Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or "the King". Presley was born in Tupelo and relocated to Memphis, with his family when he was 13 years old, his music career began there in 1954, recording at Sun Records with producer Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African-American music to a wider audience. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was a pioneer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country music and rhythm and blues. In 1955, drummer D. J. Fontana joined to complete the lineup of Presley's classic quartet and RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who would manage him for more than two decades. Presley's first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", was released in January 1956 and became a number-one hit in the United States. With a series of successful network television appearances and chart-topping records, he became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll.
His energized interpretations of songs and sexually provocative performance style, combined with a singularly potent mix of influences across color lines during a transformative era in race relations, made him enormously popular—and controversial. In November 1956, Presley made his film debut in Love Me Tender. Drafted into military service in 1958, Presley relaunched his recording career two years with some of his most commercially successful work, he held few concerts however, guided by Parker, proceeded to devote much of the 1960s to making Hollywood films and soundtrack albums, most of them critically derided. In 1968, following a seven-year break from live performances, he returned to the stage in the acclaimed television comeback special Elvis, which led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. In 1973, Presley gave the first concert by a solo artist to be broadcast around the world, Aloha from Hawaii. Years of prescription drug abuse compromised his health, he died in 1977 at his Graceland estate at the age of 42.
Presley is the best-selling solo artist in the history of recorded music. He was commercially successful in many genres, including pop, country and gospel, he won three competitive Grammys, received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame. Elvis Presley was born on January 8, 1935, in Tupelo, Mississippi, to Gladys Love Presley in the two-room shotgun house built by his father, Vernon Elvis Presley, in preparation for the birth. Jesse Garon Presley, his identical twin brother, was delivered 35 minutes before stillborn. Presley became close to both parents and formed an close bond with his mother; the family attended an Assembly of God church. On his mother's side Presley's ancestry was Scots-Irish, with some French Norman. Gladys and the rest of the family believed that her great-great-grandmother, Morning Dove White, was Cherokee. Vernon's forebears were of Scottish origin. Gladys was regarded by friends as the dominant member of the small family.
Vernon moved from one odd job to the evincing little ambition. The family relied on help from neighbors and government food assistance. In 1938, they lost their home after Vernon was found guilty of altering a check written by his landowner and sometime employer, he was jailed for eight months, while Elvis moved in with relatives. In September 1941, Presley entered first grade at East Tupelo Consolidated, where his teachers regarded him as "average", he was encouraged to enter a singing contest after impressing his schoolteacher with a rendition of Red Foley's country song "Old Shep" during morning prayers. The contest, held at the Mississippi–Alabama Fair and Dairy Show on October 3, 1945, was his first public performance; the ten-year-old Presley was dressed as a cowboy. He recalled placing fifth. A few months Presley received his first guitar for his birthday. Over the following year, he received basic guitar lessons from two of his uncles and the new pastor at the family's church. Presley recalled, "I took the guitar, I watched people, I learned to play a little bit.
But I would never sing in public. I was shy about it."In September 1946, Presley entered a new school, for sixth grade. The following year, he began bringing his guitar to school on a daily basis, he played and sang during lunchtime, was teased as a "trashy" kid who played hillbilly music. By the family was living in a Black neighborhood. Presley was a devotee of Mississippi Slim's show on the Tupelo radio station WELO, he was described as "crazy about music" by Slim's younger brother, one of Presley's classmates and took him into the station. Slim supplemented Presley's guitar tuition by demonstrating chord techniques; when his protégé was twelve years old, Slim scheduled him for two on-air performances. Presley was succeeded in performing the following week. In November 1948, the family moved to Tennessee. After residing for nearly a year in rooming houses, they were granted a two-bedroom apartment in the public housing complex known as the Lauderdale Courts. Enrolled at L. C. Humes Hig
U.S. Route 95 in Nevada
U. S. Route 95 is a major U. S. highway traversing the U. S. state of Nevada from north to south directly through Las Vegas and providing connections to both Carson City and Reno. US 95 is cosigned with Interstate 80 for 95 miles between a junction in Churchill County and Winnemucca before heading north into Oregon at McDermitt. Along much of its course through Nevada, US 95 has signs designating it as the Veterans Memorial Highway. A portion of the route in Las Vegas northwest of downtown is called the Oran K. Gragson Freeway, named for the Las Vegas mayor who advocated for construction of that portion of freeway in the 1960s. U. S. Route 95 enters Nevada near Cal-Nev-Ari in Clark County and heads north towards Railroad Pass, where it meets Interstate 11 and US 93; the three routes are co-signed in the Las Vegas area and east of Henderson, I-11 and I-515 are co-signed with US 93/95 for its entire route around eastern Las Vegas. I-11 ends at the interchange of Interstate 215 and SR 564 and Interstate 515 begins.
