The Fly Club is a final club, traditionally "punching" male undergraduates of Harvard College during their sophomore or junior year. Undergraduate and graduate members participate in club activities. Founded 1836 as a literary society by the editors of Harvardiana, the club was granted a charter by the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity in 1837 and remained a chapter until surrendering its charter in 1865. With the graduation of the members of the class of 1868, the club was discontinued until 1878, when graduate members, including Edward Everett Hale and Phillips Brooks, initiated undergraduates from the class of 1879, to whom the old charter was restored. In 1906, the charter was once again surrendered, in 1910, the organization adopted the name "Fly Club," its unofficial title since 1885. In 1996, the Fly Club merged with the DU Club, another final club, the combined entity retained the name "Fly Club." Some sources maintain that the club's name was derived by combining the PH from "Alpha," the l from "Delta," and the i from "Phi," to get "Phli," pronounced "Fly".
The club motto, suggested by Prof. Morris H. Morgan and adopted Feb. 1902, reads DURATURIS HAUD DURIS VINCULIS, an ablative absolute construction translated as "Bonds should be lasting, not chafing or hard." Constructed in 1896, with brick facade added in 1902, the Fly clubhouse is located at Two Holyoke Place, near Harvard Square, along the "Gold Coast" of private residences that now comprise Harvard's Adams House The Fly sits in front of Harvard's Lowell House, across Mt. Auburn St. from the Harvard Lampoon building. The Fly Club Gate is located along the exterior of Winthrop House. An English Baroque structure, the gate was built in 1914 by a grant from members of the Fly Club; the Fly's symbol, a "leopard rampant gardant", is centered within the ironwork above the entry. Inscribed below is a dedication: "For Friendships Made in College the Fly Club in Gratitude has Built this Gate." ACADEMIA James Bryant Conant* – 26th President of Harvard University Abbott Lawrence Lowell – historian, 25th President of Harvard University Charles William Eliot – 24th President of Harvard University Archibald Cary Coolidge – historian, Harvard professor, first director of the Harvard University LibraryPUBLIC SERVICE Franklin Delano Roosevelt – 32nd President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt – 26th President of the United States.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. – Supreme Court Justice Jay Rockefeller – U. S. Senator from West Virginia James Roosevelt- son of Franklin Roosevelt, U. S. Congressman Deval Patrick – 71st Governor of Massachusetts William Weld – 68th Governor of Massachusetts Tony Lake – President Bill Clinton's National Security Advisor Jared Kushner – Senior White House Adviser and head of the White House Office of American Innovation Joseph Clark Grew – career diplomat, U. S. Ambassador to Japan 1932–1941 Charles Francis Adams III – skipper of America's Cup defender Resolute, 1920. S. Senate Phillips Brooks – clergyman, lyricistTHE ARTS James Russell Lowell – poet, critic and diplomat Ernest Lawrence Thayer – author of "Casey at the Bat" Owen Wister – American writer, "father" of western fiction Robert Charles Benchley* – American humorist Evan Thomas – American journalist and author Robert Carlock – writer, producer Whit Stillman – writer, film director Frederick Hubbard Gwynne – stage and television actor Francis Higginson Cabot – gardener, founder of the Garden Conservancy, creator of Stonecrop and Les Quatre Vents, a founder of Harvard Krokodiloes Herbert Dudley Hale – son of Edward Everett Hale.
FINANCE and BUSINESS Albert Hamilton Gordon* – Wall Street entrepreneur, Chairman of Kidder Peabody David Rockefeller* – American banker Louis Kane* – founder of Au Bon Pain bakery and café Charlie Cheever – co founder of QuoraATHLETICS W. Palmer Dixon - first recipient of major "H" in squash, two-time winner of national squash championship, donor of Harvard University's W. Palmer Dixon Indoor Tennis Courts. SCHOLARSHIPS In Memoriam Caspar Henry Burton, Jr. - during WWI, volunteered for British Red Cross. E. F.. Died of wounds received in battle. A Harvard University scholarship is named in his honor. Lionel de Jersey Harvard* – first descendant of John Harvard to attend Harvard College, casualty of WWI. Harvard College's Harvard-Cambridge Fellowship is named in his honor. Michael Clark Rockefeller - amateur anthropologist, disappeared in 1961 during an expedition in the Asmat region of southwestern Netherlands New Guinea. Harvard College's Michael C. Rockefeller Traveling Fellowship is named in his honor.* Initiated into the D.
