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Frankston, Victoria

Frankston is a suburb of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, in the local government area of the City of Frankston. It is located 41 km south-east of the Melbourne city centre, north of the Mornington Peninsula. Due to its geographic location, it is referred to as "the gateway to the Mornington Peninsula". European settlement of Frankston began around the same time as the foundation of Melbourne in 1835—initially as an unofficial fishing village serving the early Melbourne township. Prior to its settlement, the Frankston area was inhabited by the Mayone-bulluk clan from the Bunurong tribe of the Kulin nation; the official village of Frankston was established in 1854, with its first land sales taking place on 29 May. It has subsequently given its name to the broader Frankston local government area since 1893, serves as both its activity and administrative centre. Situated on the eastern shoreline of Port Phillip, Frankston has been a popular seaside destination of Melbourne since the 1880s. Frankston Beach is still one of the most frequented in Victoria, is recognised as one of the cleanest in Australia.

It is home to one of the largest exhibitions of sand sculpting in the Southern Hemisphere. Localities in the suburb include: Frankston Central Business District, Frankston East, Frankston Heights, Long Island, Mount Erin and Olivers Hill; the independent suburb of Frankston South shares the same postcode as Frankston. At the 2016 Census the suburb of Frankston recorded a population of 36,097; the demonym for someone from Frankston is a Frankstonian. The toponymic origins of Frankston are subject to conjecture, of which there are four popular theories. One of the earliest of these theories is that it was named after one of its early European settlers, Frank Liardet, who became one of its first official land owners; the Liardets were prominent pioneers of early Melbourne and arrived aboard the William Metcalfe from England in 1839. Liardet's father, founded what is now the Melbourne inner suburb of Port Melbourne and the family established and managed hotels around Melbourne as well as the first mail service of the early township.

Frank Liardet settled in the Frankston area in 1847, after taking out a 300-acre depasturing license for land, now the Frankston locality of Karingal. During this time, Liardet built the first wooden house in the Frankston area—which would become part of his Ballam Park estate after the formal land sales of 1854. Prior to settling in the area, Liardet had worked on the cattle run of the first Postmaster of the Port Phillip District, Captain Benjamin Baxter, located over what are now the City of Frankston suburbs of Langwarrin and Langwarrin South. By the time Liardet had taken out his depasturing license for the Frankston area in 1847 an unofficial fishing village was developing around its foreshore. Considering Frank Liardet's early presence in the Frankston area, his connections to the early mail services of Melbourne, it is plausible that "Frank's Town" became nomenclature for describing the area and its unofficial village; as a consequence it is possible that the name of "Frankston" was further adapted from it when naming the village for its formal land sales in 1854.

However, in a letter to the editor of The Argus newspaper a member of the Liardet family said that this was in fact not true. In the letter was excerpts of correspondence between the Liardet family and the Victorian state Department of Lands and Survey which refuted the theory. Instead, it puts forward the theory that Frankston was named after the Irish-born settler Charles Franks. Charles Franks arrived in Melbourne aboard the Champion from Van Diemen's Land in 1836 and made a squatter's claim to land on the western side of Port Phillip near Mount Cottrel. Franks' land neighboured that of the early Melbourne explorer and surveyor John Helder Wedge, managed by his nephew Charles Wedge—prior to him gaining a pre-emptive right to land license of his own for the Frankston area; the correspondence with the Department of Lands and Survey states that, at the time of surveying the area for the land sales of 1854, the name "Frankston" was suggested to honour the Wedge's deceased former neighbour. Another theory—that has become folklore—is that Frankston was named after a pub named "Frank Stone's Hotel".

In 1929 the author Don Charlwood, a student of Frankston High School at the time, compiled a history of Frankston using both local records and oral sources supporting the theory. The pub to which Charlwood refers was named the Cannanuke Inn and was the first permanent building in the Frankston area, it was built by the pre-emptive Frankston settler James Davey in the 1840s. The Victorian Heritage Database states that it was located on the present site of the Frankston Mechanics' Institute. According to Charlwood, it was purchased by a "Mr. Stone" in the early-1850s who, after the birth of his son, "Frank", renamed it "Frank Stone's Hotel" and around which the village developed and had its name adapted from for its formal land sales in 1854; as there appear to be no licensing records for the Cannanuke Inn, it is difficult to determine if this is in fact true. However, Charlwood does mention that Stone had purchased the Cannanuke Inn from "a man named Standring". Licensing records state that Benjamin Standring was the owner of the Frankston Hotel from

