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Frederick Terman

Frederick Emmons Terman was an American professor and academic administrator. He is credited as being the father of Silicon Valley. Terman completed his undergraduate degree in chemistry and his master's degree in electrical engineering at Stanford University, he went on to earn an ScD in electrical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1924 where his advisor was Vannevar Bush, who first proposed what became the National Science Foundation. His father, Lewis Terman, a psychologist who studied gifted children and popularized the IQ test in America, was a professor at Stanford, his mother, Anna Belle Minton Terman, attended Central Normal College, Danville and taught English at a school nearby. In 1895 she met Lewis M. Terman at the school, they followed Lewis' education at Indiana University and Clark University. Terman returned to Stanford in 1925 as a member of the engineering faculty. From 1925 to 1941 Terman designed a course of study and research in electronics at Stanford that focused on work with vacuum tubes and instrumentation.

He hired a student of William Littell Everitt. Together they established a vacuum tube laboratory, he wrote Radio Engineering, one of the most important books on electrical and radio engineering, to this day a good reference on those subjects. Terman's students at Stanford included Oswald Garrison Villard, Jr. Russell and Sigurd Varian, William Hewlett, David Packard, he encouraged his students to form their own companies and invested in many of them, resulting in firms such as Litton Industries, Varian Associates, Hewlett-Packard. Terman was president of the Institute of Radio Engineers in 1941. During World War II, Terman directed a staff of more than 850 at the Radio Research Laboratory at Harvard University; this organization was the source of Allied jammers to block enemy radar, tunable receivers to detect radar signals, aluminum strips to produce spurious reflections on enemy radar receivers. These countermeasures reduced the effectiveness of radar-directed anti-aircraft fire. After the war Terman was appointed dean of the School of Engineering.

In 1945 he was influential in the creation of a microwave research laboratory at the Stanford School of Physical Sciences. In 1951 he spearheaded the creation of Stanford Industrial Park, whereby the University leased portions of its land to high-tech firms. Companies such as Varian Associates, Hewlett-Packard, Eastman Kodak, General Electric, Lockheed Corporation moved into Stanford Industrial Park and made the mid-Peninsula area into a hotbed of innovation which became known as Silicon Valley, he served as Provost at Stanford from 1955 to 1965. During his tenure, Terman expanded the science and engineering departments in order to win more research grants from the Department of Defense; these grants, in addition to the funds that the patented research generated, helped to catapult Stanford into the ranks of the world's first class educational institutions, as well as spurring the growth of Silicon Valley. Terman's efforts to create a mutual relationship between Stanford and the tech companies in the surrounding area significantly contributed to this growth.

Speaking of this effort, Terman said When we set out to create a community of technical scholars in Silicon Valley, there wasn't much here and the rest of the world looked awfully big. Now a lot of the rest of the world is here. In 1964, Terman became a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering. In 1966 Terman played a central role in helping the Park Chung-hee Administration establish the Korea Advanced Institute of Science, which became KAIST. Terman Hall at KAIST was named in his honor in 2004, he was awarded the IRE Medal of Honor in 1950 for "his many contributions to the radio and electronic industry as teacher, author and administrator". The Frederick Emmons Terman Award was established in 1969 by the American Society for Engineering Education and Computer Engineering Division, it is sponsored by Hewlett-Packard and is bestowed annually upon an outstanding young electrical engineering educator. The Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Scholastic Award is presented to the students that rank academically in the top five percent of the graduating senior class from the Stanford University School of Engineering.

Stanford's Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Center was named in his honor. Terman Middle School, in Palo Alto and the adjacent Terman Park were named after Terman and his father. In 2018, the Palo Alto Unified School District school board unanimously decided to rename the school in honor of Ellen Fletcher after Terman's father involvement with the eugenics movement came to the notice of parents and the school board. At the time of the renaming of the middle school, the city of Palo Alto had yet to decide if they would rename the adjacent park. A section of U. S. Route 101 in California near Palo Alto is designated and signed as the Frederick E. Terman Memorial Highway. Gillmore, C. Stewart. Fred Terman at Stanford: Building a Discipline, a University, Silicon Valley. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4914-0. PBS Biography Biography at IEEE History Center biography The Secret History of Sil

