SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Frederic Remington

Frederic Sackrider Remington was an American painter, illustrator and writer who specialized in depictions of the American Old West. A member of the second generation of Hudson River School artists, Remington's works are known for depicting the Western United States in the last quarter of the 19th-century, featuring such images as cowboys, American Indians, the U. S. Cavalry. Remington was born in Canton, New York, in 1861 to Seth Pierrepont Remington and Clarissa "Clara" Bascom Sackrider, his paternal family owned hardware stores and emigrated from Alsace-Lorraine in the early 18th century. His maternal family of the Bascom line was of French Basque ancestry, coming to America in the early 1600s and founding Windsor, Connecticut. Remington's father was a Union army officer, a colonel, in the American Civil War whose family had arrived in America from England in 1637, he was a newspaper editor and postmaster, the family was active in local politics and staunchly Republican. One of Remington's great-grandfathers, Samuel Bascom, was a saddle maker by trade, the Remingtons were fine horsemen.

Frederic Remington was related by family bloodlines to Indian portrait artist George Catlin and cowboy sculptor Earl W. Bascom. Another noted western artist related to Remington through the Bascom family is Frank Tenney Johnson, the "father of western moonlight painting."Frederic Remington was a cousin to Eliphalet Remington, founder of the Remington Arms Company, considered America's oldest gunmaker. He was related to three famous mountain men—Jedediah Smith, Jonathan T. Warner and Robert "Doc" Newell. Through the Warner side of his family, Remington was related to General George Washington, America's first president. Remington's ancestors fought in the French and Indian War, the American Revolution, the War of 1812 and the American Civil War. Colonel Remington was away at war during most of the first four years of his son's life. After the war, he moved his family to Bloomington, Illinois for a brief time and was appointed editor of the Bloomington Republican, but the family returned to Canton in 1867.

Remington was the only child of the marriage, received constant attention and approval. He was an active child and strong for his age, who loved to hunt, ride, go camping, he was a poor student though in math, which did not bode well for his father's ambitions for his son to attend West Point. He began to make sketches of soldiers and cowboys at an early age; the family moved to Ogdensburg, New York when Remington was eleven and he attended Vermont Episcopal Institute, a church-run military school, where his father hoped discipline would rein in his son's lack of focus and lead to a military career. Remington took his first drawing lessons at the Institute, he transferred to another military school where his classmates found the young Remington to be a pleasant fellow, a bit careless and lazy, good-humored, generous of spirit, but not soldier material. He enjoyed making silhouettes of his classmates. At sixteen, he wrote to his uncle of his modest ambitions, "I never intend to do any great amount of labor.

I have but one short life and do not aspire to wealth or fame in a degree which could only be obtained by an extraordinary effort on my part". He imagined a career for himself with art as a sideline. Remington attended the art school at Yale University. Remington was the only male student in his first year, he found that football and boxing were more interesting than the formal art training drawing from casts and still life objects. He preferred action drawing and his first published illustration was a cartoon of a "bandaged football player" for the student newspaper Yale Courant. Though he was not a star player, his participation on the strong Yale football team was a great source of pride for Remington and his family, he left Yale in 1879 to tend to his ailing father. His father died a year at age fifty, receiving respectful recognition from the citizens of Ogdensburg. Remington's Uncle Mart secured a good paying clerical job for his nephew in Albany, New York and Remington would return home on weekends to see his girlfriend Eva Caten.

After the rejection of his engagement proposal to Eva by her father, Remington became a reporter for his Uncle Mart's newspaper went on to other short-lived jobs. Living off his inheritance and modest work income, Remington refused to go back to art school and instead spent time camping and enjoying himself. At nineteen, he made his first trip west, going to Montana, at first to buy a cattle operation a mining interest but realized he did not have sufficient capital for either. In the American West of 1881, he saw the vast prairies, the shrinking bison herds, the still unfenced cattle, the last major confrontations of U. S. Cavalry and Native American tribes, scenes he had imagined since his childhood, he hunted grizzly bears with Montague Stevens in New Mexico in 1895. Though the trip was undertaken as a lark, it gave Remington a more authentic view of the West than some of the artists and writers who followed in his footsteps, such as N. C. Wyeth and Zane Grey, who arrived twenty-five years when much of the mythic West had slipped into history.

From that first trip, Harper's Weekly printed Remington's first published commercial effort, a re-drawing of a quick sketch on wrapping paper that he had mailed back East. In 1883, Remington went to rural Kansas, south of the city of Peabody near the tiny community of Plum Grove, to try his hand at the booming sheep ranching and wool trade, as one of the "holiday stockmen", rich young Easterners

Charles E. Potter

Charles Edward Potter was a U. S. Representative and a U. S. Senator from the state of Michigan. Potter was born in Lapeer and attended the public schools there, he received an AB degree from Eastern Michigan University, Michigan, in 1938. He worked as an administrator of Bureau of Social Aid in Cheboygan County, Michigan, 1938–1942. In 1942, he enlisted as a private in the United States Army with combat service in the European Theater of Operations with the US 28th Infantry Division, he was wounded at Colmar, France, in 1945, resulting in the loss of both legs. He was discharged from the service as a major in 1946, he was awarded the Silver Star twice, the French Croix de Guerre, the U. S. Purple Heart. After the war, he was engaged as a vocational rehabilitation representative for the Retraining and Reemployment Administration with the United States Labor Department until his resignation in 1947. Potter was elected on August 26, 1947, as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives from Michigan's 11th congressional district for the 80th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Fred Bradley.