Giulio Calì

Giulio Calì was an Italian film actor. He appeared in more than 60 films between 1927 and 1966. Born in Rome, Calì started his career on stage, being active in Roman dialect theater and in avanspettacolo, he made his film debut in 1927, in Umberto Paradisi's Un balilla del'48, but his career started after the Second World War, when he was cast in a good number of films of different genres and quality if playing minor roles. Calì is best known for his association with director Alberto Lattuada, who gave him his first significant roles, namely Smarazzacucco in The Mill on the Po and the sailor in The Overcoat. Other notable directors with whom Calì worked include Steno, Mario Monicelli, Alessandro Blasetti, Mario Mattoli, Luigi Zampa and Luigi Comencini. Giulio Calì on IMDb

Chapman's Peak

Chapman's Peak is the name of a mountain on the western side of the Cape Peninsula, between Hout Bay and Noordhoek in Cape Town, South Africa. The western flank of the mountain falls for hundreds of metres into the Atlantic Ocean, a spectacular road, known as Chapman's Peak Drive, hugs the near-vertical face of the mountain, linking Hout Bay to Noordhoek. Chapman's Peak Drive is part of the route of two of South Africa's biggest mass-participation races, the Cape Argus Cycle Race and the Two Oceans Marathon. Chapman's Peak is named after John Chapman, the pilot of an English ship becalmed in today's Hout Bay in 1607; the skipper sent his pilot ashore to find provisions, the name was recorded as Chapman's Chaunce. Chapman's Peak Drive was hacked out of the face of the mountain between 1915 and 1922, at the time was regarded as a major feat of engineering. In 1991, the road was featured in an advertisement for Mercedes Benz, in which a 1988 car crash was recreated, to illustrate the safety of Mercedes Benz cars.

The road was closed in the 1990s, after a rockfall caused a death and a subsequent lawsuit, subsequently reopened after being re-engineered to protect motorists from falling rocks. It was reopened in 2005 as a toll road; the road was again closed for a number of months beginning on 19 June 2008 "as a result of risk areas identified on the mountain above the road". The top of Chapman's Peak consists of flat, sedimentary rocks related to those that form Table Mountain; the base of the mountain, consists of Cape Granite and the two formations meet at a geological unconformity, world-famous amongst earth scientists. Two different endangered vegetation types can be found along this road, correspond to the two main geological formations, they are Peninsula Sandstone Fynbos and Cape Granite Fynbos and they are both endemic to the city of Cape Town, occurring nowhere else. There is an abandoned manganese mine on the northwestern slopes of the peak; the remains of a jetty from which the ore used to be shipped are directly below the workings.

Chapman's Peak Drive Website Probe into Chappie's deal

Nexus Mods

Nexus Mods is a site which allows users to upload and download "mods" for computer games. It acts as a source for the distribution of original content, it is one of the largest gaming modification websites on the web, and, as of May 2018, had ten million registered members. Founded in 2001 as a fan site, Nexus Mods was modified into the website TESSsource in 2007; the Nexus Mods network supported 538 games as of May 2018, with a single forum and a wiki for site and mod-related topics. The Nexus Mods site expanded to serve as a host for mod files for any modifiable PC game; the website's hosting and publication of various mods has been covered in the gaming and computer press. Nexus Mods was founded by Robin Scott and a friend in August 2001 as a fan site for the Bethesda Softworks game The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind under the name of Morrowind Chronicles. After the success of Morrowind Chronicles and the friend he was working alongside founded a company by the name of GamingSource and created the website TESSource, which allowed users to upload their modifications and content for games in The Elder Scrolls video game series.

Scott soon became tired with the revenue of the websites being split when he was operating the websites by himself, made the decision to break away from TESSource in 2007 and founded his own website under the name of TESNexus. Scott made use of the TESSource website with his new venture; this resulted in more than 200 additional games being supported by early 2017. As of January 2013, Nexus Mods had a reported five million users. Scott indicated in 2013 that the Nexus sites would remain free of corporate investment in the foreseeable future avoiding direct ads. Revenue instead came with the site otherwise free; as of 2014, it was one of the largest gaming modification websites on the web, with over 971 million downloads since its initial launch, a member count of more than 8 million registered users. In November 2015, Nexus Mods announced that due to the release of Fallout 4, the website had over ten million registered members. In December, the website reported a possible security breach of account names, recommended that its members change their passwords.