An Icelandic Odyssey

An Icelandic Odyssey is a two-part concept album series by Norwegian avant-garde metal band Solefald. The first part, Red for Fire, was released on 18 October 2005, while the second part, Black for Death, was released on 24 November 2006; the band was quoted as saying "Solefald was experimenting. Now that things are changing and that we've pushed the experiment quite far we wanted Red for Fire plus Black for Death to be our attempts at being'true'; this will be a true Nordic Viking metal album." Both albums could be considered a play on how Solefald describe their music, as "red music with black edges". "Sun I Call" – 6:19 "Survival of the Outlaw" – 6:37 "Where Birds Have Never Been" – 5:5 "Bragi" – 1:18 "White Frost Queen" – 6:57 "There Is Need" – 5:53 "Prayer of a Son" – 1:47 "Crater of the Valkyries" – 8:21 "Sea I Called" – 5:34 "Lokasenna" – 5:39 All tracks written by Cornelius and Lazare. "Red for Fire + Black for Death" – 3:55 "Queen in the Bay of Smoke" – 5:34 "Silver Dwarf" – 3:23 "Underworld" – 1:15 "Necrodyssey" – 3:47 "Allfathers" – 5:56 "Lokasenna Part 2" – 4:29 "Loki Trickster God" – 5:50 "Spoken to the End of All" – 2:05 "Dark Waves Dying" - 3:55 "Lokasenna Part 3" – 4:47 "Sagateller" – 5:45The music in the song "Loki Trickster God" is the same as in "White Frost Queen" from Red for Fire.

Cornelius – vocals, samples Lazare – vocals, drums Aggie Frost Peterson – vocals on "Sun I Call" and "White Frost Queen" Sareetaviolin on all tracks except "There Is Need" and "Lokasenna" Live Julianne Kostøl – cello on all tracks except "There Is Need", "Prayer of a Son" and "Lokasenna" Kjetil Selvik – saxophone on "Sun I Call" Jörmundur Ingi – vocals on "Lokasenna" Kristoffer Rygg – vocals on "Loki Trickster God" Aggie Frost Peterson – vocals on "Loki Trickster God" Sareeta – violin on tracks 1, 2, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 12 Live Julianne Kostøl – cello on tracks 1, 2, 6, 8, 9 and 12 Kjetil Selvik – saxophone on "Underworld" and "Dark Waves Dying" Jörmundur Ingi – vocals on "Lokasenna" compositions


Jiuduansha is a collection of four intertidal wetland shoals at the mouth of China's Yangtze River. They are administered as an island region of the municipality of Shanghai's Pudong New Area; these shoals and the submerged land surrounding them to a depth of 6 meters form the Jiuduansha Wetland Nature Reserve. The entire area stretches 46.3 kilometers east to west and 25.9 kilometers north to south, covering an area of 423.5 square kilometers, although only 114.6 square kilometers of this is above sea level. The area is considered one of the national urban wetland parks of China and forms part of the China Biosphere Reserve Network. A 1996 field study found that, for seven bird species investigated, the number present at Jiuduansha exceeded 1% of the world's total for the species, establishing it as a Wetland of International Importance. Although Jiuduansha translates as "Nine-Part Sands", the number nine is here being used in a colloquial way similar to English several. In fact, the group consists of four main shoals.

These are sometimes given their Mandarin names of Shangsha, Zhongsha and Jiangyanansha and sometimes translated as Upper, Middle and South Jiuduansha. South Jiuduansha is known as Jiangya Nansha in Chinese after the pinyin romanization of the SS Kiangya, the passenger steamer which exploded nearby in 1948. Jiuduansha formed part of the Waitongsha shoal, but frequent floods of the Yangtze in 1949 and 1954 connected a series of troughs and separated Jiuduansha from the Tongsha shoal. Shanghai's universities have studied Jiuduansha since the 1990s and, in 1995, introduced cordgrass in order to speed the shoal's stabilization in light of 70% reduction in sedimentation caused by the many dams erected along the course of the Yangtze during the 20th century. In March 2000 or 2003, the Shanghai municipal government established the nature reserve; the cordgrass and environmental protection were intended to accommodate birds living at the site being developed as Pudong International Airport. From October 2002 to January 2003, Fudan University and the reserve's administration conducted four joint surveys and, in 2005, the wetland was upgraded to a national nature reserve.

