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Botanical Garden, Bonn

The Botanische Gärten der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn known as the Botanischer Garten Bonn, is a botanical garden and arboretum maintained by the University of Bonn. It is located at Meckenheimer Allee 171, North Rhine-Westphalia and open except Saturdays in the warmer months; the gardens were castle grounds for the Archbishop of Cologne, dating to about 1340, which circa 1650 were fashioned into a renaissance garden. In 1720 the site was reworked as a baroque garden, setting the basic structure of today's garden, with the rococo Poppelsdorf Palace completed in 1746 by Archbishop Clemens August; when the University of Bonn was founded in 1818, its first garden director, Dr. Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck, began to focus the garden on scientific botany. By 1900 the garden was second only to Berlin's within Germany, but it was utterly destroyed in World War II. Reconstruction began after the war and was completed in 1979-1984 with the construction of two conservatories. Today the garden cultivates about 8,000 plant species, ranging from endangered local species from the Rhineland such as Lady's Slipper Orchids to protected species such as Sophora toromiro from Easter Island.

Its outdoor gardens, containing about 3,000 species, are organized as follows: Arboretum - 700 species of woody plants, including fine specimens of Araucaria araucana, Ginkgo biloba, Pinus bungeana, Torreya, as well as old specimens of Taxodium distichum. Systematic section - about 1,200 species arranged in beds reflecting their evolutionary relationships. Geographical section - plants grouped by geographical origin. Biotope section - the most important locally occurring plant communities, including endangered species from the Bonn region; the garden contains about 0.5 hectares of greenhouse area, including a major conservatory completed in 1984. 3,000 species are cultivated in public areas as follows: Fern house - tree ferns and other indigenous plants from cool cloud forests on tropical mountains. Mediterranean house - winter shelter for subtropical plants from the Mediterranean, South Africa and Australia. Palm house - epiphytes and large rain forest plants such as bananas and bamboos. Succulent house - Succulents including new world cacti and agaves, old world Aloes and Euphorbias, including Welwitschia mirabilis.

Victoria house - giant water lily, Nymphaea and Passiflora, tropical bog plants, a fine specimen of Amorphophallus titanum. Smaller houses including a carnivorous plant house, geophyte house, two orchid houses. Arboretum Park Härle List of botanical gardens in Germany Botanische Gärten der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn Map of the systematic section Map of the biotope section Hermann von Helmholtz-Zentrum entry BGCI entry Trivago entry, with photographs Barthlott, Geschichte des Botanischen Gartens der Universität Bonn, Band 48, Bonn: Veröffentlichungen des Stadtarchivs Bonn, 1990. "Bonn: Botanischer Garten der Universität Bonn", in Schmidt, Die botanischen Gärten in Deutschland, Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe, 1997, pages 50–53

List of All England Men's Doubles champions

The champions and runners-up of the All England Open Badminton Championships Gentlemen's Doubles tournament, first introduced to the championship in 1899. From 1915 to 1919, from 1940 to 1946, no competition was held due to the two World Wars. In the Amateur Era, George Alan Thomas holds the record for the most titles in the Gentlemen's Doubles, winning All England nine times. Finn Kobberø holds the record for most consecutive titles with five from 1960 to 1964. Since the Open Era of badminton began in late 1979 with the inclusion of professional badminton players from around the world in 1980, Kim Moon-soo and Park Joo-bong, Li Yongbo and Tian Bingyi, Rexy Mainaky and Ricky Subagja, Marcus Fernaldi Gideon and Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo, share the record for most consecutive victories with just two. In fact, Park managed the feat twice with the second of his double coming in 1989-1990, achieved with different partners. Ray Stevens, Mike Tredgett, Tjun Tjun, Johan Wahjudi and Thomas Kihlström are the only players in history to reach the All England Open Badminton Gentlemen's Doubles Final in both the Amateur and Open Era. Stevens managed to so twice while partnering Tredgett who managed the feat four times, without triumphing whereas Tjun and Wahjudi managed to do so a total of six times, Kihlström twice, with all three of them winning once in the Open Era.

Bold indicates active players. In 1914 Guy A. Sautter played under the alias U. N. Lapin. In 1920 Archibald Englebach played under the alias A. Fee; the most back-to-back finals reached in men's doubles was achieved by Raymond M. White when he reached 8 consecutive finals between 1931 and 1938, a record he holds till this day: All England Open Badminton Championships other competitions List of All England Men's Singles champions List of All England Women's Singles champions List of All England Women's Doubles champions List of All England Mixed Doubles champions All England Champions 1899-2007 BadmintonEngland.co.uk badmintoneurope.com Pat Davis. The Encyclopaedia of Badminton. ISBN 978-0-7090-2796-6