Financial information was not breached. Mods hosted on the site can change games in a number of ways, from adding a first-person perspective to adding developed worldspaces with voice-acted quests. Mods for The Witcher have been built for improving immersion, Nexus Mods is noted for its support of the game The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim and is regarded as the largest website supporting modifications for games in The Elder Scrolls series of games, with sites like PC Gamer and Kotaku referencing Nexus in multiple articles regarding modifications for The Elder Scrolls series; the website's hosting and publication of various mods has been covered in the gaming and computer press. In 2016, Forbes praised the "Alternate Start - Live Another Life" mod posted to Nexus for The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim - Special Edition in a feature article. In January 2017, a Fallout 4 mod on Nexus Mods was covered in the Daily Express, with other Fallout 4 mods reported on by WWG, Paste Magazine, the Christian Times, PC Gamer.

Nexus Mods requires users to register before uploading any files or downloading files over a certain file-size limit. User accounts integrate across all of the available sites, meaning a user only needs one account to make use of all of the Nexus websites; each account and file page is integrated with the Nexus Forums. The website gives users the ability to: Upload files to their modification's webpage Create and display an information page about their modification Upload images of their modification Comment on file pages Browse categories to find modifications for their games Search for a specific modification for their gamesIn June 2016, wide-ranging theft of NexusMods mods for other corporate mod websites was noted in the press, with Nexus owner Robin Scott criticizing Bethesda's lack of response to the issue; that month, Nexus added an extra permissions system to the website so stolen mods on other websites were easier to see. Although there was an extensive permissions system for mods, the addition to the system for console modding allowed users to select what their intent for the mod was in terms of use, where they would allow it to be available.

It allowed "console players to search the Nexus system for mods they can find via their console's Bethesda.net browser if they like the look of them." The Nexus Mods network supported 838 games as of December 2019, features a single forum and a wiki for site and mod-related topics. The main Nexus Mods web page lists the various games for which mods are available, along with the number of files and downloads; as of December 2019, games with the most mods hosted were: Recently, the Nexus Mods site expanded to serve as a host for mod files for any modifiable PC game. Nexus Mod Manager is an open-source program associated with Nexus Mods available for the Microsoft Windows platform that automates the download and installation of mods for seventeen games as of January 2015, among them The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim and Fallout 3. Advantages of using NMM over manual mod installation include easy organization and uninstallation of mods. According to the Nexus site, NMM "integrates with the Nexus sites to provide you with a fast and much less hassled modding experience."Nexus Mod Manager has since been replaced by Vortex, the official Nexus Mods mod manager with improved mod handling and a more modern interface.

List of video game websites Steam Workshop User-generated content Official website

Shaynna Blaze

Shaynna Blaze is an Australian interior designer, television personality and former singer. She is best known for her work as a co-host on Selling Houses Australia, Buying Blind and as a judge on The Block. Born in Melbourne, Blaze became interested in interior design as a teenager, earned a degree in design after completing high school, she married her first husband, they had two children. Following her divorce, she found it "hard to run a business as a single mum" and worked as a jazz singer for 10 years, singing in clubs while her parents babysat. Blaze returned to interior design after remarrying. In 2008, Blaze became a co-host on Selling Houses Australia, alongside real estate expert Andrew Winter and landscape designer Charlie Albone. In 2012, she was hired as a judge on The Block, she filmed a pilot episode for her own interior design series, Blank Canvas with Shaynna Blaze, which aired on The LifeStyle Channel in April 2013. In 2013 and 2014, Blaze won the ASTRA Award for Favourite Personality – Female, she co-hosted the 2014 ceremony with Matt Shirvington.

In March 2013, Blaze released Design Your Home, an interior design book published by Penguin Books Australia. Her second book, Design with Colour and Style, was released on 25 March 2015. On 7 and 14 December 2015, a two-part TV special, Shaynna's World of Design, aired on LifeStyle Home, it saw Blaze create a range of interior lighting and travel the globe to gather design inspiration from each place she visited. She shared her own ideas and design principles along the way, not just for interior lighting, but for everything in the home. In 2016, she hosted Deadline Design on LifeStyle Home. Blaze has Blank Canvas Interiors, she is a brand ambassador for the Attic Group, Granite Transformations, Taubmans paint. Blaze's father, Basil, a fitter and turner, died of a heart attack in 1998, her mother, was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2003 and lived in a nursing home in Melbourne. Blaze has a son, Jesse Kenneally, daughter, Carly Anne Kenneally, from her first marriage, she married personal trainer Steve Vaughan, was credited by her married name, Shaynna Blaze-Vaughan, in early seasons of Selling Houses Australia.