The freeway heads west into downtown Las Vegas, where it intersects Interstate 15. At the Spaghetti Bowl interchange, US 93 follows I-15 I-515 ends. US 95 heads west north at the Rainbow Curve; the freeway portion ends at Corn Creek Road and it becomes a brief four-lane divided highway. US 95 heads into eastern Nye County for 107 miles, it enters Esmeralda and continues for 44 miles before meeting US 6 in Tonopah, back in Nye County. US 6/95 leave Tonopah, after two miles, enters Esmeralda County again, heads west for 41 miles until Coaldale, where US 6 splits west towards California and its western terminus in Bishop, California. US 95 heads northwest towards Hawthorne and Schurz, where US 95 Alternate splits west towards US 50, providing an alternate route towards Carson City and Reno. US 95 itself goes north towards Fallon, where it intersects US 50. US 95 meets US 95 Alternate about halfway between Lovelock and Fernley; the two routes run concurrently for 95 miles until reaching Winnemucca, where US 95 splits from I-80 and follows Interstate 80 Business into downtown Winnemucca.
In downtown Winnemucca, US 95 turns north in the general direction of Paradise Valley, leaving Interstate 80 Business to follow SR 289 east. North of Winnemucca, US 95 meets the eastern terminus of SR 140, which connects to Lakeview and Klamath Falls and the Pacific Northwest. US 95 exits Nevada at McDermitt and heads into Oregon; when the original plan for the U. S. highway system was adopted by the American Association of State Highway Officials in 1926, US 95 was one of the routes created. At that time, the route only existed in Idaho from the Canada–United States border near Eastport to Weiser near the Oregon state line. A proposal to extend US 95 south to Winnemucca was considered by AASHO in 1937. AASHO reconsidered the idea at its meeting on June 28, 1939, as part of a larger plan to extend the highway south to Blythe, California; this plan was adopted establishing US 95 throughout Nevada effective January 1, 1940. The route was marked along several preexisting state highways as follows: From the Oregon state line at McDermitt, US 95 followed State Route 8 for 74 miles to Winnemucca.
At Winnemucca, the route joined U. S. Route 40. In Fernley, US 95 followed State Route 2 for 28 miles to Fallon; the highway turned south at Fallon, running 39 miles concurrently with the southern segment of State Route 1A to Schurz. At Schurz, US 95 was routed along State Route 3, zigzagging 178 miles south and east through Hawthorne, Coaldale and Goldfield. South of Goldfield, the highway overlapped the entire 236 miles of State Route 5, traveling southeast through Beatty and Indian Springs to Las Vegas, joining U. S. Route 93/U. S. Route 466 through Henderson to near Boulder City splitting from US 93/466 heading south through Searchlight towards the California state line en route to Needles; the new Nevada portion of US 95 covered a distance of 686 miles. The entire route was on paved roads, except for a small portion of SR 5 between the California state line and Searchlight; when U. S. Route 95 was designated through Nevada, it avoided using a shorter alignment between Winnemucca and Fallon; the northern segment of State Route 1A had been established running north from Fallon to connect with US 40 southwest of Lovelock.
