Kokkola is a town and municipality of Finland. The town is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Ostrobothnia region; the town has a population of 47,706 and covers an area of 2,730.80 square kilometres of which 1,286.61 km2 is water. The population density is 33.03 inhabitants per square kilometre. Neighbour municipalities are Halsua, Kannus, Kronoby, Lestijärvi and Toholampi; the municipality is bilingual with 13.9 % Swedish speakers. Kokkola will celebrate its 400th anniversary in 2020; the Finnish name Kokkola means "place of bonfire" or "place of eagle" because the Finnish root word kokko means both bonfire and white-tailed eagle. The town was known in Swedish by the name Gamlakarleby until 1 January 1977 when the surrounding land municipality of Kaarlela was consolidated with Kokkola, the town took over the Swedish name of Karleby; the word gamla means "old", karl means "man" or "peasant" and by means "village", in tearn meaning'"old village of peasants" or Anglicised as "Old Peasantville".
The Latin name was Carolina Vetus. The town of Kokkola was chartered in 1620 by King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden when Finland was a part of the Swedish Empire and is one among the oldest towns in Finland; the king decided that a tar barrel, with three burning flames coming from both the ends and the plug, should be used as the town seal, because of the tar trade at that time, for which Kokkola was founded as a shipping port. Anders Chydenius, one of the leading politicians of Sweden-Finland, was a keen supporter of economic freedom and fought in the Swedish Parliament for free foreign trade and further social reforms. In 1765 the Swedish Parliament granted the city of Kokkola the staple rights. Kokkola became an important shipbuilding centre in Finland; as a result of tar trade and shipbuilding industry, Kokkola was for a time one of the richest towns in Finland. An interesting historical affair, known as the Skirmish of Halkokari, occurred at the town on 6 June 1854 during the Crimean War. Royal Marines from HMS Vulture and HMS Odin tried to come ashore to deal with public property in the town "in accordance with the usages of war".
The marines were repelled by local defenders armed with hunting rifles supported by troops and Russian advisors and military. One of the 9 smaller British craft fell into the hands of the defenders; as such, this boat was the only Royal Navy vessel still in foreign possession in 1914. The boat can be seen in Kokkola's English Park; the town council has refused to return the boat despite several requests by the United Kingdom, most by John Stuttard, the Lord Mayor of London. The British Treasury annually pays a small sum to the local church congregation for the maintenance of the graves of nine Royal Marines killed in action during the skirmish. Interesting contemporaneous accounts of the disastrous action can be found in the British Newspaper Archive, citing Gamla Carleby; the city had a Swedish-speaking majority until 1933. In 1977, the surrounding municipality of Kaarlela was consolidated into Kokkola. In 2009, the municipalities of Lohtaja, Kälviä and Ullava were consolidated with Kokkola. Kokkola is the capital of the Western-Finnish region Central Ostrobothnia, it is located on the coast of Gulf of Bothnia, the northernmost part of the Baltic Sea.
The next larger cities are Vaasa is 121 kilometres southwest, Oulu is 198 kilometres northeast. The distance to the capital Helsinki is 483 kilometres to the south. Neighbouring cities and municipals are Kalajoki in the northern east and Toholampi in the east and Kaustinen in the southern east, Kronoby in the south and Larsmo in the southern west; the landscape of the region around Kokkola is flat, typical for the area of Ostrobothnia, with numerous river courses flowing through the land. The biggest river in the area is Perhonjoki; the annual post-glacial rebound at Kokkola is 8.8 mm. Thus large areas of present day Kokkola were under water. Kokkola marks the northernmost settlement area of the Swedish-speaking population of Finland on the western coast of Finland. 84.0 % of the inhabitants of Kokkola speak Finnish as 12.6 % Swedish. The remaining 3.4 % speak Russian or other mother tongues. Kokkola is an official bilingual city with Finnish as the language of the majority and Swedish as the language of the minority.
