The Franks were a group of Germanic peoples whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine, on the edge of the Roman Empire. The term was associated with Romanized Germanic dynasties within the collapsing Western Roman Empire, who commanded the whole region between the rivers Loire and Rhine, they imposed power over many other post-Roman kingdoms and Germanic peoples, still Frankish rulers were given recognition by the Catholic Church as successors to the old rulers of the Western Roman Empire. Although the Frankish name does not appear until the 3rd century, at least some of the original Frankish tribes had long been known to the Romans under their own names, both as allies providing soldiers and as enemies; the new name first appears when their allies were losing control of the Rhine region. The Franks were first reported as working together to raid Roman territory, but from the beginning these raids were associated with attacks upon them from outside their frontier area, by the Saxons, for example, with the desire of frontier tribes to move into Roman territory with which they had had centuries of close contact.
Frankish peoples inside Rome's frontier on the Rhine river included the Salian Franks who from their first appearance were permitted to live in Roman territory, the Ripuarian or Rhineland Franks who, after many attempts conquered the Roman frontier city of Cologne and took control of the left bank of the Rhine. In a period of factional conflict in the 450s and 460s, Childeric I, a Frank, was one of several military leaders commanding Roman forces with various ethnic affiliations in Roman Gaul. Childeric and his son Clovis I faced competition from the Roman Aegidius as competitor for the "kingship" of the Franks associated with the Roman Loire forces; this new type of kingship inspired by Alaric I, represents the start of the Merovingian dynasty, which succeeded in conquering most of Gaul in the 6th century, as well as establishing its leadership over all the Frankish kingdoms on the Rhine frontier. It was on the basis of this Merovingian empire that the resurgent Carolingians came to be seen as the new Emperors of Western Europe in 800.
In the Middle Ages, the term Frank came to be used as a synonym for Western European, as the Carolingian Franks were rulers of most of Western Europe, established a political order, the basis of the European Ancien Régime that only ended with the French Revolution. Western Europeans shared their allegiance to the Roman Catholic Church and worked as allies in the Crusades beyond Europe in the Levant, where they still referred to themselves and the Principalities they established as Frankish. For example, in 1099, the crusader population of Jerusalem comprised French settlers who, at the time, called themselves Franks, other Europeans such as Spaniards and Hungarians; this has had a lasting impact on names for Western Europeans in many languages. Western Europe is known alternatively as "Frangistan" to the Persians, Western Europeans as "franjī" to the Arabs. From the beginning the Frankish kingdoms were politically and divided between an eastern Frankish, more Germanic part, the western part that the Merovingians had founded on Roman soil.
The eastern Frankish kingdom came to be seen as the new "Holy Roman Empire", was from early times called "Germany". Within "Frankish" Western Europe itself, it was the original Merovingian or "Salian" Western Frankish kingdom, founded in Roman Gaul and speaking Romance languages, which has continued until today to be referred to as "France" – a name derived directly from the Franks; the name Franci was not a tribal name, but within a few centuries it had eclipsed the names of the original peoples who constituted it. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the English adjective "frank" meaning "free". There have been proposals that Frank comes from the Germanic word for "javelin". Words in other Germanic languages meaning "fierce", "bold" or "insolent", may be significant. Eumenius addressed the Franks in the matter of the execution of Frankish prisoners in the circus at Trier by Constantine I in 306 and certain other measures: Latin: Ubi nunc est illa ferocia?
Ubi semper infida mobilitas?. Latin: Feroces was used to describe the Franks. Contemporary definitions of Frankish ethnicity vary both by point of view. A formulary written by Marculf about 700 AD described a continuation of national identities within a mixed population when it stated that "all the peoples who dwell, Romans and those of other nations, live... according to their law and their custom." Writing in 2009, Professor Christopher Wickham pointed out that "the word'Frankish' ceased to have an exclusive ethnic connotation. North of the River Loire everyone seems to have been considered a Frank by the mid-7th century at the latest. Apart from the more respected History of the Franks by Gregory of Tours, two more colourful early sources that describe the origin of the Franks are a 7th-century work known as the Chronicle of Fredegar and the anonymous Liber Historiae Francorum, written a century later
Akihiro Macieira Sato is a Japanese Brazilian model. Akihiro Sato was born on September 12, 1983 to Ichiro Sato and Clea Maceda Andrade in São Paulo, Brazil, his mother Clea Maceda is Brazilian. He has an older sister. Sato started modeling in Thailand, he appeared in a Filipino movie called Handumanan. He is one of the most popular models in the Philippines as of 2009, he joined Survivor Philippines: Celebrity Showdown and made it all the way to the end, Day 36 with Ervic Vijandre, Solenn Heussaff, Aubrey Miles as the shows "Final Four". In the live finals, he was named as the "1st Celebrity Sole Survivor". Sato appeared in GMA Network shows like SRO Cinemaserye: Moshi Moshi I Love You, with Rufa Mae Quinto as his leading lady. In 2011, Sato played the role of Tommy in the movie My Valentine Girls, he appeared in Captain Barbell as Bruno. When his contract with GMA Network expired, Sato moved to ABS-CBN due to lack of TV shows. Sato appeared in Trip na Trip as a new host. Sato signed up to play for Team Socceroo F.
