Frederick Drew Gregory is a former United States Air Force pilot, military engineer, test pilot, NASA astronaut as well as former NASA Deputy Administrator. He served as NASA Acting Administrator in early 2005, covering the period between the departure of Sean O'Keefe and the swearing in of Michael Griffin. Frederick Gregory was born on January 7, 1941, in Washington, D. C.. His father was Francis A. Gregory, an educator, assistant superintendent for D. C. Public Schools as well as the first black president of the D. C. Public Library Board of Trustees, his father has a public library named after him in the Ward 7/Hillcrest neighborhood. His mother was a lifelong educator as well as public library advocate, she was the sister of noted African-American physician and researcher Dr. Charles Drew, who developed improved techniques for blood storage, applied his expert knowledge in developing large-scale blood banks early in World War II, saving thousands of Allied lives. Gregory's great-grandfather was educator James Monroe Gregory.
Gregory was raised in Washington, D. C. and graduated from Anacostia High School. He attended the United States Air Force Academy after being nominated by Adam Clayton Powell Jr.. After graduating from the Air Force Academy, Gregory earned his wings after helicopter school, flew in Vietnam, transitioned to fighter aircraft, attended the Navy Test Pilot School, conducted testing as an engineering test pilot for both the Air Force and NASA, he received a master's degree in information systems from George Washington University. During his time in the Air Force, Gregory logged 7,000 hours in more than 50 types of aircraft as a helicopter and test pilot, he flew 550 combat rescue missions in Vietnam. Gregory was selected as an astronaut in January 1978, his technical assignments included: Astronaut Office representative at the Kennedy Space Center during initial Orbiter checkout and launch support for STS-1 and STS-2. C.. Notably, he was one of the CAPCOM during the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
A veteran of three Shuttle missions he has logged about 456 hours in space. He served as pilot on STS-51B, was the spacecraft commander on STS-33, STS-44. STS-51B/Spacelab-3 launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on April 29, 1985 with Gregory serving as pilot; the crew aboard the Orbiter Challenger included Robert Overmyer. On this second flight of the laboratory developed by the European Space Agency, the crew conducted a broad range of scientific experiments ranging from space physics to the suitability of animal-holding facilities; the crew deployed the Northern Utah Satellite. After seven days of around-the-clock scientific operations and its laboratory cargo landed on the dry lakebed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on May 6, 1985. Mission duration was 168 hours, 8 minutes, 47seconds; when STS-33 launched at night, from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 22, 1989, Gregory became the first African-American to command a space flight. On board the Orbiter Discovery, Gregory’s crew included the pilot, John Blaha, three mission specialists, Manley Carter, Story Musgrave, Kathryn Thornton.
The mission carried Department of other secondary payloads. After 79 orbits of the Earth, this five-day mission concluded on November 27, 1989, with a hard surface landing on Runway 04 at Edwards AFB, California. Mission duration was 120 hours, 7 minutes, 32 seconds. STS-44 launched at night from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 24, 1991. During 110 orbits of the Earth, the crew deployed their prime payload, the Defense Support Program satellite, they worked on a variety of secondary payloads ranging from the Military Man in Space experiment designed to evaluate the ability of a space borne observer to gather information about ground troops and facilities, participated in extensive studies evaluating medical countermeasures to long duration space flight. The crew aboard the Orbiter Atlantis included the pilot Tom Henricks; the mission concluded on December 1991, with a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California. Mission duration was 50 minutes, 42 seconds. Gregory served at NASA Headquarters as Associate Administrator for the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, was Associate Administrator for the Office of Space Flight.
On August 12, 2002 Mr. Gregory was sworn in as NASA Deputy Administrator. In that role, he was responsible to the Administrator for providing overall leadership and policy direction for the Agency; the Deputy Administrator performs the duties and exercises the powers delegated by the Administrator, assists the Administrator in making final Agency decisions, acts for the Administrator in his or her absence by performing all necessary functions to govern NASA operations and exercise the powers vested in the Agency by law. The Deputy Administrator articulates the Agency's vision and represents NASA to the Executive Office of the President, Congress, he
Faces to the Sun is the sixth studio album by South African Afropop band Mango Groove. Released in October 2016, Faces to the Sun is a double album with more than a dozen featured artists; the first disc comprises renditions of major South African pop songs. Lead singer Claire Johnston described the selections as "personal favourites of ours" that are about what it means to be South African; the second disc features eight original songs, plus a remix of Mango Groove's cover of "Durban Road". Four songs from the album were released as singles: "Faces to the Sun" was issued as a digital single in October 2015. Lead singer Claire Johnston conceived the album circa 2011. Several years after the release of Africa Blue, her 2004 cover album of jazz and R&B classics, Johnston was contemplating the production of a third solo album to cover "great South African songs"; the idea evolved into a Mango Groove project. Around the same time and bandleader John Leyden divorced, Johnston's mother died. "It was a turbulent time but a lot of that energy fed into the album and made it an emotional final product," Johnston said.