In the time since its introduction, the cordgrass has been found to have become invasive, aggressively crowding out the native reeds and bulrushes and degrading parts of the wetlands. A wetland museum, as well as a Science Popularization Park on about 5 square kilometers of the island, are planned to increase public awareness and support. Jiuduansha is the spawning ground for the hairy crab, one of the most important products of the Chinese fishing industry and a delicacy of the cuisine of Shanghai and eastern China; the shoals host large communities of Cipango and Siberian prawn and swimming crabs. They are known to host 5 protected species of fish and 14 protected species of birds, including the black-faced spoonbill. All 14 observed species of aquatic mammals are protected and Jiuduansha is thought to be the most important habitat in China for the finless porpoise, the bottlenose dolphin, the spotted seal; the Shanghai Jiuduansha Wetland Nature Reserve

Baby Jesus theft

Baby Jesus theft is the theft of plastic or ceramic figurines of the infant Jesus from outdoor public and private nativity displays during the Christmas season. It is an "enduring practice" according to The New York Times journalist Katie Rogers, "believed to be part of a yearly tradition carried out by bored teenagers looking for an easy prank." The prevalence of such thefts has caused the owners of outdoor manger scenes to protect their property with GPS devices, surveillance cameras, or by other means. Dozens of communities across America have suffered thefts of Baby Jesus figurines, and, in some instances, entire nativity scenes, Washington, D. C. journalist Daniel Nasaw reports for the British newspaper The Guardian. He observes that it is unclear whether such theft is on the rise, as it is not tracked by federal law enforcement. In 2008, a Baby Jesus was stolen from First United Methodist Church in Kittanning and replaced with a pumpkin, and, in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, a thief not only stole the Baby Jesus from a public display but absconded with the concrete block and chain, supposed to act as a deterrent.

Some communities suffer repeat Baby Jesus thefts. A Baby Jesus was stolen in December 2008 from New York, town display. A town official remarked, "If someone did it as a prank, I don't find it funny." The nativity had been vandalized the year before, a menorah next to it had been toppled and broken. During some Christmases of the first decade of the 21st century, the Baby Jesus statue was stolen from the outdoor nativity scene in Jönköping in Sweden, once thrown into the nearby lake of Vättern; this has led to the nativity scene, being closed by nights. In December 2015, as many as five Baby Jesus statues were stolen from the lawns of churches in northern New Jersey; some figurines have been defaced with Satanic symbols. In December 2008, for example, a fiberglass Baby Jesus valued at US$375 was stolen from a Eureka Springs, Arkansas and recovered, but had been defaced by racial slurs, a swastika, a Hitler mustache; the eyes were blacked out and pieces had been broken off, rendering it damaged beyond repair.

In his autobiography, The Long Hard Road Out Of Hell, Marilyn Manson admitted playing a prank in which he and a few friends stole figurines of Jesus replaced them with hams. They sent a communique to a newspaper posing as a black radical group saying that it was a protest against "the plasticisation of the black man's wisdom with the so-called'White Christmas'." Some nativity display owners have taken measures to secure their property against would-be thieves. Others are reluctant to exercise such vigilance. One man in the state of Indiana who suffered the loss of his Baby Jesus figurine rebuffed suggestions to secure the figurines on his porch because, "that would be like putting Jesus in jail". Traditional security measures are not always foolproof; the Baby Jesus fastened to the National Christmas Creche at Independence Hall disappeared within days. Some communities and citizens are employing electronic technology to protect their property. A Texas family, for example, positioned surveillance cameras in their yard and discovered a teenage girl stealing their Baby Jesus figurine, valued at nearly US$500.

In 2008, a security device distributor offered its surveillance cameras and GPS devices to 200 non-profit religious institutions for a month's use gratis. GPS protection has met with some success. In one case, after a life-size ceramic nativity figurine disappeared from the lawn of a community center in Wellington, sheriff's deputies tracked it to an apartment where it was found lying face-down on a carpet. An 18-year-old woman was arrested. While Baby Jesus thefts are regarded as pranks, they are set apart by the involvement of a religious icon. "They think it's a prank, but it isn't a prank to some of these people," Pennsylvania state police Corporal Paul Romanic told The Morning Call newspaper, in regards to an incident in which ten nativity scene figures were found in a yard after being stolen from across Bucks County, Pennsylvania. "Plus, it's just wrong to steal the baby Jesus."Some have wondered if an anti-Christian sentiment lurks behind the thefts. Attorney Mike Johnson of the Alliance Defending Freedom, a Christian legal group, stated, "I suspect most of it is childish pranks.

There are adults with an agenda to remove Christ from Christmas. But they tend to occupy themselves with the courts and courtroom of public opinion." Stephen Nissenbaum, the author of The Battle for Christmas and a retired professor, views Baby Jesus theft as neither innocent vandalism nor religious hate crimes. Nissenbaum writes that, "What it means is that it's OK to go around violating pretty important norms, as long as real human harm isn't being done. It's not devaluing Christianity, but it is sort of a ritualized challenge to it, it could be Christian kids doing it—and on January 2 they become good Christians again."Historian Daniel Silliman has argued that, whatever the thieves' intention, the act puts the culture of Christmas in a different light. "Baby Jesus thieves take the Christ out of Christmas," Silliman writes. "When they do, it becomes apparent that the sacred object is a piece of property, protected by the law that protects property and this whole apparatus that defends Christmas: fences and lights, tracking devices and private security companies, patrolling police and the courts.

