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Friedrich Justin Bertuch

Friedrich Johann Justin Bertuch was a German publisher and patron of the arts. He co-founded the Fürstliche freie Zeichenschule Weimar with the painter Georg Melchior Kraus in 1776, he was the father of journalist Karl Bertuch. Bertuch came from a family attested in the Tennstedt area of Thuringia since the 15th century, his family was strongly connected with the area's scientific and intellectual fields. When Friedrich Johann Justin Bertuch was 5, his father Justinus became garrison doctor in the service of duke Ernst August Konstantin at Blutsturz, he grew up in the house of his uncle Gottfried Matthias Ludwig Schrön. He attended the Weimar Gymnasium, studied from 1765 to 1769 theology law at the Landesuniversität in Jena, his main interest, was for literature and natural history. His acquaintance with Freiherr Ludwig Heinrich Bachoff von Echt allowed the 22-year-old Bertuch to break off his studies without taking his final exams, that same year he began work as tutor to Ludwig's son at the Gut Dobitschen at Altenburg, holding the post until 1773.

From him he learned Spanish, translating Don Quixote into German and self-publishing it in 1774. His translations from English and French literature promised success. In 1773 he returned to Weimar for health reasons, though he maintained contacts with the court kapellmeister Ernst Wilhelm Wolf and his wife, the daughter of the famous Konzertmeister Franz Benda, as well as with the acting couple Friederike and Abel Seyler, the actor Konrad Ekhof and the professor at the gymnasium Johann Karl August Musäus, he funded his living expenses until 1796 as manager of the ducal private finances. Christoph Martin Wieland, tutor at the Weimar court and publisher of the "Teutschen Merkur", cooperated with Bertuch from 1782 to 1786 and provided him with his way into the Weimar court, his translation of the tragedy "Ines de Castro" given before duchess Anna Amalia from the French of Antoine Houdar de la Motte received much attention. In 1774 he submitted the plan for a Zeichenschule in Weimar, set up drawing on his ideas by Johann Heinrich Meyer and from 1788 Goethe.

Bertuch's goal was that any interested persons, whatever their social standing, might have the chance to gain technical crafts skills and training for their talents. In 1775 he became private secretary to the duke and held that role until 1787, during which time he participated in the Weimar Masonic lodge Amalia zu den drei Rosen, he had many business activities. In 1777 he gained a hereditary lease on the großen Baumgarten in Erbpacht, a Grundstück, now known as the Schwansee-Park. In 1782 he founded a factory for artificial flowers, an artistic and commercial fashion item, with which he had success right across Germany. In 1785 he set up the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung. From 1778 he could change the works themselves, into a paper mill and pigment production, in another example of his vision and commercial talent. In 1780 he leased his house to the Weimarer Baumgarten, moved his flower production there, where Goethe's wife Christiane Vulpius was employed; the Journal des Luxus und der Moden, published by Bertuch from 1786, not only praised artificial flowers but the technical innovations and reading matter on maintenance and instruction, is considered as the first pictorial periodical in Europe.

He planned a Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, to promote regional industry, train skilled workers and increase the prosperity of the region, was given a princely dispensation to set it up in 1791. He temporarily employed 400 to 500 people and succeeded in combining printers and cartographers under one roof. Pay there was above average. In 1793 Bertuch himself defined this art business in a magazine as being "an infallible means of encouraging German industry and spreading food and prosperity among us". Here again applied Enlightenment ideas pointed to a kind of free market economy Bertuch was just such a private citizen who attained national and European influence above and beyond "local usefulness and effectiveness". Within the Cartoir and the paper and colour mill he set up a cartographical department. With his instruments of printing for the "literary and artistic industry", Bertuch held himself to be a "literary midwife", he underwrote Goethe's first publication with Göschen, his "Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung" increased in circulation and receipts.

Between 1790 and 1830 Betruch printed. An educational work, it appeared in monthly instalments and aimed to "spread the knowledge of the epochs out before children" with 1185 pages and 6000 illustrations, it is available online: see'External Links', below. Translations, medical works – culture in its widest sense – was made accessible for a wide public via Bertuch's work. Goethe's classical work on the Iphigenia works and textual and visual sketches of a "newly-invented English washing machine" were both published by him, this tension between the ideal and the real the trivial, made clear the breadth and variety of culture in Weimar around 1800; the events of 1806, ripped into Bertuch's business, plunged into crisis by the political and military situation. From 1814 Bertuch functioned as a publisher of political newspapers and pamphlets such as Nemesis and Das Oppositionsblatt, he spent his last years in retirement, dying in Weimar, w

Robin Cass

Robin Cass is a Canadian film and television producer. He is most noted as the producer of John Greyson's film Lilies, which won the Genie Award for Best Picture at the 17th Genie Awards in 1996. A graduate of the Ontario College of Art and Design, he joined with Louise Garfield and Anna Stratton in 1994 to form Triptych Media; the company's other productions have included the films Falling Angels, The Republic of Love, The Hanging Garden, the television dramas Lucky Girl, The Tale of Teeka and Heyday! Lilies - Les feluettes Falling Angels Heyday! Amal Emotional Arithmetic As Slow as Possible High Life Down the Road Again Robin Cass on IMDb Union Pictures