The album was recorded and produced by bandmembers Andrew Baird and John Leyden at Orangotang Studios in the Sandton suburb of Bryanston. Before emigrating to South Africa from Zimbabwe, Baird had specialised in producing gospel and inspirational music. On 5 October 2015, the band released the first single: "Faces to the Sun". At that time, the album was to be titled Sing the Beloved Country, with a release planned for March 2016. In early October 2016, just over a year after the first single, press releases from the band and their label announced a revised release date, along with the track list and the new album title. Warner Music South Africa released the retitled double album via the iTunes Store on 28 October 2016. Photography for Faces to the Sun is by Graeme Wyllie, with graphic design by the Red Flag agency of Johannesburg."The Road", the final song on the album, is dedicated to the memory of Nelson Mandela, who died in 2013. Shortly before the album's release, bandleader John Leyden commented on the musical collaborations: "We chose iconic South African artists that have been part of our own musical journey and whose amazing voices suited our interpretations of the songs, but at the same time, we worked with a couple of new and exciting contemporary artists".
One of the featured collaborators is trumpeter and house music artist Mo T. Zolani Mahola sings with Mango in a new recording of "Another Country", the title song of the 1993 album Another Country, it was an anthem that helped usher South Africa out of the apartheid regime and into a new government. Other featured artists include Kurt Darren. In 2017, Faces to the Sun was a South African Music Awards nominee in the "Best Adult Contemporary Album" and "Best Engineered Album" categories; the award for "Best Adult Contemporary Album" went to Hugh Masekela's No Borders. Other nominees in the Adult Contemporary Album category that year were Elvis Blue's Optics, Majozi's Fire, Msaki's Zaneliza: How the Water Moves. Journalist/blogger El Broide rated Faces to the Sun four stars out of five. List of double albums Fry, Chris M.. "Album Review: Mango Groove – Faces to the Sun". Cmfry.co.za. Chris M. Fry. Faces to the Sun at MusicBrainz
Prelapse is an album by the Boston-based band of the same name featuring John Zorn. The album was released on the Japanese Avant label in 1999 and features 10 tracks written by Zorn for the band Naked City; the band came to Zorn's attention after transcribing several Naked City compositions. "Menstrual Mystery Meat" - 0:57 "Alarms" - 3:28 "Corkscrew" - 0:45 "Mintcrumb Rosette" - 3:30 "Slingshot" - 0:55 "Blood Sucking Freaks" - 1:26 "Screwball" - 0:43 "Cold" - 2:54 "Message for Alex Part 1" - 0:52 "Lachrym" - 3:29 "545: Mystery Hole" - 2:29 "Leper Sap" - 2:32 "Spectres of Bird" - 1:00 "Basketcase" - 0:39 "Fat Neck, No Neck" - 6:14 "Message for Alex Part 2" - 0:47 "Drag" - 3:12 "Bug Skull" - 0:29 "The Shrike" - 1:16 "Pools of Urine" - 2:11 "Bloodbath" - 0:39 "Purged Specimen" - 1:30 "Coda" - 0:16Recorded at B. C. Studio, New York in November 1997 Alex Lacamoire – keyboards Rev. Mason Wendell – bass, vocals Dane Johnson – guitar Andy Sanesi – drums Jeff Hudgins – alto, clarinet John Zorn: alto
This is a list of earthquakes in Romania, including any notable historical earthquakes that have epicenters within the current boundaries of Romania, or which caused significant effects in this area. The seismicity of Romania is clustered in several epicentral zones: Vrancea, Făgăraș-Câmpulung, Crișana, Maramureș and Southern Dobrogea. Other epicentral zones of local importance can be found in Transylvania, in the area of Jibou and Târnava River, in northern and western part of Oltenia, in northern Moldavia and in the Wallachian Plain; the Vrancea seismogenic zone is the most important among these seismic zones, having in mind the energy, the extent of the macroseismic effects and the persistent and confined character of the earthquakes that occur in this area. Vrancea area is responsible for over 90% of all earthquakes in Romania, releasing over 95% of the seismic energy. Two belts of moderate and shallower seismicity are emphasized in the other regions of the country: one along the Southern Carpathians and the eastern edge of the Pannonian Basin, the other along the Eastern Carpathians that extends towards SE on the Peceneaga–Camena line.