At the time, this portion of SR 1A was an unimproved road. State Route 1A had been paved by 1959, the US 95 designation was moved over it by 1960; this new alignment eliminated the need to drive west to Fernley and double back eastward, shortening the highway's length by about 26 miles. When US 95 was realigned, the former route via Fernley was redesignated as alternate route; this would be the second highway to bear this designation, as another U. S. Route 95 Alternate had been created between Fernley years earlier; the two separate alternate routes would continue to meet in Fernley until circa 1978, when U. S. Route 50 Alternate replaced the section of US 95 Alternate heading east towards Fallon; when US 95 was extended through the Las Vegas Valley around 1940, it used the existing roadways traversed by State Route 5. Crossing the valley from the southeast, the U. S. highway traveled along Boulder Highway through Henderson and
Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
U2 are an Irish rock band from Dublin formed in 1976. The group consists of Bono, the Edge, Adam Clayton, Larry Mullen Jr.. Rooted in post-punk, U2's musical style has evolved throughout their career, yet has maintained an anthemic quality built on Bono's expressive vocals and the Edge's effects-based guitar textures, their lyrics embellished with spiritual imagery, focus on personal and sociopolitical themes. Popular for their live performances, the group have staged several ambitious and elaborate tours over their career; the band formed as teenagers while attending Mount Temple Comprehensive School, when they had limited musical proficiency. Within four years, they released their debut album, Boy. Subsequent work such as their first UK number-one album and the singles "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and "Pride" helped establish U2's reputation as a politically and conscious group. By the mid-1980s, they had become renowned globally for their live act, highlighted by their performance at Live Aid in 1985.
The group's fifth album, The Joshua Tree, made them international superstars and was their greatest critical and commercial success. Topping music charts around the world, it produced their only number-one singles in the US to date: "With or Without You" and "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For". Facing creative stagnation and a backlash following their documentary/double album and Hum, U2 reinvented themselves in the 1990s through a new musical direction and public image. Beginning with their acclaimed seventh album, Achtung Baby, the multimedia-intensive Zoo TV Tour, the band integrated influences from alternative rock, electronic dance music, industrial music into their sound, embraced a more ironic, flippant image; this experimentation continued through their ninth album and the PopMart Tour, which were mixed successes. U2 regained critical and commercial favour with the records All That You Can't Leave Behind and How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb, which established a more conventional, mainstream sound for the group.
Their U2 360° Tour of 2009–2011 is the highest-attended and highest-grossing concert tour in history. The group most released the companion albums Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience, the former of which received criticism for its pervasive, no-cost release through the iTunes Store. U2 have released 14 studio albums and are one of the world's best-selling music artists in history, having sold an estimated 150–170 million records worldwide, they have won 22 Grammy Awards, more than any other band, in 2005, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in their first year of eligibility. Rolling Stone ranked U2 at number 22 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Throughout their career, as a band and as individuals, they have campaigned for human rights and social justice causes, including Amnesty International, Jubilee 2000, the ONE/DATA campaigns, Product Red, War Child, Music Rising. In 1976, Larry Mullen Jr. a 14-year-old student at Mount Temple Comprehensive School in Dublin, posted a note on the school's notice board in search of musicians for a new band.
Six people met at Mullen's house on 25 September. Set up in the kitchen, Mullen was on drums, with: Paul Hewson on lead vocals. Mullen described it as "'The Larry Mullen Band' for about ten minutes Bono walked in and blew any chance I had of being in charge." Martin, who had brought his guitar and amplifier to the first practice but could not play, did not remain with the group, McCormick was dropped after a few weeks. The remaining five members settled on the name "Feedback" for the group because it was one of the few technical terms they knew. Most of their initial material consisted of cover songs, which they admitted was not their forte; some of the earliest influences on the band were emerging punk rock acts, such as the Jam, the Clash and Sex Pistols. The popularity of punk rock convinced the group that musical proficiency was not a prerequisite to success. In April 1977, Feedback played their first gig for a paying audience at St. Fintan's High School. Shortly thereafter, the band changed their name to "The Hype".
Dik Evans, older and by this time at college, was becoming the odd man out. The rest of the band was leaning towards the idea of a four-piece ensemble. In March 1978, the group changed their name to "U2". Steve Averill, a punk rock musician and family friend of Clayton's, had suggested six potential names from which the band chose "U2" for its ambiguity and open-ended interpretations, because it was the name that they disliked the least; that same month, U2, as a four-piece, won a talent contest in Limerick sponsored by Harp Lager and the Evening Press. The prize consisted of £500 and studio time to record a demo which would be heard by CBS Ireland, a record label; the win was an important affirmation for the fledgling band. Within a few days, Dik Evans was phased out of the band with a farewell concert at the Presbyterian Church Hall in Howth. During the show, which featured the group playing cover songs as the Hype, Dik ceremonially walked offstage; the remaining four band members returned in the concert to play original material as U2.
