French Canadians are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward. Today, people of French heritage make up the majority of native speakers of French in Canada, who in turn account for about 22 per cent of the country's total population; the majority of French Canadians reside in Quebec, where they constitute the majority of the province's population, although French-Canadian and francophone minority communities exist in all other Canadian provinces and territories as well. Besides the Québécois, distinct French speaking ethnic groups in Canada include the Acadians of the Maritime Provinces, the Brayons of New Brunswick, the Métis of the Prairie Provinces, among other smaller groups. During the mid-18th century, Canadian colonists born in French Canada expanded across North America and colonized various regions and towns. Today, French Canadians live across North America. Most French Canadians reside in Quebec, are more referred to as Quebecers and Québécois, although smaller communities exist throughout Canada and in the United States.
Between 1840 and 1930 900,000 French Canadians emigrated to the United States to the New England region. Acadians, who reside in the Maritimes, may be included among the French Canadian group in linguistic contexts, but are considered a separate group from the French Canadians in a cultural sense due to their distinct history, much of which predates the admission of the Maritime Provinces to Canadian Confederation in 1867. French Canadians constitute the second largest ethnic group in Canada, behind those of English ancestry, ahead of those of Scottish and Irish heritage. In total, those whose ethnic origins are French Canadian, French, Québécois and Acadian number up to 11.9 million people or comprising 33.78% of the Canadian population. Not all francophone Canadians are of French-Canadian heritage; the body of French language speakers in Canada includes significant communities from other francophone countries such as Haiti, Algeria, Tunisia or Vietnam. At the same time, not all Canadians of French heritage are francophone today.
The French Canadians get their name from Canada, the most developed and densely populated region of New France during the period of French colonization in the 17th and 18th centuries. The original use of the term Canada referred to the land area along the St. Lawrence River, divided in three districts, as well as to the Pays d'en Haut, a vast and thinly settled territorial dependence north and west of Montreal which covered the whole of the Great Lakes area. From 1535 to the 1690s, the French word Canadien had referred to the First Nations the French had encountered in the St. Lawrence River valley at Stadacona and Hochelaga. At the end of the 17th century, Canadien became an ethnonym distinguishing the inhabitants of Canada from those of France. After World War II, English-Canadians appropriated the term "Canadian" and French-Canadians began identifying as Québécois instead. French Canadians of Quebec are a classic example of founder population. Over 150 years of French colonization, between 1608 and 1760, an estimated 8,500 pioneers married and left at least one descendant on the territory.
Following the takeover of the colony by the British crown in 1760, immigration from France stopped, but descendants of French settlers continued to grow in number due to their high fertility rate. Intermarriage occurred with the deported Acadians and migrants coming from the British Isles. Since the 20th century, the French-Canadian population has experienced more intermixing with other ethnic groups, from many different origins. While the French Canadians of Quebec today may be of other ancestries, the genetic contribution of the original French founders remains predominant, explaining about 90% of regional gene pools, while Acadians account for 4% and British 2%, with Native American and other groups contributing less. French Canadians living in Canada express their cultural identity using a number of terms; the Ethnic Diversity Survey of the 2006 Canadian census found that French-speaking Canadians identified their ethnicity most as French, French Canadians, Québécois, Acadian. The latter three were grouped together by Jantzen as "French New World" ancestries because they originate in Canada.
Jantzen distinguishes the English Canadian, meaning "someone whose family has been in Canada for multiple generations", the French Canadien, used to refer to descendants of the original settlers of New France in the 17th and 18th centuries. "Canadien" was used to refer to the French-speaking residents of New France beginning in the last half of the 17th century. The English-speaking residents who arrived from Great Britain were called "Anglais"; this usage continued until Canadian Confederation in 1867. Confederation united several former British colonies into the Dominion of Canada, from that time forward, the word "Canadian" has been used to describe both English-speaking and French-speaking citizens, wherever they live in the country; those reporting "French New World" ancestries overwhelmingly had ancestors that went ba
The waxworks museum of the Castle of Diósgyőr is a waxworks museum, one of the largest ones in Central Europe. It is situated in Miskolc-Diósgyőr, Hungary. Most of the wax figures can be seen in the rondella of the tower, in six scenes: Everyday life in mediaeval Diósgyőr with ten wax figures. Knights' tournament with ten wax figures. Mediaeval fair with fourteen wax figures. George Magyar in hell: According to a legend well known in the Middle Ages, George was a knight in the army of Louis I. During a campaign in Italy he massacred innocent civilians, as a penitence he was sent on a pilgrimage to the St Patrick's Purgatory in Ireland, believed to be the entrance to Hell, he survived it, because of this he was thought to be a holy man. Among the fourteen wax figures we can see him with the priests, the massacred people and the demons of his visions. King Louis grants a coat of arms to Kassa: Kassa was granted a coat of arms by Louis the Great in 1369, it was the first time in history. The ten wax figures portray his queen, the envoy from Košice and several courtiers.
The court of Louis the Great: The wax figure of Louis the Great sits enthroned among six courtiers. Besides the waxworks museum in the rondella, there is a smaller waxworks scene on the 2nd floor of the northeastern tower, commemorating the peace treaty of Turin; the treaty compelled the city of Venice to pay a yearly tribute of 7000 golden Forints to the king. Venice had to raise the Angevin flag on St. Mark's Square on holy days; the eight wax figures portray the king with the Venetian envoy. On the first floor of the tower a museum commemorates the Pauline monastery of Diósgyőr, it features the life-size wax figure of a Pauline monk. Official site of the castle "Castle of Queens" - Diósgyőr
Anita Bulath is a Hungarian handballer who plays for Debreceni VSC. She learned the basics of handball on the famous youth academy of Győri ETO KC, but she did not make any appearances for the team and in 1998 she was transferred to Dunaferr, she made her senior debut in her new team in 2000, won all possible domestic competitions during her spell at the club. Her excellent performances caught the eyes of many major clubs and FCK Håndbold managed to secure her services. However, she left the club, she became an important member of her new club, having achieved a back-to-back triumph both in the Croatian Championship and Croatian Cup in 2008 and 2009. They enjoyed a good run in EHF Cup Winners' Cup in 2008, where they only got knocked out in the semifinals by Larvik HK, which went to win the title that year. In August 2009, Podravka announced that due the growing financial troubles by the club they can not allow the high salaries, they decided to release all foreigner players from the club to cut the wage bills.
Bulath found her new home in Debrecen and established herself as a key player. She played an important role in the 2010–11 EHF Champions League campaign, when Debreceni VSC reached the group stage of the competition for the first time in the club's history, she made her international debut on 2 March 2004, however she has not been selected for a major tournament until the 2008 European Championship. Since she is a regular member of the team, having played on the 2009 World Championship and being the second best scorer of Hungary on the 2010 European Championship Nemzeti Bajnokság I: Winner: 2001, 2003, 2004 Silver Medallist: 2010, 2011 Magyar Kupa: Winner: 2002, 2004 Silver Medallist: 2011 Croatian Championship: Winner: 2008, 2009 Croatian Cup: Winner: 2008, 2009 EHF Cup Winner: 2016 Junior World Championship: Silver Medallist: 2001, 2003 Junior European Championship Silver Medallist: 2002 European Championship: Bronze Medalist: 2012 Career statistics on Worldhandball.com