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Frans Hals Museum

The Frans Hals Museum is a museum located in Haarlem, the Netherlands. The museum was established in 1862. In 1950, the museum was split in two locations when the collection of modern art was moved to the Museum De Hallen; the main collection, including its famous 17th-century Frans Hals paintings, for which the museum is named, is located in the former Oude Mannenhuis on the Groot Heiligland. The museum was founded in 1862 in the newly renovated former Dominican church cloisters located in the back of the Haarlem city hall known as the Prinsenhof, when it needed more space, it moved to the vacated location of the town orphanage in 1913; the collection is based on the large number of paintings owned by the City of Haarlem, which includes over 100 artworks seized from Catholic churches in the 1580s after the Protestant Reformation, Haarlem art rescued from demolished local buildings from the 15th century onwards. In 2018 the museum re-merged with Museum De Hallen to form a single museum called the Frans Hals Museum with two locations: Hof and Hal.

The Haarlem Oude Mannenhuis was a hofje founded in 1609. The residential rooms were situated around a courtyard in the style of contemporary Haarlem Hofjes; each of the thirty little houses was inhabited by two men. They were required to bring their own household goods listed as a bed, a chair with a cushion, a tin chamberpot, three blankets, six good shirts and six nightcaps, they were locked in each night at eight o'clock at seven in the winter. The residents had to make a weekly collection with a poor-box, a statue of a man holding this can be seen in the entrance hall of the museum; the old men's home was governed by five regents, whose portraits, painted by Frans Hals in 1664, are on display. Though the men's home dates from 1609, only the main hall is still intact. During the intervening centuries the complex was renovated beyond recognition, most notably by the previous inhabitants, the Haarlem municipal orphanage which made use of the complex from 1810 until 1908, when it moved to the Coen Cuserhof.

During the French occupation, the old men still living in the hofje were moved a block away to the present-day Proveniershuis, when the art collections of the two institutions were merged. The art of both locations, as well as the art of several other former Haarlem institutions, is now in the Frans Hals museum collection; the most notable artworks from the Oude Mannenhuis are the two group portraits of regents and regentesses by Frans Hals. The inventory of the Proveniershuis was drawn up by Pieter Langendijk and though some of the paintings have since been reattributed, his list is intact; the impressive regents' rooms have been rebuilt from other Haarlem locations. A room on the street side has a curious keystone above the door with masonic symbols denoting a mason's society and the text'Metsselaars Proef-Kamer 1648 12/29'; the older pieces of the museum collection, consisting of religious themes, are Haarlem relics from the Reformation, when all Roman Catholic art was formally seized by the city council in 1648.

Frans Hals. The city council proceeded in the 17th century to rewrite Haarlem history, purchased various large pieces to decorate the city hall, telling stories such as the legend of Damiate, or the legend of the Haarlem Shield. During this time the city hall functioned as a semi-public museum, though the term didn't exist yet; the first signs of an official museum with a curator occurred when the Dutch Society of Science, founded in 1752, started to rent the Prinsenhof room of the city hall in 1754 for its meetings and began to furnish it as a Cabinet of curiosities. From an inventory list in the city archives it can be seen that they used as a model for their system of naming and presentation, the book Amboinsche Rariteitkamer by Georg Eberhard Rumphius, they shared the room with the Synod of the Dutch Reformed Church, that used it once every six years for its meetings. They hired a woman for the dusting and serving tea, in 1768 they hired a man as curator, responsible for the entire collection and the medical Hortus garden in the yard.

The spacious room soon proved too small for the number of donated artifacts it received from its members, thanks to the increase in shipping and associated travel. In the late 18th century and early 19th century, Haarlem became a bedroom community of Amsterdam, with many wealthy bankers becoming members of the young Society; the old paintings became just a colorful backdrop for chests filled with stuffed animals and prepared specimens. In 1777 the Society moved its overflowing collection to a renovated house on the Grote Houtstraat, where the new young curator Martin van Marum would live the rest of his life; this building, situated next to the Mennonite church, was mortgaged with the Mennonite banker Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, not a member of the Society, but who created his own arts society and whose testament would be the basis for the Teylers Museum, where van Marum would become curator. This move split the collection, the natural history half is in the collection of the Teylers Museum.

Though the paintings and the garden remained back at city hall, 40 years after Carl Linnaeus had published his Systema Naturae no one was interested in the garden, still fewer people were interested in the religious art. The city hall was seen as a depot of large pieces of historical importance, the next large group of paintings to join the collection oc

Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth

Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth is a 1998 shoot'em up video game developed and published by Hudson Soft for the Nintendo 64, a direct sequel to Soldier Blade and is part of their Star Soldier series. There was an arcade version released for Seta's Aleck64, arcade hardware similar to the Nintendo 64. Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth is a science fiction-themed vertically scrolling shoot'em up game. IGN gave Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth 5.0 out of 10 overall stating the gameplay was "okay, but has little variety and little innovation". Official website Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth at GameFAQs Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth at Killer List of Videogames Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth at MobyGames

Colrain Center Historic District

The Colrain Center Historic District encompasses the historic center of Colrain, Massachusetts, a rural hill town in northwestern Franklin County. The 30-acre district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. Colrain was incorporated in 1761, but did not experience significant growth until in the 18th century; the center began as the location of a local farm, a bridge located where only stone abutments now stand. The land area available for development in this area is limited by steep hilly terrain and the floodplains of the North River; the center of the district and the village is the town green, a triangular patch of land at the junction of Main Road, Greenville Road and Jacksonville Road, it is bounded by the terrain, a steeply sided valley along a branch of the North River. Most of the housing in the district dates from the mid 19th century to the early 20th century, as do its institutional buildings; the Town Hall is a former congregational church, built in the Greek Revival style in 1834.

The other former church building is the Methodist Church, built a few years but with Gothic Revival features. The Griswold Public Library building is the only institutional building still used for its original purpose; the oldest house in the district is believed to be the c. 1819 Charles Thompson House at 9 Main Rd. The Coolidge House at 3 Greenfield Rd. is an early example of Greek Revival architecture, with a three-bay front and a full-width porch. Queen Anne Victorians include the 1895 Cram House at 7 Main Road, which has an octagonal turret, the elaborate Second Methodist Parsonage at 3 River St. National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Massachusetts