Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, physician and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life, Schiller developed a productive, if complicated, friendship with the famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, they discussed issues concerning aesthetics, Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism, they worked together on Xenien, a collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents of their philosophical vision. Friedrich Schiller was born on 10 November 1759, in Marbach, Württemberg, as the only son of military doctor Johann Kaspar Schiller and Elisabeth Dorothea Kodweiß, they had five daughters, including Christophine, the eldest. Schiller grew up in a religious family and spent much of his youth studying the Bible, which would influence his writing for the theatre, his father was away in the Seven Years' War.

He was named after king Frederick the Great. Kaspar Schiller was home during the war, but he did manage to visit the family once in a while, his wife and children visited him wherever he happened to be stationed. When the war ended in 1763, Schiller's father became a recruiting officer and was stationed in Schwäbisch Gmünd; the family moved with him. Due to the high cost of living—especially the rent—the family moved to the nearby town of Lorch. Although the family was happy in Lorch, Schiller's father found his work unsatisfying, he sometimes took his son with him. In Lorch, Schiller received his primary education; the quality of the lessons was bad, Friedrich cut class with his older sister. Because his parents wanted Schiller to become a priest, they had the priest of the village instruct the boy in Latin and Greek. Father Moser was a good teacher, Schiller named the cleric in his first play Die Räuber after him; as a boy, Schiller was excited by the idea of becoming a cleric and put on black robes and pretended to preach.

In 1766, the family left Lorch for the Duke of Württemberg's principal residence. Schiller's father had not been paid for three years, the family had been living on their savings but could no longer afford to do so. So Kaspar Schiller took an assignment to the garrison in Ludwigsburg. There the boy Schiller came to the attention of Duke of Württemberg, he entered the Karlsschule Stuttgart, in 1773, where he studied medicine. During most of his short life, he suffered from illnesses. While at the Karlsschule, Schiller read Rousseau and Goethe and discussed Classical ideals with his classmates. At school, he wrote his first play, The Robbers, which dramatizes the conflict between two aristocratic brothers: the elder, Karl Moor, leads a group of rebellious students into the Bohemian forest where they become Robin Hood-like bandits, while Franz Moor, the younger brother, schemes to inherit his father's considerable estate; the play's critique of social corruption and its affirmation of proto-revolutionary republican ideals astounded its original audience.

Schiller became an overnight sensation. Schiller would be made an honorary member of the French Republic because of this play; the play was inspired by Leisewitz' earlier play Julius of Tarent, a favourite of the young Schiller. In 1780, he obtained a post as regimental doctor in a job he disliked. In order to attend the first performance of The Robbers in Mannheim, Schiller left his regiment without permission; as a result, he was arrested, sentenced to 14 days of imprisonment, forbidden by Karl Eugen from publishing any further works. He fled Stuttgart in 1782, going via Frankfurt, Mannheim and Dresden to Weimar. Along this journey he had an affair with an army officer's wife Charlotte von Kalb, she was at the centre of an intellectual circle, she was known for her cleverness and instability. Schiller needed help from his family and friends to extricate himself from his financial situation and attachment to a married woman. Schiller settled in Weimar in 1787. In 1789, he was appointed professor of History and Philosophy in Jena, where he wrote only historical works.

On 22 February 1790, Schiller married Charlotte von Lengefeld. Two sons and two daughters were born between 1793 and 1804; the last living descendant of Schiller was a grandchild of Emilie, Baron Alexander von Gleichen-Rußwurm, who died at Baden-Baden, Germany, in 1947. Schiller returned with his family to Weimar from Jena in 1799. Goethe convinced him to return to playwriting, he and Goethe founded the Weimar Theater. Their collaboration helped lead to a renaissance of drama in Germany. For his achievements, Schiller was ennobled in 1802 by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, adding the nobiliary particle "von" to his name, he remained in Weimar, Saxe-Weimar until his death at 45 from tuberculosis in 1805. The first authoritative biography of Schiller was by his sister-in-law Caroline von Wolzogen in 1830, Schillers Leben; the coffin containing what was purportedly Schiller's skeleton was brought in 1827 into the Weimarer Fürstengruft, the burial place of the house of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in the Historical Cemetery of Weimar and also Goethe's resting place.

On 3 May 2008, scientists announced

Jurgen Vrapi

Jurgen Vrapi is an Albanian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Albanian club Flamurtari Vlorë and the Albania national under-21 team. Vrapi started his youth career at age of 13 at KF Tirana Reserves and Academy in 2011. In the 2016–17 season he played for the under-19 side 11 matches and made 3 appearances for KF Tirana B in the 2016–17 Albanian Second Division. In February 2017 he moved abroad at Croatian side Lokomotiva Zagreb. On 29 August 2018, fellow capital club Dinamo Tirana signed Vrapi on a one-year contract. Vrapi received his first call up to the Albania national under-19 team by coach Altin Lala for the friendly tournament Roma Caput Mundi in Rome, Italy between 8–13 March 2015 against Malta U-19, Wales U-19 and Italy U-19, he was called up again to the Albania under-19 1 year by coach Arjan Bellaj for the next friendly tournament Roma Caput Mundi from 29 February–4 March 2016. As of 13 December 2017 TiranaAlbanian First Division: 2017–18 Soccerway profile


Truxa is a 1937 German drama film directed by Hans H. Zerlett and starring La Jana, Hannes Stelzer, Ernst Fritz Fürbringer, it is a Circus film, based on a novel by Heinrich Seiler. The film was released in the United States and was one of the most successful German films show in America that year, it was remade in Britain the following year as Star of the Circus. O'Brien, Mary-Elizabeth. Nazi Cinema as Enchantment: The Politics of Entertainment in the Third Reich. Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-1-57113-334-2. Waldman, Harry. Nazi Films in America, 1933–1942. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3861-7. Truxa on IMDb