Vincent Kipruto Limo is a Kenyan long distance runner who specialises in the marathon. He won the Paris Marathon a year later, he placed top three at the Chicago Marathon and the Rotterdam Marathon. In his first international appearance he won the silver medal at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics, he won Frankfurt Marathon. Born in the south of Kenya's Keiyo District, Kipruto was the eldest child in his family, his family had their own cattle and he ran uphill to bring them water. He was inspired by the achievements of William Kiplagat, a marathon runner who lived locally, Kipruto began representing his school in the 10,000 metres, he was academically focused as a child and though he began to train with Colm O' Connell's group, he did not take up running full-time until he had finished his KCSE examinations. Impressed by his performances at the provincial championships, Kiplagat offered to become Kipruto's coach and mentor. Kipruto travelled to the Netherlands in 2007 to compete professionally for the first time and he won a series of road races.
He made his debut over the marathon distance at the 2008 Reims Marathon, recording a time of 2:08:16 for third place. He began his 2009 season with a fourth-place finish at the Egmond Half Marathon in a time of 1:06:01, he was part of a strong field of runners for the 2009 Paris Marathon and he surprised the race favourites by winning in a course record time of 2:05:47, breaking Michael Rotich's six-year-old record by over 45 seconds. This established him as the thirteenth fastest runner over the distance at the time. After this he won the Giro Podistico Internazionale race in Castelbuono, dispatching Duncan Kibet among others, he was invited to the Chicago Marathon and managed to finish third, recording 2:06:08 to place behind Abderrahim Goumri and Samuel Wanjiru. He opened the 2010 season with a run at the Zayed International Half Marathon and although he set a half marathon best of 1:01:43, he finished out of contention in eleventh place. Running at the Rotterdam Marathon, he again improved his marathon best with a time of 2:05:13 making him the tenth fastest runner over the distance at the time.
However, this was only enough for third as rivals Patrick Makau and Geoffrey Mutai both ran under 2:05:00. He returned to the Giro Podistico race in Sicily that year but could not defend his title and finished in third place as Zersenay Tadese went on to win. An appearance at the 2010 Chicago Marathon resulted in a fifth-place finish in a time of 2:09:08, a mark below his best form, he opened 2011 with a second-place finish at the Discovery Kenya Half Marathon in Eldoret, coming behind Abraham Chebii. He returned to Rotterdam in April and posted a fast time of 2:05:33, taking the runner-up spot behind Wilson Chebet, he came fifth. He was selected for the Kenyan marathon team at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. In the race he edged past Feyisa Lilesa in the late stages to take the silver medal and form a Kenyan 1–2 with the defending champion Abel Kirui. In November, he took on Haile Gebrselassie at the Zevenheuvelenloop race and finished second behind the Ethiopian. Kipruto competed sparingly in 2012, running a best of 60:46 minutes at the Roma-Ostia Half Marathon and entering two marathons: he was 13th at the 2012 London Marathon and managed only ninth at the Hangzhou International Marathon.
The following year he returned to action with a runner-up finish at the Egmond Half Marathon and won the Lake Biwa Marathon in Japan. He continued his winning streak by finishing first at the Lille Half Marathon in a personal best 60:39 minutes and edging Mark Kiptoo by one second to take the title at the Frankfurt Marathon. All information taken from IAAF profile. Vincent Kipruto at IAAF marathoninfo
Aberu Kebede Shewaye is an Ethiopian long distance runner who specializes in road running competitions. Her half marathon best of 1:07:39 is one of the fastest by an Ethiopian woman, she gained a bronze at the 2009 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships with the performance and has won at the Berlin Marathon, Stramilano Half Marathon and the Rotterdam Marathon. She has a marathon best of 2:20:30 hours. Born in Shewa, she made her first appearances in cross country running. Having come third in the junior race at the 2007 Jan Meda Cross Country International, she qualified for the 2007 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, where she finished in 16th in the junior women's race, she was fourth at the 2008 Women First 5K in Addis Ababa. She won the Stramilano Half Marathon in April 2009 and, pleased at having set a course record and personal best of 1:08:43, she turned her attention to the Ethiopian Championships, she scored a national title in the 10,000 metres at the Ethiopian Athletics Championships in May, beating Mamitu Daska and Werknesh Kidane to the domestic honours.