U. Club, which merged with the Fly Club in 1996
Hallmark Hall of Fame
Hallmark Hall of Fame called Hallmark Television Playhouse, is an anthology program on American television, sponsored by Hallmark Cards, a Kansas City-based greeting card company. The longest-running primetime series in the history of television, it first aired in 1951 and continues into the present day. From 1954 onward, all of its productions have been broadcast in color, it is one of the first video productions to telecast in color, a rarity in the 1950s. Many television movies have been shown on the program since its debut, though the program began with live telecasts of dramas and changed to videotaped productions before changing to filmed ones; the series has received eighty-one Emmy Awards, dozens of Christopher and Peabody Awards, nine Golden Globes, Humanitas Prizes. Once a common practice in American television, it is one of the last remaining television programs where the title includes the name of its sponsor. Unlike other long-running TV series still on the air, it differs in that it broadcasts only and not on a weekly broadcast programming schedule.
The Hall of Fame films have an above average budget and production values nearing that of a feature film. The series is the direct descendant of two old-time radio dramatic anthologies sponsored by Hallmark: Radio Reader's Digest, adapting stories from the popular magazine; the Hallmark Playhouse changed to more serious literature from all genres. Hallmark Television Playhouse debuted on December 24, 1951 on NBC television network first opera written for television and the Night Visitors featuring the ballet dancer Nicholas Magallanes. Playhouse was a weekly half hour. In 1953, the series was renamed Hallmark Hall of Fame, it was the first time a major corporation developed a television project as a means of promoting its products to the viewing public. The program was such a success that it was restaged by Hallmark several times during a period of fifteen years. Amahl was staged by other NBC television anthologies. Under the supervision of creative executives at its advertising agency, Foote and Belding in Chicago, Hallmark transformed its radio Hallmark Playhouse into a Hallmark Hall of Fame format—this time, featuring stories of pioneers of all types in America—from 1953 through 1955.
Early productions included some of the classical works of Shakespeare: Hamlet, Richard II, The Taming of the Shrew, Twelfth Night, The Tempest. Biographical subjects were eclectic, ranging from Florence Nightingale to Father Flanagan to Joan of Arc. Popular Broadway plays such as Harvey, Dial M for Murder, Kiss Me, Kate were made available to a mass audience, most of them with casts that had not appeared in the film versions released to theatres. In a few cases, the actors repeated their original Broadway roles. Noted actors such as Richard Burton, Alfred Lunt, Lynn Fontanne, Maurice Evans, Katharine Cornell, Julie Harris, Laurence Olivier and Peter Ustinov all made what were extremely rare television appearances in these plays. Two different productions of Hamlet have been broadcast on the Hallmark Hall of Fame, one featuring Maurice Evans and the other a British one featuring Richard Chamberlain; the 1953 version was the first TV broadcast of Shakespearean play. Neither one was more than two hours long.
Evans and actress Judith Anderson performed their famous stage Macbeth on the Hallmark Hall of Fame on two separate occasions, each time with a different supporting cast. The first version in 1954 was telecast live from NBC's Brooklyn color studio while the second in 1960 was filmed on location in Scotland and released to movie theatres in Europe after its American telecast; the Richard Chamberlain version of Hamlet, telecast in Britain on ITV Sunday Night Theatre, won five Emmys when telecast on the Hallmark Hall of Fame, out of a total of thirteen nominations. It may have set a record for the most-nominated Shakespeare production to be televised. In 1955, Hallmark Hall of Fame switched its format to a special series seen only four to eight times a year around greeting card holidays and in 90-minute or 120-minute length. Starting in 1970, the frequency dropped to two to three times a year; the source material were plays and novel from major authors and were produced with stage actors and actresses.
