The Free Methodist Church is a Methodist Christian denomination within the holiness movement. It is Wesleyan-Arminian in theology; the Free Methodist Church has 77,000 members in the United States and 1,055,000 members worldwide in 82 nations. The Light & Life Magazine is their official publication; the Free Methodist Church World Ministries Center is in Indiana. The Free Methodist Church was organized at Pekin, New York, in 1860; the founders had been members of the Methodist Episcopal Church but were excluded from its membership for too earnestly advocating what they saw as the doctrines and usages of authentic Wesleyan Methodism. Under the leadership of the Rev. Benjamin Titus Roberts, a graduate of Wesleyan University and an able and eloquent preacher, the movement spread rapidly. Societies were organized, churches built and the work established. At the 1910 session of the General Conference of the Methodist Church at Rochester, New York, a full acknowledgement was made of the wrong done to Roberts fifty years before, the credentials unjustly taken from him were restored in a public meeting to his son, Rev. Benson Roberts.
Before the founding of the church, Roberts began publication of a monthly journal, The Earnest Christian. In 1868, The Free Methodist was begun. A publishing house was established in 1886 to produce books and Sunday school curriculum and literature; the name "Methodist" was retained for the newly organized church because the founders felt that their misfortunes had come to them because of their adherence to doctrines and standards of Methodism. The word "Free" was adopted because the new church was anti-slavery. Next, pews were to be free to all rather than sold or rented, so as to provide full access to the poor; the new church hoped for the freedom of worship in the Holy Spirit, as opposed to a stifling formality. A fourth principle was "freedom" from secret and oath-bound societies, so as to have full loyalty to Christ. Fifth was "freedom" from the abuse of ecclesiastical authority. Was "freedom" to experience transformation in sanctification via the Holy Spirit due to personal consecration and faith versus just'sin-management' or gradual growth following justification.
Holiness Conservatives within the Free Methodist Church left to form the Reformed Free Methodist Church in 1932, the United Holiness Church in 1966 and the Evangelical Wesleyan Church in 1963. Free Methodist headquarters were located in Winona Lake, until 1990 when the denomination moved its headquarters to Indianapolis; the church has about 77,000 members in the United States. Worldwide its membership is over 1,000,000 with large segments of membership in East Central Africa and India. In doctrine, Free Methodists’ beliefs are the standard beliefs of Wesleyan-Arminian Protestantism, with distinctive emphasis on the teaching of entire sanctification as held by John Wesley, to whom the Free Methodist Church traces its origins; the Free Methodist Church, along with the United Methodist Church, shares a common heritage linked to the Methodist revival in England during the 18th century. The Free Methodist Church itself arose within the context of holiness movement within 19th century Methodism. While some clergy in the Free Methodist Church wear the pulpit robe, others do not wear vestments of any sort during worship.
The first general superintendent, B. T. Roberts, was in favor of ordaining women, but never saw it take place in his lifetime. Out of his own conviction he wrote Ordaining Women: Historical Insights; the impact of his writings prevailed in the church. The Free Methodist Church affirmed the ordination of women in 1911; as of June 2008, women represented 26 % of candidates for the ministry. Free Methodists license unordained persons for particular ministries, they mandate lay representation in numbers equal to clergy in the councils of the church. As a reaction to paid musicians in the Methodist Episcopal Church, early Free Methodists enjoyed a capella congregational hymns during worship. However, the General Conference of 1943 voted to allow each Conference to vote on whether or not their churches could have instrumental music; as a result and organs became common across most conferences. Many churches have worship teams composed of vocalists, keyboards and other instruments; the Free Methodist Church's highest governing body is the World Conference, composed of representatives, both lay and clergy, from all countries with a Free Methodist General Conference.