After 18 years of marriage she separated from Vaughan in August 2018. As of 2014, Blaze lives in Victoria. Official website Shaynna Blaze on IMDb Shaynna Blaze's channel on YouTube

2016 Bukit Batok by-election

A by-election for the Bukit Batok Single Member Constituency in Singapore was concluded on Polling Day of 7 May 2016, with Murali Pillai as the winning candidate. This followed the sudden resignation of incumbent Member of Parliament David Ong Kim Huat on 12 March 2016. On 20 April, President Tony Tan Keng Yam issued the writs of election. On 27 April, two candidates were nominated, Murali Pillai of the People's Action Party, Chee Soon Juan of the Singapore Democratic Party; the by-election was the 13th of its kind since Singapore's independence. David Ong's sudden resignation on 12 March 2016 from politics as an incumbent Member of Parliament from the People's Action Party set up a by-election for the Bukit Batok Single Member Constituency. Ong's offer to resign was accepted by PAP's secretary-general Lee Hsien Loong. PAP Whip, Chan Chun Sing, said that the party took "very decisive action" and acted "in a short time" once it learned of Ong's issues, due to "standards that the party wants to uphold".

Ong sent a personal letter of apology to Bukit Batok residents in early April 2016. The explanation offered by the Singapore media was that Ong was having an extra-marital affair with a 41-year-old woman, Wendy Lim, a member and grassroots volunteer of the People's Action Party. Ong's alleged affair went on over nearly six months before it went public after the husband of Wendy Lim lodged a complaint about it. Wendy Lim left the People's Action Party as of 15 March 2016 while going on leave with her employer Pacific Integrated Logistics. Ong is the third MP in five years to resign from his parliamentary seat and leave his political party because of an alleged extra-marital affair, after the likes of Michael Palmer of the PAP and Yaw Shin Leong of the opposition Workers Party; the role handling Bukit Batok SMC is tentatively taken of by incumbent Member of Parliament of Jurong Group Representation Constituency Desmond Lee pending the result of a by-election electing a new MP. Ang Wei Neng takes over as Jurong-Clementi Town Council chairman.

On 20 April 2016, President Tony Tan Keng Yam issued the writs of election: Nomination Day would be on 27 April 2016, followed by 9 days for campaigning before the mandatory cooling-off day on 6 May 2016, lastly Polling Day would be on 7 May 2016. Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said that after the 2016 Budget was passed, Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean advised President Tony Tan to issue the writ of election. Two candidates for election were nominated on 27 April 2016: Murali Pillai of the People's Action Party and Chee Soon Juan of the Singapore Democratic Party. SDP had decided on 20 March that their party secretary-general, would run as their candidate. Three other men had applied for political donation certificates but were not nominated as candidates. Five opposition parties, including the PPP, had earlier ruled out contesting in the by-election; the rest were the Democratic Progressive Party, the Singapore Democratic Alliance, the Singaporeans First party, the largest opposition party in Singapore, the Workers' Party.

Samir Salim Neji, an independent candidate who contested in Bukit Batok during the 2015 general election announced he would not contest. Chee campaigned with a slogan of "Now Is The Time", his campaign used technology and social media widely. By April 21, Chee had put together a team of four to advise the SDP on how to take over and run the town council should they win. Chee pledged that the SDP wanted "to surpass current levels of performance of PAP-run town councils". By April 29, the SDP had established a 13-strong transition team to ensure the SDP town council "works without a hitch, all from Day One". Chee elaborated that he would manage the running of the town council instead of using managing agents, with the SDP aiming "to set new standards for transparency and accountability in town council governance."It was reported on April 23 that the SDP had prepared four social schemes for Bukit Batok residents if Chee won. One, Hearts for Bukit Batok, where needy families would be'adopted' and helped, including with a trust fund.

Additionally, Chee said. Two, targeting youth with books, fairs and subsidized tuition for the poor. Three, Dollars And Sense, a financial clinic. Four, Legal Lifeline, a clinic for legal advice. On April 24, Pillai revealed a plan by the PAP Jurong-Clementi Town Council to upgrade infrastructure around Blocks 140 to 149 of the SMC, which would cost $1.9 million. PAP could only carry out that specific plan if they won, with Pillai saying, "If we don't have the mandate we won't have the ability to carry on because we will not form the town council." In response, Chee criticized pending upgrading plans as a "knee-jerk reaction every time an election comes", asked for an update on the $24 million upgrading plan for Bukit Batok announced by David Ong during the 2015 general election. Pillai replied that for the 2015 $23.6 million masterplan, some projects were "fully executed", while others "are still on-going" or are still "in the pipeline". Pillai said the $1.9 million Neighbourhood Renewal Project is "part of" the $23.6 million masterplan.

After Pillai said the $1.9 mi