The 6,020 Swedish-speaking inhabitants of Kokkola are spread unevenly around Kokkola: Whereas the centre of the city is bilingual, the majority of the villages around Kokkola speak Swedish. The districts which were consolidated in 2009 are, pure Finnish-speaking areas. Kokkola has a lot of preschools, some of them offer children a bilingual education from an early age. There are 8 Swedish-speaking schools. Moreover, there are three secondary schools for Finnish-speaking pupils and one for Swedish-speaking; some schools offer training. The Chydenius-Institution of Kokkola, a university consortium, carries out teaching and research under the auspices of the universities of Jyväskylä, Oulu and Vaasa, it is specialized in adult education. For Finnish and foreign students it arranges open university studies, further education for professionals in the fields of education, social services and health services and management. Ce
Frederikssund Kommune is a municipality on the shores of Roskilde Fjord in the northern part of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. On 1 January 2007, the municipality was enlarged to include the old Jægerspris and Skibby municipalities, it now covers an area of 250 km² and has a population of 44,401. As of 1 January 2014 its mayor is John Schmidt Andersen, a member of the agrarian liberal Venstre political party. Frederikssund municipality belongs to Region Hovedstaden; the seat of its municipal council is the town of Frederikssund with a population of 15,283. The town is connected to the Hornsherred peninsula by the Kronprins Frederik bridge; the former municipalities of Jægerspris and Skibby are located on this peninsula. The ten largest urban areas in the municipality are: The new harbour square provides the finishing touches to the harbour developments which began in the 1990s. There are ambitious plans to build a new residential development to the south of Frederikssund near Store Rørbæk.
Frederikssund station Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map Road map from Google maps The new Frederikssund municipality's official website Frederikssund / Hornsherred Tourist Bureau Frederikssund Gymnasium Center Bowl Frederikssund Golf Club Photos The local public library Frederikssund marina
Middelfart is a town in central Denmark, with a population of 14,815. The town is the municipal seat of Middelfart Municipality on the island of Funen; the name Middelfart, first recorded as "Mæthælfar" in Valdemar's Census Book in 1231, consists of the old Danish word mæthal meaning'middle' and far meaning'way'. This name referred to the strait Snævringen, the narrowest part of the Little Belt, was subsequently applied to the settlement as well, it is not known when the town was established but it owes its existence to its location at the narrowest point across the Little Belt. The town was granted its first privileges at the end of the 13th century at a time when fishing played an important role in addition to its ferry link to Snoghøj in Jutland. From the Middle Ages the town appears to have specialized in catching harbour porpoises. In the 16th century cattle export was significant. After the Swedish Wars in the 17th century the town suffered from losing its foreign export privileges and from competition from Fredericia on the other side of the belt, which not only had a ferry link to Strib but levied customs duties on traffic through the Little Belt.
In the 18th century income from porpoise catches diminished but in the 19th century, with the establishment of its own harbour in 1836, conditions improved thanks in particular to the growing trade in agricultural products from the surrounding areas. From the mid-19th century small industries started to develop the iron foundry; the rail link between Middelfart and Nyborg opened in 1865, bringing added prosperity despite the fact that it connected with the ferry from Strib rather than the one from Middelfart. By the beginning of the 20th century the iron foundry, with about a hundred workers, was the town's main industry. After the first Little Belt Bridge was completed in 1935 Middelfart became an important hub for traffic between Jutland and Funen; the population grew from 2,345 in 1880 to 11,056 in 1950 but in the second half of the 20th century the rate of growth declined. In 1970 a motorway bridge to Jutland was opened and in 2007 Middelfart became the seat of an expanded municipality, which included the former communes of Ejby and Nørre Aaby.
Middelfart Municipality had a population of 37,685 in January 2014. From the Middle Ages until the end of the 19th century the local fishermen were whale hunters in winter; the only whale common in Danish waters is the Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocaena. The whale hunters linked their boats across the rather narrow Little Belt and by beating the sea with sticks and branches they directed the migrating porpoises to low water areas where they could be slaughtered; as the whale blubber was used for lamps and outdoors, the arrival of electricity made whale hunting uneconomical. In the winter of 1854–55, 1742 whales were caught, but a normal winter's catch would be half that or less. In the 20th century the hunt was resumed during the two world wars. Two memorial stones now stand where blubber was prepared. Middelfart is served by the passenger rail service between Jutland. Gammel Havn dates from the 1830s. At the beginning of the 20th century it deepened to the east. Middelfart Church, dedicated to St Nicholas, is located close to the harbour at the end of Algade.
Built in several stages, it has a Late Romanesque chancel, a tower first constructed in the 14th century and a nave with aisles from the late 15th century. The richly carved altarpiece is from 1650. Henner Friiser Hus, a half-timbered house on Brogade dating from around 1575, is now part of Middelfart Museum and contains exhibitions related to the history of the town. Restoration work on the building was completed in March 2014; the Kulturøen Cultural Centre contains the public library, a cinema, a restaurant, a café and the tourist office. Middelfart is home to football team Middelfart G&BK. Middelfart played host to the 1998 UCI World Cyclocross championships. Christian Schrøder a Danish film actor and director Søren Absalon Larsen a Danish physicist, worked on electroacoustics gave his name to the Larsen effect Esther Vagning a Danish pianist taught at the Royal Danish Academy of Music John Wittig a Danish film actor Poul Ove Jensen a Danish architect of bridges Lonnie Kjer a Danish singer, represented Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 Michael Eggert an entrepreneur in the rental market Knud Herbert Sørensen a former footballer, 143 caps with Vejle Boldklub Jan O. Pedersen a former speedway rider, Speedway World Champion in 1991 John Jørgensen a former international motorcycle speedway rider Søren Madsen a Danish rower, bronze medallist at the 2000 Summer Olympics Rasmus Quist Hansen a Danish Olympic rower in the lightweight double sculls Erik Marxen a Danish professional footballer playing for Randers FC Christian Eriksen a Danish footballer, 166 caps so far with Tottenham Hotspur F.