That month, she ran at the World 10K Bangalore and was beaten by a few seconds finishing in third. She improved her 10,000 m best in Utrecht in June, setting a time of 30:48.26. She was selected for the 2009 World Championships in Athletics, but did not compete. Aberu took third again in another close finish. Running at her first senior championships, she led with Mary Keitany for much of the 2009 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships. Keitany broke away and Aberu ended up with a bronze after losing out on a sprint finish against Philes Ongori. Still, she managed to improve her best to a time of 1:07:39 and lead the Ethiopian women to the team silver medal; this time made her the second fastest Ethiopian woman over the distance after Dire Tune. In November, she finished in 1:07:59 for third at the Delhi Half Marathon, again behind Keitany who broke the course record. Aberu opened the year with a debut over the marathon distance. At the Dubai Marathon she was beaten by Mamitu Daska to the US$250,000 prize pot, but she still managed second place on her debut, recording a time of 2:24:26.
She made a strong start to the 2010 Rotterdam Marathon and never relinquished the lead, winning in a time of 2:25:25. She led the Berlin Marathon with a front-running performance, beating fellow Ethiopian Bezunesh Bekele to win the race, she set a new best time of 2:23:58 and ran the second half of the race faster than her first, crossing the line a minute ahead of the opposition. She was out-done in a sprint finish at the Delhi Half Marathon in November, taking fourth place four seconds behind race winner Aselefech Mergia, she topped the podium at the 2011 Lisbon Half Marathon. At that year's London Marathon she was among the leading runners but was overtaken by a number of rivals in the latter stages and ended up in ninth place; the 2012 Dubai Marathon saw her run a personal best of 2:20:33 to move into the top twenty fastest women although the high quality of the race meant she finished in fifth place overall. A sixth-place finish at the 2012 London Marathon followed and she narrowly missed out on a spot on the Olympic team with her run of 31:09.28 for fifth at the 10,000 m trial at the Prefontaine Classic.
She topped the podium at the 2012 Berlin Marathon and reduced her personal best by three further seconds. Her year ended with wins at the Great Ethiopian Run and the Ethiopian Clubs Cross Country Championships, she won the 2013 Tokyo Marathon, her first race of the year, was six seconds off the course record in windy conditions. All information taken from IAAF profile. Stramilano Half Marathon: 2009 Rotterdam Marathon: 2010 Berlin Marathon: 2010 Berlin Marathon: 2012 Berlin Marathon: 2016 Aberu Kebede at IAAF Aberu Kebede at the International Olympic Committee
Patrick Makau Musyoki
Patrick Makau Musyoki is a runner from Kenya. He is a former world record holder in the marathon—His time of 2:03:38, run at the 2011 Berlin Marathon, was the world record for two years, until it was beaten by Wilson Kipsang Kiprotich at the 2013 Berlin Marathon, he is notable for his half marathon performances, having won a number of prominent competitions in Europe in sub-1-hour performances. Makau attended Unyuani School until 1999, after which he joined Misiani, he started running in 2001. He finished in 26th place, he finished second at the 2007 Ras Al Khaimah Half Marathon by running 59:13 minutes, being beaten only by Samuel Wanjiru who set the world record at the same race. He won silver at the 2007 IAAF World Road Running Championships and 2008 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships, he was part of the Kenyan team that won the team race both times. He won at the City-Pier-City Loop in 2008. Makau won the 2009 Ras Al Khaimah Half Marathon setting the second best half marathon time 58:52.
