronic digital display device that displays information on machines and watches, public transport departure indicators and many other devices requiring a simple alphanumeric display device of limited resolution. The display consists of a dot matrix of lights or mechanical indicators arranged in a rectangular configuration such that by switching on or off selected lights, text or graphics can be displayed. A dot matrix controller converts instructions from a processor into signals which turns on or off indicator elements in the matrix so that the required display is produced. Common sizes of dot matrix displays: 128×16 128×32 128×64 Other sizes include: 92×31 A common size for a character is 5×7 pixels, either separated with blank lines with no dots, or with lines of blank pixels; this is seen on most graphic calculators, such as Casio calculators or superior. A smaller size is 3×5; this is seen on the TI-80 calculator as a "pure", fixed-size 3×5 font, or on most 7×5 calculators as a proportional font.

The disadvantage of the 7×5 matrix and smaller is that lower case characters with descenders are not practical. A matrix of 11×9 is used to give far superior resolution. Dot matrix displays of sufficient resolution can be programmed to emulate the customary seven-segment numeral patterns. A larger size is 5×9 pixels, used on many Natural Display calculators. Display examples Flip-disc display Fourteen-segment display Hitachi HD44780 LCD controller LED panel Sixteen-segment display

Hotel Albion

Hotel Albion, established in 1906, is a former hotel and historic building in Portland, Oregon, in the United States. It is best known for housing the Lotus Café, which occupied the ground floor from 1924 until its closure in August 2016; the hotel was renamed the Lotus Hotel in the 1930s or 1940s, but it closed in 1976 as a result of fire safety violations. Designs for a 10-story office building, proposed to be constructed on the site were approved by the Portland Design Commission, a city-appointed advisory panel, in early July 2016; the plans called for demolition of the Hotel Albion, Ankrom Moisan Architects submitted a demolition permit to the city in mid-July 2016. The Auditorium and Music Hall, directly adjacent to the former hotel, was not proposed for demolition. Demolition began on June 28, 2018, was completed by mid-July. Ancient Order of United Workmen Temple – nearby building demolished as part of same overall redevelopment plan Media related to Hotel Albion at Wikimedia Commons

Opera Babes

The Opera Babes are a crossover classical music duo, consisting of Karen England, mezzo-soprano, Rebecca Knight, soprano. The duo came to wide attention when they sang "Un bel dì vedremo" on television sports programmes, beginning in 2002. In addition to performing with major orchestras in Britain and touring with their own shows, they released their first album, Beyond Imagination in 2002 and their second album, Renaissance, in 2006; the Opera Babes met in Cambridge while performing Mozart's The Magic Flute in a touring opera company. England studied at London's Guildhall School of Music and Drama. Knight, whose mother is the opera singer Gillian Knight, wrote for children's television early in her career. Both women have performed with the English touring company Opera della Luna and at the International Gilbert and Sullivan Festival, they began busking together in 2001 on London's Covent Garden, where they were first spotted and were signed for their first album by Sony. They became famous for singing "Un bel dì vedremo", the song that ITV used for their World Cup 2002 programmes, at the FA Cup final and at the UEFA Champions League final in Milan.

Knight explained the group's strategy to BBC News as follows: "e have tried to maintain the classical integrity while making these things more appealing to a wider audience."The Opera Babes released their first album, Beyond Imagination in 2002 (ranking No. 1 on the UK Classical Chart for eleven weeks, No. 4 on the US Billboard Classical Crossover Albums chart. In addition to the "One Fine Day" track being selected as the World Cup 2002 theme by ITV, British Airways chose another of the tracks, "Lakme H2O", a "stylish re-imagining of the Flower Duet from Lakmé", for a commercial. One reviewer wrote: "If you're a young individual with a remote interest in the classical genre, this disc is the perfect introduction"; the album has sold over 1.7 million copies. The artists soon had a falling out with their producer, SonyBMG, which asked them to concentrate on studio work, rather than performing live. "We were discovered busking... so I would have thought it was obvious that we loved performing live, yet Sony weren't interested", said Karen England.

The Opera Babes have performed in concert with orchestras such as the Philharmonia, the Halle, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, the BBC Concert Orchestra, the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra, the Berlin Symphony Orchestra, among others. They performed for Queen Elizabeth II at the Festival of Remembrance at the Royal Albert Hall, the launch of the Commonwealth Games at Buckingham Palace, Proms at the Palace for the Queen's Jubilee celebrations, they have performed at the Los Angeles Opera House with Plácido Domingo, were the first British classical act to perform in Las Vegas. In 2003 they performed, they have performed on Good Morning America and Fox and Friends. The Opera Babes have been the subject of three UK documentaries for ITV and one US documentary for CBS. Since 2005, the Opera Babes have been Ambassadors of SOS Children's Villages, an international orphan charity providing homes and mothers for orphaned and abandoned children.