He was reelected to the two succeeding Congresses and served from August 26, 1947 until his resignation November 4, 1952. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1952 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Arthur H. Vandenberg, replacing Blair Moody, appointed to the post, he served the remainder of Vandenberg's term, from November 5, 1952, to January 3, 1953. He was elected in 1952 for the term commencing January 3, 1953, defeating Moody in both elections, he served until January 3, 1959, having been defeated for reelection to a second term in 1958 by Philip Hart. Potter voted in favor of the Civil Rights Act of 1957. During his tenure, he served as the only member of the Subcommittee on Korean War Atrocities, investigating war crimes committed during the Korean War. After leaving Congress, Potter engaged as an industrial consultant and international securities executive. In his 1965 memoir, Days of Shame, he outlined the battle between moderate Republicans and Democrats to contend with Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy.

Potter was a close confidante of President Dwight D. Eisenhower on other issues. Potter was a Methodist and a member of American Legion, Disabled American Veterans, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Elks and the American Battle Monuments Commission, he resided in Queenstown, until his death at Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington, D. C. at the age of sixty-three. Charles E. Potter is interred in Section 30 of Fort Myer, Virginia. Potter, Charles E. Days of Shame. New York: Coward-McCann, 1965. List of members of the House Un-American Activities Committee United States Congress. "Charles E. Potter". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-05 The Political Graveyard Arlington National Cemetery A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Charles E. Potter" is available at the Internet Archive

Tonya Bolden

Tonya K. Bolden is an American writer best known for her works of children's literature children's nonfiction. Bolden co-authored, collaborated on, or edited more than forty books. Hillary Rodham Clinton praised her 1998 book 33 Things Every Girl Should Know in a speech at Seneca Falls, N. Y. on the 150th anniversary of the first Women's Rights Convention. Maritcha: A Nineteenth-Century American Girl, her children's biography of Maritcha Rémond Lyons, was the James Madison Book Award Winner and one of four honor books for the American Library Association’s Coretta Scott King Author Award. M. L. K.: Journey of a King won the Orbis Pictus award from the National Council of Teachers of English, the organization’s highest award for children’s nonfiction, the next year, her George Washington Carver was one of five honor books for the same award. In 2016, the Children’s Book Guild of Washington, D. C. selected Bolden for its Nonfiction Award in recognition of her entire body of work, according to the award, has “contributed to the quality of nonfiction for children.”.

Tonya Bolden was born on March 1, 1959 in New York City to Willie J. and Georgia C. Bolden, who had moved to New York from North Carolina and South Carolina, respectively. Georgia received formal education only through Willie through ninth. However, both were dedicated to providing as many educational opportunities as possible to Tonya and her sister Nelta. Although her parents were careful with money, they were generous when it came to buying books, Bolden recalls that “whenever I came home with the list of books I wanted to buy at the Arrow Club book fair, they never denied me.”Although Bolden has claimed that her love of writing while in her parents’ home influenced her eventual choice of career, her parents’ habit of encouraging reading had as much to do with her personal joy as it did her eventual professional prospects. Her parents, she recalls, “encouraged me to seek to earn a living doing something I loved, and when I was a child, I was crazy about reading and writing.”. Indeed, Bolden has said that she has “been in love with books since I learned my ABCs”.

Although Bolden is today best known for her historical fiction and nonfiction, as a child she was pointedly uninterested in history in history learned through books. “It was presented in such an uninteresting way,” she recalls. “I didn’t see myself or my people in history.” When her uncle, whom she describes as “a history freak,” tried to introduce her to black history in Harlem, she found herself thinking, “I don’t care.” A rare exception was that she enjoyed the Little House on the Prairie television program, though today she suspects that she enjoyed it “for the props” or its “old-timey” aspects. Bolden's early education was marked by her parents’ firm investment in her growth. Although her mother had no personal experience with quality education in New York, she did extensive research to learn where her daughter could get the best education. Bolden attended M. E. S. 146, a public school in East Harlem, the Chapin School, a private school on Manhattan's Upper East Side. Bolden has credited excellent teaching at both of these schools with influencing her growth as a writer and desire to publish.

After graduating from the Chapin School, Bolden attended Princeton University, where, in 1981, she completed an undergraduate degree in Slavic Languages and Literature, with an emphasis on Russian. Following her graduation from Princeton, Bolden worked for two years before returning to school, she continued her studies at Columbia. Bolden has suggested that, along with the multicultural setting of her childhood, her study of Russian in higher education influenced her writing, she completed her M. A. in 1985, again in Slavic Languages and Literatures with a concentration in Russian. Following her graduation, Bolden taught at both Malcolm-King College and the College of New Rochelle, her responsibilities included English courses, she has mentioned that “the course I taught the most was TEE. Many of my students were older, they were living proof that it’s never too late to learn.”Although she intended to earn a doctorate and become a professor of Russian literature, it was while in graduate school that Bolden's work began appearing in print, at first through freelance projects, notably in Black Enterprise magazine.

In 1987, Bolden began writing full-time, putting her in a position in which, as she recalls, “I could not be picky. I do not think I turned down any writing jobs no matter how small or insignificant.”Bolden's first major book project, a young adult novel adaptation of Vy Higginsen’s musical Mama, I Want to Sing, was published in 1992 by Scholastic. Bolden has argued that this opportunity came about in part because of the work she had put in on smaller pieces and in part good fortune, she says, “Marie Brown, my agent at the time, pitched me to Vy Higginsen and to Scholastic,” and the experience went so well that “the editor talked about my doing another book for her.” Thus, she remembers, “writing for the young found me and I found myself loving it more and more.” Central to the overwhelming majority of Bolden's writing is an awareness of identity and the role that books can play in the formation and revision of identity. In a 2014 essay entitled “All the Children Need All the Books,” Bolden borrows a set of terms from Rudine Sims Bishop to argue that We, who care about the future of this nation, we who want our youngsters to be their best selves, we must become more involved in the campaign for all children t