The world record at the time, 58:33, was held by Samuel Wanjiru. He made his marathon debut at the 2009 Rotterdam Marathon, finishing fourth and setting a fast time, short of the fastest marathon debut, set by Evans Rutto at the 2003 Chicago Marathon. Makau returned to the Hague for the City-Pier-City Loop in 2010 and won for a second time, clocking another sub-one hour time of 59:52. After this he improved his marathon best to 2:04:48 to win the Rotterdam Marathon, becoming the fourth fastest runner over the history of the distance, he opted to stay away from the circuit and focus himself on preparations for the Berlin Marathon. A rematch with Rotterdam runner-up Geoffrey Mutai saw. Rain dampened the prospect of a record but Makau out-sprinted Mutai at the finish to clock 2:05:08 and win his first World Marathon Major. In recognition of his performances that year, he was selected as the AIMS World Athlete of the Year in a poll of race organisers. Makau ran in the 2011 London Marathon and, in spite of a fall at the halfway point, he continued and was narrowly beaten into third at the line by Martin Lel, finishing with a time of 2:05:45.
At the Berlin Marathon on 25 September 2011, Makau was set to duel against Haile Gebrselassie, the world record holder from Ethiopia. The Kenyan dropped his more experienced rival after the halfway point and went on to finish in a world record time of 2:03:38, beating the existing record by 21 seconds. Prior to the race, he stated that he wanted to bring the marathon world record back to Kenya, following on from a former record holder Paul Tergat. Speaking after the race, Makau said "In the morning my body was not good but after I started the race, it started reacting well. I started thinking about the record" and "At 32 km I thought I could win the race and break the world record, it was hard the last 10 kilometres". His world record performance remained for 2 years before falling to fellow Kenyan, Wilson Kipsang Kiprotich, at the 2013 Berlin Marathon, when the record was lowered another 15 seconds to the time of 2:03:23, he was the pre-race favourite for the Granollers Half Marathon in February, but lost in a sprint finish to Carles Castillejo under cold weather conditions.
He ran at the 2012 London Marathon but dropped out mid-race due to injury and was not selected for the Olympic team. He came fifth in a time of 28:21 minutes. In the Frankfurt Marathon in October, despite feeling uncomfortable and running most of the time at the back of the leading group, Makau managed to take back the lead from Deressa Chimsa and holding on for the victory, with a time of 2:06:08. Makau raced in the 2013 London Marathon, he showed to be in poor form, having been outside the lead pack by the first time point at 5 km, falling farther and farther behind with every time point until 40 km. By halfway, he was nearly 3 minutes behind the leaders, but he slowed further and finished the race in 2:14:10, outside the top 10, more than 8 minutes back from the winner, more than 10 minutes back from his own world record. All results regarding marathon and half marathon All information taken from IAAF profile, including the 2011 marathon record Patrick Makau Musyoki at IAAF
Goethe University Frankfurt
University of Frankfurt is a university located in Frankfurt, Germany. It was founded in 1914 as a citizens' university, which means it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt; the original name was Universität Frankfurt. In 1932, the university's name was extended in honour of one of the most famous native sons of Frankfurt, the poet and writer/dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; the university has around 45,000 students, distributed across four major campuses within the city. The university celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2014; the first female president of the university, Birgitta Wolff, was sworn into office in 2015. 18 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with the university, including Max von Laue and Max Born. The university is affiliated with 11 winners of the prestigious Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize; the roots of the university go back to 1484 where the Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg was founded, part of the university now.
The university has best been known for its Institute for Social Research, the institutional home of the Frankfurt School, a preeminent 20th century school of philosophy and social thought. Some of the well-known scholars associated with this school include Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Jürgen Habermas, as well as Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, Walter Benjamin. Other well-known scholars at the University of Frankfurt include the sociologist Karl Mannheim, the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer, the philosophers of religion Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, Paul Tillich, the psychologist Max Wertheimer, the sociologist Norbert Elias; the University of Frankfurt has at times been considered liberal, or left-leaning, has had a reputation for Jewish and Marxist scholarship. During the Nazi period, "almost one third of its academics and many of its students were dismissed for racial and/or political reasons—more than at any other German university"; the university played a major part in the German student movement of 1968.
