Baron Franz Xaver von Zach was a Hungarian astronomer born at Pest, Hungary. Zach studied physics at the Royal University of Pest, served for some time in the Austrian army, he taught at the University of Lemberg. He lived in Paris in 1780–83, in London from 1783 to 1786 as tutor in the house of the Saxon ambassador, Hans Moritz von Brühl. In Paris and London he entered the circles of astronomers like Joseph de Lalande, Pierre-Simon Laplace and William Herschel. In 1786 he was appointed by Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg director of the new observatory on Seeberg hill at Gotha, finished in 1791. At the close of the 18th century, he organised the "Celestial Police", a group of twenty-four astronomers, to prepare for a systematic search for the "missing planet" predicted by the Titius-Bode law between Mars and Jupiter. Ceres was discovered by accident. Using predictions made of the position of Ceres by Carl Friedrich Gauss, on 31 December 1801/1 January 1802, Zach recovered Ceres after it was lost during its passage behind the Sun.
After the death of the duke in 1804, Zach accompanied the duke's widow on her travels in the south of Europe, the two settled in Genoa in 1815 where he directed an observatory. He moved back to Paris in 1827 and died there in 1832. Zach published Tables of the Sun, numerous papers on geographical subjects on the geographical positions of many towns and places, which he determined on his travels with a sextant, his principal importance was, however, as editor of three scientific journals of great value: Allgemeine Geographische Ephemeriden, Monatliche Correspondenz zur Beförderung der Erd- und Himmels-Kunde, Correspondance astronomique, hydrographique, et statistique. He was elected as a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1794, a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1798, a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1804, an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1832. In 1808, von Zach was in Marseille where he observed and explained the phenomenon of the Canigou mountain in eastern Pyrénées which can be seen twice a year from there, 250 km away, by refraction of light.
Asteroid 999 Zachia and the crater Zach on the Moon are named after him, while asteroid 64 Angelina is named after an astronomical station he set up near Marseille. Brosche, P.: Der Astronom der Herzogin, Acta Historica Astronomiae Vol. 12 Frankfurt am Main: Deutsch, 2nd ed. 2009 ISBN 978-3-944913-06-3 Cunningham, C.: The Collected Correspondence of Baron Franz von Zach. Vol. 1: Letters between Zach and Jan Sniadecki 1800–1803 Surfside, Fla.: Star Lab Press ISBN 0-9708162-4-3 Cunningham, C.: The Collected Correspondence of Baron Franz von Zach. Vol. 2: Letters between Zach and Lajos Schedius. Surfside, Fla.: Star Lab Press ISBN 0-9708162-7-8 Szabados, Laszlo: Zach, Janos Ferenc in Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, edited by Thomas Hockney, Springer 2007. Vargha, M. 2005: Franz Xaver von Zach: His Life and Times. Konkoly Obs. Monographs No. 5, Budapest. Gosteli, L. Franz Xaver von Zach's letters to Rudolf Abraham von Schiferli 1821–1832", Gesnerus. Supplement, 45, pp. 1–382, PMID 9847463
The Rt Rev. Piers Calveley Claughton, DD was an Anglican colonial bishop and author in the second half of the nineteenth century; the son of Thomas Claughton of Haydock Lodge, he was educated at Brasenose College, where he graduated, B. A. and M. A.. He was elected a Fellow of University College, Oxford in 1836. Following his ordination in 1838 he was made rector of Elton, before becoming the first Bishop of St Helena and a subsequent translation to the see of Colombo. Upon his return to England he served as Archdeacon of London and a canon of St Paul's from 1870 to 1884 and was appointed Chaplain-General of Her Majesty's Forces in 1875, he died in London. A memorial tablet was placed in the crypt of St. Paul's Cathedral, London in 1885. A stamp was issued to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Diocese of St Helena which bore his image, his brother was Bishop of Rochester from 1867 to 1877. Amongst others he wrote: Hathi Trust Project Canterbury The Church of Ceylon National Archives 150th Anniversary of the Diocese of St Helena - Piers Calveley Claughton
Hungary – United States relations are bilateral relations between Hungary and the United States. According to the 2012 U. S. Global Leadership Report, 38% of Hungarians approve of U. S. leadership, with 20% disapproving and 42% uncertain, a decrease from 53% approval in 2011.. According to a 2018 poll, 68% of Hungarians view the United States favorably; until 1867 the Kingdom of Hungary was a part of the Austrian Empire and from 1867 to 1918 of the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary. United States diplomatic relations with Hungary were conducted through the United States Ambassador to Austria in Vienna. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I, Hungary and the United States established bilateral relations through a legation in Budapest established in 1921; the first American ambassador to Hungary was appointed on February 10, 1922. Diplomatic relations were interrupted at the outbreak of World War II. Hungary severed relations with the U. S. on December 11, 1941, when the United States declared war on Germany.
