Kokkedal is the municipal seat of Fredensborg Municipality and a northern settlement in the urban area of Hørsholm, located on the coastline of northern Zealand, between the two towns, Nivå and Hørsholm, 30 km north of Copenhagen. The settlement is connected with the Oresundtrain towards Helsingør to the north and Copenhagen to the south, with extensions to Malmö and other major cities in southern Sweden. Kokkedal was the seat of Karlebo Kommune until the reform of the Danish Municipalities and Regions in 2007, as a result of the Municipal Reform in 2007. Kokkedal has, like Nivå, a high number of second & third generation immigrants, most of them with Turkish or Arab roots.56% of the population are either immigrants or Danish citizens with immigrant parents and 44% are native Danes
Fredensborg Palace is a palace located on the eastern shore of Lake Esrum in Fredensborg on the island of Zealand in Denmark. It is the Danish Royal Family’s spring and autumn residence, is the site of important state visits and events in the Royal Family, it is the most used of the Royal Family’s residences. At the end of the Great Northern War King Frederick IV asked architect Johan Cornelius Krieger, royal gardener to the court at Rosenborg Castle, to build him a small pleasure palace on the site of a farmyard named Østrup. Krieger built the French-inspired baroque palace 1720–1726, the King himself took an active part in the planning of the building and grounds, followed construction closely; the man responsible for the actual construction was General Building Master Johan Conrad Ernst, responsible for the construction of Frederiksberg Palace. While the building was still under construction Denmark–Norway and Sweden negotiated a peace treaty, signed July 3, 1720 on the site of the unfinished palace The treaty determined the fate of Skåne, which since that time has been a part of Sweden, ended Denmark’s eleven-year participation in the Great Northern War.
To commemorate the signing of the peace accord the palace was named Fredens Borg. The palace complex consisted of a small square, 1 1⁄2-storey-high main palace with dome and lanterns, it is positioned at the centre of what is known as a "hunting star", a number of straight intersecting paths in a game hunting reserve. During a hunt it was permissible to shoot straight down the long paths, which radiated out from the centre; the dome hall measured 15 x 15 m, had a height of 27 m. The sumptuous room featured stucco by C. E. Brenno and a plafond by Hendrick Krock. In front of the main building was placed an octagonal courtyard encircled by the single-storey servants' wings, called Red Wing, it is the only red building at Fredensborg Palace, it has open half-timbers under a red tile roof. East of the octagon were the long stables building; the Orangery, equipped with huge glasshouse windows, was connected to the main building by a small secret passage, so that the Royal Family and the courtiers could walk to the chapel without getting their feet wet.
The palace chapel stood in the middle of the two buildings, has an exaggerated copper spire, a pilaster-decorated façade facing the riding ring, a carved gable featuring a bust of Frederik IV in relief carved by Didrick Gercken. On the other side of the church was the Courtiers Wing, residences for the court's clerks and members of the Royal Household; this section of the palace was built from 1724–1726, introduces elements of the Dutch Baroque style and Rococo. The palace was extended throughout the early 18th century, however the main structure of the palace has remained unchanged since its inauguration on October 11, 1722, the King's 51st birthday. Krieger completed his work on the palace with the erection of the “new Court Chancery building” in 1731; the black-glazed tile, half-hipped roof building is now known as The Chancellery House. It butted up to the riding-ring on the southern edge. A major alteration of Krieger's original building was made in 1741–1744 when Lauritz de Thurah, the King's favorite architect, elevated the roof of the palace's main building.
The slanted roof was replaced by a flat one, a characteristically de Thurah sandstone balustrade was erected. In 1751 he transformed the Orangery into a residential building for the ladies-in-waiting. In 1753 Nicolai Eigtved extended the palace by adding four symmetrically-positioned corner pavilions with copper pyramid-shaped roofs to the main building. In the 19th century, King Christian IX and Queen Louise, who counted England's Queen Alexandra, King George I of Greece and Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia amongst their children used Fredensborg to host annual family reunions. There, their grandchildren, including the future Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Kings George V of the United Kingdom, Haakon VII of Norway, Constantine I of Greece, as well as the future Queen Maud of Norway, would play games in the park. Queen Margrethe uses Fredensborg as a spring and autumn residence, it is the usual venue for her birthday celebrations every April; the Queen's younger sister, Princess Benedikte, married HH Prince Richard of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg at the Chapel of Fredensborg Palace on 3 February 1968.