The commercialization of Christmas is visible here in a way, otherwise. That's the power of the joke." In "The Big Little Jesus," the December 24, 1953 episode of the television series Dragnet, Sgts. Friday and Smith are called upon to investiga


KZNX is an AM radio station, licensed to Creedmoor and serving the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. The station is under ownership of Inc.. It airs a Spanish-language Christian radio format. Religious hosts pay the station a fee for airing their programs on KZNX, during which they may ask for donations to their ministry; the transmitter is off Dale Overton Road in the Thoroughbred Estates neighborhood of Del Valle, Texas. KZNX is heard on translator station K236AY at 95.1 MHz in Westlake Hills, Texas. KZNX 1530 AM and translator station K236AY 95.1 FM are being operated and managed by La Palabra Radio. KZNX is powered at 10,000 watts by day, but because AM 1530 is a clear channel frequency reserved for Class A WCKY in Cincinnati and KFBK in Sacramento, KZNX must reduce power during critical hours and at night. The station first signed on the air on December 8, 1962, as KGTN, its original city of license was Georgetown, it was owned by the Georgetown Broadcasting Company. It began as a 1,000 watt daytimer, required to go off the air at night.

In 1991, KGTN became KOPY with a Christian format, owned by state representative Dan Kubiak. Two years the Lower Colorado River Authority acquired KOPY. Under LCRA's ownership, 1530 returned to the air in March 1995 as KWTR, running automated weather and river information and including additional community information. Public response to KWTR was "fairly good", but the river authority decided that working with the National Weather Service was more cost-effective, in April 1997, KWTR gave way to "K-News", an all-news radio station owned by Yellow Rose Communications alongside 92.1 KIKY LCRA sold the station for $632,000. KNEZ did not last long; the two stations aired a Regional Mexican format known as La Nueva. Yellow Rose sold KQQA in 2004 to Simmons Media Group, which flipped the frequency to sports as KZNX. Border Media Partners bought the station in 2010 and sold it two years to America Telecommunications Group, a company 25 percent owned by José Pérez Ramírez of Mexican station group Promomedios.

FCC History Cards for KZNX Query the FCC's AM station database for KZNX Radio-Locator Information on KZNX Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KZNX

King Ampaw

King Ampaw is an award-winning Ghanaian filmmaker and actor born in Kukurantumi in the Eastern Region of Ghana. He is known for starring as the second lead role with the late Hollywood actor, Klaus Kinski in Werner Herzog's sensational film Cobra Verde which he co-produced, he co-produced the film African Timber directed by Peter F. Bringmann, he is married with two sons. King Ampaw was born on 25 July 1940 in Kukurantumi in the Eastern Region of Ghana, he attended the Academy of Film in Potsdam, Germany in 1965. In 1966 he enrolled at the Academy of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna and the Academy of Television and Film at the Munich University, Germany from 1967 to 1972 where he studied with Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders, he graduated as a film director with his first film. On his return to Ghana, he became a senior director at the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation from 1979 to 1982 when he left GBC to form his own film company, Afro movies Ltd. King Ampaw wrote and produced his own films such as Kukurantumi, Road to Accra, Juju and No Time to Die.

Most of his films have been co-funded with his company Afromovies Ltd and international agencies and governments such as No Time to Die, funded by the European Union and the French Government. His films have been praised internationally and have won numerous awards including the Film Critics Award for Kukurantumi, Road to Accra at FESPACO, the Input Film Award for Juju in Czech Republic and Talifa Film Festival Award in Spain for No Time to Die, he was the first Filmmaker to be given an Honorary Award at the African Movie Academy Awards in Nigeria. At the 2012 NAFTI Film Lectures, he was honoured for his immense contribution to the film industry and cross-cultural collaborations between Ghana and Germany, he received another Lifetime Achievement Award in 2013 at the Accra International Film Festival. He is a founding member of FEPACI, FESPACO, the Ghana Academy of Film and Television Arts and the Directors’ Guild of Ghana. King Ampaw is working on a film titled The Son and Sun of Africa, about the life of the legendary Pan-Africanist, Kwame Nkrumah which will be his last film to complete his creative works.

They Call it Love Kukurantumi, Road to Accra Juju No Time to Die