Frederick Katzer

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Frederick Xavier Katzer
Archbishop of Milwaukee
Friedrich Xaver Katzer2.jpg
InstalledJanuary 30, 1891
Term endedJuly 23, 1903
PredecessorMichael Heiss
SuccessorSebastian Gebhard Messmer
Other postsBishop of Green Bay (1886–1891)
OrdinationDecember 21, 1886
Personal details
Birth nameFrederick Xavier Katzer
Born(1844-02-07)February 7, 1844
Ebensee, Austria
DiedJuly 23, 1903(1903-07-23) (aged 59)
Fond du Lac, Wisconsin
BuriedSt. Francis Seminary
Alma materSt. Francis Seminary
Gravesite at St. Francis Seminary

Frederick Xavier Katzer (February 7, 1844 – July 23, 1903) was an Austrian-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the third bishop of the Diocese of Green Bay (1886-1891) and the third Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee in Wisconsin (1891–1903).


Early years[edit]

Born in Ebensee in Upper Austria (then part of the Austrian Empire), Katzer immigrated to Minnesota in 1864. He soon moved to Milwaukee where he studied at St. Francis Seminary and was ordained to the priesthood on December 21, 1866. He joined the seminary faculty and taught a variety of subjects, until transferring to Green Bay in 1875.[1][better source needed]

Bishop of Green Bay, Wisconsin[edit]

Katzer was appointed Bishop of Green Bay on July 13, 1886 after Bishop Francis Krautbauer's death and served as Bishop until January 30, 1891.

Archbishop of Milwaukee, Wisconsin[edit]

Katzer was appointed the third archbishop of Milwaukee.[2] His nomination was opposed by some Irish Catholics, who felt a policy of "Germanization" of the archdiocese set in place by his predecessors should not be continued. This is reflected in the architecture of many of the city's early churches, including the historic Old St. Mary's Church and the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist.

During his tenure, Katzer was a strong supporter of Catholic schools. He successfully lobbied for the repeal of the Bennett Law in 1890, which would have required all schools to teach in English and was perceived as an attack on immigrants and parochial schools. The Sisters of the Divine Savior also made their home in Milwaukee at the urging of Katzer, during a visit to Pope Leo XIII in 1895.

Katzer died in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin on July 23, 1903 at the age of 59. He is buried in a small cemetery on the grounds of St. Francis Seminary.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Michael Heiss
Archbishop of Milwaukee
Succeeded by
Sebastian Gebhard Messmer
Preceded by
Francis Xavier Krautbauer
Bishop of Green Bay
Succeeded by
Sebastian Gebhard Messmer