Two days on December 13, Hungary declared war on the United States. The embassy was closed and diplomatic personnel returned to the U. S. Normal bilateral relations between Hungary and the U. S. were resumed in December 1945 when a U. S. ambassador was appointed and the embassy was reopened. Relations between the United States and Hungary following World War II were affected by the Soviet armed forces' occupation of Hungary. Full diplomatic relations were established at the legation level on October 12, 1945, before the signing of the Hungarian peace treaty on February 10, 1947. After the communist takeover in 1947-48, relations with the People's Republic of Hungary became strained by the nationalization of U. S.-owned property and what the United States considered unacceptable treatment of U. S. citizens and personnel, as well as restrictions on the operations of the American legation. Though relations deteriorated further after the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, an exchange of ambassadors in 1966 inaugurated an era of improving relations.
In 1972, a consular convention was concluded to provide consular protection to U. S. citizens in Hungary. In 1973, a bilateral agreement was reached under which Hungary settled the nationalization claims of American citizens. On 6 January 1978, the United States returned the Holy Crown of Hungary, safeguarded by the United States since the end of World War II. Symbolically and this event marked the beginning of excellent relations between the two countries. A 1978 bilateral trade agreement included extension of most-favored-nation status to Hungary. Cultural and scientific exchanges were expanded; as Hungary began to pull away from the Soviet orbit, the United States offered assistance and expertise to help establish a constitution, a democratic political system, a plan for a free market economy. Between 1989 and 1993, the Support for East European Democracy Act provided more than $136 million for economic restructuring and private-sector development; the Hungarian-American Enterprise Fund has offered loans, equity capital, technical assistance to promote private-sector development.
The U. S. Government has provided expert and financial assistance for the development of modern and Western institutions in many policy areas, including national security, law enforcement, free media, environmental regulations and health care. American direct investment has had a direct, positive impact on the Hungarian economy and on continued good bilateral relations; when Hungary acceded to NATO in April 1999, it became a formal ally of the United States. This move has been supported by the 1.5 million-strong Hungarian-American community. The U. S. government supported Hungarian accession to the European Union in 2004, continues to work with Hungary as a valued partner in the Transatlantic relationship. Hungary joined the Visa Waiver Program in 2008. Visits from Hungary to the United States Prime Minister Ferenc Nagy Prime Minister Károly Grósz President Árpád Göncz Prime Minister József Antall Prime Minister Gyula Horn Prime Minister Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Péter Medgyessy Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai President László Sólyom Visits from the United States to Hungary President George H. W. Bush President Bill Clinton President George W. Bush of Hungary in the United StatesEmbassy: Washington, D.
C. Consulate General: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York City Vice-Consulates: Houston, Miami Honorary Consulate General: Atlanta Consulate Honorary: Boston, Denver, Honolulu, Mayagüez, Mercer Island, New Orleans, Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Louis Park, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Charlotteof the United States in HungaryEmbassy: Budapest Hungarian Americans Hungarian Ambassador to the United States United States Ambassador to Hungary Foreign relations of the United States Foreign relations of Hungary Bártfai, Imre, "Hungary & the U. S.: Will there be a New Direction for American Diplomacy?", IndraStra Global 3, ISSN 2381-3652 online Borhi, László, "In the Power Arena: U. S.-Hungarian Relations, 1942–1989," The Hungarian Quarterly, 51, pp 67–81. Borhi, László. Hungary in the Cold War, 1945-1956: Between the United States and the Soviet Union online Frank, Tibor. Ethnicity, Myth-Making: Studies in Hungarian Connections to Britain and America, 1848–1945. Gati, Charles. Hungary and the Soviet Bloc. Glant, Tibor, "Ninety Years of United States-Hungarian Relation
Port Plaza Mall was an urban area shopping mall/multi-use facility located in downtown Green Bay, Wisconsin. The mall opened on August 10, 1977, featured 3 anchor stores over the years, with JCPenney and H. C. Prange open at its launch and Boston Store added by 1982; the mall would go into a state of decline in the late 1990s and 2000s, leading up to its closure on February 27, 2006. The mall property was razed during the 1st half of 2012 as part of a redevelopment project. After many years of planning by city leaders, ground was broken for Port Plaza Mall in 1975; the mall opened for business on August 10, 1977, under the ownership and management of Chicago-based Mansur & Associates. At its opening, the mall had space for 99 inline tenants and two anchor stores, a 160,000 sq ft. JCPenney on the East end and a existing 300,000 sq ft. H. C. Prange store on the West end. A noted feature of the mall was a four-faced clock tower, whose bell and clock mechanisms came from the Montgomery County Courthouse in Winona, Mississippi.