The university has been influential in the natural sciences and medicine, with Nobel Prize winners including Max von Laue and Max Born, breakthroughs such as the Stern–Gerlach experiment. In recent years, the university has focused in particular on law and economics, creating new institutes, such as the Institute for Law and Finance and the Center for Financial Studies. One of the university's ambitions is to become Germany's leading university for finance and economics, given the school's proximity to one of Europe's financial centers; the Goethe Business School offers a M. B. A. program, in cooperation with Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business. Goethe university has established an international award for research in financial economics, the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics; the university consists of 16 faculties. Ordered by their sorting number, these are:： 01. Rechtswissenschaft 02. Wirtschaftswissenschaften 03. Gesellschaftswissenschaften 04. Erziehungswissenschaften 05. Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften 06.
Evangelische Theologie 07. Katholische Theologie 08. Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften 09. Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaften 10. Neuere Philologien 11. Geowissenschaften/Geographie 12. Informatik und Mathematik 13. Physik 14. Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie 15. Biowissenschaften 16. Medizin In addition, there are several co-located research institutes of the Max Planck Society: Max Planck Institute of Biophysics Max Planck Institute for Brain Research Max Planck Institute for European Legal History The University is located across four campuses in Frankfurt am Main: Campus Westend:Headquarters of the university housing Social sciences, Psychology, Philosophy, Philology, Law and Business Administration, Human geography Campus Bockenheim:University library, Computer science, Art history, Fine Arts Campus Riedberg:Pharmacy, Chemistry, Biology and Geography Campus Niederrad:Medical science, University hospital Other facilities include the university sports complex on Ginnheimer Landstraße in Frankfurt-Bockenheim.
“Campus Westend” of the University is dominated by the IG Farben Building by architect Hans Poelzig, an example of the modernist New Objectivity style. The style for the IG Farben Building was chosen as "a symbol for the scientific and mercantile German manpower, made out of iron and stone", as the IG Farben director at the time of construction, Baron von Schnitzler, stated in his opening speech in October 1930. After the university took over the complex, new buildings were added to the campus. On 30 May 2008, the House of Finance relocated to a new building designed by the architects Kleihues+Kleihues, following the style of the IG Farben Building; the upper floors of the House of Finance building have several separate offices as well as shared office space for researchers and students. The ground floor is open to the public and welcomes visitors with a spacious lit foyer that leads to lecture halls, seminar rooms, the information center, a 24-hour reference library; the ground floor accommodates computer rooms and a café.
The floors and ceiling of the foyer are decorated with
Alevtina Biktimirova is a Russian long-distance runner, who specialises in the marathon. Alevtina placed first in the women's division in the Eurocity Frankfurt Marathon in October 2005, she was the youngest person in the elite field. She finished sixth in the 2006 European Athletics Championships that year in Gothenburg. Alevtina finished second in the 2008 Boston Marathon with a time of 2:25:27, second in the 2008 Chicago Marathon with a time of 2:29:32, she finished ninth in the 2009 World Championships in Athletics. She won the Tokyo Marathon at the start of the 2010 season. Alevtina Biktimirova at IAAF Profile
Vivian Jepkemoi Cheruiyot is a Kenyan long-distance runner who specialises in track and cross country running, olympic champion in 5000 metres event. She represented Kenya at the 2000 Summer Olympics, the 2008 Summer Olympics, the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Olympics, winning a silver medal at the 5000 m and bronze medal at the 10000 m at the 2012 Olympics, silver medal at the 10000 m and gold medal at the 5000 m at the 2016 Olympics, setting the new Olympic record in 5000 m event. Cheruiyot won a silver medal in the 5000 metres at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics and became the world champion in the event at the 2009 edition, repeating this achievement at the 2011 World Championships, where she doubled up by winning the 10000 m. After taking a silver at the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships, she won a number of outdoor titles that year, becoming African champion, Commonwealth Games champion and IAAF Continental Cup champion, as well as winning the 2010 IAAF Diamond League title.