C. of the now-defunct United Football League for the 2011 season. He played with Daniel Matsunaga and Fabio Ide. Sato studied the Tagalog language in the University of the Philippines, he is good friends with his fellow Japanese Brazilian model-turned-actors Daniel Matsunaga and Fabio Ide. Sato is now based in Brazil, their daughter, was born on January 28, 2013
Heavenly Pursuits is a 1986 Scottish comedy film written and directed by Charles Gormley and starring Tom Conti, Helen Mirren, David Hayman. Set in Glasgow, the film is about a teacher at a Catholic school whose students are searching for two more miracles that would promote the late Edith Semple to sainthood. A nonbeliever himself, the teacher's scepticism is challenged when he becomes involved in miraculous events. At the Vatican, Father Cobb from the Blessed Edith Semple School in Glasgow, offers evidence to promote Blessed Edith's elevation to sainthood. Downplaying the idea of miracles, a Vatican official sends the "little father" back to Scotland. Undeterred, Father Cobb continues to lead the school in prayer, invoking Blessed Edith's intercession to heal the sick, including little Alice McKenzie, crippled. Remedial teacher Vic Mathews is not a believer in miracles, placing his faith instead in his students and in their ability to learn, he is attracted to the new music teacher, Ruth Chancellor, who appears unimpressed with his awkward advances.
After fainting at a bus stop, Vic is rushed to the hospital, where tests reveal the presence of a fatal brain tumor. The doctor sees little benefit in telling Vic about his condition. Meanwhile, the Headmaster complains to the teacher's union representative, Jeff Jeffries, about Vic writing letters to the school board to keep a failed student, Stevie Deans, from being sent to a special school. Convinced he can reach the withdrawn student, Vic refuses to accept the Headmaster's judgement. At a friendly card game at Vic's apartment that night, Jeff convinces Vic after a few drinks to back off on his letter-writing campaign. After everyone leaves, a drunken Vic witnesses a strange event: his stereo plays without being turned on; the next day, Vic discovers he is able to teach basic math concepts more by using examples from the gambling world. Stevie Deans responds to this new approach, showing he is far from stupid; when Vic reports his progress, the Headmaster is more excited about the apparent healing of little Alice McKenzie.
That night at a pub, a drunken Vic dismisses the newspaper reports of Alice's miraculous recovery, just before the conversation turns ugly, Vic faints again. Ruth offers to drive him home, the next day in church, she prays for Vic, whose tireless teaching efforts soon lead to yet another breakthrough with another "special" student. Vic is summoned to the roof to rescue a student trapped on an adjacent roof; when he sees the boy slipping, Vic jumps across to the opposite roof, but is unable to prevent the boy from falling 40 feet through a tree that breaks his fall. Vic loses his hold and falls from the roof; the student ends up with two broken legs. When Father Cobb calls it a miracle, Vic dismisses the idea, but at the hospital, new x-rays reveal that his brain tumor is gone; the doctor never mentions the tumor to Vic. The hospital administrator orders the x-rays destroyed. Soon the newspapers report Vic's survived fall and the "miraculous academic improvement" of Stevie Deans; the bishop arrives and is annoyed by all the miracle stories, Stevie is rushed out of town to a retreat, away from news reporters.
School officials announce that there were no miracles involved with the student—just marked improvement based on good teaching. Vic is trying to convince himself that his survived fall was no miracle. Ruth takes him to a newspaper office showing him numerous stories of unfounded miracles. Meanwhile, after seeing Vic dismissing the idea of miracles in a television interview, the radiologist delivers the x-rays to Father Cobb as "definitive proof" that a miracle happened—the complete healing of an inoperable brain tumor. Father Cobb considers the legal implications for the radiologist, burns the x-rays saying, "We don't need proof—we believe." The story of Vic's miraculous recovery is soon reported on the news. Confused by what's happened, told he is "special", Vic goes to the hospital to heal the student's broken legs, but soon realizes his folly. Back at school, Robbie complains to Vic, they go back to the roof. To prove it was not a miracle, Vic makes the jump again. Afterwards, Jeff reveals Stevie Deans' whereabouts, Vic heads to the train station to bring Stevie back.
Ruth asks Robbie to help her find Vic, the two rush off to the train station, where Ruth and Vic unite in a loving embrace. Robbie is forced onto a red carpet just as Princess Diana approaches. A photographer hands Robbie some flowers and he offers them to the princess as the worldwide press photographers capture the moment. Vic and Ruth leave by train to bring another "special" student back to school. Gospel According to Vic was filmed in various locations throughout Scotland. Glasgow Cathedral St. Alphonsus Church Queen's Park School Glasgow Herald Glasgow City Chambers Glasgow Queen Street railway station Gospel According to Vic received positive reviews upon its theatrical release in the United States. In her review in the Washington Post, Rita Kempley called it "a comedy of marvels great and small, proves a timely answer to a moviegoer's prayers." She compared this "idiosyncratic work" to some of Bill Forsyth's best films. She lauded Tom Conti's performance with his "perfect timing and rumpled magnetism."
Kempley concludes, "There's always room for doubt in this