By August 1982, Port Plaza Mall would expand by 160,000 sq ft at its Southern end, including a new food court and a 3rd anchor, a 110,000 sq ft. Boston Store. Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. purchased the mall property in 1986. Two years in 1988, Port Plaza underwent renovation that included the addition of neon light fixtures, new floor tiling, fountains at center court; the first major anchor change for Port Plaza came in the summer of 1992 when H. C. Prange was subsequently renamed. In 1997, Whitehall Funds purchased Port Plaza and 9 other malls from Metropolitan Life, named Johnstown, Pennsylvania-based Zamias Services, Inc. to manage Port Plaza. By this time, the mall was in the midst of a decline as shoppers lost favor with the mall and its downtown location and preferred stores and malls in outlying locations such as Bay Park Square in suburban Ashwaubenon; the mall would lose one of its three anchors in 2000 when Boston Store was merged with the same company that owned Younkers. In 2001, the mall was acquired by Development Associates, who planned to turn the mall into a mixed-use facility with both retail and office space.
The company would rechristen the mall Washington Commons in recognition of Washington Street's reconnection through the former food court, relocated to the former fountain area in center court. However, the exodus of major tenants would continue, with McDonald's and Osco Drug leaving the mall in 2002, followed by Payless ShoeSource in 2003, LensCrafters, Champs Sports, Bath & Body Works in 2004. Though Washington Commons would attract the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, who opened a satellite campus and offices in part of the former Boston Store court in 2004, the mall would receive two big blows in the closures of its last two anchors, Younkers and JCPenney, who both left for newer Ashwaubenon facilities in 2004 and 2005, respectively. Following JCPenney's departure, plans were announced for APAC Customer Services to move its offices to the former Penneys space, but those plans fell through when a deal could not be reached. APAC would instead reach a deal with the City of Green Bay and BayLake Bank to move to the former Boston Store location, where BayLake Bank was developing a branch and other office space.
Development Associates would take the issue to court, citing conflict of interest by the City and BayLake Bank. Though the parties would reach an out-of-court settlement, the cost of the suit would leave Development Associates in debt. By February 20, 2006, with the mall facing foreclosure by BayLake Bank and electrical services about to be disconnected, mall ownership notified its last six tenants that they would have to vacate the mall within 7 days; the city gained ownership of the mall property as part of the settlement with Development Associates, the property was put up for sale with an $8 million price tag. From February 27, 2006 until its razing, the Port Plaza Mall/Washington Commons property would remain vacant and closed to the general public, though janitorial and security services would be provided in case of potential development and inspection; the mall's clock tower was removed in June 2010 after being repurchased by its former owners in Winona, Mississippi. Several proposals to redevelop the mall property would be announced in the years after the mall's closure, among them a May 2008 plan by Middleton, Wisconsin-based T.
Wall Properties that featured an 8-to-10-story office building with ground-floor stores and restaurants and re-establishment of the original pre-mall street grid. An attempt that year to obtain federal stimulus funds for redevelopment of the site was turned down. In 2010, the city received enough interest in the property to seek $1 million in urban redevelopment funds to be put towards both the mall's demolition and the reconnection of Adams Street through the mall's former center court; the funding was part of an appropriations bill approved by the U. S. House of Representatives on July 29, 2010 but went nowhere in the Senate afterwards with a new Congress taking over in 2011, against such earmarks. A more definitive plan came on June 7, 2011, when Green Bay-based Schreiber Foods announced plans to demolish the main mall property, the former JCPenney anchor location (which had never been r
Bidhannagar or Salt Lake is a city in Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, it was developed between 1958 and 1965 as a planned satellite city to accommodate the burgeoning population of Kolkata. At the 2011 census, Bidhannagar City had a population of 218,323 in an area of approx 13.16 square km with a density of about 16,590 persons per square kilometer. However, the area of Bidhannagar Municipality was 33.50 square km because it includes East Kolkata Wetlands area, where few floating people live. Bidhannagar has an average literacy rate of 90.44%, with male literacy of 93.08% and female literacy of 87.69%. The city has the second highest proportion of graduates in the country, only after Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar known as Mohali, which has 34.4 per cent of its population as graduates. Bidhannagar is located at 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58.