C. and 77 caps for Denmark Rasmus Falk a Danish footballer, who plays for F. C. Copenhagen Middelfart is twinned with: Oskarshamn, Sweden Middelfart municipality
East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area is a potential metropolitan area in Jutland and Funen, Denmark. Aarhus is the most populated town in the region; the National Planning Report of 2006 published by the Danish Environment Ministry argued that “East Jutland is developing into a coherent area with high population growth and division of labour between the cities in the urban band that extends from Kolding to Randers” and foresaw “the contours of a future million city”. The report recommended dialogue about future development between the state, the region and the municipalities. In the next National Planning Report of 2013, the area was split into East Jutland North and the Triangle Region; the municipalities in the two subregions cooperate as Business Region Aarhus and the Triangle Region respectively. With about 1.4 million people living in the area, it represents 25% of the population of Denmark and is the second largest urban area after Greater Copenhagen. The area has 19 municipalities as of 2016.
The metropolitan area is home to many large companies. Major companies include Arla Foods. Vestas is a Danish manufacturer, seller and servicer of wind turbines and the largest in the world of its kind. Among cooperative dairy companies, Arla is the third largest in the world; the primary harbour of the region is Aarhus harbour. It is the largest industrial harbour in Denmark and among largest in Northern Europe, only surpassed by the Swedish industrial harbour in Gothenburg in the Kattegat sea area. With modern facilities, it handles 12 million tonnes of cargo per year and is therefore among the 100 biggest container ports in the world. Greater Aarhus boasts a unique position in the global wind energy market, it is home to some of the world's biggest manufacturers of wind turbines and constitutes the world's most advanced knowledge center. An array of suppliers and subcontractors, covers the entire supply chain and the sector benefits from a solid political backing of wind energy on local and national level.
The wind business cluster here has a long legacy of cooperation between manufacturers, scientific communities and public authorities. As a knowledge hub and gathering point for the wind industry, Aarhus is to play a vital role in developing the wind energy systems of the future: · 87% of Denmark's combined turnover from wind energy is generated by businesses in the Greater Aarhus area · 53% of Denmark's high-skill wind employees work in the Greater Aarhus area · 57% of all top executives in the Danish wind industry work in the Greater Aarhus area · 14,000 employees in the Danish wind industry work within Central Region Denmark – 11,000 of them within one hour drive from Aarhus. Notable universities and educational institutions within the area includes: Aarhus University University of Southern Denmark Aarhus School of Architecture Aarhus School of Business Aarhus Technical College Engineering College of Aarhus The Danish School of Journalism VIA University College There are two primary commercial international airports serving the area: Aarhus Airport Billund Airport The area has several motorways but the European route E45 goes from the south to the north and is central to the area's growth.
The core area around Aarhus is the most populated area in East Jutland, that area is much smaller in km² - 6,182 km² - and with a population of more than one million. The figures below are for the core area centered on Aarhus and most populous area in the East Jutland metropolitan area as of 1 January 2016; the figures below are for the whole East Jutland metropolitan area as of 1 January 2016. In the National Planning Report of 2013, the term East Jutland metropolitan area was replaced by the two subregions of East Jutland North and the Triangle Region; the municipalities of the two subregions cooperate as Business Region Aarhus and the Triangle Region. Business Region Aarhus is a partnership between the 12 municipalities of Favrskov, Horsens, Odder, Samsø, Skanderborg, Syddjurs and Aarhus, all in the Central Denmark Region; the partnership began in 1994, before the Danish municipal reform of 2007. The region formed the northernmost part of the East Jutland metropolitan area and Samsø Municipality, but since 24 February 2016, Viborg municipality was included.