Until her death, the late Queen Mother, Queen Ingrid used the Chancellery House at Fredensborg as her private residence. The part of palace Chancellery House is the spring and autumn home of Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary; the palace gardens are among Denmark's largest historical gardens, are Denmark's finest example of a baroque garden. These too was designed by Krieger, were extended and altered during the 18th century; the long, straight avenues which extend from the castle in a star-shaped pattern were recreated in the 1970s to 1990s. Between these avenues lies large wooded areas with winding paths. Most of the statues in the gardens were sculptured by Johannes Wiedewelt. Of special interest is the "Valley of the Norsemen with 70 sculptures of Norwegian and Faroese farmers and fishermen carved by J. G. Grund; the garden is open all year round. The area of the gardens closest to the palace is reserved for the Royal Family, but is open to the public in July. Here are the kitchen gardens, which supply fresh vegetables for the househ
A railway town, or railroad town, is a settlement that originated or was developed because of a railway station or junction at its site. During the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the 1860s, temporary, "Hell on wheels" towns, made of canvas tents, accompanied the Union Pacific Railroad as construction headed west. Most faded away but some became permanent settlements. In the 1870s successive boomtowns sprung up in Kansas, each prospering for a year or two as a railhead, withering when the rail line extended further west and created a new endpoint for the Chisholm Trail. Becoming rail hubs made Los Angeles grow from small towns to large cities. Sayre and Atlanta, Georgia were among the American company towns created by railroads in places where no settlement existed. In western Canada, railway towns became associated with brothels and prostitution, concerned railway companies started a series of YMCAs in the late nineteenth century in response. In some cases, a railroad town would be started by the railroad using a separate town or land company when another town existed nearby.
The population of the existing town would shift to the railroad town. This would create a boon for the town company and its railroad founder, which would sell off lots near the station at a substantial profit before the railroad arrived at the new townsite; such is the case with Colorado. In the spring of 1880, William Bell of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad scoured the La Plata County area in the vicinity of Animas City, located on the Animas River; when negotiations to acquire land through the local homesteaders fell through, Bell acquired property downstream to the south under more favorable conditions in the name of the Durango Land and Coal Company. By the end of the year, a Durango newspaper reported all of "Animas City is coming to Durango as fast as accommodations can be secured." The population, at the time estimated between 2,500 and 3,000 people, crammed into the little "box town," where the only permanent structures were saloons, dance halls and stores. When the railroad arrived in August 1881, the train stopped in a jubilant Durango, not Animas City.
The railroad pushed on up the Animas River, reaching Silverton in July 1882, passing through Animas City without a stop. Animas City subsisted as a de facto suburb of the Durango area before annexation by Durango in 1948; the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad, a heritage railroad and successor to the Rio Grande in La Plata County, still passes by the townsite. In Denmark and Norway, a related concept is the stationsby or "station town". Stationsbyer are rural towns that grew up around railways, but they were based on agricultural co-operatives and artisan communities rather than on railway industries. In Victorian Britain, the spread of railways affected the fate of many small towns. Peterborough and Swindon became successful due to their status as railway towns; some new towns grew up around railway works. Middlesbrough was the first new town to be developed due to the railways, growing from a hamlet of 40 into an industrial port after the Stockton and Darlington Railway was extended in 1830.
Wolverton was fields before 1838 and had a population of 1,500 by 1844. Other examples of early railway towns include Ashford and Neasden. Crewe grew after the Grand Junction Railway Company moved there in 1843; the railway town of'New Swindon' displaced the neighbouring pre-existing town after the Great Western Railway moved there: a market town of 2,000 in 1840 became a railway town of 50,000 in 1905. Railways became major employers, with 6,000 people employed by them in Crewe in 1877, 14,000 in Swindon in 1905; the growth of railway towns was in the mould of the'paternalistic employer' providing housing, hospitals and civic buildings for their workers, similar to Cadbury's Bournville. Workforces were loyal and obedient: industrial action in railway towns was rare because the workforce depended on the company. Railwaymen dominated local politics in railway towns Francis Webb's'Independent Railway Company Party' in Crewe and George Leeman in York; the chief mechanical engineer of GWR, Daniel Gooch, was MP for Swindon for twenty years.
Crewe was a'company town' for its first few decades as workers moved in their thousands from other parts of the country. Most social amenities and organisations were sponsored by the railway, but moves such as the establishment of a town council in 1877 reduced company influence, the railway company began to consider spending on town amenities as a municipal concern. Workers organised their own institutions such as clubs, trade unions, co-operatives to gain independence from company control, they became the basis for political opposition in railway towns. Changchun in China was built by the Japanese occupying Manchuria, as a'model town' as part of Japan's imperialist modernisation; the first railway town at Changchun was begun by the Russians in 1898, but it excluded Chinese residents. A second major railway town was designed and built from 1905 by the South Manchuria Railway, inspired by Russian railway towns such as Dalian, it was based on a rectangular system that contrasted with the circular walled town of old Changchun, grid patterns became the standard for Chinese railway towns.