As the church in each country develops, its status progresses from Mission District to Annual Conference to General Conference. There are 13 General Conferences in the world, which are linked together through the articles of religion and common constitution of the first two chapters of the Book of Discipline, the World Conference, the Council of Bishops; the USA branch of the Free Methodist Church is led by three bishops: Bishop Matthew Whitehead, Bishop Linda Adams, Bishop Keith Cowart. All three were elected in 2019. International Child Care Ministries, a child sponsorship initiative serves more than 21 000 children in 29 countries around the world. Through education and medical care, children in need are given an opportunity for a better life; each sponsored child is connected to a Free Methodist ministry at a local level. Sustainable Empowerment through Economic
Princess María de la Esperanza Amalia Raniera María Rosario Luisa Gonzaga of Bourbon-Two Sicilies was the youngest daughter of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and his wife Princess Louise of Orléans. Maria Esperanza's husband Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, was one of two claimants to the Brazilian throne, head of the Petrópolis branch of the Brazilian Imperial House. Maria Esperanza was an aunt of Juan Carlos I of Spain, son of her sister Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Maria Esperanza married Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, son of Prince Pedro de Alcântara of Orléans-Braganza and Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz, on 18 December 1944 in Seville, Spain. Maria Esperanza and Pedro de Alcântara had six children: Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza ∞ married Rony Kuhn de Souza, daughter of Alfredo Kuhn de Souza and Maria das Gravas Mercedes de Souza, on 2 September 1975 in Petrópolis, with issue: Pedro Tiago de Orléans e Bragança, Prince Imperial of Brazil according to supporters of the Petrópolis branch's claim ∞ Patrícia Alexandra Braumeyer Branscombe, daughter of Frank Branscombe and Maria Braumeyer, on 16 July 1981 in Fazenda Sáo Geraldo, with issue: Felipe de Orléans e Bragança Princess Maria da Glória of Orléans-Braganza ∞ Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, son of Peter II of Yugoslavia and Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark, on 1 July 1972 in Villamanrique de la Condesa, divorced on 19 February 1985, with issue: Peter, Hereditary Prince of Yugoslavia Prince Philip of Yugoslavia ∞ Danica Marinković, daughter of Milan Marinković and Zorica "Beba", on 7 October 2017 in Belgrade, with issue: Prince Stefan of Yugoslavia Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia ∞ Ignacio de Medina y Fernández de Córdoba, 19th Duke of Segorbe and 20th Count of Rivadavia, son of Rafael de Medina y Vilallonga and Victoria Eugenia Fernández de Córdoba, 18th Duchess of Medinaceli, on 24 October 1985 in Seville, with issue.
Sol de Medina y Orléans-Braganza, 54th Countess of Ampurias Luna de Medina y Orléans-Braganza, 17th Countess of Ricla Prince Alfonso of Orléans-Braganza ∞ Maria Juana Parejo y Gurruchaga, daughter of Isidro Parejo and Maria Vitória Gurruchaga, on 3 January 1973 in Seville, divorced in 1998, with issue: Maria de Orléans-Braganza Julia de Orléans-Braganza ∞ Silvia-Amália Hungria de Silva Machado on 19 November 2002 in PetrópolisPrince Manuel of Orléans-Braganza ∞ Margarita Haffner y Lancha, daughter of Oskar Haffner, on 12 December 1977 in Málaga, divorced in 1995, with issue: Luiza de Orléans-Braganza Manuel de Orléans-Braganza Princess Cristina of Orléans-Braganza ∞ Prince Jan Pawel Sapieha-Rozanski, son of Prince Jan Andrzej Sapieha-Rozanski, on 16 May 1980 in Petrópolis, divorced in 1988, with issue: Princess Ana Teresa Sapieha-Rozanski Princess Paola Sapieha-Rozanski ∞ Prince Constantin Swiatopolk-Czetwertyński, in 2012Prince Francisco of Orléans-Braganza ∞ Christina Schmidt-Peçanha, daughter of Gaubert Schmidt and Alice Peçanha, on 28 January 1978 in Petrópolis, with issue: Francisco de Orléans-Bragança Maria Isabel de Orléans-Bragança, born after her father's second marriage ∞ Rita de Cássia Ferreira Pires in 1980, with issue: Gabriel de Orléans-Bragança Manuela de Orléans-Bragança Calabrian House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Knight Grand Cross of Justice of the Calabrian Two Sicilian Order of Saint George Spain: 1173rd Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa The Imperial Family of Brazil Elisabeth Dobrzensky von Dobrzenicz “Empress of Brazil”
On the Rocks is a 2008 play written by Amy Rosenthal and directed by Clare Lizzimore about real events surrounding novelist, short story writer and playwright D. H. Lawrence in the tiny village of Zennor in Cornwall in 1916 in the middle of World War I, it played at the Hampstead Theatre in London from 1 to 26 July 2008. It was shortlisted for the Susan Smith Blackburn Prize in 2009. D. H. Lawrence and his wife Frieda are living a shaky relationship with the overpowering Frieda missing her children, whom she abandoned for the writer, fighting with Lawrence; the local coastguards suspect that Frieda, a cousin of Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron air ace, is a German spy and is sending signals from the cliffs to U-boats in the channel. In these turbulent times, the Lawrences invite their best, by now only remaining friends, the critic and editor John Middleton Murry and the short-story writer Katherine Mansfield to come and join them in the cottage. For Lawrence, this was a step on the road to his ideal of Rananim – a utopia where one could be happy with a group of friends.
As things develop and Frieda engage in violent fights followed by love-making sessions on the floor. Lawrence suggests that Murry becomes his blood brother, while Mansfield has writer's block, a situation Rosenthal passed through for six years before writing this play. Mansfield, after an enforced intimacy with Frieda, puts an end to the social experiment, leaving Lawrence with a permanent sense of betrayal. Ed Stoppard as DH Lawrence Tracy-Ann Oberman as Frieda Lawrence, D. H. Lawrence's wife Nick Caldecott as John Middleton Murry Charlotte Emmerson as Katherine Mansfield Director: Clare Lizzimore Writer: Amy Rosenthal Designer: Paul Burgess Lighting designer: Jon Clark Sound designer: Edward Lewis