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Friedensreich Hundertwasser

Friedrich Stowasser, better known by his pseudonym Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser, was an Austrian-born New Zealand artist and architect who worked in the field of environmental protection. Hundertwasser stood out as an opponent of "a straight line" and any standardization, expressing this concept in the field of building design, his best known work is the Hundertwasserhaus in Vienna, Austria which has become a notable place of interest in the Austrian capital, characterised by imaginative vitality and uniqueness. The Second World War was a difficult time for Hundertwasser and his mother Elsa, who were Jewish, they avoided persecution by posing as Christians, a credible ruse as Hundertwasser's father had been a Catholic. Hundertwasser was baptized as a Catholic in 1935. To remain inconspicuous Hundertwasser joined the Hitler Youth. Hundertwasser developed artistic skills early on. After the war, he spent three months at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. At this time he began to sign his art as Hundertwasser instead of Stowasser.

He left to travel using a small set of paints he carried at all times to sketch anything that caught his eye. In Florence, he met the young French painter René Brô for the first time and they became lifelong friends. Hundertwasser's first commercial painting success was in 1952–53 with an exhibition in Vienna, his adopted surname is based on the translation of "sto" into German. The name Friedensreich has a double meaning as "Peace-realm" or "Peace-rich". Therefore, his name Friedensreich Hundertwasser translates directly into English as "Peace-Realm Hundred-Water"; the other names he chose for himself and Dunkelbunt, translate to "Rainy day" and "Darkly multi-coloured". In the early 1950s, he entered the field of architecture. Hundertwasser worked in the field of applied art, creating flags, stamps and posters, his most famous flag is his koru flag, as well as several postage stamps for the Austrian Post Office. He designed stamps for Cape Verde and for the United Nations postal administration in Geneva on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

In 1957 Hundertwasser acquired a farm on the edge of Normandy. Hundertwasser married Herta Leitner in 1958 but they divorced two years later, he married again in 1962 to the Japanese artist Yuko Ikewada but she divorced him in 1966. He had gained a popular reputation by this time for his art. In 1964 Hundertwasser bought "Hahnsäge", a former saw mill, in the sparsely populated Lower Austria's Waldviertel. There, far from the bustle and surrounded by nature, he set up a new home, he spent some time in the 1960s in the central African Tooro Kingdom where he painted a number of works and named them after the kingdom. In 1972 Hundertwasser incorporated in Switzerland, the "Grüner Janura AG", renamed to "Namida AG" 2008. Via this stock company Hundertwasser managed his intellectual property rights. In the 1970s, Hundertwasser acquired several properties in the Bay of Islands in New Zealand, which include a total area of 372 ha of the entire "Kaurinui" valley. There he realized his dream of living and working connected to nature.

Beside other projects he designed the "Bottle House" there. He could live self-sufficient using solar panels, a water wheel and a biological water purification plant, his first grass roof experiments took place there. In 1979 Hundertwasser bought the vast historical garden Giardino Eden including the Palazzo Villa delle Rose, from Alexandra of Yugoslavia via his Swiss company. In 1980, Hundertwasser visited Washington D. C. to support activist Ralph Nader's efforts to oppose nuclear proliferation. Mayor Marion Barry declared November 18 to be Hundertwasser Day as a result. Hundertwasser planted trees in Judiciary Square and advocated on behalf of a co-op apartment owner, taken to court for installing a bay window. In 1982, Hundertwasser's only child, his daughter Heidi Trimmel, was born. Hundertwasser was buried in New Zealand after his death at sea on the Queen Elizabeth 2 in 2000 at the age of 71. In a letter from 1954 Hundertwasser described the square as "geometric rectangles compressed columns on the march".

Beginning in the 1950s Hundertwasser traveled globally promoting ecological causes. In 1959 Hundertwasser got involved with helping the Dalai Lama escape from Tibet by campaigning for the Tibetan religious leader in Carl Laszlo's magazine Panderma. In years, when he was a known artist, Friedensreich Hundertwasser became an environmental activist and most operated as a more prominent opponent of the European Union, advocating the preservation of regional peculiarities. Among the lesser-known facets of Hundertwasser's personality is his commitment to constitutional monarchy: Austria needs something to look up to, consisting of perennial higher values—of which one now hardly dares to speak—such as beauty, culture and external peace, richness of heart Austria needs an emperor, subservient to the people. A superior and radiant figure in whom everyone has confidence, because this great figure is a possession of all; the rationalist way of thinking has brought us, in this century, an ephemeral higher, American standard of living at the expense of nature and creation, now coming to an end, for it is destroying our heart, our quality of life, our longing, without which an Austrian does not want to live.

It is outrageous that Austria has an emperor who did no evil to anyone but is still treated like a leper. Austria needs a crown! Long live Austria! Long live the constitutional monarchy! Long live Otto von Habsburg!- Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Für die Wiederkehr de

Rhys Muldoon

Rhys Muldoon is an Australian actor and director who has worked extensively in film, music and radio. Since 2012 he has starred as Mark Oliver in House Husbands, he is filming The Killing Season for Fox and Dead Lucky for SBS and Netflix. Muldoon has starred in numerous television roles including Farscape, Dead Lucky, Secret River, Childhood's End, Jack Irish, Valentine's Day, Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries, Bastard Boys, House Husbands, Play School and the high rating Dr Bogle and Mrs Chandler, the BAFTA nominated Lockie Leonard based on the books by Australian writer Tim Winton, Blackjack with Colin Friels, the multiple AFI award winning Grass Roots as the scheming general manager, Greg Dominelli, Secret Life of Us, Big Sky, The Genie From Down Under, he featured on the ABC news and current affairs programs The Drum and on Sky News. He is filming The Killing Season for Foxtel and Dead Lucky for SBS/Netflix. In film, Muldoon has appeared in the Oscar-nominated film The Saviour, Gristle, Mumbo Jumbo, Danny Deckchair, The Crop, Second Chance, The Extra, Valentine's Day, the hit of the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival, Bitter & Twisted and Steven Soderbergh's "Secret Film Project".