Dik soon joined the Virgin Prunes, which comprised mutual friends of U2's.
David Howell Evans, better known by his stage name the Edge, is an Irish musician and songwriter best known as the lead guitarist and backing vocalist of the rock band U2. A member of the group since its inception, he has recorded 14 studio albums with the band as well as one solo record; as a guitarist, the Edge has crafted a textural style of playing. His use of a rhythmic delay effect yields a distinctive sound that has become a signature of U2's music; the Edge was born in England to a Welsh family, was raised in Ireland after the Evans family moved there. In 1976, at Mount Temple Comprehensive School he formed a band with his fellow students and elder brother Dik that would evolve into U2. Inspired by the ethos of punk rock and its basic arrangements, the group began to write its own material, they became one of the most successful acts in popular music, with albums such as 1987's The Joshua Tree and 1991's Achtung Baby. Over the years, the Edge has experimented with various guitar effects and introduced influences from several genres of music into his own style, including American roots music, industrial music, alternative rock.
With U2, the Edge has played keyboards, co-produced their 1993 record Zooropa, served as co-lyricist. The Edge met his second wife Morleigh Steinberg through her collaborations with the band; as a member of U2 and as an individual, the Edge has campaigned for human rights and philanthropic causes. He co-founded Music Rising, a charity to support musicians affected by Hurricane Katrina, he has collaborated with U2 bandmate Bono on several projects, including songs for Roy Orbison and Tina Turner, the soundtracks to the musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark and the Royal Shakespeare Company's London stage adaptation of A Clockwork Orange. As a member of U2, the Edge has won 22 Grammy Awards and has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Several music publications have ranked the Edge among the greatest guitarists of all time. David Howell Evans was born at the Barking Maternity Hospital, in the county of Essex in England, on 8 August 1961, he is the second child of Welsh parents Garvin and Gwenda Evans, both of whom originated from Llanelli, a coastal town in South Wales.
Garvin was an engineer who worked for the local electricity board, subsequently worked for the electronics company Plessey. The Edge has an elder brother a younger sister called Gillian; the Evanses lived in Chadwell Heath, Essex. Around 1962, Garvin was offered a promotion and a transfer, the family made the decision to move to County Dublin, Ireland to take it. During his childhood in Dublin he possessed two differing accents to converse in, Welsh and Irish English, the former being used when he was in the family home and the latter when he was outside; as a child, he received piano and guitar lessons, practised music with his brother Richard. Whilst the Evans brothers were at Mount Temple Comprehensive School in Dublin in 1976, they went along to a meeting in response to an advert posted by another pupil, Larry Mullen Jr. on the school's noticeboard seeking musicians to form a new band with him. Among the several other pupils who responded to the note were Paul Hewson and Adam Clayton; the band went through a number of reformations before becoming known as U2 in March 1978.
Early in the band's career, Evans was given the nickname "The Edge" by members of the Lypton Village surrealist street gang to which Bono belonged. The nickname was derived from the angular shape of Evans' head. However, the origin of the name is disputed and other theories include a description of his guitar playing and his preference for not becoming involved and therefore remaining on the edge of things. U2 began its public performance life in small venues in Dublin in 1977 playing at other venues elsewhere in Ireland. In December 1979 they performed their first concerts outside Ireland, in London, in 1980 began extensive touring across the British Isles, developing a following, their debut album Boy was released in 1980. In 1981, leading up to the October Tour, Evans came close to leaving U2 for religious reasons, but he decided to stay. During this period he became involved with a group called Shalom Tigers, in which bandmates Bono and Larry Mullen Jr. were involved. Shortly after deciding to remain with the band, he wrote a piece of music that became "Sunday Bloody Sunday".