It has an average elevation of 11 metres. Bidhannagar was developed and built under the direct administration of the Irrigation and Waterways Department of the Government of West Bengal; this planned city was under the South Dum Dum Municipality it came under the wings of the Public Works Department, renamed as the Urban Development Department in 1991. The whole area was divided into 5 sectors - Sector - I, Sector - II, Sector - III and Sector - IV as Residential Townships and Sector - V as Industrial Area. An administrator was appointed to control all the municipal activities there. In 1995, Bidhannagar got its own elected body called Bidhannagar Municipality consisting of 23 wards. All the plots of land in Bidhanannagar are leasehold plots and the Urban Development Department directly manages the land matters. East Kolkata Wetlands area is included in Bidhannagar Municipality; the proposal for the merger of Bidhannagar Municipality with the Kolkata Municipal Corporation has been periodically mooted since 2011, but never realised due to different custodian of land and property tax-structures.
Dum Dum Airport, Rajarhat, Baguiati, Kestopur, Lake Town and Bidhannagar are brought together under the jurisdiction of the Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate. On 18 June 2015, Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation was constituted by merging the existing municipal areas of Bidhannagar Municipality, Rajarhat Gopalpur Municipality and the panchayat area of Mahishbathan II Gram Panchayat. Now Bidhannagar has 14 wards under Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation. Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority was created in January 2006, it supplies water. The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate is responsible for law enforcement in the city; the modes of transportation like other parts of Kolkata includes air conditioned/non-ac government/private buses and other popular options like auto rickshaw and e-rickshaws. The Howrah Maidan - Salt Lake Sector V - Teghoria Line of the Kolkata Metro is about to open in 2019; the New Garia – Dum Dum Airport Line of the Kolkata Metro, which passes through the Salt Lake Bypass, is under-construction with cost inflation and delays All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health Bidhannagar College Bose Institute Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata Institute of Engineering and Management International School of Business and Media National Institute of Fashion Technology National Institute of Homoeopathy National Council of Science Museums Rabindra Bharati University Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics S.
N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences Techno India University Jadavpur University's Second Campus University of Calcutta's Technology Campus Unitedworld School of Business Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre West Bengal University of Technology West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Schools in Bidhannagar include the Hariyana Vidya Mandir, Bidhannagar Government High School, Bidhannagar Municipal School, a combined primary and high school and a branch of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, named Bhavan's Gangabux Kanoria Vidyamandir, Salt Lake School, Mother International School, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Education, Laban Hrad Vidyapith. There are two Kendriya Vidyalaya in Salt Lake viz. K. V. No. 1 Salt Lake and K. V. No. 2 Salt Lake. Catholic schools include St. Joan's School, Our Lady Queen of the Missions School and St. Francis Xavier School. Kolkata/East travel guide from Wikivoyage Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation
Enrique Alejandro Flores Flores is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PAN. He served as a deputy of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing San Luis Potosí and from 2015-17 in that state's legislature. Flores received his degree in law from the San Luis Potosí campus of the Universidad del Valle de México, with specialties in municipal law, notarial law, special crimes and customs law, he became an active PAN member in 2001 and became the legal director and secretary for legal matters for the state party. From 2009 to 2011, he headed the municipal committee of the PAN in San Luis Potosí City. From 2012 to 2015, Flores represented San Luis Potosí and the second electoral region in the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress, he served as a secretary of four commissions during his term, including Agriculture and Irrigation Systems, Municipal Development, Strengthening of Federalism and Transparency and Anticorruption. Effective February 6, 2015, Flores resigned from the Chamber of Deputies to run for the state legislature of San Luis Potosí.
Beginning on June 30, 2016, he headed the PAN parliamentary group. The party studied alleging that he harmed its image. On June 13, 2017, he resigned from the San Luis Potosí state legislature and the Political Coordination Board after the El Pulso de San Luis newspaper released a video of Flores offering to clear the debt history of municipal officials in exchange for 10 percent of the amount