She holds the Kenyan record and Commonwealth record for the 5000 m with her best time of 14:20.89, set at the DN Galan in 2011. Cheruiyot is trained by Ricky Simms, she was born near Keiyo in the Rift Valley Province, coming from the same village as another female runner Alice Timbilili. Her breakthrough year came in 1999: at the age of fifteen she took the junior silver medal at the 1999 IAAF World Cross Country Championships behind Werknesh Kidane. At the 1999 World Youth Championships in Athletics she won the bronze medal in the 3000 metres, she earned a senior call-up for the 1999 All-Africa Games, where she managed a bronze medal in the 5000 metres. She became the junior champion at the 2000 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, she gained selection for the 2000 Olympic Games and reached the 5000 m final after setting personal bests in the qualifying rounds. She was the last runner to finish. Vivian Cheruiyot won the silver medal at the 5000 m final of the 2007 World Championships at Osaka in 14:58.50, behind Meseret Defar.
In early 2009 she broke the Kenyan 3000 metres indoor record in Birmingham and won the World's Best 10K race in Puerto Rico. In May she won the Great Manchester Run 10K race. Cheruiyot won the women's 5000 m at the 2009 World Championships in Berlin with a time of 14 minutes 58.33 seconds, while countrywoman Sylvia Kibet took the silver. She closed the track season with a 3000 m silver and a 5000 m bronze medal at the 2009 IAAF World Athletics Final, she won the 2009 New Year's Eve San Silvestre Vallecana race. She retained her World's Best 10K title in 2010. An appearance at the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships resulted in a silver medal in the 3000 m behind Meseret Defar, she headed the Kenyan 5000 m challenge at the 2010 African Championships in Athletics in Nairobi and beat Defar on this occasion to take the African title. After this, her main focus of the year was the 2010 IAAF Diamond League, she took victories in the 5000 m at the Meeting Areva and Memorial van Damme and was elected the inaugural Diamond League Trophy winner for the event on overall points.
She defeated Sentayehu Ejigu at the 2010 IAAF Continental Cup to take the 5000 m gold medal for Africa. Another gold medal in the event came at the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi, where she headed a Kenyan podium sweep with Sylvia Kibet and Ines Chenonge, she took an 8 km win at the Tuskys Cross Country meeting. She ended the year on a high note with a win at the BOclassic 5K race on New Year's Eve. Cheruiyot began preparing for the World Cross Country Championships in January 2011 and came third at the Great Edinburgh Cross Country before overhauling Linet Masai to win the Cross de Itálica in Seville. A second-place finish at the Kenyan Cross Country Championships guaranteed her a place in the Kenyan squad and, in contrast to her successes on the track, she was looking to win her first cross country medal on the world stage, her rival Masai led the initial charge at the 2011 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, but Cheruiyot broke away on the final lap to secure the gold medal and lead Kenya to the women's team title.
She started 2012 with a win at the World's Best 10K and improved her best on the roads to 30:47 minutes. She opened the 2012 Diamond League circuit with narrow wins ahead of Meseret Defar, first in the 3000 m in Doha over 5000 m in Rome, she guaranteed her place at the Olympics by winning the 10,000 m trial in Nairobi in June. At the Olympics, she won a silver medal in a bronze medal at the 10000 metres. In 2018, she won the 2018 London Marathon with a time of 2:18:31, she finished second in the 2018 New York City Marathon, finishing in 2:26:02 far behind winner Mary Keitany in 2:22:48, 0.2 seconds ahead of Shalane Flanagan who finished in 2:26:22. All information taken from IAAF profile. Note: XC = Cross CountryLaureus World Sports Award for Sportswoman of the Year: 2012 Vivian Cheruiyot at IAAF Read Vivian Cheruiyot's Rising Star Profile on spikesmag.com
Frankfurt is a metropolis and the largest city of the German federal state of Hesse, its 746,878 inhabitants make it the fifth-largest city of Germany after Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne. On the River Main, it forms a continuous conurbation with the neighbouring city of Offenbach am Main, its urban area has a population of 2.3 million. The city is at the centre of the larger Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region, which has a population of 5.5 million and is Germany's second-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr Region. Since the enlargement of the European Union in 2013, the geographic centre of the EU is about 40 km to the east of Frankfurt's central business district. Like France and Franconia, the city is named after the Franks. Frankfurt is the largest city in the Rhine Franconian dialect area. Frankfurt was a city state, the Free City of Frankfurt, for nearly five centuries, was one of the most important cities of the Holy Roman Empire, as a site of imperial coronations, it has been part of the federal state of Hesse since 1945.