During the last 1,000 years, according to historical data, it is thought that 17 earthquakes with 7 and over magnitude have occurred, which suggests a mean for unleashing the energy of every 58 years. Statistically, the magnitude 6 and over earthquakes in the Vrancea area occur every 10 years, magnitude 7 every 33 years, while those with 7.5 magnitude every 80 years. Earthquakes listed in the following tables include only M6.0+ events or earthquakes with significant material damage or casualties. All seismic events are shown in detail in the ROMPLUS catalog of the National Institute for Earth Physics, it collected information from the catalog of Constantinescu and Mîrza for the period 984–1997. After 1997, the catalog was permanently filled and updated with data on seismic events produced in Romania and around national borders. Geology of Romania List of earthquakes in Vrancea County Adevărul.ro – List of the most powerful earthquakes in Romania Cutremur.net – List of earthquakes in Romania since 1800 Geodin.ro – Romanian seismology Realitatea.net – The five strongest earthquakes in Romania in the last 200 years National Institute for Earth Physics – List of earthquakes in Romania Seismic map of Bucharest
The Central of Georgia Depot in Andalusia, Alabama is a historic train station, converted into the Three Notch Museum. In the late 1890s, business leaders in Andalusia posted a $5000 prize for the first rail line to pass through the town; the Central of Georgia Railway claimed the prize, completing the track in September 1899, built a depot on land donated by residents. The town flourished with the new rail connection; the last Norfolk Southern train, successor to the Central of Georgia, departed Andalusia on March 31, 1983. The wooden depot is similar in design to other small-town stations along the Central of Georgia line; the one-story, gable-roofed structure is clad with batten siding. Two front rooms with separate entrances were used as passenger waiting rooms. At the opposite end of the station is a large freight room; the agent's office spans the width of the building between the two, features a gabled bay window. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.
The building was re-opened as a history museum in 1987. Operated by the Covington Historical Society, the museum focuses on County history and area railroad history. Displays include many photographs, a bottle collection, historic cameras and accessories and military artifacts. Other buildings in the museum include a restored post office with a period schoolroom in back, a pioneer log cabin and a country store. There are two cabooses and a CSX motor car with a model railway layout outside the depot building. Media related to Three Notch Museum at Wikimedia Commons Three Notch Museum
Chalk Cliffs on Rügen is an oil painting of circa 1818 by German Romantic artist Caspar David Friedrich. In January 1818, Caspar David Friedrich married Christiane Caroline Bommer, about 20 years his junior. On their honeymoon in July and August 1818, they visited relatives in Greifswald. From there, the couple undertook an excursion to the island of Rügen with Friedrich's brother Christian; the painting appears as a celebration of the couple's union. The painting depicts the view from the chalk cliffs of the Stubbenkammer, at that time one of the most famous lookout points on the island, it is but incorrectly believed that the Wissower Klinken outcrops in particular were a model for the painting. Friedrich composed his landscapes from chosen elements of different sketches, so that a specific location is not discernible. Two trees, whose leaves cover the upper third of the painting, frame the scenery. Two men and a woman in town clothes gaze in wonder at the view; the thin figure in the middle is interpreted as Caspar David Friedrich himself.
His hat lies beside him as a sign of humility. He seeks for a foothold in the grass as a symbol of the transience of life and looks into the abyss opening before him—the abyss of death. On the right, the man with crossed arms leans against the trunk of a dying tree and looks far out to the sea; the two tiny sailboats stand as symbols for the soul which opens to eternal life and correspond to the figures of the two men. On the left, the woman in a red dress sits beside an dried-up shrub: only the twigs around her face are leafing out. With her right hand she points either at the flowers bordering it. In contrast to the men, who gaze either at the abyss or into the distance, she communicates with the other figures—whether she feels threatened by the abyss or compelled by the natural beauty is unclear; the colors of the figure's clothes are symbolic. The middle figure is the color of faith, thus they can be interpreted as embodiments of the three Christian theological virtues: faith and love. The art historian Helmut Börsch-Supan sees in the picture a representation of Friedrich's relation to death, the threat to life by death: "clear as never before, but at the same time in an unusually serene mood".
Börsch-Supan, H.. Caspar David Friedrich. Munich: Prestel. ISBN 3-7913-0835-1 Schmied, Wieland. Caspar David Friedrich. Cologne: DuMont. ISBN 3-8321-7207-6 Wolf, Norbert. Caspar David Friedrich – Der Maler der Stille. Cologne: Taschen Verlag. ISBN 3-8228-1957-3