Hamlet and the other Shakespeare plays presented on Hallmark Hall of Fame were cut to fit the time limits of a standard film or of the Hallmark Hall of Fame itself, which during the 1950s,'60s and'70s never ran longer than two hours and even less. It was left to National Educational Television and Public Broadcasting Service to be the pioneers in presenting nearly complete Shakespeare productions on American television; as a result of Foote and Belding Advertising executive and producer Duane C. Bogie's influence, Hallmark Hall of Fame began to offer original material, such as Aunt Mary and Thursday's Child, although its lineup still consisted of expensive-looking Masterpiece Theatre-style adaptations of American and European literary classics, such as John Steinbeck's The Winter of Our Discontent, Robert Louis Stevenson's The Master of Ballantrae, Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol. A Tale of Two Cities was the first Hallmark production to run three hours.
The late 1980s featured productions such as Foxfire, My Name is Bill W. Sarah and Tall, O Pioneers!, To Dance With the White Dog, The Piano
Beverley Owen was an American television actress, best known for having played the original role of Marilyn Munster on the sitcom The Munsters, before the role was taken over by Pat Priest. In 1956, Owen appeared in her first TV role in. Owen appeared on the shows The Doctors, Kraft Mystery Theatre, The Virginian, Wagon Train, Another World, in the feature film Bullet for a Badman, starring Audie Murphy, after which she got the role of Marilyn Munster on The Munsters. In 1972, she played Dr. Paula McCrea for nine months in the soap opera Another World. Owen left The Munsters after 13 episodes and returned to New York, where she married Sesame Street writer and producer Jon Stone in 1966, they were married for eight years until 1974. She had two daughters and Kate. After her divorce in 1974 she continued to pursue her studies in early American history and earned a master's degree in 1989. Owen's daughter Polly confirmed that the actress died of ovarian cancer on February 21, 2019, at the age of 81.
Butch Patrick, her co-star on The Munsters, released a Facebook statement on February 24, 2019, saying “Beautiful Beverly Owen has left us. What a sweet soul. I had the biggest crush on her. RIP Bev and thanks for your 13 memorable Marilyn Munster episodes.” As the World Turns The Doctors Bullet for a Badman Wagon Train Another World The Munsters – originated the role of Marilyn Munster Beverley Owen on IMDb
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, the 8th-most densely populated of the U. S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States; the Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, the 58th most populous as of 2018. In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was ranking 26th in the nation; the unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the 8th highest among all states.
The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $344.9 billion as of 2017. This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145.3 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida; the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845, it was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, racial segregation after the American Civil War. Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues; the state's economy relies on tourism and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century.
Florida is renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U. S. state of Florida. Florida's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of daily life. Florida is a reflection of multiple inheritance. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, continues to attract celebrities and athletes, it is internationally known for golf, auto racing, water sports. Several beaches in Florida have emerald-colored coastal waters. About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States 1,350 miles, not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands; this is the second-highest number of islands of any state of the United States.
It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U. S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south; the American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, is the only continental state with either a tropical climate or a coral reef; the Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world. By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.
Florida was the first region of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513, he named the region Florida. The story that he was searching for the Fountain of Youth is mythical and only appeared long after his death. In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the coast of Florida, searching for a deep harbor to land, he described seeing a thick wall of red mangroves spread mile after mile, some reaching as high as 70 feet, with intertwined and elevated roots making landing difficult. The Spanish introduced Christianity, horses, the Castilian language, more to Florida. Spain established several settlements with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was abandoned by 1561.
In 1565, the settlement of St. Augustine was established under the leadership of admiral and
Car 54, Where Are You?
Car 54, Where Are You?, an American sitcom that ran on NBC from 1961 to 1963, is the story of two New York City police officers based in the fictional 53rd precinct in The Bronx. Car 54 was their patrol car; the series was filmed in black-and-white and had a rotating group of directors, including Al De Caprio, Stanley Prager and series creator Nat Hiken - who helmed several episodes. Filming was on location, at Biograph Studios in the Bronx; the series follows the adventures of New York City Police Department officers Gunther Toody and Francis Muldoon, assigned to Patrol Car 54. Toody is short, stocky and not bright and lives with his loud, domineering wife, Lucille. College educated, Muldoon is tall and more intelligent. A shy bachelor, he lives with his mother and two younger sisters and eschews the notion of being married. Joe E. Ross as Officer Gunther Toody Fred Gwynne as Officer Francis Muldoon Ruth Masters as Mrs. Muldoon Hank Garrett as Officer Ed Nicholson Jim Gormley as Officer Nelson Albert Henderson as Officer Dennis O'Hara Bruce Kirby as Officer Kissel Al Lewis as Officer Leo Schnauser Beatrice Pons as Lucille Toody Charlotte Rae as Sylvia Schnauser Paul Reed as Capt. Paul Block Joe Warren as Officer Steinmetz Nipsey Russell as Officer Anderson Ossie Davis as Officer Omar Anderson Frederick O'Neal as Officer Wallace Patricia Bright as Mrs. Claire Block Nathaniel Frey as Sergeant Abrams Many of the scripts were written by Nat Hiken, who won an Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy Emmy Award for his work on the series.