The Opera Babes' second album, another classical and "crossover" collection, was released in 2006 on the independent label, Instant Karma UK. Swansea's Home Front magazine wrote, "Renaissance is superb. Tracks include'Casta Diva','Pie Jesu,"Clair de Lune', Stephen Sondheim's'Send in the Clowns'.... If you only buy one classical album, buy this one!" The Opera Babes' 2006 "Renaissance" concert toured songs from both of their albums performed with multi-media special effects and visuals, as well as dancers costumed by designer Elizabeth Emanuel. In December 2006, they were featured on the UK's Songs of Praise programme recorded at Lichfield Cathedral. In the spring of 2007, they continued to tour in the UK and the US, the group took a break while Karen England had a baby; the group resumed touring in 2008. After this tour, the duo performed among other venues. In 2012, the group released its third album, Silent Noon, named after the song by Ralph Vaughan Williams, on the Warner Classics label; the album consists of British songs, from Handel and Purcell, to Quilter, to Britten and Novello, accompanied by piano.

The Allmusic review commented that the duo's "calling card was the blend of their remarkably similar voices, that's intact here. Yet an upbeat number or two wouldn't have been out of order". Beyond Imagination Sony. Billboard 200 #199.

Carlo Bovi

Carlo Bovi was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Sarsina and Bishop of Bagnoregio. Carlo Bovi was born in Bologna, Italy in 1576 and ordained a deacon in January 1622. On 10 January 1622, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Gregory XV as Bishop of Bagnoregio. On 30 January 1622, he was consecrated bishop by Ludovico Ludovisi, Archbishop of Bologna, with Galeazzo Sanvitale, Archbishop Emeritus of Bari-Canosa, Alfonso Gonzaga, Titular Archbishop of Rhodus, serving as co-consecrators. On 29 January 1635, he was appointed by Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Sarsina, he served as Bishop of Sarsina until his death on 24 March 1646. While bishop, he was the principal co-consecrator of: Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Sarsina". Retrieved January 4, 2019. Chow, Gabriel. "Diocese of Sarsina". Retrieved January 4, 2019. Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Bagnoregio". Retrieved June 16, 2018. Chow, Gabriel. "Titular Episcopal See of Bagnoregio". Retrieved June 16, 2018

Dáil Constitution

The Constitution of Dáil Éireann, more known as the Dáil Constitution, was the constitution of the 1919–22 Irish Republic. It was adopted by the First Dáil at its first meeting on 21 January 1919 and remained in operation until 6 December 1922; as adopted it consisted of five articles. Article 1 declared that the Dáil had "full powers to legislate" and would consist of representatives elected in elections conducted by the British government. For the exercise of executive power it created a cabinet, answerable to the Dáil, called the Ministry, headed by a prime minister called the "Príomh Aire"; the constitution was limited to an outline of the functions of the executive. The final article of the constitution declared that it was intended to be a provisional document, in the sense that it was subject to amendment; as adopted the constitution came to only around 370 words. In comparison, the modern Constitution of Ireland has 16,000 words. Overall, the structure of the document was as follows: Article 1: Dáil Éireann Article 2: Ministry of Dáil Éireann Article 3: Chairman of the Dáil Article 4: Finance Article 5: Amendments 1 April 1919: Five amendments were made to the constitution on this day: Allowed for the nomination of the members of the Ministry at the same meeting as the election of the President.

Allowed for the nomination in writing by the President of a President-Substitute in periods of temporary absences. Allowed for the appointment of a Minister-Substitute in periods of temporary absences. Increased the maximum number of ministers from four to "a President of the Ministry elected by Dáil Eireann, not more than nine Executive Officers". Provided that twice yearly auditing of accounts would not begin until November 1919. 25 August 1921: The style of the head of the ministry was amended to "the President who shall be Prime Minister", reduced the cabinet to six members. The amendment made further changes to the dates mentioned in Article 4; this made more explicit the idea that the head of the ministry was both head of state and head of government. Following the change to the Constitution in 1921, Éamon de Valera was proposed and elected as President of the Irish Republic, rather than President of Dáil Éireann. After the ratification of the Anglo-Irish Treaty by the Dáil on 7 January 1922, de Valera left office in 1922.

Those elected to the position of president were styled again as President of Dáil Éireann: Arthur Griffith on 10 January 1922 and W. T. Cosgrave on 9 September 1922. In order to implement the Treaty the Parliament of the United Kingdom adopted the Irish Free State Act 1922; this provided for an executive, called the Provisional Government, a "house of parliament" to which it would be accountable. The institutions established by the Dáil Constitution operated in parallel with these structures recognised by the British government. However, in practice the two systems of government were merged; when the "house of parliament" was convened in 1922 on 9 September it was treated by those in attendance as the Third Dáil, those appointed as President and Ministry of Dáil Éireann were the same cabinet serving as the Provisional Government. The Dáil Constitution became defunct when the new Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force on 6 December 1922; the constitution's close modelling of its institutional system on the Westminster system of government with the inclusion of a parliament from whom a ministry was both chosen and to whom it was answerable, has been noted by Irish political scientists and historians, notably Professor Brian Farrell, who suggested that the leaders of the new state stuck to a system that, through Irish participation in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the new Irish political elite had close experience of, identification with, notwithstanding their radical republican rhetoric.

Full texts from Wikisource: Original text in English Original text in Irish Text as amended in April 1919 Text as amended in August 1921