Cannock Chase Miners' Association

The Cannock Chase Miners', Enginemen's and Surfacemen's Association was a trade union representing coal miners in the Cannock Chase area of England. The union was founded in 1876. Albert Stanley became the leader of the union in 1884, he put it on a much sounder footing. In 1886, it became a founder constituent of the Midland Counties Miners' Federation, through which it subsequently became part of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain; the association registered as a union with the Board of Trade in 1887, at that point Stanley was appointed as general secretary. Membership of the union grew reaching 7,500 in 1907. In 1945, the union became the Cannock Chase District of the Midland Area of the National Union of Mineworkers, with far less autonomy than before; this was subsequently combined with the Pelsall District. 1884: Albert Stanley 1907: S. F. Dangerfield c.1915: John Baker

Awbare (woreda)

Awbare known as Teferi Ber, is one of the woredas of the Fafan Zone in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Awbare is bordered on the southwest by Jijiga, on the west by the Sitti Zone, on the east by Somalia, on the southeast by Kebri Beyah. Towns in the Awbare district include Awbare, Sheder, Lefe Isa, Gogti and Heregel. High points in this woreda include Sau, near the international border. Due reports of a new wave of Somali refugees reaching Hart Sheik in late 2006, the Ethiopian Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs and the UNHCR together opened a new refugee camp at Awbare 13 July 2007; as of June 2012 13,553 individuals were resident at the camp, with a further 11,639 at the Sheed Dheer camp. The Ethiopian De-mining Office reported in November 2008 that it had cleared land mines planted in Awbare as part of the four million square meters of land the office had cleared in the Somali Region; this woreda is inhabited by the Makahiil Gadabuursi sub-clans of the Dir clan family. The Department of Sociology and Social Administration, Addis Ababa University, Vol. 1, describes the Awbare district as being predominantly Gadabuursi.

The journal states: "Different aid groups were set up to help communities cope in the predominantly Gadabursi district of Aw Bare." Filipo Ambrosio describes the Awbare district as being predominantly Gadabuursi whilst highlighting the neutral role that they played in mediating peace between the Geri and Jarso: "The Gadabursi, who dominate the adjacent Awbare district north of Jijiga and bordering with the Awdal Region of Somaliland, have opened the existing camps of Derwanache and Teferi Ber to these two communities." A sample enumeration performed by the CSA in 2001 interviewed 21,963 farmers in this woreda, who held an average of 0.99 hectares of land. Of the 21.7 square kilometers of private land surveyed, 83.16% was under cultivation, 6.38% pasture, 8.64% fallow, 1.82% was devoted to other uses. For the land surveyed in this woreda, 75.77% is planted in cereals like teff and maize, 1.66% in root crops, 1.14% in vegetables. Permanent crops included 908 hectares planted in khat, 4.08 in fruit trees.

89.2% of the farmers both raise crops and livestock, while 7.44% only grow crops and 3.35% only raise livestock. Land tenure in this woreda is distributed amongst 98.06% own their land, 0.8% rent, the remaining 1.15% held their land under other forms of tenure

Napkin PC

The Napkin PC is a concept for a next-generation computer entered into the 2009 Next-Gen PC Design Competition by Avery Holleman. The concept won the Chairman's Award; the award was presented to Holleman by Microsoft founder Bill Gates. Holleman received $20,000 in prize money for the accolade. There is no plan to build the device; the technology is based like e-paper and radio frequency. A "napkin" holder functions as a base-station for the technology; the base-station is filled with e-paper "napkins", as well as a place for some coloured pens. The user can pick up a pen and interact with the napkin using the pen; the napkin and pen communicate using short-range RF technology, while both connect with the base-station using long-range RF waves. Holleman has stated that the napkins can be shared; the napkins are modular. The pen wirelessly powers the napkin. Images of the concept released by Holleman show the device running a variant of Windows. Holleman hopes that the Napkin PC will encourage creative groups to collaborate better because of the conference abilities of the concept.

The device will require little power. It will rely on not a single-layer flexible circuit board for inductive power. Holleman hopes that the device will help cut down on paper waste and reduce the need for printers in modern society

R. B. Naik

Ramakrishna Beeranna Naik was the chairman of the Karnataka Legislative Council Vidhan Parishad of the Government of Karnataka, Bangalore. The chairman position is similar to the position Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. R. B. Naik was born in Hiregutti village and completed his B. A. from the Wilson College and his L. L. B. from the Government Law College, Mumbai. He was a lawyer by a social worker and a politician by necessity. Naik was an active member of the Congress Party; as a Member of the Legislative Assembly, he was in Y B Chavan's government of the Bombay State. Naik was laid to rest with State honors.