Hiken had produced The Phil Silvers Show, which featured Joe E. Ross and Beatrice Pons as a married couple. Car 54 was sponsored by Procter & Gamble; the police cars used for the series were bright red and white, which appeared as the proper shade of gray for an NYPD car on black-and-white film. NYPD cars of that era were green with a white roof and trunk. Two Plymouth Savoys were used as the title vehicle during the series – a 1961 Savoy during the first season and a 1963 Savoy during the second. During the closing credits of episodes in the second season, a "futuristic" police car was seen driving on the streets of New York City; the theme song's lyrics were written by series creator and director Nat Hiken, with music by John Strauss. The line "Khrushchev's due at Idlewild" referred to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev arriving a year before the series began in September 1960 at New York's Idlewild Airport, to attend the United Nations General Assembly. Car 54, Where Are You? Originally aired Sunday at 8:30–9:00 p.m. on NBC, following Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color and preceding Bonanza.
Several celebrities, including Hugh Downs, Mitch Miller, Jan Murray, Sugar Ray Robinson, appeared as themselves. Among others cast in various episodes are: Car 54, Where Are You? was nominated for four Primetime Emmy Awards, earning one. 1961–1962 Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy: Nat Hiken—Won Outstanding Program Achievement in the Field of Humor—Nominated Outstanding Writing Achievement in Comedy: Nat Hiken, Tony Webster, Terry Ryan—Nominated 1962–1963 Outstanding Writing Achievement in Comedy: Nat Hiken—Nominated Car 54, Where Are You? First entered into syndication in January 1964, it began airing on the cable channel Nick at Nite in 1987 and ran on the network until 1990. It was seen for less than one year on the short-lived Ha! Channel in 1990-91 and aired on another Viacom-owned cable channel, Comedy Central, in the early 1990s; the show airs early Sundays mornings on MeTV, airs on its sister network Decades. Car 54, Where Are You? was made into a 1994 film, filmed in Toronto, starring John C.
McGinley as Muldoon, David Johansen as Toody, Rosie O'Donnell. The film was made in 1990 but not released until 1994 due to the bankruptcy of Orion Pictures, it was a box office bomb when it was poorly reviewed by critics. Original cast members Russell appeared in the film. In the early 1990s, Republic Pictures Home Video releases some episodes on VHS. Shanachie Entertainment said in 2010 it was releasing the first season on DVD in Region 1 on February 22, 2011; the second and final season was released on April 24, 2012. The show had each with 30 episodes. List of television shows filmed in New York City Notes Car 54, Where Are You?, by Martin Grams, Jr.. Albany: BearManor Media. ISBN 1-59393-340-1. Car 54, Where Are You? on IMDb Car 54, Where Are You? at TV.com A Tribute to Nat Hiken's Car 54 Where Are You
The Harvard Lampoon
The Harvard Lampoon is an undergraduate humor publication founded in 1876 by seven undergraduates at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Harvard Lampoon publication was founded in 1876 by seven undergraduates at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts who were inspired by popular magazines like Punch and Puck; the Harvard Lampoon is the world's second longest-running continually published humor magazine. It is the oldest continually published college humor magazine; the organization produces occasional humor books and parodies of national magazines such as Entertainment Weekly and Sports Illustrated. Much of the organization's capital is provided by the licensing of the "Lampoon" name to National Lampoon, begun by Harvard Lampoon graduates in 1970; the Lampoon publishes five issues annually. In 2006, the Lampoon began releasing content on its website, including pieces from the magazine and web-only content. In 2009, the Lampoon published a parody of Twilight called Nightlight, a New York Times bestseller.