The SMR developed dozens of railway towns in north-east China from 1906-1936, such
Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
Prince Henrik of Denmark was the husband of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. Henrik was born in the French commune of Talence near Bordeaux to the old French family the Laborde de Monpezats, he spent his early years in Vietnam. The family spent the Second World War at the family home in France, they returned to Vietnam after the war, however were forced to flee following the defeat of the French in the First Indochina War. After completing his education in France and Vietnam, Henrik served in the French Army during the Algerian War. Prior to his marriage to Margrethe, he worked in the diplomatic service, he married Margrethe at the Church of Holmen on 10 June 1967 and became her prince consort when she succeeded her father, King Frederick IX, as monarch of Denmark on 14 January 1972. He had two sons, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim, eight grandchildren. Throughout his time as Prince consort, Henrik voiced his displeasure with the fact that he never received the title of king. A keen winemaker, Henrik produced his own wine at his estate in France.
He published many works of poetry. He was the first male consort to a Danish monarch. Henrik retired from his royal duties on 1 January 2016, at the age of 81, he died in Fredensborg Palace on 13 February 2018, after a short illness. Henrik was born in Talence, France, he was the son of his wife, Renée Doursenot. He had two older sisters and Francoise, Mme. Bardin, he was raised as a Catholic. He spent his first five years in Hanoi. In 1939, the family returned to Le Cayrou. Henrik received homeschooling until 1947, he returned to Hanoi in 1950, where increasing unrest forced him to fight the Việt Minh, to protect his family's lands. He graduated from the French secondary school in Hanoi in 1952. Wanting to study to become a pianist at Conservatoire de Paris, he instead chose an education more in line with his father's wishes. Between 1952 and 1957 he studied law and political science at the Sorbonne and Chinese and Vietnamese at the École Nationale des Langues Orientales, he studied in Hong Kong in 1957 and Saigon in 1958.
He served as an infantry conscript in the French Army in the Algerian War between 1959 and 1962. He joined the French Foreign Ministry, working as a Secretary at the embassy in London from 1963 to 1967. While there, he met Princess Margrethe, studying at the London School of Economics; the couple secretly dated for a year before Henrik proposed. On 10 June 1967 he married Princess Margrethe, the heir presumptive to the Danish throne, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. At the time of the wedding his name was Danicised to Henrik and he was given the title HRH Prince Henrik of Denmark. Prior to the wedding, the Prince converted to Lutheranism; the Queen and Prince Henrik had two children, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim, eight grandchildren. Prince Henrik's native language was French, his second language was Danish, he spoke fluent English, German and Vietnamese. Although he learned Danish after marrying Margrethe, Danes joked about his grasp of Danish and his thick French accent; when Queen Margrethe II ascended the throne, Henrik became the first male consort in Danish history.
This meant. He defined his own role as a councilor for the Queen. However, he felt frustrated with the lack of recognition in title, stating that there wasn't any way to differentiate between his own title and those of his sons and grandsons. In 2002, Henrik left Denmark and went to stay at the couple's Château de Caïx in Cahors in southern France; the cause of his departure from Denmark was a New Year's Day reception in which his son, Crown Prince Frederik, had been appointed as host in the absence of Queen Margrethe. Henrik felt "pushed aside and humiliated" by being relegated to "third place in the royal hierarchy". "For many years I have been Denmark's number two," he said. "I've been satisfied with that role, but I don't want to be relegated to number three after so many years." Henrik "fled" Denmark to reflect on his status in the Danish Royal Family. Queen Margrethe flew to France to meet her husband. Henrik stressed that neither son were to blame for the incident; the Prince Consort spent three weeks in Caix, did not appear with his wife as expected at the wedding of Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands and Máxima Zorreguieta.
After three weeks, Henrik returned to Denmark. On 30 April 2008, shortly before the wedding of his younger son, Prince Joachim, to Marie Cavallier, the Queen conferred the new Danish title "Count of Monpezat" on both of her sons and made it hereditary for their male-line descendants, both male and female; the Queen's private secretary Henning Fode commented, "The Queen and the Prince Consort have considered this for quite some time, it has led to the belief that it was the right thing to do." In fact, Henrik had mentioned this possibility as far back as 1996 in his published memoir: "During our generation the future sovereign will receive approval to see'Monpezat' added to the dynastic name of'Oldenburg-Glücksburg'". While being interviewed by the French weekly Point de Vue in October 2005, Henrik raised the issue shortly a
Brentford Football Club is a professional association football club based in Brentford, Greater London, England. They compete in the Championship, the second tier of English football; the club was founded on 10 October 1889. They have played their home games at Griffin Park since 1904, after a nomadic existence playing at five previous grounds. Brentford's most successful period came during the 1930s, when it achieved three consecutive top-six finishes in the top flight; the club have been Football League Trophy finalists on three occasions. Their main rivals are Queens Park Rangers; as of 31 March 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 13 February 2019 As of 18 March 2019 Brentford's nickname is "The Bees".