Evans married his secondary school girlfriend Aislinn O'Sullivan on 12 July 1983. They have three daughters: Hollie, Arran and'Blue Angel'; the couple separated in 1990, but were unable to get divorced because of Irish laws regarding marriage annulment at the time. Evans is a Protestant Christian. In 1993, he began dating Morleigh Steinberg, an American professional dancer and choreographer whom he had met whilst she was employed as a dancer during the band's Zoo TV Tour, they have a daughter, a son, Levi. The couple were married in 2002. Evans has been criticised for his efforts to build five luxury mansions on a 156-acre plot of land in Malibu, California; the California Coastal Commission voted 8–4 against the plans. The Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy agreed to remain neutral on the issue following a US$1 million donation from Eva
Interstate 515 is a 14.444-mile-long spur route of Interstate 15 in Nevada that runs from the junction of I-11, I-215 and SR 564 in Henderson to the junction of I-15, US 93 and US 95 in Downtown Las Vegas. The freeway connects traffic headed from Boulder City and Henderson to Downtown Las Vegas via a direct, high-speed route, is concurrent with both US 93 and US 95 along its entire length; the I-515 designation was first approved in 1976, but construction did not begin until 1982, was constructed in stages until it reached its former terminus north of Railroad Pass in 1994, when signs of the designation were put up. I-515 was built as a part of the Las Vegas Freeway to bypass Fremont Street and Boulder Highway, both of which were former alignments of US 93 and US 95, provide a direct freeway connection with Henderson. I-515 begins in Henderson as a continuation of I-11 at the Henderson Spaghetti Bowl Interchange with I-11/I-215/SR 564, concurrent with US Routes 93 and 95. Continuing northwest, the highway passes through the southeastern areas of the Las Vegas Valley.
After intersecting Charleston Boulevard, the freeway turns west and runs just north of downtown Las Vegas before ending at the Spaghetti Bowl Interchange with I-15/US 93/US 95. Prior to the completion of the freeway, US 93 and US 95 followed Fremont Street / Boulder Highway from Downtown Las Vegas southeast through Henderson towards to Boulder City. Boulder Highway was signed as a business route of US 93/95 after the freeway was completed, but that designation has since been removed; the I-515 freeway, which began construction in 1982, is a continuation of the Oran K. Gragson Freeway which ran along the former West Fremont Street alignment between Las Vegas Boulevard and Rainbow Boulevard; the spur was completed southeast to Charleston Boulevard in 1984, to Tropicana Avenue in 1986, to Russell Road in 1988, to Lake Mead Parkway, in 1990, to Railroad Pass just south of Boulder Highway in 1994 at an at-grade intersection with Paradise Hills Drive With the final extension of highway complete, the length of I-515 was 20.010 miles.
The I-515 designation was first approved by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials on July 12, 1976, from the I-15 interchange to the junction of US 93 and US 95. On December 7, 1984, AASHTO approved the southeasterly extension of the route to its former terminus near Boulder City. Though the route number was approved prior to the highway's construction, I-515 was not signed until after the freeway was completed down to its former southern terminus north of Railroad Pass in 1994. With the pending construction of the Boulder City Bypass introducing the I-11 designation to Nevada, the Nevada Department of Transportation sought to connect the new route to other interstate highways. NDOT submitted an application to AASHTO at their spring 2014 meeting to request the designation of "Future Interstate 11", which included routing I-11 along existing I-515 between Railroad Pass and the I-215 Henderson Spaghetti Bowl interchange—AASHTO approved this request on May 29, 2014, with condition that it be approved by the Federal Highway Administration.
The Boulder City Bypass was completed in August 2018. NDOT began replacing I-515 signs along the southern stretch with I-11 signs in March 2019; the designation of future Interstate 11 is planned to connect the Phoenix and Las Vegas metropolitan areas, with potential for future expansion northwest of Las Vegas to Reno in the northwestern part of the state. The current I-515 alignment, with a continuation northwest along US 95, is one of three corridors under consideration to carry the I-11 designation through the Las Vegas Valley. Exits on I-515 are numbered according to US 95 mileposts; the entire route is in Clark County. Nevada portal U. S. roads portal Interstate Guide: Interstate 515 Nevada Nevada Department of Transportation I-515 Corridor Study
Downtown Las Vegas
Downtown Las Vegas is the central business district and historic center of Las Vegas, Nevada. It is the original townsite and was the gambling district of Las Vegas prior to the Strip, the area still incorporates downtown gaming; as the urban core of the Las Vegas Valley, it features a variety of hotel and business highrises, cultural centers, historical buildings and government institutions, as well as residential and retail developments. Downtown is located in the center of the Las Vegas Valley and just north of the Las Vegas Strip, centered on Fremont Street, the Fremont Street Experience and Fremont East; the city defines the area as bounded by I-15 on the west, Washington Avenue on the north, Maryland Parkway on the east and Sahara Avenue on the south. See Also: History of Las Vegas Perhaps the earliest visitors to the Las Vegas area were nomadic Paleo-Indians, who traveled to the area 10,000 years ago, leaving behind petroglyphs. Anasazi and Paiute tribes came here at least 2,000 years ago.