A quarter of the population are foreign nationals, including many expatriates. Frankfurt is an alpha world city and a global hub for commerce, education and transportation, it is the site of many European corporate headquarters. Frankfurt Airport is among the world's busiest. Frankfurt is the major financial centre of the European continent, with the headquarters of the European Central Bank, Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt Stock Exchange, Deutsche Bank, DZ Bank, KfW, several cloud and fintech startups and other institutes. Automotive and research, consulting and creative industries complement the economic base. Frankfurt's DE-CIX is the world's largest internet exchange point. Messe Frankfurt is one of the world's largest trade fairs. Major fairs include the Frankfurt Motor Show, the world's largest motor show, the Music Fair, the Frankfurt Book Fair, the world's largest book fair. Frankfurt is home to influential educational institutions, including the Goethe University, the UAS, the FUMPA, graduate schools like the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management.
Its renowned cultural venues include the concert hall Alte Oper, Europe's largest English theatre and many museums. Frankfurt's skyline is shaped by some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers; the city is characterised by various green areas and parks, including the central Wallanlagen, the City Forest and two major botanical gardens, the Palmengarten and the University's Botanical Garden. Important is the Frankfurt Zoo. In electronic music, Frankfurt has been a pioneering city since the 1980s, with renowned DJs including Sven Väth, Marc Trauner, Scot Project, Kai Tracid, the clubs Dorian Gray, U60311, Omen and Cocoon. In sports, the city is known as the home of the top tier football club Eintracht Frankfurt, the Löwen Frankfurt ice hockey team, the basketball club Frankfurt Skyliners, the Frankfurt Marathon and the venue of Ironman Germany. Frankfurt is the largest financial centre in continental Europe, it is home to the European Central Bank, Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt Stock Exchange and several large commercial banks.
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange is one of the world's largest stock exchanges by market capitalization and accounts for more than 90 percent of the turnover in the German market. In 2010, 63 national and 152 international banks had their registered offices in Frankfurt, including Germany's major banks, notably Deutsche Bank, DZ Bank, KfW and Commerzbank, as well as 41 representative offices of international banks. Frankfurt is considered a global city. Among global cities it was ranked 10th by the Global Power City Index 2011 and 11th by the Global City Competitiveness Index 2012. Among financial centres it was ranked 8th by the International Financial Centers Development Index 2013 and 9th by the Global Financial Centres Index 2013, its central location within Germany and Europe makes Frankfurt a major air and road transport hub. Frankfurt Airport is one of the world's busiest international airports by passenger traffic and the main hub for Germany's flag carrier Lufthansa. Frankfurt Central Station is one of the largest rail stations in Europe and the busiest junction operated by Deutsche Bahn, the German national railway company, with 342 trains a day to domestic and European destinations.
Frankfurter Kreuz, the Autobahn interchange close to the airport, is the most used interchange in the EU, used by 320,000 cars daily. In 2011 human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Frankfurt as seventh in its annual'Quality of Living' survey of cities around the world. According to The Economist cost-of-living survey, Frankfurt is Germany's most expensive city and the world's 10th most expensive. Frankfurt has many high-rise buildings in the city centre, forming the Frankfurt skyline, it is one of the few cities in the European Union to have such a skyline and because of it Germans sometimes refer to Frankfurt as Mainhattan, a portmanteau of the local Main River and Manhattan. The other well known and obvious nickname is Bankfurt. Before World War II the city was globally noted for its unique old town with timber-framed buildings, the largest timber-framed old town in Europe; the Römer area was rebuilt and is popular with visitors and for eve