The nickname was unintentionally created by students of Borough Polytechnic, who attended a match and shouted the college's chant "buck up Bs", in support of their friend and then-Brentford player Joe Gettins. Brentford's predominant home colours are a red and white striped shirt, black shorts and red or black socks; these have been the club's predominant home colours since the 1925–26 season, bar one season – 1960–61 – when yellow and blue were used, unsuccessfully. The colours on entering the Football League, in 1920–21, were white shirts, navy shorts and navy socks. Away kits have varied over the years, with the current colours being a predominantly brown shirt with orange shoulders and white trim, brown shorts and socks with orange and white trim. Brentford have had several badges on their shirts since it was formed in 1889; the first one, in 1893, was a white shield, with'BFC' in blue and a wavy line in blue, thought to represent the river and the rowing club, who founded the football club.
The next known badge, the Middlesex County Arms, was on shirts donated by a club supporter in 1909. The Brentford and Chiswick arms, as a badge, was used just for the one season, in 1938–39; the next badge wasn't until 1971–72 when a shield, formed into quadrants, which had a hive and bees in one, 3 seaxes in another and the other two with red and white stripes. In 1972, the club organised a competition to design a new crest, won by Mr BG Spencer's design, a circle with a bee and stripes with founded 1888; this was introduced in 1973 and used until May 1975, when it was brought to the clubs attention, via Graham Haynes, that the club was formed in 1889 and not in 1888. Therefore, a new badge, reputedly designed by Dan Tana – the clubs chairman at the time – was introduced for the 1975–76 season and continued until 1994 when the current badge was introduced. In 2011 Russell Grant claimed to have designed the badge in a BBC interview, however it was in fact designed in 1993 for two season tickets by supporter Andrew Henning, following a request from Keith Loring the chief executive.
In 2017, the club redesigned its crest to a more modern, design with the flexibility for use in two tone colour print. The design is a double roundel with the club name and year founded in white on a red background and a large central bee. Second Division / First Division / Championship Champions: 1934–35 Third Division / Second Division / League One Champions: 1932–33, 1991–92 Runners-up: 1929–30, 1957–58, 1994–95, 2013–14 Fourth Division / Third Division / League Two Champions: 1962–63, 1998–99, 2008–09 Third-place promotion: 1971–72 Fourth-place promotion: 1977–78Southern League Second Division: 11900–01London League First Division: 1Runners-up: 1897–98 London League Second Division: 1Runners-up: 1896–97West London Alliance: 11892–93 Middlesex Junior Cup: 11893–94 West Middlesex Cup: 11894–95 London Senior Cup: 11897–98 Middlesex Senior Cup: 1 1897–98 Southern Professional Charity Cup: 11908–09 Ealing Hospital Cup: 11910–11 London Challenge Cup: 3 1934–35, 1964–65, 1966–67 London Combination: 11918–19London War Cup: 1 1941–42 First Division / Premier League 5th – 1935–36 Western League2nd – 1904–05 Southern League First Division9th – 1905–06 FA CupSixth Round/Quarter-Final – 1937–38, 1945–46, 1948–49, 1988–89 Football League CupFourth Round – 1982–83, 2010–11 Football League TrophyFinalists – 1984–85, 2000–01, 2010–11 Empire Exhibition TrophyFirst Round – 1938 Southern Professional Floodlit CupSemi-Final – 1955–56, 1956–57 First Alliance CupFirst Round – 1988 Football League Awards Community Club of the Year: 2005–06, 2013–14 League Two Community Club of the Year: 2008–09 Best Club Sponsorship: 2006–07 Family Excellence Award: 2007–08, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16 Stadium Business Awards Sponsorship and Marketing: 2013 League Managers Association Performance of the Week 3–0 vs West Bromwich Albion, Football League Cup first round, second leg, 18 August 1998 4–0 vs Wolverhampton Wanderers, Championship, 29 November 2014 Littlewoods Giant Killers Award 2–1 vs Norwich City, FA Cup third round, 6 January 1996 Brentford's main rivals are Fulham and Queens Park Rangers.
Brentford have a long-standing rivalry with Fulham. In the past this fixture has been marred by crowd violence. Brentford's rivalry with Queens Park Rangers intensified in 1967, when Rangers failed in an attempted takeover of Brentford, a move which, had it succeeded, would have seen Rangers move into Griffin Park and Brentford quit the Football League; as with the Fulham rivalry, this fixture sees passions run high amongst both sets of supporters with local pride at stake. In February 201