Franklin Institute Awards

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The Franklin Institute Awards (or Benjamin Franklin Medal) is a science and engineering award presented since 1824 by the Franklin Institute, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US.[1] The Franklin Institute Awards comprises the Benjamin Franklin Medals in seven areas of science and engineering, the Bower Awards and Prize for Achievement in Science, and the Bower Award for Business Leadership.[2]

Benjamin Franklin Medals[edit]

In 1998, the Benjamin Franklin Medals were created by reorganizing all of the endowed medals presented by The Franklin Institute at that time, into a group medals recognizing seven areas of study: Chemistry, Computer and Cognitive Science, Earth and Environmental Science, Electrical Engineering, Life Science, Mechanical Engineering, and Physics. The first Benjamin Franklin Medals were presented in 1998.[2]

Medalists are selected by Committee on Science and the Arts (CS&A) after thorough investigation.[3]

Bower Awards[edit]

The Bower Award and Prize for Achievement in Science and the Bower Award for Business Leadership are the newest awards, established by a $7.5 million bequest from Henry Bower in 1988.[2] The Annual Bower Prizes are $250,000 USD each.

Former awards[edit]

For articles about the seven former awards, see Category:Franklin Institute awards.

List of laureates[edit]

Recipients are listed in a database on The Franklin Institute website.[4]