The Aarhus area was classified in a 2005 ESPON report as a Category 3 MEGA. MEGAs are Metropolitan European Growth Areas; the term Greater Aarhus is used indistinctly in various contexts, but according to Aarhus Municipality it includes the 9 municipalities of Aarhus, Norddjurs, Viborg, Odder and Samsø. The Triangle Region is a partnership between the 7 municipalities of Billund, Haderslev, Middelfart and Vejle, all in the Southern Denmark Region. Vejle is the most populated town in the Triangle Region. Towns Landscapes and nature Metropolitan areas of Denmark Largest urban areas in the Nordic countries Henrik Mølgaard Frandsen. "Aarhus Kommune og etableringen af en politisk ramme-struktur for den østjyske byregion" [Aarhus Municipality and the establishment of a political fr
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Allerød Kommune is a municipality on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 67 km², has a population of 24,201, its mayor is Karsten Längerich of the political party Venstre. The main town, Lillerød, is the site of the municipal council. Smaller towns inside the municipality are Blovstrød and the towns of Lynge and Uggeløse, which have grown together Allerød municipality was not merged with other municipalities by 1 January 2007 as the result of nationwide Kommunalreformen; the warm period after the last ice age is named the Allerød Oscillation after an archaeological site found at Allerød. In 1797 six Bronze Age lurs was found in Lynge at Brudevælte. Allerød is part of the Green Cities concept The zip/postal code for Lillerød is 3450. Allerød has a large concentration of technology companies in its industrial zones at the outskirts of the town; these include the hearing aid company Widex, Welltec, a developer of robotic technology for the off-shore industry and Weibel Scientific, a designer and manufacturer of continuous wave doppler radars.
Hewlett-Packard's Danish headquarters moved to Allerød in. IBM has a large facility in Blovstrød, just outside Widex in Vassingerød. Other companies headquartered in Allerød are the engineering consultancy NIRAS, drug store and cosmetics chain MATAS, the development company Sjælsø Gruppen and the furniture companies Fritz Hansen and PP-Møbler. Mungo Park is a small but influential theatre, in the town centre; the local badminton club, Lillerød BK, has won the Danish Badminton League four times and Europe League three times. Distribution of the 21 seats in the municipal council, as of the municipal elections in 2017. Andreas Christensen, was born in Lillerød Kate Hall, grew up in Allerød Lotte Friis, Olympic Swimmer, was born in Allerød Jussi Adler-Olsen, lives in Allerød Henrik Fisker, automotive designer and entrepreneur, was born in Allerød Allerød station Mungo Park Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map Municipality's official website The Brudevaelte lurs
Härnösand is a locality and the seat of Härnösand Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden with 17,556 inhabitants in 2010. It is called "the gate to the High Coast" because of the world heritage landscape just a few miles north of Härnösand. Härnösand is the seat of the Diocese of Härnösand. Härnösand is at the northernmost fringe of the humid continental climate zone with significant maritime influence, causing mild to warm summers and cold but not severe winters that are milder than areas further north. In the Kvarken area and further north the water is less salty and freezes easier, creating colder winter climate. Härnösand is a small town and some of the activities young people engage in are Kåken, a youth centre provided by the municipality; the city has an extensive selection of outdoor activities in the summer and wintertime. Wintertime people can go ice skating, etc.. Summertime activities include climbing, trekking, etc; the town features a summertime beach Smitingen, which gets some surfable waves.
Härnösand is each summer the site of one of the world's largest airsoft events, Berget. One of the biggest employers in Härnösand is the cable-TV and Cable internet service provider Com Hem. Com Hem in Härnösand takes care of all incoming support calls and therefore hire young adults with an interest in technology; the Interview Institute of Scandinavia and Intervjubolaget are employers seated in Härnösand focusing on call center activities, although their focus lies in doing interviews by phone or face to face. The women's team of the bandy club Härnösands AIK plays in the highest division and the men's team has done, their handballteam plays in division 2 and is called Brännans IF. The football club IF Älgarna plays in Division 2 Norrland. Curling is a great sport in the city, Team Anette Norberg is from here. Anette has taken several medals including Olympic gold, it is therefore not surprising that Sweden's only curling high school is located here. The high school has since contributed several talented curlers to the world.
Härnösand has an ice hockey team AIK Hockey Härnösand that plays in division 1 in region norr. That is. Anders Jonas Ångström, physicist Albert Atterberg, soil mechanics Bo Holmberg, politician Carl Gustaf Nordin, statesman Ulf Sandström, Ice Hockey player Nils Bohlin, inventor Anette Norberg, women's curling Olympic gold medalist Lubbe Nordström, writer/poet Frideborg Winblad and administrator Lena Endre, Actor Lasse Lindh, Musician Håkan Ekström, Forestry Consultant Kullarmark Mid Sweden University Härnösand official site Webcams