Muldoon has released 2 albums of Children's music through ABC Music. Both albums were co-written and produced by Kram, nominated for ARIA Awards. Muldoon has appeared in productions of Steven Soderbergh's Tot Mom for the Sydney Theatre Company, Gethsemane by David Hare for Belvoir St Theatre. Muldoon starred as British Prime Minister Tony Blair in the play Stuff Happens by David Hare in Sydney and Melbourne. In 2005, he was Cooley in Don's Party in 2006/7 for the MTC/STC, he starred in Decadence by Steven Berkoff, as Mozart in a production of Amadeus, as Mercutio in Romeo and Juliet and as Demetrius in A Midsummer Night's Dream. In 2018, he will be playing Sir Isaac Newton in "Nearer the Gods" for Queensland Theatre. Muldoon has worked on many radio stations, including MMM, Fox, NOVA in Melbourne and Canberra, as well as ABC national and local radio, he has written for various publications, including The Monthly, The Spectator, The Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, Jewish News, Inside Football, where he has had a regular column for a number of years.

His essay "A Coup by Any Other Name" for The Monthly, about the removal of Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister was named "an essay of the year". He has written a book on Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec for the National Gallery of Australia, he has collaborated on a children's book Jasper & Abby and the Great Australia Day Kerfuffle with former Australian Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd. He co-wrote an episode of Lockie Leonard, he has written many speeches for politicians, CEO's, journalists and businesspeople. Muldoon grew up in Canberra, attending Scullin Primary School, Belconnen High School and Hawker College, he graduated from the Victorian College of the Arts in 1989. Muldoon is a supporter of the Australian Labor Party. On 24 November 2007, he helped Labor Candidate Maxine McKew to oust the sitting member for Bennelong, former Prime Minister John Howard. 2015 ARIA Music Awards nomination for Best Children's Album for Perfect Is The Enemy Of Good 2012 ARIA Music Awards nomination for Best Children's Album for I'm Not Singing 2010 AACTA Nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role for Lockie Leonard 2000 AFI Award nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role, TV Drama series for Grass Roots 1997 Best Actor Award Short Film and Video Awards 1995 Green Room Award Nomination Best Actor for Decadence 1995 Melbourne International Comedy Festival Award for Best Actor – Decadence 1991 Green Room Award nomination for 3 Guys Naked From the Waist Down Rhys Muldoon on IMDb Greg Dominelli/Rhys bio on Grassroots website http://www.nedkellyawards.com Jasper + Abby and the Great Australia Day Kerfuffle Rhys Muldoon on Twitter

1805 in science

Significant events in 1805 in science and technology are listed. Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire publishes Exposition des Familles naturelles et de la Germination des Plantes, contentant la description de 2337 genres et d'environ 4000 espèces, 112 planches dont les figures ont ete dessinées par l'auteur, popularising the Jussiaean classification system. Marie Jules César Savigny publishes Histoire naturelle et mythologique de l'Ibis in Paris, the first illustrated monograph on the ibis. John Dalton's list of molecular weights is first published. Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac discovers that water is composed of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen by volume. Jane Marcet's elementary textbook for young people, Conversations on Chemistry, is published anonymously in London, it proves popular on both sides of the Atlantic, running through at least forty editions. April 7 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Mandan, bound for the Pacific Ocean. August 9 – Zebulon Pike leaves St. Louis to explore the headwaters of the Mississippi River.

November 16 – The Lewis and Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River. Adrien-Marie Legendre publishes the first clear and concise exposition of the least squares method for fitting a curve to a given set of observations. German Army surgeon Philipp Bozzini invents the lichtleiter, ancestor of the endoscope, for examination of bodily orifices. James Parkinson publishes Observations on the Cure of the Gout. Japanese physician Udagawa Genshin publishes Ensai Ihan. First record of a water birth, in France; the Beaufort scale of wind speed is devised by British Royal Navy officer Francis Beaufort. September – William Congreve first demonstrates the solid-fuel Congreve rocket for use as an artillery weapon. November 26 – The Ellesmere Canal's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is opened in Wales. Copley Medal: Humphry Davy February 13 – Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, mathematician May 12 – William Rowan Hamilton, mathematician and astronomer July 5 – Robert FitzRoy and meteorologist December 16 – Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, zoologist December 20 – Thomas Graham, chemist December 22 – John Obadiah Westwood, entomologist Mary Seacole, nurse January 23 – Claude Chappe, French inventor of the mechanical semaphore system February 17 – Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti, Viennese herpetologist May 16 – Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer July 2 – Patrick Russell, Scottish-born surgeon and herpetologist December 23 Geneviève Thiroux d'Arconville, French novelist and chemist Pehr Osbeck, Swedish botanist and explorer, pupil of Linnaeus