Year Name Field
1998 Emmanuel Desurvire Engineering
1998 Robert B. Laughlin Physics
1998 David N. Payne Engineering
1998 Stanley B. Prusiner Life Science
1998 Horst L. Stormer Physics
1998 Daniel C. Tsui Physics
1998 Ahmed H. Zewail Chemistry
1999 Noam Chomsky Computer and Cognitive Science
1999 Douglas C. Engelbart Computer and Cognitive Science
1999 Walter Kaminsky Chemistry
1999 Barry J. Marshall Life Science
1999 John C. Mather Physics
1999 Richard W. Shorthill Computer and Cognitive Science
1999 Akira Tonomura Physics
1999 Victor Vali Computer and Cognitive Science
2000 John Cocke Computer and Cognitive Science
2000 Eric Cornell Physics
2000 Gordon Danby Mechanical Engineering
2000 Eville Gorham Earth Science
2000 Robert H. Grubbs Chemistry
2000 Wolfgang Ketterle Physics
2000 Antoine Labeyrie Electrical Engineering
2000 James R. Powell Mechanical Engineering
2000 Carl Wieman Physics
2001 Judah Folkman Life Science
2001 Alan H. Guth Physics
2001 Marvin Minsky Computer and Cognitive Science
2001 K. Barry Sharpless Chemistry
2001 Rob Van der Voo Earth Science
2001 Bernard Widrow Electrical Engineering
2002 Norman L. Allinger Chemistry
2002 Mary-Dell Chilton Life Science
2002 Sumio Iijima Physics
2002 Shuji Nakamura Engineering
2002 Alexandra Navrotsky Earth Science
2002 Lucy Suchman Computer and Cognitive Science
2003 Bishnu S. Atal Electrical Engineering
2003 John N. Bahcall Physics
2003 Raymond Davis Jr. Physics
2003 Jane Goodall Life Science
2003 Robin M. Hochstrasser Chemistry
2003 Masatoshi Koshiba Physics
2003 John McCarthy (computer scientist) Computer and Cognitive Science
2003 Norman A. Phillips Earth Science
2003 Joseph Smagorinsky Earth Science
2003 Charles H. Thornton Engineering
2004 Roger Bacon (physicist) Mechanical Engineering
2004 Harry B. Gray Chemistry
2004 Richard M. Karp Computer and Cognitive Science
2004 Robert B. Meyer Physics
2004 Robert E. Newnham Electrical Engineering
2005 Elizabeth Helen Blackburn Life Science
2005 Aravind K. Joshi Computer and Cognitive Science
2005 Yoichiro Nambu Physics
2005 Peter R. Vail Earth Science
2005 Andrew J. Viterbi Electrical Engineering
2006 Ray W. Clough Engineering
2006 Samuel J. Danishefsky Chemistry
2006 Luna B. Leopold Earth Science
2006 Donald Norman Computer and Cognitive Science
2006 Fernando Nottebohm Life Science
2006 Giacinto Scoles Physics
2006 J. Peter Toennies Physics
2006 M. Gordon Wolman Earth Science
2007 Klaus Biemann Chemistry
2007 Robert H. Dennard Electrical Engineering
2007 Merton C. Flemings Materials Science
2007 Arthur B. McDonald Physics
2007 Steven W. Squyres Earth Science
2007 Yoji Totsuka Physics
2007 Nancy Wexler Life Science
2008 Victor Ambros Life Science
2008 David Baulcombe Life Science
2008 Wallace Broecker Earth Science
2008 Albert Eschenmoser Chemistry
2008 Deborah Jin Physics
2008 Judea Pearl Computer and Cognitive Science
2008 Arun Phadke Electrical Engineering
2008 Gary Ruvkun Life Science
2008 James Thorp Electrical Engineering
2009 Ruzena Bajcsy Computer and Cognitive Science
2009 Stephen J. Benkovic Life Science
2009 J. Frederick Grassle Earth Science
2009 Richard J. Robbins Engineering
2009 George M. Whitesides Chemistry
2009 Lotfi A. Zadeh Electrical Engineering
2010 J. Ignacio Cirac Physics
2010 Shafrira Goldwasser Computer and Cognitive Science
2010 Peter C. Nowell Life Science
2010 Gerhard M. Sessler Electrical Engineering
2010 D. Brian Spalding Mechanical Engineering
2010 JoAnne Stubbe Chemistry
2010 James Edward Maceo West Electrical Engineering
2010 David J. Wineland Physics
2010 Peter Zoller Physics
2010 W. Richard Peltier Earth and Environmental Science, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2010 William H. Gates Bower Award for Business Leadership
2011 John Robert Anderson (psychologist) Computer and Cognitive Science
2011 Jillian F. Banfield Earth and Environmental Science
2011 Nicola Cabibbo Physics
2011 Ingrid Daubechies Electrical Engineering
2011 Dean Kamen Mechanical Engineering
2011 K.C. Nicolaou Chemistry
2011 George Church Life Science, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2011 Fred Kavli Bower Award for Business Leadership
2012 Vladimir Vapnik Computer and Cognitive Science
2012 Lonnie Thompson Earth and Environmental Science
2012 Ellen Stone Mosley-Thompson Earth and Environmental Science
2012 Sean B. Carroll Life Science
2012 Jerry Nelson (astronomer) Electrical Engineering
2012 Rashid Sunyaev Physics
2012 Zvi Hashin Mechanical Engineering
2012 Louis E. Brus Chemistry, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2012 John Chambers Bower Award for Business Leadership
2013 Jerrold Meinwald Chemistry
2013 William Labov Computer and Cognitive Science
2013 Robert A. Berner Earth and Environmental Science
2013 Rudolf Jaenisch Life Science
2013 Subra Suresh Mechanical Engineering
2013 Alexander Dalgarno Physics
2013 Michael S. Dell Bower Award for Business Leadership
2013 Kenichi Iga Electrical Engineering, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2014 Daniel Kleppner Physics
2014 Christopher T. Walsh Chemistry
2014 Lisa Tauxe Earth and Environmental Science
2014 Shunichi Iwasaki Electrical Engineering
2014 Mark H. Kryder Electrical Engineering
2014 Joachim Frank Life Science
2014 Ali H. Nayfeh Mechanical Engineering
2014 Edmund M. Clarke Computer and Cognitive Science, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2014 William W. George Bower Award for Business Leadership
2015 Stephen Lippard[5] Chemistry
2015 Elissa Newport[6] Computer and Cognitive Science
2015 Syukuro Manabe Earth and Environmental Science[7]
2015 Roger F. Harrington Electrical Engineering[8]
2015 Cornelia Bargmann Life Science[9]
2015 Charles L. Kane[10] Physics
2015 Eugene Mele[11] Physics
2015 Shoucheng Zhang[12] Physics
2015 Jon Huntsman, Sr.[13] Bower Award for Business Leadership
2015 Jean-Pierre Kruth[14] Mechanical Engineering, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2016 Nadrian C. Seeman Chemistry
2016 Yale N. Patt Computer and Cognitive Science
2016 Brian F. Atwater Earth and Environmental Science
2016 Solomon W. Golomb Electrical Engineering
2016 Robert S. Langer Life Science
2016 Shu Chien Mechanical Engineering
2016 Patrick Soon-Shiong Bower Award for Business Leadership
2016 William J. Borucki Physics, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2017 Krzysztof Matyjaszewski Chemistry
2017 Mitsuo Sawamoto Chemistry
2017 Michael I. Posner Computer and Cognitive Science
2017 Nick Holonyak, Jr. Electrical Engineering
2017 Douglas C. Wallace Life Science
2017 Mildred S. Dresselhaus Materials Science and Engineering
2017 Marvin L. Cohen Physics
2017 Claude Lorius Earth and Environmental Science, Bower Award for Achievement in Science
2017 Alan Mulally Bower Award for Business Leadership
2018 Susan Trumbore Earth and Environmental Science
2018 Manijeh Razeghi Electrical Engineering
2018 Adrian Bejan Mechanical Engineering
2018 Helen Rhoda Quinn Physics
2018 John B. Goodenough Chemistry
2018 Vinton Gray Cerf Computer and Cognitive Science
2018 Robert E. Kahn Computer and Cognitive Science
2018 Philippe Horvath Life Science, Bower Award for Achievement in Science

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Franklin Institute Awards". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "About The Franklin Institute Awards | The Franklin Institute". www.fi.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  3. ^ "Committee on Science & the Arts". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  4. ^ "Laureates Search". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
  5. ^ "Stephen J. Lippard". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Elissa L. Newport". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Syukuro Manabe". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Roger F. Harrington". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Cornelia Bargmann". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Charles L. Kane". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Eugene J. Mele". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Shoucheng Zhang". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  13. ^ Fernandez, Bob (March 14, 2015). "Jon Huntsman Sr. wins Franklin Institute's Bower Award". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Jean-Pierre Kruth". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2 December 2015.

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