The area was named Las Vegas, Spanish for the meadows, in the 1800s because it featured abundant wild grasses, as well as desert spring waters for westward travelers. The year 1844 marked the arrival of John C. Frémont, whose writings helped lure pioneers to the area. Downtown Las Vegas’ Fremont Street is named after him. Eleven years members of the LDS Church chose Las Vegas as the site to build a fort halfway between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles, where they would travel to gather supplies; the fort was abandoned several years afterward. The remainder of this fort can still be seen at the intersection of Las Vegas Boulevard and Washington Avenue at the Old Las Vegas Mormon Fort State Historic Park. Las Vegas was founded as a city in 1905, when 110 acres of land adjacent to the Union Pacific Railroad tracks were auctioned in what would become the downtown area. In 1911, Las Vegas was incorporated as a city; the year 1931 was a pivotal one for Las Vegas. At that time, Nevada legalized casino gambling and reduced residency requirements for divorce to six weeks.
This year witnessed the beginning of construction on nearby Hoover Dam. The influx of construction workers and their families helped Las Vegas avoid economic calamity during the Great Depression, it was completed in 1935. Following World War II, lavishly decorated hotels, gambling casinos and big-name entertainment became synonymous with Las Vegas; the 1950s saw the opening of the Moulin Rouge Hotel, the first racially integrated casino-hotel in Las Vegas. In 1951, the first atomic bomb detonation at the Nevada Test Site, 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, occurred. City residents and visitors were able to witness the mushroom clouds until 1963, when the Limited Test Ban Treaty required that nuclear tests be moved underground. During the 1960s, corporations and business powerhouses such as Howard Hughes were building and buying hotel-casino properties. Gambling was referred to as "gaming,". In 1989, entrepreneur Steve Wynn changed the face of the Las Vegas gaming industry by opening up The Mirage, the Las Vegas Strip’s first mega-casino resort.
This strengthened the pull of visitors away from the downtown area. In 1995, the Fremont Street Experience in Las Vegas’ downtown area was opened; this canopied, five-block area features 12.5 million LED lights and 550,000 watts of sound from dusk until midnight during shows held on the top of each hour. Due to years of revitalization efforts, 2012 was dubbed “The Year of Downtown.” Hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of projects made their debut at this time. They included The Smith Center for the Performing Arts and Discovery Children’s Museum, the Mob Museum, the Neon Museum, a new City Hall complex. In 2018, plans for a new downtown expo center were announced and expanding on space provided by the Cashman Center. Fremont Street is home to most of downtown's casinos; these are the original casinos of Las Vegas. The Fremont Street Experience is a canopied street of the downtown area where casinos have been connected to the street and to each other in a unique visual manner. With more than 2 million lights and a state-of-the-art sound system, the Fremont Street Experience brings nightly shows through the world's largest audio-video system.
The $70 million attraction features the ultimate in multisensory entertainment. It provides a variety of exciting special events, cuisine and live concerts throughout the year. Property and business owners have been working to redevelop Fremont Street just east of the Fremont Street Experience. In 2002, the city of Las Vegas Redevelopment Agency joined with Fremont East property and business owners to create a business improvement district, as well as pay for a $5.5 million streetscape improvement. This area is called the Fremont East Entertainment District, it features an eclectic mix of bars and restaurants. Centered on Las Vegas Boulevard on Fremont Street, this three-block renovation includes pedestrian-friendly street redesign and retro-looking neon signage. Called 18b, The Las Vegas Arts District – named after the 18 blocks the district encompassed – this area is home to the city's arts scene with its mix of art galleries and stores. Many arts district stores offer antiques, vintage clothing, high fashion, mid-20th century furniture/furnishings and other collectible items.
Centered on Main Street and Charleston Boulevard, the area hosts the popular First Friday festival every month featuring art and other performances. Symphony Park is a mixed-use urban district being built on the land to the west of Fremont and Main streets, it will feature a mix of retail, hotel and