In February 2012, the Lampoon released. It is a New York Times bestseller; the Lampoon is housed a few blocks from Harvard Square in a mock-Flemish castle, the Harvard Lampoon Building. It has been ranked as the fifth most phallic building in the world; the Lampoon is known for its bacchanalian parties. The Harvard Lampoon was first published in 1876 by seven founders including Ralph Wormeley Curtis, Edward Sandford Martin, Edmund March Wheelwright, Arthur Murray Sherwood; the first issue of the Lampoon was a single copy, nailed to a tree in Harvard Yard. In its earliest years the magazine focused on the satirization of Harvard and Boston Brahmin society; as the Lampoon began to gain notoriety on campus, the society moved from offices in Hollis Hall, to addresses on Holyoke and Plympton streets respectively. These collections of rooms rented by the trustees of the Lampoon were famous not only for their beer nights, but with the regularity that the Lampoon spent the profits made on each magazine for these beer nights.
"It was a good night when the Lampoon could afford coal and beer, they had to choose between one or the other." Pranks abounded in the early years, some more destructive than others." William Randolph Hearst was expelled from Harvard after sending a pudding pot used as a chamber pot to a professor. A Lampoon graduate from 1887, Archibald Cary Coolidge, professor of architecture at Harvard College, was chosen as the architect of Randolph Hall, one of the colleges newest dormitories. Legend has it that when designing Randolph, Coolidge purposefully made the dormitory recessed further back from Mt. Auburn Street than was at first designed, purchasing for himself the land the Castle now stands on; the design of the castle was given to Edmund March Wheelwright city architect of Boston. The Lampoon and its sensibility began to branch out away from the Harvard campus in the early 1960s, soon became an important expression and feeder system of American humor and comedy since that time. In 1961, Mademoiselle offered the Lampoon staff an honorarium to produce a parody of their own magazine for the traditionally lower-selling July issue.
The project boosted Mademoiselle's summer circulation along with the Lampoon's tenuous cash flow, the magazine renewed its association with the Lampoon for a follow-up parody in July 1962, a third parody issue in July 1963. The magazine produced a 70-page spoof of Ian Fleming's James Bond novels in 1962 titled Alligator, subsequently released by Random House; these projects proved popular, led to full, nationally-distributed parodies of Playboy and Life, Cosmopolitan in 1972 and Sports Illustrated. An important line of demarcation came when Lampoon editors Douglas Kenney and Henry Beard wrote the Tolkien parody Bored of the Rings; the success of this book and the attention it brought its authors led directly to the creation of the National Lampoon magazine, which spun off a live show Lemmings, a radio show in the early 1970s, The National Lampoon Radio Hour, which featured such performers as Christopher Guest, Harry Shearer and Chevy Chase. Writers from these shows were subsequently hired to help create Saturday Night Live.
This was the first in a line of many TV shows that Lampoon graduates went on to write for, including The Simpsons, Saturday Night Live, Late Night with David Letterman, Friends, The League, NewsRadio, The Office, 30 Rock and Recreation and dozens of others. An old copy of the magazine was shown in the fourth-season finale of NewsRadio, referred to as the "nefarious scandal sheet." Lampoon alumni include such comedians as Conan O'Brien, Andy Borowitz, B. J. Novak, Greg Daniels, Michael Schur, Colin Jost. Etan Cohen wrote for Butt-Head as an undergraduate member. In 1986 former editor Kurt Andersen co-founded the satirical magazine Spy, which employed Lampoon writers Paul Simms and Eric Kaplan, published the work of Lampoon alumni Patricia Marx, Lawrence O'Donnell and Mark O'Donnell; the Lampoon has graduated many noted authors such as George Plimpton, George Santayana, John Updike, William Gaddis. Actor Fred Gwynne was a president of the Lampoon. Famous Boston lawyer Bradley Palmer acted as treasurer for the Lampoon.
Celebrities visit the Lampoon to be inducted as honorary members of the organization. Honorary members include Tony Hawk, Bill Cosby, Robin Williams, Elon Musk, Tracey Ullman, John Cleese, Jay Leno