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Frederick VIII of Denmark

Frederick VIII was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912. Before his accession to the throne at age 62, he served as crown prince for over 42 years. During the long reign of his father, King Christian IX, he was excluded from influence and political power. Frederick was born on 3 June 1843 in the Yellow Palace in Copenhagen as Prince Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior male line of the House of Oldenburg, descended from Christian III of Denmark and which had ruled as non-sovereign dukes in Schleswig-Holstein for eight generations, including Frederick's grandfather. Frederick's parents were Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1853, his father was chosen as the heir presumptive to the Danish throne, because Frederick's mother, Louise of Hesse-Kassel, was a close relative of the last Danish king of the Oldenburg main line. Accordingly, Frederick became a Prince of Denmark in 1853. After his confirmation in 1860, Frederick was given a military education.

In 1863, Prince Frederick was sent to do studies at the University of Oxford but when his father ascended the throne in November that year, he became Crown Prince and returned to Denmark. As Crown Prince of Denmark, he was given a seat in the State Council and subsequently assisted his father in the duties of government. In 1864, he formally took part in the Second Schleswig War against Prussia. Louise of Hesse wanted her eldest son to marry as well. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom had two yet unmarried daughters, Princess Helena and Princess Louise, Louise tried to marry Frederick to one of them. However, the British Queen didn't want her daughters to marry the heirs to foreign crowns, as this would force them to live abroad, she preferred German princes who could establish homes in the UK. In addition, Victoria had always been pro-German and another Danish alliance, would not have been in line with her German interests. In July 1868, Frederick became engaged to Princess Louise of Sweden, the 17-year-old only daughter of King Charles XV of Sweden and IV of Norway.

Princess Louise belonged to the Bernadotte dynasty, which had ruled in Sweden since 1818, when the founder, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, one of Napoleon Bonaparte's generals, was elected crown prince of Sweden in 1810 and succeeded the throne as Charles XIV of Sweden in 1818. He married Désirée Clary. Charles XIV's son, Oscar I of Sweden, married Josephine of Leuchtenberg, granddaughter of Napoleon's first wife, the Empress Josephine. King Oscar I and Queen Josephine were Princess Louise's paternal grandparents; the marriage was suggested as a way of creating friendship between Sweden. The two countries were in a tense situation after Sweden had not assisted Denmark during the war with Prussia in 1864. Frederick and Louise had met for the first time in 1862, but in 1868 Frederick was invited to Sweden to get to know Louise, their meeting was described as a success, they became engaged the same year. She was the first Swedish princess to be married into the Danish royal house since the Middle Ages, the marriage was welcomed in all three Scandinavian countries as a symbol of the new Scandinavism.

Crown Prince Frederick and Louise of Sweden married at the Royal Palace in Stockholm on 28 July 1869. The couple resided at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, spending the summers at Charlottenlund Palace north of the city, they had four daughters. The eldest sons, Christian X of Denmark and Haakon VII of Norway became kings of Denmark and Norway respectively. Frederick became king of Denmark as Frederick VIII upon Christian IX's death on 29 January 1906, he had been Crown Prince for 43 years. In many ways Frederick VIII was a liberal ruler, much more favorable to the new parliamentarian system than his father had been, he was democratically inclined. However, because of his late accession to the throne he had only six years as regent and he was weakened by ill health. On his return journey from a trip to Nice, King Frederick made a short stop in Hamburg, staying at the Hotel Hamburger Hof; the evening of his arrival on 14 May 1912, Frederick took a walk on the Jungfernstieg. While walking he became faint and collapsed on a park bench and died.

He was discovered by a police officer. His cause of death was announced as a paralysis-attack, he was interred with other members of the Danish royal family in Roskilde Cathedral near Copenhagen. The royal families of Denmark, Norway and Luxembourg are descended from King Frederick VIII. Denmark through his eldest son Christian X of Denmark, Norway's family goes through the line of his son, Haakon VII of Norway, the families of Belgium and Luxembourg are descended from his daughter, Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. 3 June 1843 – 31 July 1853: His Highness Prince Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 31 July 1853 – 21 December 1858: His Highness Prince Frederick of Denmark 21 December 1858 – 15 November 1863: His Royal Highness Prince Frederick of Denmark 15 November 1863 – 29 January 1906: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Denmark 29 January 1906 – 14 May 1912: His Majesty The King of DenmarkHis full style was Frederick VIII, By the Grace of God, King of Denmark, of the Wends and of the Goths.

Saint-Aubin-sur-Scie

Saint-Aubin-sur-Scie is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France. A farming village situated by the banks of the river Scie in the Pays de Caux, at the junction of the D54 and the N 27 roads, some 5 miles south of Dieppe; the seventeenth-century chateau of Miromesnil. A seventeenth-century chapel; the church of St. Aubin, dating from the thirteenth century; the chapel of St. Antoine, dating from the sixteenth century. Communes of the Seine-Maritime department Seine-Maritime Normandy INSEE Official commune website Saint-Aubin-sur-Scie on the Quid website

Cann River

The Cann River is a perennial river located in the East Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria. The Cann River rises southwest of Granite Mountain in remote country on the eastern boundary of the Errinundra National Park and flows east south east south through the western edge of the Coopracambra National Park and through the Croajingolong National Park, joined by seventeen minor tributaries before reaching its mouth with Bass Strait, at the Tamboon Inlet in the Shire of East Gippsland; the river descends 1,080 metres over its 102 kilometres course. The river is traversed by the Monaro Highway in its upper reaches, the Princes Highway at the town of Cann River; the Cann River catchment area is 1,167 square kilometres, the majority of, contained within the state of Victoria and managed by the East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. A small portion of the catchment lies within New South Wales, most notably the Tennyson Creek sub-catchment. List of rivers of Australia "Cann River sub-catchment".

East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. Government of Victoria. "Cann River - Catchment Map". East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. Government of Victoria. East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. East Gippsland regional catchment strategy 2013 -2019. Bairnsdale: East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. ISBN 978-0-9758164-6-2